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The Eurovision Song Contest 1964 was the 9th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, following Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann's win at the 1963 contest in London, United Kingdom with the song "Dansevise". It was the first time the contest took place in Denmark - also marking the first time a Nordic country hosted the event. The contest was held at Tivolis Koncertsal on Saturday 21 March 1964, and was hosted by Lotte Wæver.

Eurovision Song Contest 1964
ESC 1964 logo.png
Dates
Final21 March 1964
Host
VenueTivolis Koncertsal
Copenhagen, Denmark
Presenter(s)Lotte Wæver
ConductorKai Mortensen
Directed byPoul Leth Sørensen
Executive supervisorMiroslav Vilček
Host broadcasterDanmarks Radio (DR)
Interval actBallet-harlequinade
Participants
Number of entries16
Debuting countries Portugal
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countries Sweden
Vote
Voting systemTen-member juries awarded points (5, 3 and 1) to their three favourite songs.
Nul points
Winning song Italy
"Non ho l'età"

Sixteen countries participated in the contest. The number of participants therefore remained the same, as the previous three editions. Portugal made its début, while Sweden withdrew.

The winner was Italy with the song "Non ho l'età", performed by Gigliola Cinquetti, written by Nicola Salerno and composed by Mario Panzeri. This was Italy's first victory in the contest. At the age of 16 years and 92 days, Gigliola Cinquetti became the youngest winner of the contest yet; a record she held until 1986[1].

Contents

LocationEdit

 
Tivolis Koncertsal, Copenhagen - host venue of the 1964 contest.

The host venue for the contest was Tivolis Koncertsal (Tivoli Concert Hall) in Denmark's capital city Copenhagen, which lies within Denmark's famous amusement park and pleasure garden Tivoli Gardens. The park, alluding by its name to the Jardin de Tivoli that existed in Paris, was opened on 15 August 1843, and is the second oldest amusement park in the world, after Dyrehavsbakken in nearby Klampenborg.[2]

FormatEdit

Each country had 10 jury members who distributed three points among their one, two, or three favourite songs. The points were totaled and the first, second, and third placed songs were awarded 5, 3, and 1 votes in order. If only one song got every point within the jury it would get all 9 points. If only two songs were chosen, the songs would get 6 and 3 points in order.[3]

A political protest occurred after the Swiss entry: a man trespassed onto the stage holding a banner that read "Boycott Franco & Salazar". Whilst this was going on, television viewers were shown a shot of the scoreboard; once the man was removed the contest went on.[4]

The immediate response of the Koncertsal audience to the Italian entry was markedly enthusiastic and prolonged and, most unusually for a contest performance, after leaving the stage Gigliola Cinquetti was allowed to return to take a second bow. Her performance was given an unscheduled repeat on British television the following afternoon. In the event, she won the most crushing victory in the history of the contest, with a score almost three times that of her nearest rival, a feat extremely unlikely ever to be beaten under the post-1974 scoring system.

As with the 1956 contest, no video recording of the actual contest performance was known to survive (although one does of the shorter winning reprise); however, like the 1956 contest, an audio recording does exist. (Videos of Cinquetti's Sanremo performance and her Eurovision winning reprise have both appeared on YouTube.) Reports say that this is because there was a fire at the studios of DR, the Danish broadcaster, in the 1970s. But a copy of the entire contest has been found to exist in the French television archives, although it is not yet available to view online[5]. It has been speculated that the BBC also recorded the entire show, as an empty tape canister marked "Eurovision 1964" was found during a storage cleanup, but the tape was missing, presumably wiped.[6] The audio of the entire show, however, is still available online, and an unofficial release of the show has been uploaded to YouTube with press-photos and some intact video parts to supplement the audio.

Participating countriesEdit

Sweden did not participate because of a boycott by singers. They did however broadcast it. Portugal made its début in the contest, however they became the first country to score nul points on their début. Germany, Switzerland, and Yugoslavia also scored nul points for the first time. The Netherlands became the first country to send a singer of non-European ancestry, Anneke Grönloh was of Indonesian descent.[3] The Spanish group Los TNT was the first group of three or more participants of the history of the ESC.

