Radio France is the French national public radio broadcaster.

Radio France
TypeSociété anonyme
IndustryPublic broadcasting
Founded1 January 1975; 48 years ago (1975-01-01)
Area served
Key people
Sibyle Veil (CEO)
ProductsRadio broadcasting, radio production
ServicesPublic radio
Revenue671 millions € (2018)
7,3 millions € (2018)
OwnerGovernment of France
Number of employees
4 562 (2018)
SubsidiariesFrance Inter
France Bleu
France Culture
France Musique
France Info
Sophia [fr]
Arte (15%)
Radio France Publicité [fr] Edit this at Wikidata

Stations edit

Radio France offers seven national networks:

Mission edit

Radio France's two principal missions are:

History edit

The Radio France logo from 2005 to 2017
  • 1897: A year after Marconi's experiments, Eugène Ducretet begins his trials of radio broadcasting from a mast on the third level of the Eiffel Tower
  • 1921: The weather forecast and the stock market prices are read from a studio in the Eiffel Tower.
  • 6 November 1922 (eight days before the BBC): Radiola, the first French private radio transmitter, begins regular broadcasts. It changes its name to Radio Paris in 1924. It is followed by Radio Toulouse and Radio Lyon, and in 1932/1933 by Radio Luxembourg. Before World War II, 14 commercial and 12 public sector radios operate in France.
  • 1940–44: In both the German Occupied zone and under the Vichy regime in the south, radio is taken over by the State.
  • 1942–43: With the agreement of Vichy, Radio Monte Carlo and its financial holding company la SOFIRAD are born.
  • 1944: At the Liberation of France, the state broadcasting monopoly is retained for practical and ideological reasons. Public service radio broadcasting is ensured by the RDF, soon to be called the RTF, then the ORTF in 1964.
  • 1955: The commercial station Europe No. 1 begins broadcasting from across the border in the Saarland region of Germany, freed from French occupation in that year.
  • 1965: Under the management of Roland Dhordain, the four French radio stations are reorganised: France I and II are merged to "RTF Inter", later renamed "France Inter"; France III is renamed "RTF Promotion", and later "France Culture"; France IV is renamed "RTF Haute Fidelité", and later "France Musique".
  • 1975: When the ORTF is broken up into separate TV channels (TF1 (Télévision française 1), antenne 2, France Région 3), technical services (TDF — Télédiffusion de France), archive services and professional training (INA — Institut National de l'Audiovisuel), production and audiovisual creation services (SFP — Société Française de Production) and radio, Radio France gains its independence from other media institutions as the state controlled public service radio broadcaster.
  • 1981: Following pressure from the independent and commercial radio lobbies and pirate broadcasters, the newly elected President François Mitterrand allows the licensing of "free" radio stations, to become "radios locales privées", initially with a state subsidy and then financed by commercial advertising (1984), and finally to group themselves into national networks (1986). A private radio sector broadcasting from within French borders is reborn.
  • 1999: The daily radio audience (reach) is 83%. They listen on average for over three hours a day. 99% of French homes have a radio. 80% of French households have a car radio, and 26.8% a personal stereo.
  • 2000: Radio France re-organises its radio network. France Bleu becomes a regional-only network, primarily on FM (the national AM radio network was re-attributed to France Info) and several FIP stations in large cities were closed down and replaced with youth station Le Mouv'.
  • 2015: Radio France announced the end of its Medium Wave (AM) broadcasts at the end of 31 December.[1]

Headquarters edit

Maison de la Radio seen from the air in 2009

Radio France has its headquarters at the Maison de la Radio et de la Musique, a circular building designed by the architect Henry Bernard (architect) and inaugurated in December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle, which stands beside the River Seine in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. In addition to housing Radio France's central services and the studios of several of its channels, the building is home to the Musée de Radio France, a museum of radio and television broadcasting and recording techniques. The building caught fire in October 2014.[2]

Equipment edit

The head office has around a hundred studios (for radio broadcasts, fictions, concerts etc.) and an auditorium:

  • Auditorium of Radio France: built on the site of the former studios 102 and 103;
  • Studio 104 (856 sits) ;
  • Studio 105 (237 sits) and studio 106 (137 sits) dedicated to public broadcasts and concerts of musical broadcasts;
  • Studios 611 and 621 dedicated to the France Inter channel (just like studios 511 and 521);
  • Studio 221 is the "telegenic" studio, where programs such as "Les Informés", "8.30 Franceinfo", or "Questions Politiques" are broadcast on the television channel France Info.

Budget edit

The Radio France group is 100% owned by the French State. Nearly 80% of Radio France's funding comes from Television licence, the remaining 20% comes from own resources, mainly from advertising and diversification activities developed by Radio France.

