Eurovision Song Contest 1995
The Eurovision Song Contest 1995 was the 40th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Dublin, Ireland, following Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan's win at the 1994 contest on homesoil with the song "Rock 'n' Roll Kids".
|Eurovision Song Contest 1995|
|Final||13 May 1995|
|Musical director||Noel Kelehan|
|Directed by||John Comiskey|
|Executive supervisor||Christian Clausen|
|Executive producer||John McHugh|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Opening act||Video montage commemorating the history of the Eurovision Song Contest for its 40th edition.|
|Interval act||"Lumen", composed by Mícheál Ó Súilleabháin, and performed by Súilleabháin on piano, and a number of artists including Clannad, Brian Kennedy and The Monks of Glenstal Abbey, with the RTÉ Concert Orchestra, conducted by Proinnsías Ó Duinn|
|Number of entries||23|
|Returning countries|| Belgium|
|Non-returning countries|| Estonia|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Norway|
It was held on 13 May 1995 in the Point Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. The presenter was Mary Kennedy. This year's competition was the last with only one host until 18 years later in 2013 in Malmö, Sweden. This contest broke the chain of victories that Ireland enjoyed in 1992, 1993, and 1994. This was Ireland's 3rd year in succession to host the contest - and to mark the 40th show, it was opened with a 4-minute retrospective showing images from the contest's history. The Norwegian group Secret Garden was the winner of this contest with the mostly instrumental song, "Nocturne". Incidentally, Secret Garden's violinist was Fionnuala Sherry, who is Irish.
After winning the 1994 contest, RTÉ was worried about whether they could afford to host a third consecutive contest in 1995. The BBC had offered to take on the responsibility of hosting the contest, and had even proposed that the contest be staged as a joint production in Belfast, capital of Northern Ireland. In the end, RTÉ decided to stage the contest on its own. However they did ask the EBU that, should Ireland win once more, that they would not be expected to host the event for the fourth year in a row, and eventually, it never happened. Ireland hosted the contest for the sixth time after winning the contest for a 3rd consecutive year and is the only country to have hosted multiple contests in succession; three in a row between 1993 and 1995. Dublin was again chosen to be the host city, making it the fifth time that the Eurovision Song Contest was staged in the Irish capital. For the second consecutive year, the venue for the contest was the Point Theatre located on the North Wall Quay of the River Liffey, amongst the Dublin Docklands.
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Two of Ireland's winners attended the contest; Dana, who was Ireland's first winner, winning the contest in 1970 with "All Kinds of Everything", and Mr Eurovision himself, Johnny Logan, winning the contest as a singer in 1980 and 1987 ("What's Another Year?" and "Hold Me Now" respectively), and also for writing Linda Martin's 1992 winning song "Why Me?". It was his birthday that night, but according to host Kennedy, "He wouldn't say which one!" Nonetheless, the audience sang "Happy Birthday" for him, assisted by the orchestra.
Heavy favourites to win the contest, according to bookmakers, were Sweden with the pop-ballad "Se på mig" and Slovenia, represented by Darja Švajger‘s entry “Prisluhni mi”. Other countries in contention for the win were Croatia, Denmark, Israel, Spain, and the eventual winner, Norway. The winning song was something new at Eurovision in that it contained only 24 words accompanied by long violin solos. The United Kingdom contributed a modern rap number, while the previous year's runner-up, Poland, went for something that completely contrasted with their début entry.
The stage was designed by Alan Farquharson who also designed the set of the 1993 contest that took place in Millstreet, Ireland. Although it was quite dark and often gloomy in appearance, it did form the basis for a spectacular opening whereby a giant screen rotated to reveal the presenter who descended a stairway which ultimately disappeared to allow for the arrow-shaped stage to come together amid fireworks. The interval act consisted of several well known Irish performers including Clannad, Brian Kennedy (who would go on to actually represent Ireland 11 years later as well as collaborate with the winning group) and was composed by leading musician Mícheál Ó Súilleabháin.
