Eurovision Song Contest 2016
The Eurovision Song Contest 2016 was the 61st edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Stockholm, Sweden, following the country's victory at the 2015 contest with the song "Heroes" by Måns Zelmerlöw. It was the sixth time Sweden had hosted the contest, having previously done so in 1975, 1985, 1992, 2000 and 2013. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT), the contest was held at the Globe Arena and consisted of two semi-finals on 10 and 12 May, and the final on 14 May 2016. The three live shows were presented by Petra Mede and Måns Zelmerlöw.
|Eurovision Song Contest 2016|
|Semi-final 1||10 May 2016|
|Semi-final 2||12 May 2016|
|Final||14 May 2016|
|Executive supervisor||Jon Ola Sand|
|Host broadcaster||Sveriges Television (SVT)|
|Number of entries||42|
|Voting system||Each country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting.|
Forty-two countries participated in the contest. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia and Ukraine returned after absences from recent contests, while Australia also returned after debuting as a special guest in 2015. Portugal did not enter, largely due to their national broadcaster's insufficient promotion of their music-based media, while Romania had planned to participate, but was disqualified due to repeated non-payment of debts by their national broadcaster to the EBU.
The winner was Ukraine with the song "1944", performed and written by Jamala. This was Ukraine's second victory in the contest, following their win in 2004. Australia, Russia, Bulgaria and Sweden rounded out the top five. This was the first time since the introduction of professional jury voting in 2009 that the overall winner won neither the jury vote, which was won by Australia, nor the televote, which was won by Russia, with Ukraine placing second in both. It was also the first song with lyrics in Crimean Tatar to win or enter the contest. Furthermore, this was the first winning song to be performed in one of the Turkic languages. The Czech Republic managed to qualify for the final for the first time in five attempts since its debut in 2007, while both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Greece failed to qualify from the semi-finals for the first time ever, the latter being absent from the final for the first time since 2000. In the final, Australia's second place finish was an improvement on its fifth place finish in 2015, while Bulgaria finished fourth, its best result since its debut and first participation in a final since 2007.
The contest was the first to implement a voting system change since 1975: each country's professional jury points were announced largely as before, while the results of each national televote were combined and announced in reverse order. It was also the first contest to be broadcast on live television in the United States, and the EBU recorded a record-breaking 204 million viewers worldwide for the contest, beating the 2015 viewing figures by over 5 million.
The contest took place in the Globe Arena in Stockholm, following Sweden's victory at the 2015 contest in Vienna with the song "Heroes", performed by Måns Zelmerlöw. The Globe Arena has a capacity of approximately 16,000 attendees, and this was the second time the contest has been staged at the venue, after the Eurovision Song Contest 2000.
Host broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT) announced on 24 May, the day after winning the 2015 contest, that the Tele2 Arena in Stockholm was their first choice venue. However, other cities and arenas were invited to apply, and those making a bid had approximately three weeks to submit their offer to SVT.
SVT announced on 1 June the conditions under which cities and venues could announce their interest in hosting the contest:
- SVT had to have access to the venue at least 4–6 weeks before the contest to build the stage and rig up lighting and technology.
- A press centre with a specific size had to be made available at the venue.
- A specific number of hotels and hotel rooms had to be made available in the vicinity of the venue.
- The host city had to be near a major airport.
|Gothenburg||Scandinavium||Venue of the Eurovision Song Contest 1985|
|Ullevi||Proposal was dependent on the construction of a roof to cover the stadium. The idea was rejected due to costs.|
|Malmö||Malmö Arena||Venue of the Eurovision Song Contest 2013. Withdrew its bid on 11 June 2015, citing unavailability during the rehearsal weeks of the contest.|
|Sandviken and Gävle||Göransson Arena||If this option were chosen, Sandviken would have hosted the three live shows in the Göransson Arena, while Gävle would have hosted satellite events such as smaller concerts and shows.|
|Globe Arena||Host venue of the Eurovision Song Contest 2000 and the final of Melodifestivalen in 1989 and between 2002 and 2012 inclusive.|
|Friends Arena||Venue of the final of Melodifestivalen since 2013. Friends Arena is the biggest football stadium and indoor venue in Sweden and the Nordic countries. However, it was reportedly not part of Stockholm's bid.|
|Tele2 Arena||SVT announced on 24 May 2015 that Tele2 Arena was their first choice venue for the contest. However, it was not possible to use the venue due to the 4–6 week organisation requirement, which would impact on the pre-scheduled home games of Hammarby Fotboll. The EBU announced on 14 March 2016 that Tele2 Arena would host Eurovision The Party, and the results of the Swedish jury vote would be announced live from the event.|
The preliminary dates for the contest were announced on 16 March 2015 at a Heads of Delegation meeting in Vienna, with the semi-finals taking place on 10 and 12 May, and the final on 14 May 2016. These were subject to change depending on SVT, but were later confirmed when Stockholm was announced as the host city.
Discussions were held in 2014 between the EBU and the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) regarding the inclusion of a guest performance from the ABU TV Song Festival at the contest. The EBU confirmed on 16 July 2015 that they would be looking into the possibility of the proposal, which was discussed at the ABU General Assembly in 2014.
