Eurovision Song Contest 1977

The Eurovision Song Contest 1977 was the 22nd edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in London, United Kingdom, following Brotherhood of Man's win at the 1976 contest in The Hague, Netherlands with the song "Save Your Kisses for Me". It was the sixth time the contest took place in the UK, after 1960, 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1974. The contest was held at the Wembley Conference Centre on Saturday 7 May 1977, marking the first time the event took place in the month of May since 1956.[1] The show was hosted by Angela Rippon.

Eurovision Song Contest 1977
ESC 1977 logo.svg
Dates
Final7 May 1977
Host
VenueWembley Conference Centre
London, United Kingdom
Presenter(s)Angela Rippon
ConductorRonnie Hazlehurst
Directed byStewart Morris
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Host broadcasterBritish Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Opening actAn aerial tour of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom
Interval actMr. Acker Bilk and his Paramount Jazz Men
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/london-1977 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries18
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries
Non-returning countries
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs
Nul pointsNone
Winning song France
"L'oiseau et l'enfant"

Eighteen countries participated in the contest; Sweden returned after its absence from the previous edition, while Yugoslavia, which did participate in 1976, did not enter.

The winner was France with the song "L'oiseau et l'enfant", performed by Marie Myriam, written by Joe Gracy, and composed by Jean-Paul Cara. This was France's fifth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1958, 1960, 1962, and 1969 (the latter being in the infamous four-way tie). The five wins were also a record at the time, and one that France held onto for seven years, until being equalled by Luxembourg in 1983. This was later equalled by Ireland in 1993, United Kingdom in 1997, Sweden in 2012, and by the Netherlands in 2019.

LocationEdit

London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in Europe by most measures. London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history goes back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.[2] Wembley Conference Centre, which opened in 1977, was the first purpose-built conference centre in the United Kingdom. The centre was chosen as host venue for the song contest, which was presented by newsreader Angela Rippon.

FormatEdit

The language rule was brought back in this contest, four years after it had been dropped in 1973. However Germany and Belgium were allowed to sing in English, because they had already chosen the songs they were going to perform before the rule was reintroduced.

As noted in The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History by author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor, the contest was originally planned to be held on 2 April 1977, but because of a strike of BBC cameramen and technicians, it had to be postponed for a month. As a result, this was the first Eurovision Song Contest to be staged in May since the inaugural edition.[1]

This was most possibly the Eurovision with the most scoring mistakes, as the scrutineer Clifford Brown had to stop the host Angela Rippon several times to correct the scores.

Due to the strike by the BBC camera staff, and lack of time to organise the contest, this is seen as the only Eurovision where there were no postcards between songs. Various shots of the contests audience where shown, with the various counties commentators informing the viewers of the upcoming songs.

Participating countriesEdit

Tunisia was set to participate and had been drawn to participate in fourth place, but later withdrew.[1] Yugoslavia did not enter this contest after having participated in 1976, while Sweden returned to the competition.[3]

The Belgian act Dream Express had created some controversy in the press with reports that the three female members would wear transparent tops; this did not materialise for the actual event.[4]

The British conductor Ronnie Hazlehurst used an umbrella and wore a bowler hat during the UK entry.[5][6]

ConductorsEdit

Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.[7][8]

Returning artistsEdit

Several artists returned to the 1977 Contest. Beatrix Neundlinger and Günter Grosslercher from the group Schmetterlinge both represented Austria in 1972 as part of the band The Milestones. Patricia Maessen, Bianca Maessen, and Stella Maessen had previously represented the Netherlands in 1970 as part of the group Hearts of Soul, in 1977 they represented Belgium under the band name Dream Express.

Ireland's participant The Swarbriggs returned after their previous appearance back in 1975. Ilanit from Israel returned after previously representing the nation in 1973. Michèle Torr, Luxembourg's 1966 entrant participated for Monaco. And finally Fernando Tordo and Paulo de Carvalho (part of Os Amigos) returned once more after they previously represented the nation as solo acts back in 1973 and 1974 respectively.

ResultsEdit

The following tables reflect the final official scores, verified after the contest transmission. During the voting sequence of the live show, several errors were made in the announcement of the scores, which were then adjusted after the broadcast. Both Greece and France duplicated scores, awarding the same points to multiple countries. From the Greek scores, The UK, Netherlands, Austria and Finland all had 1 point deducted after the contest and from the French scores, Austria, Germany, Israel, Italy and Belgium all had 1 point deducted. None of the adjustments affected the placing of any of the songs.

