Eurovision Song Contest 1964

The Eurovision Song Contest 1964 was the 9th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, following the country's victory at the 1963 contest with the song "Dansevise" by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Danmarks Radio (DR), the contest was held at Tivolis Koncertsal on 21 March 1964, and was hosted by Danish TV presenter Lotte Wæver.

Eurovision Song Contest 1964
ESC 1964 logo.png
Dates
Final21 March 1964
Host
VenueTivolis Koncertsal
Copenhagen, Denmark
Presenter(s)Lotte Wæver
Musical directorKai Mortensen
Directed byPoul Leth Sørensen
Executive supervisorMiroslav Vilček
Host broadcasterDanmarks Radio (DR)
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/copenhagen-1964 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries16
Debuting countries Portugal
Returning countriesNone
Non-returning countries Sweden
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Monaco in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1964Sweden in the Eurovision Song ContestA coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1964
Vote
Voting systemTen-member juries awarded points (5, 3 and 1) to their three favourite songs.
Nul points in final
Winning song Italy
"Non ho l'età"
1963 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1965

Sixteen countries participated in the contest. Portugal made its debut this year, while Sweden decided not to enter.

The winner of the contest was Italy with the song "Non ho l'età", performed by Gigliola Cinquetti, written by Nicola Salerno and composed by Mario Panzeri. At the age of 16 years and 92 days, Gigliola Cinquetti became the youngest winner of the contest yet; a record she held until 1986.[1] The entry had one of the widest margins of victory ever witnessed in the competition. It garnered almost three times as many points as the second-placed song.

LocationEdit

 
Tivolis Koncertsal, Copenhagen - host venue of the 1964 contest.

The host venue for the contest was Tivolis Koncertsal (Tivoli Concert Hall) in Denmark's capital city Copenhagen, which lies within Denmark's famous amusement park and pleasure garden Tivoli Gardens. The park, alluding by its name to the Jardin de Tivoli that existed in Paris, was opened on 15 August 1843, and is the second oldest amusement park in the world, after Dyrehavsbakken in nearby Klampenborg.[2]

FormatEdit

Each country had 10 jury members who distributed three points among their one, two, or three favourite songs. The points were totaled and the first, second, and third placed songs were awarded 5, 3, and 1 votes in order. If only one song got every point within the jury it would get all 9 points. If only two songs were chosen, the songs would get 6 and 3 points in order.[3]

The contest this year was highly politicised with demands that right-wing dictatorships in Spain and Portugal should be excluded from the contest. This controversy became apparent during the contest as just before the Belgian entry, a man entered the stage holding a banner saying "Boycott Franco and Salazar". He was quickly removed from the stage. This alarmed the audience, to where the camera footage cut to the scoreboard, however, photographs were taken and released after the event. This would be the very first stage invasion in the contest's history.

The immediate response of the Koncertsal audience to the Italian entry was markedly enthusiastic and prolonged and, most unusually for a contest performance, after leaving the stage Gigliola Cinquetti was allowed to return to take a second bow. Her performance was given an unscheduled repeat on British television the following afternoon. In the event, she won the most crushing victory in the history of the contest, with a score almost three times that of her nearest rival, a feat extremely unlikely ever to be beaten under the post-1974 scoring system.

Lost recordingsEdit

As with the 1956 contest, no complete video recording of the actual contest is known to have survived; however, unlike the 1956 contest (where the interval act is mostly missing), a complete audio recording does exist in the form of the DR radio broadcast. Some clips of the contest have survived, including part of the opening ceremonies, including some of presenter Lotte Wæver's welcoming remarks, as well as the majority of the repeat performance of "Non ho l'età" from the end of the broadcast. For some time, there was a rumour that a copy of the entire contest existed in the French television archives.[4] In 2021, INA confirmed to Wiwibloggs that the French television archives do not possess a copy of the contest.[5]

