Eurovision Song Contest 2020
The Eurovision Song Contest 2020 will be the 65th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. The contest is set to take place in the Netherlands, following the country's victory at the 2019 contest in Tel Aviv, Israel, with the song "Arcade" performed by Duncan Laurence. It would be the fifth time that the Netherlands hosts the contest, the last edition having been the 1980 contest, and the first Eurovision event to be hosted in the country since the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2012.
|Eurovision Song Contest 2020|
|Semi-final 1||TBA 2020|
|Semi-final 2||TBA 2020|
|Executive supervisor||Jon Ola Sand|
|Number of entries||25 (to date)|
|Voting system||Each country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one set from their professional jury and the other from televoting|
As of 15 July 2019, twenty-five countries have confirmed their intentions to participate in the contest, including Ukraine, which would return after it withdrew from the 2019 contest over disputes with its artists regarding the terms of the contract required for participation.
Preparations for the organisation of the 2020 contest began on 19 May 2019, immediately after the Netherlands won the 2019 contest in Tel Aviv, Israel. Jon Ola Sand, the executive supervisor of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) for the contest, handed AVROTROS, the Dutch participating broadcaster, a stack of documents and a USB drive with tools to begin the work needed to host the next contest. AVROTROS is co-organising the event with sister broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) and their parent public broadcasting organisation, Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO).
Host city selectionEdit
Already prior to the 2019 contest, when bookmakers expected Laurence to win, several Dutch cities, including Amsterdam, The Hague and Maastricht, announced their intent to host the contest should Laurence win. A spokesperson for NPO also stated that the broadcaster had a rough plan for how they would select the host city in the event of a Dutch victory. When Laurence won the contest, mayors of various municipalties immediately began lobbying Mark Rutte, the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, through text messages. Public figures, including Laurence, Esther Hart, Getty Kaspers and André Rieu, publicly voiced their support for their respective favourite host cities.
The hosting broadcasters launched the bidding process on 29 May 2019. In the first phase of this process, cities were to formally apply to bid. Nine cities—Amsterdam, Arnhem, Breda, 's-Hertogenbosch, The Hague, Leeuwarden, Maastricht, Rotterdam, and Utrecht—did so and received a list of criteria they and their venues needed to meet on 12 June 2019. Initially, Zwolle had also considered launching a bid to host the event but the city ultimately decided against doing so because it deemed its venue, the IJsselhallen, to have unsuitable proportions. Enschede could have been a potential host city as Enschede Airport Twente considered bidding to host the event in its eleventh hangar, however, it later learned that Enschede's municipality executive board had decided against financially supporting such a bid.
From this point on, these nine cities had until 10 July 2019 to compile their bid books to demonstrate their capabilities to host the contest. Further cities were still able to join in on the bidding race by applying prior to the deadline. During this period, four cities withdrew. Amsterdam could not host the contest because it was preoccupied with hosting other events during the contest's time frame. Breda dropped out due to financial concerns. Leeuwarden ceased bidding due to the insufficient height of the ceiling of its WTC Expo. The Hague dropped its bid because both of its potential venues were unsuitable for the event. The local Cars Jeans Stadion football stadium would have been large enough but lacked a roof, and installing such a roof would have made the bid financially unviable. Its other option would have been spanning a tent over the Malieveld field, but after reviewing the hosting conditions, this option fell out of favour. Following its withdrawal, The Hague turned to support Rotterdam's bid instead.
The five remaining cities—Arnhem, 's-Hertogenbosch, Maastricht, Rotterdam, and Utrecht—delivered their finished bid books to a ceremonial event held in Hilversum on 10 July 2019. The hosting broadcasters reviewed the bids presented and on 16 July 2019 announced that it eliminated those for Arnhem, 's-Hertogenbosch and Utrecht, shortlisting only Maastricht and Rotterdam. Utrecht was specifically eliminated because its proposal to span a tent over its Jaarbeurs offered limited possibilities for testing on location and had a questionable suitability for events like the Eurovision Song Contest. To review and discuss the location, venue and surrounding events for the remanining bids, NPO visited Maastricht on 17 July 2019 and did the same in Rotterdam on the following day. Following all assessments, the chosen host venue is set to be announced in mid-August 2019.
|Arnhem||GelreDome||34,000||Joint bid with the city of Nijmegen and the Veluwe region|||
|'s-Hertogenbosch||Brabanthallen||11,000||Candidacy was supported by the province of North Brabant and the citites of Breda, Eindhoven, Tilburg and Helmond|||
|Maastricht||MECC Maastricht ‡||11,000–12,000||Candidacy is supported by the province of Limburg and surrounding cities|||
|Rotterdam||Rotterdam Ahoy ‡||11,000–12,000||Candidacy is supported by the province of South Holland and the cities of Dordrecht and The Hague; venue previously hosted the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007|||
Provisional list of participating countriesEdit
The following countries have expressed their provisional interest in participating in the contest or confirmed that their expected national selection process would take place:
|Czech Republic||TBD 25 January 2020||TBD 25 January 2020|
|Denmark||TBD 7 March 2020||TBD 7 March 2020|
Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU will issue an invitation of participation in the contest to all active members. In contrast to previous years, associate member Australia does not need an invitation for the 2020 contest, as it was granted permission to participate until 2023.