Draw Country Artist Song Language[9] Place Points
01   Ireland The Swarbriggs Plus Two "It's Nice to Be in Love Again" English 3 119
02   Monaco Michèle Torr "Une petite française" French 4 96
03   Netherlands Heddy Lester "De mallemolen" Dutch 12 35
04   Austria Schmetterlinge "Boom Boom Boomerang" Germana 17 11
05   Norway Anita Skorgan "Casanova" Norwegian 14 18
06   Germany Silver Convention "Telegram" English 8 55
07   Luxembourg Anne-Marie B "Frère Jacques" French 16 17
08   Portugal Os Amigos "Portugal no coração" Portuguese 14 18
09   United Kingdom Lynsey de Paul and Mike Moran "Rock Bottom" English 2 121
10   Greece Paschalis, Marianna, Robert & Bessy "Mathima solfege" (Μάθημα σολφέζ) Greek 5 92
11   Israel Ilanit "Ahava Hi Shir Lishnayim" (אהבה היא שיר לשניים) Hebrew 11 49
12    Switzerland Pepe Lienhard Band "Swiss Lady" German 6 71
13   Sweden Forbes "Beatles" Swedish 18 2
14   Spain Micky "Enséñame a cantar" Spanish 9 52
15   Italy Mia Martini "Libera" Italian 13 33
16   Finland Monica Aspelund "Lapponia" Finnish 10 50
17   Belgium Dream Express "A Million in One, Two, Three" English 7 69
18   France Marie Myriam "L'oiseau et l'enfant" French 1 136

Notes:

a. ^ Contains some words in English.

ScoreboardEdit

Results
Total score
Ireland
Monaco
Netherlands
Austria
Norway
Germany
Luxembourg
Portugal
United Kingdom
Greece
Israel
Switzerland
Sweden
Spain
Italy
Finland
Belgium
France
Contestants
Ireland 119 8 1 5 12 5 8 1 12 10 12 8 12 4 8 3 10
Monaco 96 5 8 1 6 1 6 7 12 2 6 10 8 12 5 2 5
Netherlands 35 3 3 1 1 1 7 1 10 8
Austria 11 5 2 3 1
Norway 18 3 2 2 1 5 5
Germany 55 1 1 3 2 2 8 8 8 5 5 5 6 1
Luxembourg 17 2 7 8
Portugal 18 2 2 1 4 3 6
United Kingdom 121 12 7 12 7 10 12 12 8 8 3 2 4 12 12
Greece 92 10 10 4 4 4 6 10 5 3 1 7 12 1 6 6 3
Israel 49 7 7 5 3 5 10 3 6 1 2
Switzerland 71 6 10 10 5 4 4 6 4 4 10 8
Sweden 2 2
Spain 52 6 1 7 7 3 4 3 7 7 7
Italy 33 8 6 3 3 2 2 2 7
Finland 50 12 4 6 8 2 7 5 2 4
Belgium 69 4 12 6 8 4 7 10 5 6 4 3
France 136 10 4 8 7 3 12 10 5 6 7 10 12 6 10 10 12 4
The table is ordered by appearance

12 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
6 United Kingdom Austria, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Portugal
4 Ireland Israel, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
3 France Finland, Germany, Switzerland
2 Monaco Greece, Italy
1 Belgium Netherlands
Finland Ireland
Greece Spain

Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersonsEdit

SpokespersonsEdit

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1977 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.[10]

  1.   IrelandBrendan Balfe
  2.   MonacoCarole Chabrier [fr]
  3.   NetherlandsRalph Inbar [nl]
  4.   AustriaJenny Pippal [de]
  5.   NorwaySverre Christophersen [no][11]
  6.   GermanyArmin Maiwald
  7.   Luxembourg – Jacques Harvey
  8.   PortugalAna Zanatti [pt][12]
  9.   United KingdomColin Berry[8]
  10.   GreeceNaki Agathou [el][13]
  11.   IsraelYitzhak Shim'oni [he][14]
  12.    Switzerland – Michel Stocker[15]
  13.   SwedenSven Lindahl[16]
  14.   SpainIsabel Tenaille [es][17]
  15.   ItalyMariolina Cannuli [it]
  16.   Finland – Kaarina Pönniö[18]
  17.   Belgium – An Ploegaerts
  18.   FranceMarc Menant[19]