The EBU decreased the number of participants to 23 to make sure the show would not last longer than three hours. Five of the six countries that were relegated in 1994 returned in 1995.
There was much speculation in Ireland as to whether RTÉ had deliberately chosen a song perceived as not having a good chance of winning in order to avoid hosting the contest for a fourth time in a row - although this was never verified. This rumour did, however, inspire a popular episode of Father Ted. In any event, RTÉ ended up hosting the contest once again in 1997.
|Arzu Ece||Turkey||1989 (part of Pan)|
Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.
- Poland – Noel Kelehan
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Germany – Hermann Weindorf
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Sinan Alimanović
- Norway – Geir Langslet
- Russia – Mikhail Finberg
- Iceland – Frank McNamara
- Austria – Michael F. Kienzl
- Spain – Eduardo Leiva
- Turkey – Melih Kibar
- Croatia – Stipica Kalogjera
- France – Michel Bernholc
- Hungary – Miklós Malek
- Belgium – Alec Mansion
- United Kingdom – Mike Dixon
- Portugal – Thilo Krassman
- Cyprus – George Theophanous
- Sweden – Anders Berglund
- Denmark – Frede Ewert
- Slovenia – Jože Privšek
- Israel – Gadi Goldman
- Malta – Ray Agius
- Greece – Charis Andreadis
Each country had a jury that awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||14||3||8||3|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|6||Norway||Greece, Iceland, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Turkey|
|3||Croatia||Malta, Slovenia, Spain|
|Sweden||Denmark, Germany, Ireland|
|Malta||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia|
|United Kingdom||Austria, France|
International broadcasts and votingEdit
Voting and spokespersonsEdit
The spokespersons announced the score from their respective country's national jury in running order.
- Poland - Jan Chojnacki
- Ireland - Eileen Dunne
- Germany - Carmen Nebel
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - Diana Grković-Foretić
- Norway - Sverre Christophersen
- Russia - Marina Danielian
- Iceland - Áslaug Dóra Eyjólfsdóttir
- Austria - Tilia Herold
- Spain - Belén Fernández de Henestrosa
- Turkey - Ömer Önder
- Croatia - Daniela Trbović
- France - Thierry Beccaro
- Hungary - Katalin Bogyay
- Belgium - Marie-Françoise Renson "Soda"
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Portugal - Serenella Andrade
- Cyprus - Andreas Iakovidis
- Sweden - Björn Hedman
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- Slovenia - Miša Molk
- Israel - Daniel Pe'er (co-presenter of the 1979 contest)
- Malta - Stephanie Farrugia
- Greece - Fotini Giannoulatou
Most countries sent commentators to Dublin or commented from their own country, in order to provide coverage of the contest, such as adding insight to the participants.
- Poland – Artur Orzech (TVP1)
- Ireland – Pat Kenny (RTÉ1)
- Germany – Horst Senker (Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac (TVBiH)
- Norway – Annette Groth (NRK)
- Russia – No Commentator (ORT 1)
- Iceland – Jakob Frímann Magnússon (Sjónvarpið)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (ORF1)
- Spain – José Luis Uribarri (TVE1)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1)
- Croatia – Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov (HRT 1)
- France – Olivier Minne (France 2)
- Hungary – István Vágó (MTV1)
- Belgium – French: Jean-Pierre Hautier (RTBF La Une), Dutch: André Vermeulen (BRTN TV1)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC1)
- Portugal – Ana do Carmo (Canal 1)
- Cyprus – Neophytos Taliotis (RIK 1)
- Sweden – Pernilla Månsson and Kåge Gimtell (TV2)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (1' eren)
- Slovenia – Damjana Golavšek (SLO1)
- Israel – No commentator
- Malta – Enzo Gusman (TVM)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (ET1)
- Australia – N/A (SBS TV)
- Estonia – Jüri Pihel (Eesti Televisioon)
- Finland – Erkki Pohjanheimo and Olli Ahvenlahti (YLE TV1)
- Macedonia – Vlado Janevski (MTV 1)
- Netherlands – Paul de Leeuw (Nederland 3)
- Switzerland – German: Heinz Margot (Schweiz 4), French: Jean-Marc Richard (TSR), Italian: Joanne Holder (TSI)
- FR Yugoslavia – Mladen Popović (RTS 3K)
The participating countries that provided radio broadcasts for the event are listed below.