SVT proposed a change of start time of the contest from 21:00 CEST to 20:00 CEST on 9 September, arguing that such a change would help to promote family viewing of the contest, especially in eastern Europe when it would run late into the night. However, the EBU published the public rules of the contest on 28 October, which stated that the start time would remain at 21:00 CEST.
The EBU announced on 23 September that rather than using clips from their respective music videos, extended clips from the dress rehearsals of the six acts who qualified directly to the final (the "Big Five" and Sweden) would be shown as previews during the semi-final in which they were allocated to vote.
The core team for the contest was announced by SVT and the EBU on 26 October. Johan Bernhagen and Martin Österdahl were Executive Producers, while Tobias Åberg was Head of Production. The three live shows were directed by Sven Stojanović and the contest was produced by Christer Björkman.
New voting systemEdit
The EBU announced on 18 February 2016 that a new voting system would be implemented at the contest for the first time since 1975. The new system, inspired by the voting system of Melodifestivalen, involved each country awarding two sets of points from 1–8, 10 and 12: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting. Televoting votes from all the countries would be pooled. After viewers cast their votes, the results of each professional jury would be presented, with countries receiving 1–8 and 10 points being displayed on-screen, instead of 1–7 as had been the case since 2006, and the national spokesperson announcing only the country to which they award 12 points. After the results of the professional juries were presented, the televoting points from all participating countries would be combined, providing one score for each song. The new voting system would also be used to determine the qualifiers from each semi-final, but, as before, the qualifiers are announced in a random order.
As the new voting system would give equal weight to jury and televoting results, a national jury result could not be used as a backup result for the televoting or vice versa. Therefore, if a country could not deliver a valid televoting/jury result, a substitute result would be calculated by the jury/televoting result of a pre-selected group of countries approved by the contest's Reference Group. The Director General of Radiotelevisione della Repubblica di San Marino (SMRTV), Carlo Romeo, stated on 23 February that the use of a substitute televoting result discriminated against microstates like San Marino, which only used a professional jury due to their use of the Italian phone system and would therefore have its voting representation diminished under the new system, and criticised the EBU for not contacting its members before making the decision.
Other Eurovision eventsEdit
The EBU announced on 14 March 2016 that the Tele2 Arena in Stockholm would host a live event running alongside the final of the contest on 14 May. Eurovision The Party, hosted by Sanna Nielsen, allowed fans to watch the final on a big screen and featured backstage material from the Globe Arena such as Nielsen conducting exclusive interviews and appearing with hosts Petra Mede and Måns Zelmerlöw. The results of the Swedish jury vote was also announced live from the event by Gina Dirawi. A pre-party and after-party was also held and featured performances from former contest winners Carola and Loreen as well as Danny Saucedo, Panetoz and DJ Tim Henri. Executive Producer of the contest Johan Bernhagen has stated that the event complements existing events being held at the Eurovision Village and the EuroClub, and it is hoped that Eurovision The Party would become an annual event in the host city of the contest.
After his victory in the 2015 contest, Måns Zelmerlöw announced his interest in hosting the 2016 contest. His experience as a television presenter includes Melodifestivalen 2010 and SVT sing-along show Allsång på Skansen. Christer Björkman told Expressen on 25 May that Gina Dirawi, Petra Mede and Sanna Nielsen were also being considered as hosts, but it was reported on 1 June that SVT was considering Zelmerlöw and Dolph Lundgren as co-hosts. Expressen reported on 19 August that Mede and Zelmerlöw were SVT's first choice of hosts, with SVT announcing at a press conference on 14 December that they would indeed co-host.
The press conferences were presented by Jovan Radomir and Catarina Rolfsdotter-Jansson, who also provided commentary from the red carpet event in front of the Stockholm Palace, before the official welcome party at Stockholm City Hall on 8 May 2016.
Semi-final allocation drawEdit
The draw to determine the allocation of the participating countries into their respective semi-finals took place at Stockholm City Hall on 25 January 2016, hosted by Alexandra Pascalidou and Jovan Radomir. The first part of the draw determined in which semi-final the "Big Five" and Sweden would have to vote. The second part of the draw decided in which half of the respective semi-finals each country would perform, with the exact running order determined by the producers of the show at a later date. The EBU originally announced that the running order would be revealed on 5 April, however for undisclosed reasons this was later put back to 8 April. Eighteen countries participated in the first semi-final, while nineteen countries were planned to participate in the second semi-final, but this was reduced to eighteen on 22 April due to the disqualification of Romania. From each semi-final, ten countries joined the "Big 5" and Sweden in the final, where a total of twenty-six countries participated.
The thirty-seven semi-finalists were allocated into six pots, which were published by the EBU on 21 January, based on historical voting patterns as calculated by the contest's official televoting partner Digame. Drawing from different pots helps in reducing the chance of so-called neighbour voting and increasing suspense in the semi-finals. Sweden and Germany were pre-allocated to vote and perform in the first and second semi-final respectively due to requests from their respective broadcaster, which were approved by the EBU.
|Pot 1||Pot 2||Pot 3||Pot 4||Pot 5||Pot 6|
Opening and interval actsEdit
It was announced on 1 May 2016 that the opening act of the first semi-final would be a performance of "Heroes" by Måns Zelmerlöw, while the opening act of the second semi-final would be a musical theatre comedy song entitled "That's Eurovision", composed by Matheson Bayley and written by Bayley, Edward af Sillén and Daniel Réhn, and performed by Zelmerlöw and Mede. The opening act of the final was a parade of flags similar to final opening ceremonies since 2013, themed as a tribute to Swedish fashion design and dance music with artists being welcomed on stage in a catwalk fashion show with flags being projected onto 26 dresses designed by Bea Szenfeld.