Organization edit

General edit

In September 2019, a bill emanating from the Ministry of Culture announces the creation of “France Médias”, a parent company which will bring together France Télévisions, Radio France, France Médias Monde and the INA.[3] This bill also provides for the end of the appointments of directors of Radio France by the CSA, a power which will be attributed to the board of directors of the radiophonic entity, which will continue to operate independently, but also in synergy with the other entities of France Médias.[3]

Presidents and CEOs edit

Mathieu Gallet, former President and CEO of the Institut national de l'audiovisuel|National Audiovisual Institute (INA) from 2010 to 2014, was unanimously appointed by the members of the Higher Audiovisual Counci] (CSA)[4]

Communication edit

Beyond its primary profession which is to make radio, Radio France works on many political, social or cultural projects. The group deploys resources to support various causes, is committed on several fronts, and makes it known through communication actions. Thus, in 2018 Radio France indicates that:

  • The new 2018-2020 company agreement "supports Radio France's proactive policy in favor of equal opportunities";[5]
  • A new three-year company agreement to promote professional and salary equality between men and women was signed on 1 July 2018.[6]
  • Since 2016, "project partnerships" have been carried out for the cultural development of French-speaking countries (Benin, Haiti, Gabon).[7]
  • The audiovisual group and the France-China Committee join forces to promote economic and cultural exchanges between France and China around music[8]
  • He signs the creation of an artistic exchange program based on a circle of patrons in China[9]
  • It supports the European Week for the Employment of People with Disabilities, by providing activities at the Maison de la Radio[10]

Ethics committee edit

In application of the law of 14 November 2016 and its implementing decree of 21 March 2017, an ethics committee is created to strengthen freedom, the independence and pluralism of the media. […] This committee is made up of five independent individuals appointed for three years, and whose mandate is renewable.[11]

Group activities edit

Information and investigation edit

The investigation unit of Radio France, the usual name of the investigation and investigation department of Radio France, is divided into three poles: production, digital, and investigation. This last pole includes five investigators.[12]

The investigation unit has been a partner of Disclose since 2018.[13]

Regular and event-based partnerships edit

When the news so requires, Radio France stations resort to event programming, which is no longer subject to the program schedules. These events, whether political, economic, societal, cultural or sporting, can be found in the pages retracing the annual chronologies of the radio media.

Diffusion edit

Hertzian broadcasting

Since 1975, Radio France has been broadcasting in FM on almost the entire territory.

Radio France broadcast between 1975 and 2016 in AM: France Inter GO (1939-2016); France Inter PO (1956-1996); France Inter OC (1975-1981), France Culture PO (1975-1980); Radio Bleu PO (1980-2000); France Info PO (2000-2016).

In 2016, Radio France's programs were broadcast in RNT ( DAB +) over the Paris region via an experiment. In 2019, the CSA allocates to all the national frequencies of Radio France, via a call for tenders procedure, broadcast in DAB +. This technology mainly aims to allow better sound quality, the addition of data synchronized or not with the radio (scrolling texts, images, information, websites, etc.) and a lower broadcasting cost than that of FM.

Digital broadcasting edit

Since 2006, Radio France has produced its programs entirely in digital and since 2012 has offered numerous programs in podcast in MP3 format.[14] From 2014, faced with the boom in the consumption of videos on the Internet, and the development of the use of tablets or smartphones, Radio France introduced the concept of "enriched radio" which consists of filming the studio during the recording some radio broadcasts. The video is then put online live (in streaming ) on the station's website or inserted into a video catalog so that it can be viewed after the broadcast on air.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Extinction des ondes moyennes - Radio France".
  2. ^ "Radio France's Maison de la Radio ablaze in Paris". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b "L'audiovisuel public sera regroupé sous une seule entité" (in French). technic2radio. 25 September 2019..
  4. ^ Le CSA nomme Mathieu Gallet à la présidence de Radio France - Communiqué de presse du CSA, 27 février 2014
  5. ^ "Radio France s'engage en faveur de l'insertion" (in French).
  6. ^ "Radio France renouvelle son engagement en faveur de l'égalité professionnelle" (in French).
  7. ^ "Radio France s'engage au Bénin" (in French).
  8. ^ "Radio France, premier opérateur culturel à intégrer le Comité France-Chine" (in French).
  9. ^ "Radio France lance un programme de coopération avec la Chine" (in French).
  10. ^ "Radio France soutient la semaine européenne pour l'emploi des personnes handicapées" (in French).
  11. ^ "Le Comité d'éthique de Radio France" (in French). Radio France. 9 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Cellule investigation de Radio France : biographie, actualités et émissions France Culture". France Culture.
  13. ^ "Disclose, le média qui veut révolutionner l'investigation" (in French). 7 November 2018.
  14. ^ Podcast Radio France - Site officiel

External links edit

  Media related to Radio France at Wikimedia Commons