Eurovision Song Contest 1985
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The Eurovision Song Contest 1985 was the 30th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held on 4 May 1985 in Gothenburg, Sweden. The presenter was entertainer Lill Lindfors, whose jokey dress rip after the interval act (seemingly revealing her knickers before unfolding another dress) was said to have not amused the wife of EBU scrutineer Frank Naef. Norwegian duo Bobbysocks! were the winners with the song "La det swinge".
|Eurovision Song Contest 1985|
|Final||4 May 1985|
|Musical director||Curt-Eric Holmquist|
|Directed by||Steen Priwin|
|Executive supervisor||Frank Naef|
|Executive producer||Steen Priwin|
|Host broadcaster||Sveriges Television (SVT)|
|Opening act||"My Joy is Building Bricks of Music" performed by Lill Lindfors|
|Interval act||Guitars Unlimited with Swedish Evergreens|
|Number of entries||19|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Norway|
"La det swinge"
Bobbysocks!' win for Norway was the country's first. Host Lill Lindfors congratulated the duo, Hanne Krogh and Elisabeth Andreasson, following their victory by saying, "I must say I am honestly very happy that this happened because Norway has been last on so many times that you really deserve it!" Krogh replied, "You're happy? What do you think we are?!" After an energetic reprise, the two women embraced to a standing ovation from the audience. During this reprise, the last verse of the winning entry was sung in English.
During the voting, it was not immediately evident that Norway would win the Contest. Germany took a commanding lead in the first half, with Norway fifth place behind Germany, Sweden, Italy and the United Kingdom around the end of the first half of voting. Finally, with five juries left, Germany, Sweden and Norway were tightly wrapped around the pole positions with 87, 86, and 85 points respectively. At that point, Sweden briefly took the lead away from Germany (who received no points from Switzerland). Sweden was the fourth-to-last jury, conceding their brief lead by awarding Germany eight points and Norway the maximum twelve. With only three countries left to vote, Norway kept the lead, in one of the shortest winning stretches during voting in the contest's history.
Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries. Construction of the arena began in 1969 after decades of setbacks, and was inaugurated on 18 May 1971. Scandinavium is the home arena for Frölunda HC of Swedish Hockey League, and venue for the annual Göteborg Horse Show.
The Netherlands and Yugoslavia did not participate in this Contest, due to the national Remembrance of the Dead in the Netherlands, and the anniversary of the death of Josip Broz Tito in Yugoslavia. Despite this Yugoslavia still held their annual preselection contest, which was won by "Pokora" ("Penance") (music by Ivo Pupačić and lyrics by Zvonimir Pupačić), a duet sung by Zorica Kondža and Josip Genda. However, Yugoslavia had already withdrawn before the song won, and therefore it was never set to compete in Eurovision.
1985 was also the year when no less than thirteen previous Eurovision artists made a comeback. This also applied to the winners, Bobbysocks! who had attended once before as soloists: Hanne Krogh performed for Norway in 1971, while Elisabeth Andreassen for Sweden (where she is originally from) in 1982 in a duet, Chips, with Kikki Danielsson. Kikki herself also returned this year for host country Sweden, and was thus competing against Elisabeth Andreassen and Bobbysocks!.
Lys Assia, the winner of the first ever Eurovision Song Contest in 1956, was the guest of honour of this edition. She was introduced by the presenter Lill Lindfors. The camera zoomed close to Lys, who rose to greet the audience, while the orchestra played the song "Refrain", her winning song.
This was the only year to feature a conductor for multiple entries that wasn't the host conductor: Greek conductor Haris Andreadis led the orchestra for both the Cypriot and Greek entries.
- Ireland - Noel Kelehan
- Finland - Ossi Runne
- Cyprus - Haris Andreadis
- Denmark - Wolfgang Käfer
- Spain - Juan Carlos Calderón
- France - Michel Bernholc
- Turkey - Garo Mafyan
- Belgium - Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Portugal - José Calvário
- Germany - Rainer Pietsch
- Israel - Kobi Oshrat
- Italy - Fiorenzo Zanotti
- Norway - Terje Fjærn
- United Kingdom - John Coleman
- Switzerland - Anita Kerr
- Sweden - Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Austria - Richard Oesterreicher
- Luxembourg - Norbert Daum
- Greece - Haris Andreadis
|Gary Lux||Austria||1983 (member of Westend), 1984 (backing vocal of Anita)|
|Rhonda Heath||1977 (member of Silver Convention)|
|Lia Vissi||Cyprus||1979 (backing vocal of Elpida), 1980 (backing vocal of Anna Vissi), both times for Greece|
|Izhar Cohen||Israel||1978 (winner)|
|Al Bano & Romina Power||Italy||1976|
|Ireen Sheer||Luxembourg||1974, 1978 (for Germany)|
|Hanne Krogh (part of Bobbysocks!)||Norway||1971|
|Elisabeth Andreassen (part of Bobbysocks!)||1982 (for Sweden, part of Chips)|
|Kikki Danielsson||Sweden||1982 (part of Chips)|
|Pino Gasparini||Switzerland||1977 (part of Pepe Lienhard Band)|
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.