The interval acts of both semi-finals were sketches choreographed by Fredrik Rydman: "The Grey People" in the first semi-final and "Man meets machine" in the second semi-final respectively. The EBU announced on 9 May that one of the interval acts of the final would be a world premiere live performance of "Can't Stop the Feeling!" and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake. He was the first "global megastar" in the contest's 61-year-history to perform during the interval. Other interval acts in the final included a sketch called "Love Love Peace Peace", a pastiche of past entries such as No Name's song "Zauvijek moja" featuring appearances from Lordi and Alexander Rybak, winners of the contest in 2006 and 2009 respectively and performed by Zelmerlöw and Mede, a sketch starring Lynda Woodruff, played by Sarah Dawn Finer, and a performance of "Fire in the Rain" and "Heroes" by Zelmerlöw, from his albums Chameleon and Perfectly Damaged respectively.
During the live broadcast of the final on Logo TV in the United States, Timberlake's performance was replaced by a reprise of "The Grey People" from the first semi-final. In an interview with The Guardian, the contest's Executive Supervisor, Jon Ola Sand, revealed that this was due to rights restrictions.
Participating countries had until 15 September 2015 to submit their applications for participation in the contest, and until 10 October to withdraw their applications without facing financial sanctions. The EBU had initially announced on 26 November that 43 countries would participate in the contest, equalling the record number of participants set in 2008 and 2011. However, Romania were disqualified from participation on 22 April 2016, subsequently reducing the number of participating countries to 42.
Four countries returned after absences from recent contests: Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2012, Bulgaria and Croatia since 2013 and Ukraine since 2014. Australia also returned after debuting as a special guest in 2015, but by invitation of the EBU due to the associate membership status of the Special Broadcasting Service. However, instead of pre-qualifying for the final and voting in all three live shows, as was the case in 2015, Australia entered the second semi-final and voted only in that semi-final and the final. Portugal did not enter, largely due to their national broadcaster's insufficient promotion of their music-based media, as well as a poorly structured selection process, while Romania were disqualified from participation on 22 April 2016 due to repeated non-payment of debts by their national broadcaster to the EBU.
Seven artists returned after having previously participated in the contest. Deen returned after previously representing Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2004, finishing ninth in the final with the song "In The Disco".
Kaliopi returned after previously representing Macedonia in 2012, finishing 13th in the final with the song "Crno i belo". She was also selected to represent Macedonia in 1996 with "Samo ti", but was eliminated in a non-televised pre-qualifying round.
Bojan Jovović returned for Montenegro as part of Highway after previously representing Serbia and Montenegro in 2005 as part of No Name, finishing seventh in the final with the song "Zauvijek moja".
Martina Majerle, who represented Slovenia in 2009 and provided backing vocals numerous times for Croatia 2003, Montenegro 2008, 2014 and Slovenia 2007, 2011, 2012, returned as a backing vocalist for Croatia.
Eighteen countries participated in the second semi-final. Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final. Romania were originally planned to perform twelfth in this semi-final, but were disqualified due to repeated non-payment of debts to the EBU, resulting in countries originally planned to perform thirteenth or later to do so one place earlier. The highlighted countries qualified for the final.
26 countries participated in the final, with all 42 participating countries eligible to vote. The running order for the final was revealed after the second semi-final qualifiers' press conference on 13 May.
|Split results (Semi-final 1)|
|8||Bosnia and Herzegovina||78||Hungary||78|
|14||Greece||22||Bosnia and Herzegovina||26|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||104||78||1||4||1||2||2||10||6|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||104||26||12||7||1||4||7||12||5||12||6||12|
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the first semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|5||Russia||Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Greece, Moldova, Sweden|
|4||Armenia||Malta, Montenegro, Russia, Spain|
|Netherlands||Estonia, Finland, Iceland, San Marino|
|3||Malta||Armenia, Austria, Hungary|
|2||Czech Republic||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|6||Russia||Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Iceland, Malta, San Marino|
|4||Armenia||Czech Republic, France, Netherlands, Russia|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Austria, Croatia, Montenegro, Sweden|
|Croatia||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Split results (Semi-final 2)|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the second semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|9||Australia||Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Switzerland, Ukraine|
|4||Belgium||Australia, Belarus, Ireland, Slovenia|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|6||Ukraine||Belarus, Bulgaria, Georgia, Italy, Latvia, Poland|
|3||Poland||Belgium, Germany, Ukraine|
|Lithuania||Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom|
|Split results (Final)|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|11||Ukraine||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Denmark, Georgia, Israel, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia|
|9||Australia||Albania, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Hungary, Lithuania, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland|
|4||Russia||Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cyprus, Greece|
|3||Armenia||Bulgaria, Russia, Spain|
|Sweden||Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|10||Russia||Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine|
|6||Serbia||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Switzerland|
|Ukraine||Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Poland, San Marino|
|3||Armenia||France, Georgia, Russia|
|Australia||Albania, Malta, Sweden|
|Lithuania||Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom|
Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that would be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU issued an invitation of participation in the contest to all fifty-six active members and associate member Australia, with forty-three countries confirming their participation. Morocco, Tunisia and five other countries did not publish their reasons for declining, however the following countries declined to participate, stating their reasons as shown below.