Returning artistsEdit

One artist returned to the contest this year, Switzerland's Anita Traversi that represented the country in 1960.[3]

ConductorsEdit

ResultsEdit

ScoreboardEdit

 
Dutch contestant Anneke Grönloh's dress
Voting results
                                 
  Luxembourg 14 3 3 5 3
Netherlands 2 1 1
Norway 6 5 1
Denmark 4 1 3
Finland 9 3 3 3
Austria 11 5 1 5
France 14 1 3 5 3 1 1
United Kingdom 17 1 5 3 1 1 1 5
Germany 0
Monaco 15 3 5 3 1 3
Portugal 0
Italy 49 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 5 5 3 5
Yugoslavia 0
Switzerland 0
Belgium 2 1 1
Spain 1 1
The table is ordered by appearance

5 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all 5 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
8 Italy Austria, Belgium, Finland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia
2 Austria Italy, Spain
United Kingdom Norway, Switzerland
1 France Monaco
Luxembourg Germany
Monaco France
Norway Denmark

International broadcasts and votingEdit

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1964 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.[3]

Voting order Country Spokespersons Commentator Broadcaster
01   Luxembourg TBC Robert Beauvais Télé-Luxembourg
02   Netherlands Pim Jacobs Ageeth Scherphuis NTS[9]
03   Norway Sverre Christophersen Odd Grythe NRK
04   Denmark Pedro Biker No commentator DR TV
05   Finland Poppe Berg Aarno Walli Suomen Televisio
Erkki Melakoski Yleisohjelma
06   Austria Walter Richard Langer Willy Kralik ORF
07   France Jean-Claude Massoulier Robert Beauvais Première Chaîne RTF[10]
08   United Kingdom Kenneth Kendall David Jacobs BBC TV
Tom Sloan BBC Light Programme
09   Germany Lia Wöhr Hermann Rockmann ARD Deutsches Fernsehen
10   Monaco TBC Robert Beauvais Télé Monte Carlo
11   Portugal Maria Manuela Furtado Gomes Ferreira RTP
12   Italy Rosanna Vaudetti Renato Tagliani Programma Nazionale
13   Yugoslavia TBC Miloje Orlović Televizija Beograd
Gordana Bonetti Televizija Zagreb
Tomaž Terček Televizija Ljubljana
14    Switzerland Alexandre Burger Theodor Haller TV DRS
Robert Burnier[11] TSR
Renato Tagliani TSI
15   Belgium André Hagon Paule Herreman RTB[10]
Herman Verelst BRT
16   Spain Julio Rico Federico Gallo TVE
-   Sweden (non participating country) Sven Lindahl Sveriges Radio-TV[12]

National jury membersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official Celebration. Carlton Books, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78097-638-9. Pages 32-33
  2. ^ Tivoli – Tivoli Gardens Copenhagen – Copenhagen Portal – Tourist Guide. Copenhagenet.dk. Retrieved on 15 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". EBU. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  4. ^ Tragaki, Dafni (2002). Empire of Song: Europe and Nation in the Eurovision Song Contest. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 224.
  5. ^ http://inatheque.ina.fr/doc/TV-RADIO/DA_CPF96003532/9eme-concours-eurovision-de-la-chanson-1964?rang=334
  6. ^ The Lost Tapes: BBC documentary about wiping during the 60s, aired on BBC Three in 2009
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Conductors 1964". andtheconductoris.eu. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Dokumentaire over Schiermonnikoog". De Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). 23 March 1964.
  10. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1964 - Copenhague". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  11. ^ "Programme TV du 15 au 21 mars". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 12 March 1964.
  12. ^ Leif Thorsson. Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"] (2006), p. 48. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. ISBN 91-89136-29-2
  13. ^ https://www.viisukuppila.fi/phpBB3/post1350161.html#p1350161

External linksEdit