RTP1 is the main television channel of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the Portuguese public broadcasting corporation. It is Portugal's first channel, and was launched in 1957. For a brief period it was known and marketed as Canal 1 (Channel 1); it has long been commonly called this. It is one of the most watched television networks in the country. The channel became a 24-hour service in 2002, although it now leases its graveyard slot (3:56 am to 5:59 am) to the infomercial producer and direct-response marketer, A Loja Em Casa (in turn owned by El Corte Inglés). Until that point, RTP1 closed down with the national anthem, but this practice stopped not too long before infomercials filled the overnight slots.
|Broadcast area||National. Also distributed in Spain, Morocco and via satellite across Europe and in certain areas by cable.|
|Picture format||1080i HDTV |
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
|Owner||Rádio e Televisão de Portugal|
|Launched||7 March 1957|
|Former names||RTP (1957 − 1968)|
I Programa (1968 − 1978)
RTP Canal 1 (1989 − 1996)
|TDT||Channel 1 (SD)|
|NOS||Channel 1 (SD)|
Channel 301 (HD)
|Nowo||Channel 1 (SD)|
Channel 201 (HD)
|NOS||Channel 1 (HD)|
|MEO||Channel 1 (SD)|
|MEO||Channel 1 (HD)|
Channel 501 (SD)
|Vodafone||Channel 1 (HD)|
Channel 201 (SD)
RTP1 has a variety of programs, composed mainly of news and talk-shows, sports, current affairs, national and international fiction, such as films and TV series. Unlike sister channel RTP2, RTP1 broadcasts commercial advertising, which, along with the licence fee, finances the channel.
RTP was established in December 1955 with test broadcasts conducted in September 1956 at the now-defunct Feira Popular amusement park in Lisbon. Regular broadcasts commenced at 21:30 on 7 March 1957. Initially the channel broadcast from 21:30 to either 23:00 or 23:30, with an additional period on Sundays between 18:00 and 19:00.
Initially, RTP had a limited coverage area, using 5 transmitters (Monsanto, Montejunto, Lousã, Monte da Virgem and Foia) that covered about 60% of the country's population.
It then expanded to the whole of the mainland in the mid-1960s. On 18 October 1959, Telejornal went on air for the first time, becoming the longest-running Portuguese TV show to end.
It was the only TV channel available in Portugal until 25 December 1968, when RTP2 started broadcasting. Because of that, RTP had to identify both channels as I Programa and II Programa in order to distinguish them.
Daytime broadcasts commenced in 1970, with a two-hour period running at various times mostly between 12:30 and 14:30. Before then, Telescola (educational classes) were generally the first programmes of the day and the regular schedule started at 19:00, running until midnight.
In 1974, RTP's ratings grew with the expansion of the acquisition of television sets in the country. The first colour broadcasts were conducted in 1976, with the legislative elections.
On 16 October 1978, the channel was renamed RTP-1 (initially hyphenated). Colour programming was now in production, and a heat of Jeux Sans Frontières has to be transmitted in said technology in order to air to the rest of Europe, which already had regular colour broadcasts at the time. As the months progressed, more and more colour broadcasts were included before launching regularly on 7 March 1980.
In October 1983, the daytime period was abolished in order to save energy. Weekday broadcasts were then restricted to start at 17:00 and end at 23:00. Said broadcasts were resumed in 1985, when RTP decided to broadcast the daytime block from Oporto. The educational broadcasts (then known as Ciclo Preparatório TV) were abolished in 1988. By then, daytime shutdowns were abolished.
Towards the end of the 1980s, RTP was facing challenges with the impending arrival of private broadcasters. As a result, RTP decided to rename RTP1 as RTP Canal 1, in readiness for a bigger rebrand that happened on 17 September 1990, where the channel was now officially rebranded as Canal 1, in order to reinforce its position in front of the new broadcasters. Having lost its leadership status slowly between 1994 and 1995, owing to SIC's success, it eventually turned into the vice-leader before falling into third place, when TVI got a ratings boost.
On 29 April 1996, Canal 1 reverted to RTP1.
In 2002, Emídio Rangel joined RTP1, coming from SIC, changing the face of public television in Portugal but causing havoc on the broadcaster. During this phase, the channel had overly-long news bulletins (i.e. RTP at 8 ending as late as 21:30) and thought-provoking debate shows (Gregos e Troianos).