A persistent myth, even repeated on the official Eurovision site, is that the tape was destroyed in a fire in the 1970s. More recent interviews with DR, however, state that the broadcast was never recorded in the first place, allegedly due to no tape machines being available at the studio at the time.[6] The audio of the entire show, however, is still available online, and some short video clips and photos remain available.[7]

Participating countriesEdit

Sweden did not participate this year because of a boycott by singers. They did however broadcast it. Portugal competed in the contest for the first time, however they became the first country to score nul points on their début entry. Germany, Switzerland, and Yugoslavia also scored nul points for the first time. The Netherlands became the first country to send a singer of non-European ancestry, Anneke Grönloh who was of Indonesian descent.[3] Spain decided to send the Spanish group Los TNT who were the first group of three or more participants in the history of the contest.

Returning artistsEdit

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Anita Traversi   Switzerland 1956 (backing vocals), 1960

ConductorsEdit

Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.[8][9]

Participants and resultsEdit

R/O Country Artist Song Language[10][11] Points Place[12]
1   Luxembourg Hugues Aufray "Dès que le printemps revient" French 14 4
2   Netherlands Anneke Grönloh "Jij bent mijn leven" Dutch 2 10
3   Norway Arne Bendiksen "Spiral" Norwegian 6 8
4   Denmark Bjørn Tidmand "Sangen om dig" Danish 4 9
5   Finland Lasse Mårtenson "Laiskotellen" Finnish 9 7
6   Austria Udo Jürgens "Warum nur, warum?" German 11 6
7   France Rachel "Le Chant de Mallory" French 14 4
8   United Kingdom Matt Monro "I Love the Little Things" English 17 2
9   Germany Nora Nova "Man gewöhnt sich so schnell an das Schöne" German 0 13
10   Monaco Romuald "Où sont-elles passées" French 15 3
11   Portugal António Calvário "Oração" Portuguese 0 13
12   Italy Gigliola Cinquetti "Non ho l'età" Italian 49 1
13   Yugoslavia Sabahudin Kurt "Život je sklopio krug" (Живот је склопио круг) Serbo-Croatian 0 13
14   Switzerland Anita Traversi "I miei pensieri" Italian 0 13
15   Belgium Robert Cogoi "Près de ma rivière" French 2 10
16   Spain Tim, Nelly and Tony "Caracola" Spanish 1 12

Detailed voting resultsEdit

 
Dutch contestant Anneke Grönloh's dress
Detailed voting results[13][14]
Total score
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Norway
Denmark
Finland
Austria
France
United Kingdom
Germany
Monaco
Portugal
Italy
Yugoslavia
Switzerland
Belgium
Spain
Contestants
Luxembourg 14 3 3 5 3
Netherlands 2 1 1
Norway 6 5 1
Denmark 4 1 3
Finland 9 3 3 3
Austria 11 5 1 5
France 14 1 3 5 3 1 1
United Kingdom 17 1 5 3 1 1 1 5
Germany 0
Monaco 15 3 5 3 1 3
Portugal 0
Italy 49 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 5 5 3 5
Yugoslavia 0
Switzerland 0
Belgium 2 1 1
Spain 1 1

5 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all 5 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 5 points
8   Italy   Austria,   Belgium,   Finland,   Luxembourg,   Netherlands,   Portugal,   United Kingdom,   Yugoslavia
2   Austria   Italy,   Spain
  United Kingdom   Norway,   Switzerland
1   France   Monaco
  Luxembourg   Germany
  Monaco   France
  Norway   Denmark

SpokespersonsEdit

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1964 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.