- Poland – TBC (Polskie Radio Program I)
- Ireland – Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Germany – Peter Urban (Deutschlandfunk/NDR Radio 2)
- Norway – Stein Dag Jensen (NRK P1)
- Russia – TBC (Voice of Russia)
- Austria – Stermann & Grissemann (FM4)
- Turkey – Canan Kumbasar (TRT Radyo 3)
- Croatia – Draginja Balaš (HR 2)
- Hungary – TBC (Rádió Kossuth)
- Belgium – French: Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel (RTBF La Première), Dutch: Julien Put and Michel Follet (BRTN Radio 2)
- United Kingdom – Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
- Cyprus – Pavlos Pavlou (CyBC Radio 2)
- Sweden – Claes-Johan Larsson and Lisa Syrén (SR P3)
- Denmark – Ole Jacobsen (DR P3)
- Israel – Danny Rup (Reshet Gimel)
- Greece – Giorgos Mitropoulos (ERA ERT1)
National jury membersEdit
- Poland - Andrzej Marzec (music producer), Małgorzata Gelo, Marek Bieliński (composer), Ewa Zychowicz, Irena Santor (singer), Marek Łańcucki, Edyta Górniak (singer, Polish entrant and runner-up of Eurovision Song Contest 1994), Mariusz Jagoda, Janusz Rzeszewski, Justyna Kucharska, Czesław Niemen (singer and composer), Mirosława Zamojska, Janusz Stokłosa (composer, pianist, co-author of Metro (musical) and Tony Award nominee), Agnieszka Jakołcewicz, Robert Janson (composer, leader of Varius Manx), Wiesława Siudara
- Ireland – Joe Delaney, Stuart Lawler
- Spain – Ángel Lacalle (journalist), María Kosty (actress), Roberto Antolín (bullfighter), Sara Salazar (singer), Valentín Paredes (actor), Pilar Socorro (journalist at RNE), Lucio Blázquez (restaurant manager), Cuca García de Vinuesa (communication expert), Alejandro Abad (singer and composer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1994), Marily Coll (fashion designer), Arturo Beltrán (businessman), Silvia Abascal (actress), Enrique Cosano (Eurovision fan), Agustina López de los Mozos (businesswoman), Justo Molinero (journalist and music critic), Verónica Magaz (student)
- Turkey – Vedat Sakman
- United Kingdom – Yvonne Littlewood, Gilly Archer, Colin Fay, Susan King, Gib Grace, Charlie Cole, Emily Collins, Dominic Hall, Daniel Beach, Deni Lew, Richard Fox, Philip Stredwick, Tamzyn Williams, Idris Baker, Cara McMahon, Katrina O'Connor
- Portugal – Anabela, Luís Filipe, Vasco da Camara Pereira
- Sweden – Christer Borg
- Denmark – Viggo Steincke Bertelsen
- Greece – Grigoris Lambrianidis, Stamatis Mazaris, Lida Halkiadaki, Takis Antoniadis, Agni Hatzikotaki, Antonis Papaioannou, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Angeliki Segditsa, Filia Anastasiadou, Evangelia Vagopoulou, Filippos Varanakis, Anastasia Doulfi, Fotini Theologou, Kostas Kapiris, Panos Kourmouzis, Stavros Moles
- Contains one phrase in Ancient Greek.
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