Active EBU membersEdit
- Andorra – Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) announced on 2 September 2015 that Andorra would not participate in the contest.
- Lebanon – Télé Liban (TL) had not ruled out participation as of 15 October 2015, stating in an email: "We are not sure yet, however we are working on it and will keep you updated". However, Lebanon was not on the final list of participating countries announced by the EBU on 26 November.
- Luxembourg – RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) announced on 4 September 2015 that Luxembourg would not participate in the contest, due to the financial and organisational strain of a potential participation on the channel, especially with a small financial budget.
- Monaco – Télé Monte Carlo (TMC) announced on 21 July 2015 that Monaco would not participate in the contest.
- Portugal – Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP) had encouraged viewers to suggest changes to their selection process, assuming they had chosen to participate in the contest. Portugal has failed to qualify for the final since 2010, which the majority of the Portuguese public believe is because of RTP's current selection format, Festival da Canção. Kátia Aveiro, sister of Cristiano Ronaldo, had launched a campaign on Twitter asking fans to back her bid to represent Portugal. However, RTP announced on 7 October 2015 that Portugal would not participate in the 2016 contest, adding that they were looking forward to participating in the 2017 contest with a restructured selection process. RTP's ombudsman, Jaime Fernandes, stated on 7 November during the television show A Voz do Cidadão that the decision was due not only to poor results in previous contests, but also RTP's rather insufficient promotion of music-related content.
- Romania – Romania had originally confirmed their participation in the contest with the song "Moment of Silence", performed by Ovidiu Anton. However, the EBU announced on 22 April 2016 that Televiziunea Română (TVR) had repeatedly failed to pay debts totalling CHF 16 million (€14.56 million) by 20 April, the deadline set by the EBU. TVR's failure to repay their debts resulted in their expulsion from the EBU, and consequently Romania's disqualification from the contest. This has led to strong reactions against the decision.
- Slovakia – Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS) returned to the Eurovision Young Dancers in 2015, with RTVS explaining that the return of Slovakia to EYD supported domestic production and promoted national culture at a European level. RTVS announced on 28 September 2015 that Slovakia would not participate in the contest. RTVS' PR manager, Juraj Kadáš, explained on 12 April 2016 that Slovakia's absence from the contest since 2012 was not due to poor results, but rather the cost associated with participation.
- Turkey – The EBU announced on 2 October 2015 that despite speculation surrounding their participation, Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu (TRT) had yet to make a final decision. However, TRT announced on 3 November that Turkey would not participate in the contest, adding their discontent at the introduction of a mixed voting system to the contest and the pre-qualification of the Big Five for the final. It was later revealed that singer Atiye would have gone to Eurovision 2016.
Associate EBU membersEdit
- Kazakhstan – The EBU announced on 18 December 2015 that Khabar Agency would have associate EBU membership from 1 January 2016. However, Kazakhstan would be unable to debut at the contest as eligibility for participation requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership.
- China – Hunan Television announced its interest in participating in the contest on 22 May 2015, with the EBU responding, saying that "we are open and are always looking for new elements in each Eurovision Song Contest". However, on 3 June, the EBU denied that China would debut at the contest as a guest or full participant.
- Faroe Islands – Faroese publication Portal reported on 9 June 2015 that Kringvarp Føroya (KVF) had applied for active EBU membership, a requisite for participation in the contest. However, it was rejected due to the islands' membership of the Danish Realm. Faroese Education Minister Bjørn Kalsø supported participation, saying "the justification so far has been that the countries have to be acknowledged by the United Nations as independent in order to participate. But there is no doubt that we could easily overstep those barriers, if we’re absolutely determined to reach this goal … it is completely up to Kringvarpið … to renew the application regularly, and show the EBU that the Faroe Islands are an equal match to other countries when it comes to participation in the Eurovision Song Contest."
- Kosovo – Kosovan Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Petrit Selimi tweeted on 23 May 2015 that Kosovo, which is not recognised by 15 states in Europe and does not have a national broadcaster with active EBU membership, would debut at the contest. Selimi tweeted that he knew that Kosovo would participate, but did not elaborate on how it would come about. However, on 3 June, the EBU denied that Kosovo would debut at the contest, as Radio Televizioni i Kosovës (RTK) has neither active nor associate EBU membership.
- Liechtenstein – 1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television (1FLTV) announced on 16 September 2015 that Liechtenstein would be unable to debut at the contest due to insufficient funding for EBU membership.
Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersonsEdit
The spokespersons announced the 12-point score from their respective country's national jury in the following order:
- Austria – Kati Bellowitsch
- Iceland – Unnsteinn Manúel Stefánsson
- Azerbaijan – Tural Asadov
- San Marino – Irol MC
- Czech Republic – Daniela Písařovicová
- Ireland – Sinéad Kennedy
- Georgia – Nina Sublatti (Georgian representative in 2015)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ivana Crnogorac
- Malta – Ben Camille (Co-presenter of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2016)
- Spain – Jota Abril
- Finland – Jussi-Pekka Rantanen
- Switzerland – Sebalter (Swiss representative in 2014)
- Denmark – Ulla Essendrop
- France – Élodie Gossuin
- Moldova – Olivia Furtună
- Armenia – Arman Margaryan
- Cyprus – Loukas Hamatsos
- Bulgaria – Anna Angelova
- Netherlands – Trijntje Oosterhuis (Dutch representative in 2015)
- Latvia – Toms Grēviņš
- Israel – Ofer Nachshon
- Belarus – Uzari (Belarusian representative in 2015)
- Germany – Barbara Schöneberger
- Russia – Nyusha
- Norway – Elisabeth Andreassen (Norwegian representative in 1985, 1994 and 1996 contest; winner of the 1985 contest as part of Bobbysocks!; Swedish representative in the 1982 as part of Chips)
- Australia – Lee Lin Chin
- Belgium – Umesh Vangaver
- United Kingdom – Richard Osman
- Croatia – Nevena Rendeli
- Greece – Constantinos Christoforou (Cypriot representative in 1996, 2002 as part of One and in 2005)
- Lithuania – Ugnė Galadauskaitė
- Serbia – Dragana Kosjerina
- Macedonia – Dijana Gogova
- Albania – Andri Xhahu
- Estonia – Daniel Levi Viinalass
- Ukraine – Verka Serduchka (Ukrainian representative in 2007)
- Italy – Claudia Andreatti
- Poland – Anna Popek
- Slovenia – Marjetka Vovk (Slovenian representative in 2015 as part of Maraaya)
- Hungary – Csilla Tatár
- Montenegro – Danijel Alibabić (Serbia and Montenegro representative in 2005 as part of No Name)
- Sweden – Gina Dirawi
Broadcasters and commentatorsEdit
Most countries sent commentators to Stockholm or commentated from their own country, in order to add insight to the participants and, if necessary, the provision of voting information.
- Albania – Andri Xhahu (TVSH, RTSH HD, RTSH Muzikë and Radio Tirana, all shows)
- Armenia – Avet Barseghyan (Armenia 1 and Public Radio of Armenia, all shows)
- Australia – Julia Zemiro and Sam Pang (SBS and SBS Radio 4, all shows)
- Austria – Andi Knoll (ORF eins, all shows)
- Azerbaijan – Azər Süleymanlı (İTV, all shows)
- Belarus – Evgeny Perlin (Belarus-1 and Belarus 24, all shows)
- Belgium – Dutch: Peter Van de Veire (één, all shows); French: Jean-Louis Lahaye and Maureen Louys (La Une, all shows)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Dejan Kukrić (BHT 1, BHT HD and BH Radio 1, all shows)
- Bulgaria – Elena Rosberg and Georgi Kushvaliev (BNT 1 and BNT HD, all shows)
- Croatia – Duško Čurlić (HRT 1, all shows); Zlatko Turkalj Turki (HR 2, all shows)
- Cyprus – Melina Karageorgiou (RIK 1, RIK SAT, RIK HD and Trito Programma, all shows)
- Czech Republic – Libor Bouček (ČT2, semi-finals; ČT1, final)
- Denmark – Ole Tøpholm (DR1, all shows)
- Estonia – Estonian: Marko Reikop (ETV, all shows); Mart Juur and Andrus Kivirähk (Raadio 2, first semi-final and final); Russian: Aleksandr Hobotov (ETV+, all shows)
- Finland – Finnish: Mikko Silvennoinen (Yle TV2 and TV Finland, all shows); Sanna Pirkkalainen and Jorma Hietamäki (Yle Radio Suomi, all shows); Swedish: Eva Frantz and Johan Lindroos (Yle TV2, TV Finland, Yle Radio Vega, all shows)
- France – Marianne James and Jarry (France 4, semi-finals); Marianne James and Stéphane Bern (France 2, final)
- Georgia – Tuta Chkheidze and Nika Katsia (GPB First Channel, all shows)
- Germany – Peter Urban (EinsFestival and Phoenix, semi-finals; Das Erste, final)
- Greece – Maria Kozakou and Giorgos Kapoutzidis (ERT1, ERT HD, ERT World, ERA 2 and Voice of Greece, all shows)
- Hungary – Gábor Gundel Takács (Duna, all shows)
- Iceland – Gísli Marteinn Baldursson (RÚV and Rás 2, all shows)
- Ireland – Marty Whelan (RTÉ2, semi-finals; RTÉ One, final); Neil Doherty and Zbyszek Zalinski (RTÉ Radio 1, second semi-final and final)
- Israel – Hebrew: Subtitles (Channel 1, second semi-final and final (live), first semi-final (delayed)); Kobi Menora, Or Vaxman and Nancy Brandes (88 FM, second semi-final and final); Arabic: Subtitles (Channel 33, second semi-final and final)
- Italy – Filippo Solibello and Marco Ardemagni (Rai 4, semi-finals; Rai Radio 2, all shows); Flavio Insinna and Federico Russo (Rai 1, final)
- Latvia – Valters Frīdenbergs (LTV1, all shows); Toms Grēviņš (LTV1, final)
- Lithuania – Darius Užkuraitis (LRT, LRT HD and LRT Radijas, all shows)
- Macedonia – Karolina Petkovska (MRT 1, all shows)
- Malta – Arthur Caruana (TVM, all shows)
- Moldova – Gloria Gorceag (Moldova 1, Radio Moldova, Radio Moldova Muzical and Radio Moldova Tineret, all shows)
- Montenegro – Dražen Bauković and Tijana Mišković (TVCG 1 and TVCG SAT, all shows)
