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The Eurovision Song Contest 1966 was the 11th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, following France Gall's win at the 1965 contest in Naples, Italy with the song "Poupée de cire, poupée de son". It was the second time Luxembourg hosted the event after the 1961 edition. The contest was held at the Villa Louvigny on Saturday 5 March 1966 and was hosted by Josiane Chen.

Eurovision Song Contest 1966
ESC 1966 logo.png
Dates
Final5 March 1966
Host
VenueVilla Louvigny
Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Presenter(s)Josiane Chen
ConductorJean Roderès
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Host broadcasterCompagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion (CLT)
Interval actLes Haricots Rouges
Participants
Number of entries18
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countriesNone
Vote
Voting systemTen-member juries awarded points (5, 3 and 1) to their three favourite songs.
Nul points
Winning song Austria
"Merci, Chérie"

Eighteen countries participated in the contest. All countries that took part in the 1965 edition, also took part this year.

The winner was Austria with the song "Merci, Chérie", performed and composed by Udo Jürgens, and written by Jürgens and Thomas Hörbiger.[1] This was Austria's first victory - and Udo Jürgens third consecutive entry - in the contest. This was also the first winning song to be performed in German. The top three countries - Austria, Sweden and Norway - achieved their highest placing in their Eurovision history, to date.

The rule stating that a country could only sing in any of its national languages was originally created in this year, possibly due to the 1965 edition's Swedish entry which was sung in English.[2]

Contents

LocationEdit

 
Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg – host venue of the 1966 contest

The 1966 Eurovision Song Contest was hosted in Luxembourg City. The venue chosen to host the 1966 contest was the Villa Louvigny, which also hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1962. The building served as the headquarters of Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion, the forerunner of RTL Group. It is located in Municipal Park, in the Ville Haute quarter of the centre of the city.

FormatEdit

During the voting process, the presenter (Josiane Chen) accidentally greeted United Kingdom by saying "Good night, London". She then realized her mistake and said "Good evening, London", after Michael Aspel, who was the spokesperson for the United Kingdom, at that time, responded by saying "Good morning, Luxembourg".

1966 marked the year the first ever black singer graced the Eurovision stage, Milly Scott representing the Netherlands. She was also the first singer to use a portable microphone. This was the last contest that Denmark participated in until 1978, more than a decade later.[2]

It was also one of the first contests in which an entry was not accompanied by an orchestra. The Italian entry "Dio, come ti amo" performed by Domenico Modugno had been rearranged since its performance at the Sanremo Music Festival and officially broke the EBU rule that stated the arrangement should be finalised well in advance. During the Saturday afternoon rehearsal Modugno performed the new arrangement with three of his own musicians as opposed to the orchestra, which went over the three minute time limit. Following his rehearsal Modugno was confronted by the show's producers about exceeding the time limit and was asked to use the original arrangement with the orchestra. Modugno was so dissatisfied with the orchestra that he threatened to withdraw from the Contest. Both the producers and EBU scrutineer Clifford Brown felt it was too short notice to fly Gigliola Cinquetti to Luxembourg to represent Italy, so the EBU gave in and allowed Modugno to use his own ensemble instead of the orchestra. Despite websites and the official programme listing Angelo Giacomazzi as the conductor, Giacomazzi actually played the piano for the entry.[3][4]

Participating countriesEdit

 
Udo Jürgens with last year's winner France Gall

All countries which participated in the 1965 contest returned for a second consecutive year. There were no new nations, nor any returning, nor withdrawals.[2]

ConductorsEdit

Each performance had a conductor who was maestro of the orchestra.[5]

Returning artistsEdit

Two artists returned for a third time in this year's contest. Udo Jürgens from Austria whose previous participations were in 1964 and 1965; and Domenico Modugno from Italy, who last participated in 1958 and 1959.