  1.   Luxembourg – TBC
  2.   Netherlands – Pim Jacobs
  3.   Norway – Sverre Christophersen [no]
  4.   Denmark – Pedro Biker [da]
  5.   Finland – Poppe Berg [fi]
  6.   Austria – Walter Richard Langer [de]
  7.   France – Jean-Claude Massoulier [fr]
  8.   United Kingdom – Kenneth Kendall
  9.   Germany – Claudia Doren [de]
  10.   Monaco – TBC
  11.   Portugal – Maria Manuela Furtado
  12.   Italy – Rosanna Vaudetti
  13.   Yugoslavia – Saša Novak
  14.   Switzerland – Alexandre Burger [fr]
  15.   Belgium – André Hagon
  16.   Spain – Julio Rico

BroadcastsEdit

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Austria ORF Willy Kralik [de]
  Belgium RTB French: Paule Herreman
BRT Dutch: Herman Verelst [nl]
  Denmark DR TV No commentator
DR P1, DR P3 Unknown (television and radio broadcast) [15]
  Finland Suomen Televisio Aarno Walli [fi] [16]
Yleisradio Erkki Melakoski [fi]
  France Première Chaîne RTF Robert Beauvais
  Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Hermann Rockmann [de]
  Italy Programma Nazionale Renato Tagliani [it]
  Luxembourg Télé-Luxembourg Jacques Navadic
  Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Robert Beauvais
  Netherlands NTS Ageeth Scherphuis [17]
Coen Serré
  Norway NRK, NRK P1 Odd Grythe
  Portugal RTP A. Gomes Ferreira
  Spain TVE Federico Gallo [es]
  Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de]
TSR French: Robert Burnier [18]
TSI Italian: Renato Tagliani
  United Kingdom BBC TV David Jacobs [9]
BBC Light Programme Tom Sloan
  Yugoslavia Televizija Beograd Serbo-Croatian: Miloje Orlović [sr]
Televizija Zagreb Serbo-Croatian: Gordana Bonetti [hr]
Televizija Ljubljana Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Sweden Sveriges TV, SR P1 Sven Lindahl [19]

IncidentsEdit

Stage invasionEdit

A political protest occurred after the Swiss entry: a man trespassed onto the stage holding a banner that read "Boycott Franco & Salazar". Whilst this was going on, television viewers were shown a shot of the scoreboard; once the man was removed the contest went on.[20]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official Celebration. Carlton Books, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78097-638-9. Pages 32-33
  2. ^ Tivoli – Tivoli Gardens Copenhagen – Copenhagen Portal – Tourist Guide. Copenhagenet.dk. Retrieved on 15 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". EBU. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  4. ^ "9eme-concours-eurovision-de-la-chanson-1964". inatheque.ina.fr. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  5. ^ ten Veen, Renske (31 July 2021). "Lost in Copenhagen: French television archive INA confirms it does NOT possess a copy of missing Eurovision 1964 show". Wiwibloggs.com. Wiwibloggs. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  6. ^ "BILLEDER: I denne uge er det 55 år siden, Danmark holdt sit første Eurovision i Tivoli" [Photos: This week, it is 55 years since Denmark held its first Eurovision in Tivoli]. DR (in Danish). 20 March 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Opmærkning af DR's billeder". Retrieved 7 August 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  9. ^ a b Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 348–358. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
  10. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  11. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Final of Copenhagen 1964". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 6 April 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Results of the Final of Copenhagen 1964". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 6 April 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1964 – Scoreboard". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  15. ^ "Internationalt Melodi Grand Prix 1964" (in Danish). 21 March 1964. Retrieved 13 November 2022.
  16. ^ "Radio ja televisio". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 21 March 1964. p. 31. Retrieved 7 November 2022. (subscription required)
  17. ^ "Dokumentaire over Schiermonnikoog". De Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). 23 March 1964.
  18. ^ "Programme TV du 15 au 21 mars". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 12 March 1964.
  19. ^ Thorsson, Leif (2006). Melodifestivalen genom tiderna [Melodifestivalen through time]. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. p. 48. ISBN 91-89136-29-2.
  20. ^ Tragaki, Dafni (2002). Empire of Song: Europe and Nation in the Eurovision Song Contest. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 224. ISBN 9780810888173.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 55°40′25″N 12°34′06″E / 55.67361°N 12.56833°E / 55.67361; 12.56833