- Netherlands - Jan Smit and Cornald Maas (NPO 1 and BVN, all shows); Douwe Bob (NPO 1 and BVN, second semi-final)
- Norway – Olav Viksmo-Slettan (NRK1, all shows); Ronny Brede Aase, Silje Reiten Nordnes and Markus Ekrem Neby (NRK3, final); Ole Christian Øen (NRK P1, second semi-final and final)
- Poland – Artur Orzech (TVP 1 and TVP Polonia (live); TVP Rozrywka and TVP HD (one-day delay), all shows)
- Russia – Dmitry Guberniev and Ernest Mackevičius (Russia-1 and Russia HD, all shows)
- San Marino – Lia Fiorio and Gigi Restivo (SMtv San Marino and Radio San Marino, all shows)
- Serbia – Dragan Ilić (RTS 1, RTS HD and RTS Sat, first semi-final); Duška Vučinić (RTS 1, RTS HD and RTS Sat, second semi-final and final)
- Slovenia – Andrej Hofer (RTV SLO2, semi-finals; RTV SLO1, final; Radio Val 202, second semi-final and final; Radio Maribor, all shows)
- Spain – José María Íñigo and Julia Varela (La 2, semi-finals; La 1, final)
- Sweden – Lotta Bromé (SVT1, all shows); Carolina Norén and Björn Kjellman (SR P4, all shows)
- Switzerland – German: Sven Epiney (SRF zwei, semi-finals; SRF 1, final); Peter Schneider and Gabriel Vetter (SRF 1 and Radio SRF 3, final) French: Jean-Marc Richard and Nicolas Tanner (RTS Deux, second semi-final and final); Italian: Clarissa Tami (RSI La 2, second semi-final); Clarissa Tami and Michele "Cerno" Carobbio (RSI La 1, final)
- Ukraine – Timur Miroshnychenko and Tetiana Terekhova (UA:Pershyi, all shows); Olena Zelinchenko (Radio Ukraine, all shows)
- United Kingdom – Scott Mills and Mel Giedroyc (BBC Four, semi-finals); Graham Norton (BBC One, final); Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2, final)
- China – Kubert Leung and Wu Zhoutong (Hunan TV, all shows)
- Kazakhstan – Diana Snegina and Kaldybek Zhaysanbay (Khabar, all shows)
- Kosovo – TBA (RTK, all shows)
- New Zealand – Graham Norton (BBC UKTV, final)
- Portugal – Hélder Reis and Nuno Galopim (RTP, all shows)
- Slovakia – TBA (RTVS, final)
- United States – Carson Kressley and Michelle Collins (Logo TV, final)
International sign broadcastEdit
SVT announced on 22 April 2016 that they would offer International Sign broadcasts of all three live shows for the hearing impaired. All three broadcasts were produced by Julia Kankkonen. The performances of competing entries were interpreted by ten sign language performers and the dialogue of hosts were interpreted by three sign language performers:
- Markus Aro (Finland)
- Ebru Bilen Basaran (Denmark)
- Vivien Batory (Denmark)
- Laith Fathulla (Sweden)
- Rafael-Evitan Grombelka (Germany)
- Amadeus Lantz (Sweden)
- Georg Marsh (Austria)
- Amina Ouahid (Sweden)
- Tommy Rangsjö (Sweden)
- Pavel Rodionov (Russia)
- Laura Levita Valytė (Lithuania)
- Kolbrún Völkudóttir (Iceland)
- Xuejia Rennie Zacsko (Sweden)
The international sign broadcasts was streamed online alongside the three live shows, with the following countries also televising the broadcasts:
Romania's participation was reported to be in danger on 19 April 2016 due to repeated non-payment of debts by Televiziunea Română (TVR) to the EBU, totalling CHF 16 million (€14.56 million) dating back to January 2007. The EBU had requested the Romanian government to repay the debt before 20 April or face exclusion from the contest. The EBU announced on 22 April that after the Romanian government had failed to repay the debt by the deadline, TVR were expelled from the EBU, consequently disqualifying Romania from the contest. The Director General of the EBU, Ingrid Deltenre, said that while "it is regrettable that we are forced to take this action […] The continued indebtedness of TVR jeopardizes the financial stability of the EBU itself".
However, because the official album of the contest had been produced before the disqualification, the planned Romanian entry, "Moment of Silence", performed by Ovidiu Anton, would remain on both digital and physical copies of the album. The song had been written following the Colectiv nightclub fire in October 2015.
German artist replacementEdit
Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) announced on 19 November 2015 that Xavier Naidoo would represent Germany in the contest. However, his selection was criticised due to his history of expressing far-right political views in his actions and lyrics, including a speech made at a protest in 2014 supporting the assertion that the German Reich continues to exist within its pre-World War II borders, his propagation of conspiracy theories surrounding the September 11 attacks and the 2008 financial crisis, and a song in which he referred to Baron Rothschild as "Baron Deadschild" and a "schmuck", as well as a collaboration with Kool Savas titled "Wo sind sie jetzt?", which contained homophobic lyrics which were interpreted as associating homosexuality with paedophilia. Critics of his selection included Johannes Kahrs, who branded the decision "unspeakable and embarrassing", the Amadeu Antonio Foundation and Bild.