ResultsEdit

ScoreboardEdit

Voting results
Total score
Germany
Denmark
Belgium
Luxembourg
Yugoslavia
Norway
Finland
Portugal
Austria
Sweden
Spain
Switzerland
Monaco
Italy
France
Netherlands
Ireland
United Kingdom
Contestants
Germany 7 1 5 1
Denmark 4 1 3
Belgium 14 5 3 1 5
Luxembourg 7 1 5 1
Yugoslavia 9 3 1 5
Norway 15 1 3 3 3 5
Finland 7 3 3 1
Portugal 6 1 5
Austria 31 5 5 5 1 1 3 5 3 3
Sweden 16 5 5 5 1
Spain 9 1 5 3
Switzerland 12 1 5 3 3
Monaco 0
Italy 0
France 1 1
Netherlands 2 1 1
Ireland 14 3 3 5 3
United Kingdom 8 3 5

5 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all 5 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
4 Austria Belgium, Luxembourg, Monaco, Yugoslavia
3 Sweden Denmark, Finland, Norway
2 Belgium Germany, Netherlands
1 Germany Switzerland
Ireland France
Luxembourg Sweden
Norway Italy
Portugal Spain
Spain Portugal
Switzerland Austria
United Kingdom Ireland
Yugoslavia United Kingdom

International broadcasts and votingEdit

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1966 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.[2]

Voting order Country Spokespersons Commentator Broadcaster
01   Germany Werner Veigel Hans-Joachim Rauschenbach ARD Deutsches Fernsehen
02   Denmark Claus Toksvig Skat Nørrevig DR TV
03   Belgium André Hagon Paule Herreman RTB
Herman Verelst BRT
04   Luxembourg Camillo Felgen Jacques Navadic Télé-Luxembourg[7]
05   Yugoslavia Dragana Marković Miloje Orlović Televizija Beograd
Mladen Delić Televizija Zagreb
Tomaž Terček Televizija Ljubljana
06   Norway Erik Diesen Sverre Christophersen NRK and NRK P1
07   Finland Poppe Berg Aarno Walli TV-ohjelma 1 and
Yleisohjelma
08   Portugal Maria Manuela Furtado Henrique Mendes RTP
09   Austria Walter Richard Langer Willy Kralik ORF
10   Sweden Edvard Matz[8] Sven Lindahl Sveriges Radio-TV and SR P1[9]
11   Spain Margarita Nicola Federico Gallo TVE
12    Switzerland Alexandre Burger Theodor Haller TV DRS
Georges Hardy TSR
Giovanni Bertini TSI
13   Monaco TBC François Deguelt Télé Monte Carlo
14   Italy Enzo Tortora Renato Tagliani Secondo Programma
15   France Jean-Claude Massoulier[10] François Deguelt Première Chaîne ORTF[7]
16   Netherlands Herman Brouwer[11] Teddy Scholten Nederland 1[12]
17   Ireland Frank Hall Brendan O'Reilly Telefís Éireann[13]
Kevin Roche Radio Éireann
18   United Kingdom Michael Aspel David Jacobs BBC1
John Dunn BBC Light Programme
-   Czechoslovakia (non-participating country) TBC ČST
-   East Germany (non-participating country) TBC Deutscher Fernsehfunk
-   Hungary (non-participating country) TBC RTV
-   Morocco (non-participating country) TBC SNRT
-   Poland (non-participating country) TBC TP
-   Romania (non-participating country) TBC TVR
-   Soviet Union (non-participating country) TBC CT USSR

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About Udo Jürgens". EBU.
  2. ^ a b c d "Eurovision Song Contest 1966". EBU. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  3. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs For Europe The United Kingdom at The Eurovision Song Contest Volume One: The 1950s and 1960s. UK: Telos. p. 410. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
  4. ^ Angelo Giacomazzi bio at www.andtheconductoris.eu
  5. ^ http://www.andtheconductoris.eu
  6. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1966". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  7. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1966 – Luxembourg". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  8. ^ "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ Leif Thorsson. Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"] (2006), p. 60. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. ISBN 91-89136-29-2
  10. ^ Deguelt, François et al. (5 March 1966). 11ème Concours Eurovision de la Chanson 1966 [11th Eurovision Song Contest 1966] (Television production). Luxembourg: RTL, ORTF (commentary).
  11. ^ "Teddy Scholten geeft commentaar op het Eurovisie Songfestival", Limburgsch Dagblad, 25 February 1966
  12. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
  13. ^ "The Eurovision Song Contest". 5 March 1966 – via IMDb.

External linksEdit