Broadcasters and commentatorsEdit

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
Participating countries
  Austria FS1 Ernst Grissemann [de] [10][20]
Hitradio Ö3 Hubert Gaisbauer [de]
  Belgium RTBF1 French: Jacques Mercier [10]
BRT1 Dutch: Luc Appermont [10][21]
RTB La Première André Zaleski
BRT Radio 1 Nand Baert [nl] and Herwig Haes
  Finland YLE TV1 Erkki Toivanen [10][22]
Yleisohjelma Matti Paalosmaa [fi]
  France TF1 Georges de Caunes [10][23]
France Inter Gérard Klein [fr]
  Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Werner Veigel [10][24]
Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2 Wolf Mittler
  Greece EIRT Mako Georgiadou [el] [25]
Proto Programma Dimitris Konstantaras [el]
  Ireland RTÉ Mike Murphy [10]
RTÉ Radio Liam Devally
  Israel Israeli Television No commentator
  Italy Rete 1 and Rai Radio 1 Silvio Noto [10]
  Luxembourg RTL Télé Luxembourg Jacques Navadic
RTL André Torrent [fr]
  Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Georges de Caunes
  Netherlands Nederland 2 Ati Dijckmeester [nl] [10][26]
  Norway NRK John Andreassen [10][27]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
  Portugal I Programa Júlio Isidro [10]
Emissora Nacional Programa 1 Amadeu Meireles [pt]
  Spain Primera Cadena Miguel de los Santos [10][28]
  Sweden SR TV1 Ulf Elfving [10][16]
SR P3 Ursula Richter [sv] and Åke Strömmer [16]
   Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de] [10][29]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr] [10][23]
TSI Italian: Enzo Guidi [10]
RSR 1 French: Robert Burnier [30]
  United Kingdom BBC1 Pete Murray [10][8][31]
BBC Radio 2 Terry Wogan [8]
Non-participating countries
  Algeria ENTV Unknown [8]
  Bulgaria BT Unknown [8]
  Czechoslovakia ČST Unknown [8]
  Denmark DR TV Claus Toksvig [8]
  Greenland KNR Unknown [32]
  Hong Kong TBC Unknown [8]
  Hungary RTV Unknown [8]
  Iceland Sjónvarpið No commentator [8][33]
  Jordan JRTV Unknown [8]
  Morocco TVM Unknown [8]
  Poland TVP Unknown [8]
  Romania TVR Unknown [8]
  Soviet Union Soviet Central Television Unknown [8]
  Tunisia RTT Unknown [8]
  Turkey Ankara Television Bülend Özveren [10][8]
  Yugoslavia JRT Oliver Mlakar [8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c O'Connor, John Kennedy (2007). The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History. UK: Carlton Books. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3.
  2. ^ "Roman". The Museum of London. Archived from the original on March 22, 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
  3. ^ "London 1977". Eurovision.tv.
  4. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy (2007). The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History. UK: Carlton Books. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3.
  5. ^ Leigh, Spencer (4 October 2007). "Obituary – Ronnie Hazlehurst". The Daily Telegraph.
  6. ^ "Obituary – Ronnie Hazlehurst". The Times. 3 October 2007.
  7. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 267–287. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  9. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1977". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Eurovision 1977 - Cast and Crew". IMDb. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  11. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  12. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC – escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  13. ^ "Εκφωνητές της ΕΡΤ για τις ψήφους της Ελλάδας στην EUROVISION – Page 3". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  14. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  15. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  16. ^ a b c "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  17. ^ "Eurovisión 1977 – Jurado TVE". YouTube. 1977-05-07. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  18. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  19. ^ de Caunes, Georges et al. (May 7, 1977). 22ème Concours Eurovision de la Chanson 1977 [22nd Eurovision Song Contest 1977] (Television production). United Kingdom: BBC, TF1 (commentary).
  20. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
  22. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  23. ^ a b "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 5 May 1977.
  24. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1977". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  25. ^ "Η Μακώ Γεωργιάδου και η EUROVISION (1970–1986)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  26. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  27. ^ "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  28. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema – Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  29. ^ "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 5 May 1977.
  30. ^ "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 5 May 1977.
  31. ^ "Grand Final: 1977, 1977, Eurovision Song Contest". BBC.
  32. ^ Háskólabókasafn, Landsbókasafn Íslands -. "Timarit.is". timarit.is.
  33. ^ Háskólabókasafn, Landsbókasafn Íslands -. "Timarit.is". timarit.is.

External linksEdit