In light of the negative response and the need to quickly decide a new selection process, NDR withdrew its proposal to send Naidoo on 21 November. ARD co-ordinator Thomas Schreiber stated that "Xavier Naidoo is a brilliant singer who is, according to my own opinion, neither racist nor homophobe. It was clear that his nomination would polarise opinions, but we were surprised about the negative response. The Eurovision Song Contest is a fun event, in which music and the understanding between European people should be the focus. This characteristic must be kept at all costs."
Russian jury votesEdit
The EBU announced on 10 May 2016 that they were investigating reports of possible rule violations after Russian jury member Anastasia Stotskaya streamed footage of the Russian jury deliberation during the dress rehearsal of the first semi-final on 9 May on the live-streaming social media site Periscope. The video showed one jury member not paying attention to the Dutch performance, while another jury member was filmed during the Armenian performance stating that she will support Armenia "because [her] husband is Armenian". The video also shows jury members on their phones during other performances, as well as a glimpse of Stotskaya's voting result, which also included notes evaluating performances. The rules of the contest stipulate that all jury members are to evaluate performances individually, without discussing the results with other jury members, a stipulation that was clearly violated by the Russian jury.
The EBU released a statement later on 10 May, stating that following talks with Russia-1, the broadcaster proposed to withdraw Stotskaya, declaring her voting results to be invalid, and provide a replacement judge for the final on 14 May. The statement also clarified that the other four jury members submitted a valid jury vote. The EBU also stated that while streaming a video online from the jury deliberation is not considered to be a breach of the rules of the contest, so long as individual rankings, combined rankings or jury points are kept confidential until after the final, it regards Stotskaya's actions "as not in keeping with the spirit of the contest and potentially prejudicial as it imposes a potential risk of accidentally revealing results".
Protests over official flag policyEdit
In ensuring the apolitical nature of the contest and the safety of attendees, the EBU released an official flag policy on 29 April 2016, which included a list of flags which would be banned from the three live shows. The President of the Basque Country, Iñigo Urkullu, and the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, José Manuel García-Margallo, protested at the specific inclusion of the flag of the Basque Country alongside other flags such as those of some unrecognised nations and the Islamic State, and called on the organisers of the contest to rectify the issue. Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE) also expressed their concern to the EBU and requested a rectification, with the EBU responding, saying that while the flag of the Basque Country is not specifically forbidden, it is an example of a banned flag, adding that only the "official national flags of the 42 participating countries, or from one of the countries that have recently taken part", "official national flags of any of the other United Nations member states", the flag of Europe and the rainbow flag were permitted.
The EBU issued a statement later on 29 April, clarifying that it was not their intention to publish such a document, while acknowledging that the decision to publish a selection of flags of organisations and territories, each of which were "of a very different nature", was an insensitive one, and apologised for any offence caused by the publication of the original flag policy. The EBU also called on both the Avicii Arena and the contest's official ticketing partner AXS to publish an updated flag policy which did not include examples of banned flags.
The EBU released another statement on 6 May, stating that after discussing the matter with several participating delegations, the organisers of the contest had "agreed to relax the flag policy, and to allow national, regional and local flags of the participants" such as the Welsh flag (as Joe Woolford, representing the United Kingdom as part of Joe and Jake, is Welsh) and the Sami flag (as Agnete, representing Norway, is of Sami heritage), as well as the flags of all UN member states, the flag of the EU and the rainbow flag, as stated in the original flag policy. The EBU also proposed a more tolerant approach to other flags as long as attendees respect the apolitical nature of the contest and do not attempt to deliberately obstruct the camera views. Such a proposal was approved by the contest's Reference Group.
The Spanish Embassy in Stockholm filed a formal complaint to Swedish police on 15 May after a Spanish citizen carrying the flag of the Basque Country had his flag confiscated by security personnel and was asked along with two of his compatriots to leave the venue. After an urgent intervention by the Spanish Consul, who was present in the arena, the flag was returned to the attendees and they were permitted to return to the venue.
Nagorno-Karabakh flag disputeEdit
Despite the official flag policy published by the EBU allowing only "national, regional and local flags of the participants" and banning the flag of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, during the first voting recap of the first semi-final on 10 May, Armenian artist Iveta Mukuchyan was filmed in the green room holding the flag of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, sparking condemnation from the Azerbaijani press. The situation further escalated during the semi-final qualifiers' press conference afterwards, where a member of the Azerbaijani press criticised the Armenian delegation and the EBU for allowing the flag to be shown during the show. Responding to a question on the incident from a journalist from Aftonbladet, Mukuchyan stated: "My thoughts are with my Motherland. I want peace everywhere." Commenting on the situation, Azerbaijani artist Samra Rahimli stated that "Eurovision is a song contest and it's all about music."
The EBU and the contest's Reference Group released a joint statement on 11 May, strongly condemning Mukuchyan's actions during the first voting recap of the first semi-final and considering it "harmful" to the overall image of the contest. The Reference Group consequently sanctioned Public Television of Armenia (AMPTV), citing a breach of the rule stating that "no messages promoting any organisation, institution, political cause or other causes shall be allowed in the shows". Furthermore, the Reference Group has pointed out that a further breach of the rules of the contest could lead to disqualification from the contest or future contests. The spokesman for the Azerbaijani Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hikmet Hajiyev, called Mukuchyan's actions "provocative" and unacceptable, claiming that "the Armenian side deliberately resorts to such steps to encourage and promote the illegal formation created in the occupied Azerbaijani territories".