On 31 March 2004, RTP1 rebranded entirely now broadcasting from RTP's new headquarters.
The channel started widescreen tests on 8 June 2012 with the Euro 2012 opening ceremony and the first match (Poland vs. Greece). On 14 January 2013, the channel formally became a widescreen channel.
Logos and identitiesEdit
From 1978 to 1990, RTP1 and RTP2 began their trial period of changing so many logos in 10 various ways within 12 years. Eventually, the channel got a new logo in October 1978, and it consists of the RTP-1 wordmark that is beside to the 1-numeral which is quickly changing to a striped 1-numeral with a large semi-circular track that is composed of four lines with more of the four lines that are falling straight out from the right of it.
RTP1 and RTP2 were both sharing their same logo format within 5 years from 7 March 1980 to December 1985, and their first colour logos consists of a sort of eye that is formed out of two swooshes with a circle in the middle as well as the RTP-1 wordmark or the RTP-2 wordmark are appearing next to it.
In 1981, RTP1 changed its logo for the fourth time, and it became a rounded rectangle with a yellow outline that contains a blue 1-numeral alongside the RTP wordmark, but the only known ident with this logo has to be a breakbumper that consists of some solely for the RTP1's logo.
Later on, in 1983, RTP1 and RTP2 began to use a succession with the three incarnations of their logos that are constantly changing every few months, although they will predict the red colour for their triple-logo change during that year.
On 23 March 1984, RTP1 and RTP2 were both again changing their logo that will just become the name of RTP's TV channels, and however, the name will be written in the Sinaloa typeface
From 1985, RTP1 replaced its 1984 logo with something else new and it were again adopting another new logo that consists of the RTP1 wordmark which is inside a rounded rectangle that contains a diagonal line separating the RTP wordmark from the 1-numeral.
On 13 October 1986, RTP1 got yet another new logo that consists of a white 1-numeral that is stuck between a blue circle, a green square and a red triangle, although these elements are similar to those that were used by Rai 1, Rai 2, and Rai 3. Eventually, this new logo comes up with an ident that features the 1-numeral as a circle, while the shapes are flying to form the 1-numeral, especially that the RTP wordmark are appearing from the logo.
On 2 December 1988, RTP1 gets another more new logo which gets changed into a green 1-numeral that is inside a blue square that contains a picture which can be seen here although it comes from a transitory phase from RTP1's 1990 identity. By 1989, the Canal wordmark were added to the logo, and so, the channel will eventually be mentioned as RTP Canal 1.
On 17 September 1990, RTP1 were renamed to RTP Canal 1, and by that, it introduced a new logo that consists of a permanent, opaque and coloured DOG which is stylized as "C·1" although it appears to the upper-right corner of the channel, but in April 1991, the "C·1" becomes smaller as it gets placed on the upper-left corner, as the logo will be based on 3D blue-coloured characters with a golden armillary sphere that is inside the "C", so most of RTP Canal 1's idents will contain CGI that is accompanied by a voice-over chorus that is singing the name of RTP's primary TV channel, especially that they are featuring some several motifs in a short period of time, such as British and American skylines, playing cards, roulettes, riots and astronauts, but these had lasted within four years, and by 1994, they were eventually replaced by a single ident that consists of the "armillary sphere" that is formed out of parts of it, but later, in 1995, it gets followed by a simple look that features the logo which is forming up from a water background.
To coincide with the introduction of RTP's new corporate logo on 29 April 1996, RTP Canal 1 became rebranded again and it were gradually reverting its name back to its original brand as RTP1, as the channel adopts a new logo which consists of a white 1-numeral that is placed inside a light blue background, while the RTP wordmark are placed inside a rectangle that is overlaid underneath in a dark blue background, but especially, the idents for RTP1's 1996 look, they will mainly consist of a tridimensional representation for the logo that appears on a blue moving curtain background, while the RTP1 tune is used as the channel's background music, if it is played on a piano or an organ. From 12 October 1998, RTP1 refreshed its 1996 identity by debuting a new ident collection that is designed by Novocom, but the same time had also happened for its sister channel, RTP2, so these new idents were featuring some several motifs such as eyes, or Christmas ornaments during the Holiday season, and they were lasting for two years until October 2000, when a new ident package gets implemented onto the screen, and though they were featuring a single ident that is designed by BBC Broadcast, but later in September 2001, it had another new single ident, and besides, this ident package were short-lived until 2002.