Active EBU membersEdit
- Albania – In May 2019, Albanian broadcaster Radio Televizioni Shqiptar (RTSH) confirmed that they had started accepting submissions for the upcoming edition of Festivali i Këngës. Festivali i Këngës has been held annualy since 1962 and, since the country's debut in 2004, has been used to select their Eurovision entrant.
- Andorra – In March 2019, Andorran broadcaster Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) stated that they would be open to co-operating with Catalan broadcaster Televisió de Catalunya (TVC) to participate in future contests. The two broadcasters had previously co-operated when Andorra debuted in 2004. However, in May 2019, RTVA confirmed that they would not participate in the 2020 contest. Andorra last participated in 2009, after which the broadcaster withdraw due to financial issues.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – In December 2018, Lejla Babović, an executive with Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT), stated that returning to the contest was BHRT's primary goal, but also that their financial situation made it difficult to return to the contest in 2020. In July 2019, BHRT confirmed that they could not return due to sactions imposed by the EBU as a result of the broadcaster's outstanding debt with the organisation. Bosnia and Herzegovina last took part in 2016.
- Bulgaria – In April 2019, Bulgarian broadcaster Bulgarian National Television (BNT) stated that they had no plans to return to the contest in the near future, citing that the contest no longer fit the broadcaster's content strategy. However, the broadcaster expected to elect a new delegation and managing board on 5 July 2019, after which it could decide upon further participation in the contest. In June 2019, it was reported that BNT had amassed debts of 50 million lev and was "bankrupt".
- Croatia – In July 2019, Croatian broadcaster Hrvatska Radiotelevizija (HRT) stated that they could not confirm their participation in the 2020 contest yet. The country had previously been revealed to be the host country of the 2020 edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians.
- Iceland - After Iceland's 2019 entry Hatari waved the flag of Palestine during the live transmission of that year's final, which violates the rules of the contest, the EBU announced that its reference group would discuss potential consequences for Iceland's broadcaster, RÚV.
- Italy – In May 2019, Italian broadcaster RAI announced that it had begun planning the 2020 edition of the Sanremo Music Festival. It was not confirmed whether the festival would be used to select Italy's participant for 2020.
- Luxembourg – Because Luxembourg had not participated in the competition since 1993, there were increasing calls on them to return to the contest by 2019. In May 2019, Anne-Marie David, who won the 1973 for Luxembourg, called on the nation to return, while a petition from fans demanding a Luxembourgish return to the contest was sent to the Luxembourgish broadcaster RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) and the Chamber of Deputies of Luxembourg. In previous years, RTL had stated they would not return to the contest due to financial concerns and the belief that smaller nations could not succeed in modern Eurovision events. In June 2019, the Chamber of Deputies opened a petition of its own.
- Malta – In January 2019, it was confirmed that the talent show X Factor Malta, with which the participant of the 2019 contest was selected, would return for a second season in 2020. It was not confirmed whether it would be used to select Malta's participant for 2020.
- Montenegro – Montenegro's head of delegation, Sabrija Vulić, stated that he hoped that Montevizija, the Montenegrin selection process for the 2018 and 2019 contests, would expand in a potential 2020 return of show. However, Montenegro's participating broadcaster, RTCG, has not confirmed whether such an event would take place.
- Slovakia – In June 2019, Slovak broadcaster Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS) announced that it would not participate in the 2020 contest due to a lack of interest from the Slovak public. Slovakia last took part in 2012.
- Slovenia – In July 2019, Slovene broadcaster Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTVSLO) stated that they would not make a decision on participating until after the rules and application deadline had been announced by the EBU.
The following countries participated in the 2019 contest, but have not yet announced whether they intend to participate in the 2020 contest:
Associate EBU membersEdit
- Kazakhstan – In November 2018, Jon Ola Sand, the executive supervisor of the contest, stated that Kazakhstan's participation in the contest needed to be discussed by the contest's reference group. Kazakhstan, through its EBU associate member Khabar Agency, had previously been invited to participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018 by that contest's reference group, though that would have no effect on their participation in the main contest.
- Kosovo – In June 2018, Mentor Shala, the then-general director of Kosovan broadcaster Radio Television of Kosovo (RTK), stated that the broadcaster was still pushing for full EBU membership and that it hoped to debut at the 2020 contest. In June 2019, at the EBU's 82nd General Assembly, members of the EBU voted against the abolishing of an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) membership as a requirement to join the EBU, thus RTK cannot join the EBU in time for the 2020 contest.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2020 is a co-production between three related Dutch television organisations—AVROTROS, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), and Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO)—of which each assumed a different role.
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