Russian protests on Crimean Tatars flagEdit
The winning song is about the deportation of the Crimean Tatars in 1944 and particularly about the singer's great-grandmother, who lost her daughter while being deported to Central Asia. Jamala's song was considered by Russian media and lawmakers to be critical of the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the "ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine" in Donbass.
Danish jury resultEdit
BT revealed on 15 May 2016 that Danish professional jury member Hilda Heick, wife of Keld Heick who co-wrote eight Danish entries, had submitted her ranking for the final and the semifinal 2 the wrong way round, ranking her favourite entry 26th while ranking her least-favourite entry first, in direct opposition to what she had intended to do. As a result of Heick's mistake, the points of the Danish jury would have been different:
- Instead of 10 points, Australia would have received 12.
- Instead of 7 points, the Netherlands would have received 10.
- Instead of 5 points, Lithuania would have received 1.
- Instead of 4 points, Sweden would have received 7.
- Instead of 2 points, Israel would have received 4.
- Instead of 1 point, Spain would have received 5.
- Instead of not receiving points at all, France and Russia would have received 2 and 3 points respectively.
The United Kingdom and Ukraine both would have failed to receive any points from the Danish jury. While the overall result was not affected, the margin between second-placed Australia and first-placed Ukraine would have been reduced from 23 points to nine.
A petition was started on Change.org on 15 May 2016 calling on the EBU and the contest's organisers to void the final results in view of the fact that the overall winner only placed second in both the jury and televote. The EBU responded that Ukraine "is, and will remain, the winner" of the contest, and that the result was "valid in accordance with the rules".
Controversy over winning song release dateEdit
A video surfaced depicting Ukrainian Eurovision winner Jamala performing 1944 four months before the eligibility date for prior commercial releases. However, the European Broadcasting Union "concluded that the song was eligible to compete", citing past relaxations of the rule.
In addition to the main winner's trophy, the Marcel Bezençon Awards and the Barbara Dex Award were contested during the 2016 Eurovision Song Contest. The OGAE (French: Organisation Générale des Amateurs de l'Eurovision, English: General Organisation of Eurovision Fans) voting poll also took place before the contest.
Marcel Bezençon AwardsEdit
The Marcel Bezençon Awards honour the best competing songs in the final. Named after the founder of the contest, the awards were created and first handed at the 2002 contest by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 contest and the country's current Head of Delegation), and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys who won the 1984 contest for Sweden). The awards were divided into three categories: Artistic Award, Composers Award, and Press Award. The winners were revealed shortly before the final on 14 May.
|Composers Award||Australia||"Sound of Silence"||Dami Im||Anthony Egizii, David Musumeci|
|Press Award||Russia||"You Are the Only One"||Sergey Lazarev||Philipp Kirkorov, Dimitris Kontopoulos, John Ballard, Ralph Charlie|
OGAE is an international organisation which conducts a voting poll for the favourite songs among its members before the annual contest. It consists of a network of over 40 Eurovision Song Contest fan clubs across Europe and beyond. The poll began on 4 April 2016 and finished on 2 May 2016. The table below shows the top 5 results based on 45 member clubs, with the clubs of Bulgaria and Moldova abstaining from voting this year.
|Russia||Sergey Lazarev||"You Are the Only One"||392|
|Australia||Dami Im||"Sound of Silence"||280|
|Bulgaria||Poli Genova||"If Love Was a Crime"||175|
|Italy||Francesca Michielin||"No Degree of Separation"||170|
Barbara Dex AwardEdit
The Barbara Dex Award is a humorous fan award given to the worst dressed artist each year. Named after Belgium's representative who came last in the 1993 contest, wearing her self-designed dress, the award was handed since 1997. After twenty editions, this ended up being the final poll organised by the fansite House of Eurovision, as they handed the reins to the fansite songfestival.be not long after the 2016 contest.
|5||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Dalal & Deen feat. Ana Rucner and Jala||127|
|Eurovision Song Contest: Stockholm 2016|
|Compilation album by|
|Released||15 April 2016|
|Eurovision Song Contest chronology|
Eurovision Song Contest: Stockholm 2016 is the official compilation album of the contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and was released by Universal Music Group digitally on 15 April and physically on 22 April 2016. The album features all 42 participating entries, including the semi-finalists that fail to qualify for the final. The album also features the disqualified Romanian entry, meaning that the tracks on the CD are actually 43.
|Australian Albums (ARIA)||9|
|Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)||3|
|Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)||10|
|French Albums (SNEP)||81|
|German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||2|
|Greek Albums (IFPI)||14|
|Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)||30|
|Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)||2|
|UK Compilation Albums (OCC)||9|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eurovision Song Contest 2016.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- While no countries finished the competition with 0 points, the Czech Republic failed to score points from the public televote.
- Israel, who had been allocated to pot six, were pre-allocated to compete in the second semi-final as the first semi-final coincided with Yom Hazikaron.
- Romania, who had been originally allocated to perform in the second semi-final, were forcefully withdrawn due to repeated non-payment of debts to the EBU.
- The song contains some words in Pontic Greek, a dialect of Greek spoken in Northern Greece.
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