Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest
Yugoslavia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 27 times, debuting in 1961 and competing every year until its last appearance in 1992, with the exceptions of 1977–1980 and 1985. Yugoslavia won the 1989 contest and hosted the 1990 contest.
|Member station||Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT)|
|National selection events|
|Best result||1st: 1989|
|Yugoslavia's page at Eurovision.tv|
Ljiljana Petrović was Yugoslavia's first entrant in the contest in 1961 and placed eighth. In 1962, Lola Novaković gave the country its first top five result, finishing fourth. This would remain Yugoslavia's only top five result until 1983, when Danijel finished fourth with the song "Džuli". Novi Fosili also finished fourth in 1987 with "Ja sam za ples". In 1989, the country achieved its only victory in the contest, when Riva won with the song "Rock Me".
1961–1991: Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaEdit
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961 along with Spain and Finland. The national pre-selection organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT) was Jugovizija, and it featured entries submitted by the subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav federation: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina (RTV Sarajevo), SR Croatia (RTV Zagreb and RTV Split), SR Macedonia (RTV Skopje), SR Montenegro (RTV Titograd), SR Serbia (RTV Belgrade) and SR Slovenia (RTV Ljubljana) and also the broadcasting services of the autonomous provinces within SR Serbia: SAP Kosovo (RTV Priština) and SAP Vojvodina (RTV Novi Sad). The first to compete in 1961 were Belgrade, Ljubljana and Zagreb, while the others joined in the following years.
Yugoslavia was represented by a variety of artists from five of the eight Yugoslav federal units. These artists were from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia, with Macedonia, Vojvodina, and Kosovo never passing the national pre-selection. Croatia was the most successful constituent republic, as its performers won the national contest 13 out of the 26 times SFR Yugoslavia took part in the contest. From 1977 to 1980, and in 1985, Yugoslavia did not participate in the contest.
Yugoslavia won the Eurovision Song Contest 1989 with the song "Rock Me" by the group Riva. Following the rules of the contest, the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 took place in Zagreb, as the entry came from Croatia.
1992: Federal Republic of YugoslaviaEdit
During the process of breakup of SFR Yugoslavia in 1991, the former constituent republics of Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia declared secession and hence withdrew from Jugovizija, while the then-leaderships of Serbia and Montenegro agreed to maintain a close alliance. On 28 March 1992, the republics that still (at least formally) constituted the fading and shrunken former Yugoslav federation took part in 1992's Jugovizija held in Belgrade. It included artists not only from Serbia and Montenegro, but also from Bosnia and Herzegovina, although the latter declared independence on 1 March of that year. Among its candidates was Alma Čardžić. The winner of that pre-selection was "Ljubim te pesmama" performed by Extra Nena (Snežana Berić) from Serbia. Before that year's ESC took place, on 28 April, a new federal state was formed consisting of Serbia and Montenegro called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which was represented by the previously mentioned Extra Nena in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992 held on 9 May.Yugoslavia was banned from participating in the Song Contest until 2001 due to UN sanctions during the Yugoslav Wars. The sanctions went into effect only a few weeks after the 1992 Contest.
1993–present: After the breakup of SFRYEdit
After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia its former constituent republics proclaimed independence. The once subnational public radio and TV stations changed to national but under new names, including: RTV Slovenia, HRT, RTS, MKRTV and so on. Since joining the EBU respectively, all of the ex-Yugoslav countries have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and North Macedonia (until 2018 designated as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia).
Overall the results of the new republics have been mixed: Croatia had some top 10 finishes in the late 1990s, and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina have enjoyed high scores in the 2000s, North Macedonia has secured a top 10 result and made it through to the final each year until 2008, in which, even though they came 10th, they didn't qualify to the final. In 2004, Serbia and Montenegro debuted and came in 2nd and in 2007, Montenegro joined the contest but failed to qualify for the final, while Serbia won the Eurovision Song Contest the first time it entered as an independent nation. In 2013, no ex-Yugoslav country secured a spot in the final, as Bosnia and Herzegovina withdrew before the contest began; Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia all failed to qualify in the first semi-final; and North Macedonia failed to qualify in the second semi-final.
The following lists the 27 contestants that won the local competition and went on to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest.
Yugoslavia is one of the few countries that have sent all the songs in one of the official languages, which were Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, and Macedonian. 22 out of the 26 Yugoslav entries in the contest between 1961 and 1991 were in Serbo-Croatian and the rest in Slovenian. The majority of entries, 11, came from Croatia, where Yugoslavia's pop music industry was centered. No entry from Macedonia or Kosovo made it to the ESC, illustrating a cultural marginalisation of the poorest parts of the country.