The voting itself was exciting, the German favourites looked to be cruising to an early victory. However both Sweden and Norway did their best to keep up and by the time the UK jury delivered their votes (only 1 point for Germany and 12 for Norway), Germany had seen its lead smashed.
Lill Lindfors had a wardrobe malfunction (though technically this is a misnomer, as the stunt was deliberate) as she proceeded to the stage for the voting procedure. As she walked on stage, the skirt of her dress came away, leaving her in just her underwear and the top half of her dress. After a few seconds of pretending to be shocked, Lindfors unfastened the flaps of her dress across her shoulders, to reveal a full-length white gown, to much raucous audience applause. Lill then took her seat to start calling in the votes, and nonchalantly said, "I just wanted to wake you up a little."
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|8||Norway||Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Sweden, United Kingdom|
|3||Italy||Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain|
- Ireland – Linda Martin (RTÉ 1)
- Finland – Heikki Harma & Kari Lumikero (YLE TV1)
- Cyprus – Themis Themistokleous (RIK)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR TV)
- Spain – Antonio Gómez (TVE2)
- France – Patrice Laffont (Antenne 2)
- Turkey – Başak Doğru (TRT)
- Belgium – Dutch: Luc Appermont (BRT TV1), French: Jacques Mercier (RTBF1)
- Portugal – Eládio Clímaco (RTP1)
- Germany – Ado Schlier (Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Israel – No commentator
- Italy – Rosanna Vaudetti (Raidue)
- Norway – Veslemøy Kjendsli (NRK)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC 1)
- Switzerland – German: Bernard Thurnheer (DRS), French: Serge Moisson (SSR), Italian: Ezio Guidi (TSI)
- Sweden – Fredrik Belfrage (SVT, TV1)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (FS1)
- Luxembourg – Valérie Sarn (RTL Télévision), Oliver Spiecker (RTL plus)
- Greece – Mako Georgiadou (ERT)
Some participating countries did not provide radio broadcasts for the event; the ones who did are listed below.
- Ireland – Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Finland – TBC (YLE Rinnakkaisohjelma)
- Cyprus – Neophytos Taliotis (CyBC Radio 2)
- Denmark – Poul Birch Eriksen (DR P3)
- France – Julien Lepers (France Inter)
- Turkey – Bülent Osma (TRT Radyo 3)
- Belgium – Dutch: Paul De Meulder (BRT Radio 2), French: Jacques Olivier (RTBF La Première)
- Germany – Roger Horné (Deutschlandfunk/hr3)
- Israel – Daniel Pe'er (Reshet Gimel)
- Italy – Franco Fabbri (Rai Radio 1)
- Norway – Jahn Teigen and Erik Heyerdahl (NRK P1)
- United Kingdom – Richard Nankivell (British Forces Radio)
- Sweden – Jan Ellerås and Rune Hallberg (SR P3)
- Austria – Walter Richard Langer (Hitradio Ö3)
- Luxembourg – André Torrent (RTL Radio)
- Greece – Dimitris Konstantaras (Proto Programma)
- Ireland - John Skehan
- Finland - Annemi Genetz
- Cyprus - Anna Partelidou
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- Spain - Matilde Jarrín
- France – Clémentine Célarié
- Turkey - Fatih Orbay
- Belgium - An Ploegaerts
- Portugal - Maria Margarida Gaspar
- Germany - Christoph Deumling
- Israel - Yitzhak Shim'oni
- Italy - Beatrice Cori
- Norway - Erik Diesen
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Switzerland - Michel Stocker
- Sweden - Agneta Bolme-Börjefors
- Austria - Chris Lohner
- Luxembourg - Frédérique Ries
- Greece - Irini Gavala
National jury membersEdit
- Spain – María Asquerino (actress), Eloy Román (industrialist), María Dolores Ortiz (teacher), Jesús María Landín (student), Adriana Ferrer (actress), Agustín Trialasos (journalist), Cristina Peña-Marín (lecturer), Francisco Umbral (writer), Ágatha Ruiz de la Prada (fashion designer), César Alonso (jockey), Pilar de la Huerta (tourism management technician)
- United Kingdom – John Inman
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