On 28 January 2002, RTP1 introduced a new logo that is changed again, and with that, it creates a new ident package that will feature every ident where the logo gets formed from snow, fire, sand and water, but this ident package had lasted a short use until early 2003, when it gets replaced by a single ident that features the logo on a light blue background.
RTP1 got another new logo on 31 March 2004, following its rebrand, but it had only used one ident at any period of time instead of having a collection of idents (just like its sister channel RTP2, for example). According to RTP, the channel adopted its first ident package for its 2004 identity, and it consists of a single ident that is RTP's corporate logo which is moving around a dark blue background that will at a given time "sit" at the proper background, and by 2007, following RTP's television department's 50th anniversary celebration, a new ident package were introduced though it gets changed to a single ident that features some few RTP-styled ribbons which will then give place to RTP1's logo, but from 7 January 2009, the channel were again renewing its 2004 identity for the third time, and it were eventually renewing its on-screen design that will be the first true ident package since 2003, and it is composed with a variety of short animated films that is reproduced inside RTP's symbol on a black or a white background, but they were lasting within two years until 2011, when they gets replaced by another new ident package which features idents with RTP's logo being formed by blocks side by side, while they showcase some several elements of a specific year season, so however, on 8 January 2013, they were later replaced by the final ident package of RTP1's 2004 identity when RTP1 refreshed its ident package, although it maintains its logo, but especially when this new ident package are featuring Portuguese locales and youth, if they're repositioning RTP1 as a channel for Portuguese-produced content, featuring new infotainment and documentary shows, as well as brand new sitcoms and drama shows, well even though this new ident package are also including a full conversion to the 16:9 aspect ratio (just like its sister channel, RTP2), as opposed to the 4:3, which was widely used until 29 March 2016.
As part of RTP's global rebranding on 29 March 2016, RTP1 got a new logo that is revised for the first time of 12 years since 2004, and so, this new logo will make the inner part of the ribbons become rectangles without rounded corners, while the RTP wordmark is having more straight angles as well as the 1-numeral will now be written in the Calibre Bold font, and eventually, the channel adopts some various idents that are made by invited Portuguese graphic artists, such as Vhils in 2016, and João Paulo Feliciano in 2017, when RTP1 adopts some new minimalist graphics that is using light blue as its accent color and the promotion-endboards will have a white version of the new logo on a blue background, but the on-screen DOG will also become static.
- Manchetes 3
- Bom Dia Portugal
- Jornal da Tarde
- Portugal em Direto
- Edição Especial (only on special occasions)
- Sexta às 9
- Praça da Alegria – a daily variety talk-show broadcast on weekdays between 10 a.m. and 1 pm. It targets the more elderly and illiterate part of the population, with human interest stories, and does not broadcast in summer.
- A Nossa Tarde – another daily variety talk-show also broadcast on weekdays between 3 p.m. and 6 pm. Also features interviews, live performances and human interest stories, but with a broader target and appeal. These two talk-shows are often criticized for their long running time, less educated target demographics and for competing with other private television stations with the same format, at the same times of the day. Does not broadcast in the summer.
- Aqui Portugal
- Verão Total – is a summer show used to fill in for "Praça da Alegria" and "A Nossa Tarde". The show is broadcast from a different town every day.
- Auga Seca
- The Price Is Right (O Preço Certo)
Late-night talk showsEdit
- 5 Para A Meia-Noite
- Cá Por Casa com Herman José
- Depois Vai-se A Ver E Nada
- Prova Oral
- NOS Alive
- MEO Marés Vivas
Documentaries or infotainmentEdit
- Portugueses pelo Mundo
Exclusive broadcasting rightsEdit
In 1988, RTP pulled several sketches from Humor de Perdição: the last few sketches from the Historical Interviews series.
In 1995, Catholic groups and Rádio Renascença put RTP under pressure for airing the infamous "Last Supper" special edition of Herman ZAP. As a result, it and Parabéns were both pulled.