|Ljiljana Petrović||"Neke davne zvezde" (Неке давне звезде)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Lola Novaković||"Ne pali svetlo u sumrak" (Не пали светло у сумрак)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Vice Vukov||"Brodovi" (Бродови)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Sabahudin Kurt||"Život je sklopio krug" (Живот је склопио круг)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Vice Vukov||"Čežnja" (Чежња)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Berta Ambrož||"Brez besed"||Slovene||
|Lado Leskovar||"Vse rože sveta"||Slovene||
|Luci Capurso & Hamo Hajdarhodžić||"Jedan dan" (Један дан)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Ivan & 3M||"Pozdrav svijetu" (Поздрав свијету)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Eva Sršen||"Pridi, dala ti bom cvet"||Slovene||
|Krunoslav Slabinac||"Tvoj dječak je tužan" (Твој дјечак је тужан)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Tereza Kesovija||"Muzika i ti" (Музика и ти)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Zdravko Čolić||"Gori vatra" (Гори ватра)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Korni Grupa||"Generacija '42" (Генерација '42)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Pepel in kri||"Dan ljubezni"||Slovene||
|Ambasadori||"Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" (Не могу скрити своју бол)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Seid Memić Vajta||"Lejla" (Лејла)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Aska||"Halo, Halo" (Хало, хало)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Vlado & Isolda||"Ciao, amore"||Serbo-Croatian||
|Doris Dragović||"Željo moja" (Жељо моја)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Novi fosili||"Ja sam za ples" (Ја сам за плес)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Srebrna krila||"Mangup" (Мангуп)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Tajči||"Hajde da ludujemo" (Хајде да лудујемо)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Baby Doll||"Brazil" (Бразил)||Serbo-Croatian||
|Extra Nena||"Ljubim te pesmama" (Љубим те песмама)||Serbian||
- a ^ Yugoslavia intended to enter the contest in 1985. However, due to the Contest being held on the national memorial day marking the fifth anniversary of former Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito's death, broadcasting any musical program wasn't allowed and JRT was forced to withdraw.
- b ^ Song's name and portions of the chorus are in English.
|1990||Zagreb, SR Croatia||Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall||Helga Vlahović Brnobić and Oliver Mlakar|
|1990||Stjepan Mihajlineć [b]||Igor Kuljerić||[c]|||
Commentators and spokespeopleEdit
|Year(s)||Serbian commentator||Croatian commentator||Slovene commentator||Spokesperson|
|1961||Ljubomir Vukadinović||Gordana Bonetti||Tomaž Terček||Saša Novak|
|1964||Miloje Orlović||Saša Novak|
|1965||Mladen Delić||Ljubo Jelčić|
|1970||Milovan Ilić||Oliver Mlakar||Dragana Marković|
|1977||Did not participate|
|1980||Milovan Ilić||Oliver Mlakar||Tomaž Terček|
|1981||Mladen Popović||Helga Vlahović|
|1985||Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova[e]||Did not participate|
|1986||Mladen Popović||Oliver Mlakar||Miša Molk||Enver Petrovci|
|1988||Slobodan Kaloper||Miša Molk|
|1989||Miša Molk||Dijana Čulić|
|1990||Branko Uvodić||Drago Čulina|
|1991||Ksenija Urličić||Mebrura Topolovac|
|1992||Separate countries||Veselin Mrđen|
|1993||No broadcast[f]||Did not participate|
- Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Young Dancers
- Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Young Musicians
- Yugoslav pop and rock scene
Participation of successor states
- Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Croatia in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Croatia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- Kosovo in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Montenegro in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Montenegro in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- North Macedonia in the Eurovision Song Contest
- North Macedonia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- Serbia in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Serbia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- Serbia and Montenegro in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Serbia and Montenegro in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- Slovenia in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Slovenia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- All conductors are of Yugoslav nationality unless otherwise noted.
- The song was performed without orchestral accompaniment at the national final.
- Although Kuljerić was officially credited as musical director, he did not conduct any entries; the orchestra was assembled and rehearsed by Stanko Selak, who was credited as the contest's assistant musical director. Selak additionally stepped in to conduct the Cypriot entry.
- Host conductor; also played accordion. The entry was conducted by Zvonimir Skerl at the national final.
- Transmitted next day on TV Skopje 1.
- RTS did not broadcast the competition live, but played videos of the participants within the show Music Carousel.
- In 1996, RTS transmitted the contest day after the live show, cutting the "good luck wishes" from politician leaders that aired before every performance.
- In 2000 there was no live broadcast of the contest, but Third channel of RTS aired all the performances (except Israel's), and the winning performance, without voting sequence.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Jugovizija statistics by year Archived 26 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Eurodalmatia official ESC fan club, Dalmatia, Croatia
- Alma Čardžić Bio – Official Site (in Bosnian and Turkish)
- Extra Nena Bio – Official Site (in Serbian and English)
- "Eurovision Trivia: Did you know..." BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
- Klier, Marcus (28 September 2007). "Interview with Extra Nena". ESCToday. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
- Deniz, Jose Miguel Galvan (14 March 2005). "Eurovision shows political side". BBC News. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
- Vuletic, Dean (2019). Recognising Kosovo in the World of Televised International Song Contests. Eurovisions: Identity and the International Politics of the Eurovision Song Contest since 1956. Springer Nature. p. 116. ISBN 978-9811394270.
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
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- Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
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- Roxburgh, Gordon (2016). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Three: The 1980s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2020). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Four: The 1990s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-163-9.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 352–365. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Points to and from Yugoslavia eurovisioncovers.co.uk