The Eurovision Song Contest 2021 was the 65th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Rotterdam, Netherlands, following the country's win at the 2019 contest with the song "Arcade" by Duncan Laurence. The Netherlands was set to host the 2020 contest, before it was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcasters Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO), Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) and AVROTROS, the contest was held at Rotterdam Ahoy, and consisted of two semi-finals on 18 and 20 May, and a final on 22 May 2021. The three live shows were presented by Dutch television presenters and singers Chantal Janzen, Edsilia Rombley and Jan Smit, and Dutch YouTube personality and makeup-artist Nikkie de Jager.
|Eurovision Song Contest 2021|
|Semi-final 1||18 May 2021|
|Semi-final 2||20 May 2021|
|Final||22 May 2021|
|Executive supervisor||Martin Österdahl|
|Number of entries||39|
|Returning countries|| Bulgaria|
|Non-returning countries|| Armenia|
|Voting system||Each country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to ten songs|
|Nul points in final||United Kingdom[a]|
|Winning song|| Italy|
"Zitti e buoni"
Thirty-nine countries participated in the contest, of which twenty-six re-entered the artists chosen for 2020 (albeit with different songs, as per the contest's rules). Bulgaria and Ukraine returned after their absence from the 2019 contest, while Hungary and Montenegro did not return after their participation in the 2019 edition. Armenia and Belarus had originally planned to participate, but Armenia withdrew due to its social and political crises following the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, and Belarus was disqualified after its intended entry was found to be in violation of the contest's rules.
The winner was Italy with the song "Zitti e buoni", performed by Måneskin and written by the band's members Damiano David, Ethan Torchio, Thomas Raggi and Victoria De Angelis. This made Italy the second member of the "Big Five" to win the contest since its establishment, following Germany's victory in 2010. Måneskin's victory also made them the first band to win the contest since Lordi for Finland in 2006. France, Switzerland, Iceland and Ukraine rounded out the top five, with France and Switzerland achieving their best results since 1991 and 1993 respectively. For the first time since 1995, none of the top three entries were performed in English, with France and Switzerland performing in French, whilst the winner, Italy, performed in Italian.
Also, for the first time since the current voting system was implemented in 2016, more than one country received no points from the televote in the final; these countries were Germany, Spain, the host country the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, the last of those becoming the first country to receive no points from both the jury and televote. It was the fifth time that the host country ranked in the bottom five since 2015, with the Netherlands finishing 23rd in the final, as well as the second time that the United Kingdom had received no points in the contest, the last time having been in 2003. For the first time since it made its debut in 2015, Australia failed to qualify for the final, making Ukraine the only country that has never failed to qualify from the semi-finals since their introduction in 2004.[b]
The EBU reported that the contest had an audience of 183 million viewers in 36 European markets, an increase of a million viewers from the previous edition, with an increase of seven percent in the 15–24 year old age range.
The 2021 contest was held in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, following the country's victory at the 2019 edition with the song "Arcade", performed by Duncan Laurence. It was the fifth time that the Netherlands had hosted the contest, having previously done so in 1958, 1970, 1976 and 1980. The selected venue was the 16,400-seat Ahoy Arena in Rotterdam Ahoy, a convention centre and multi-purpose indoor arena located on Ahoyweg, which serves as a venue for many events, including concerts, exhibitions, trade fairs, and conferences. Rotterdam Ahoy had previously hosted the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007, and was set to host the 2020 contest before its cancellation. The "Turquoise Carpet" event, where the contestants and their delegations are presented before the accredited press and fans, took place at the Rotterdam Cruise Terminal on 16 May 2021.
Host city selectionEdit
By Eurovision tradition, the Netherlands received the right to host the Eurovision Song Contest after the country won the competition in 2019. The Dutch host broadcasters NPO, NOS and AVROTROS launched the bidding process in the same month, on 29 May, in which five cities – Arnhem, 's-Hertogenbosch, Maastricht, Rotterdam, and Utrecht – submitted their bid books during a ceremonial event held in Hilversum on 10 July 2019. On 16 July, Maastricht and Rotterdam were shortlisted, and after the NPO visited both cities, on 30 August 2019, Rotterdam was announced as the host city of the Eurovision Song Contest 2020.
Following the cancellation of the 2020 contest, the EBU began talks with broadcasters NPO, NOS and AVROTROS, as well as the city of Rotterdam, on the possibility of staging the 2021 contest in the city. On 23 April 2020, the municipal council of Rotterdam approved an increased budget after Dutch media reported that the city would require an additional €6.7 million to host the contest. The decision was imminent as it was required that the EBU be informed by late April if Rotterdam was willing to host the contest. If Rotterdam declined to host the event, NPO, NOS and AVROTROS had until mid-May 2020 to find an alternative. During the broadcast of Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light, which aired on 16 May 2020, Rotterdam was confirmed as the host city of the 2021 contest.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2021 was a co-production between three related Dutch television organisations — Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO), Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) and AVROTROS — of which each assumed a different role. Sietse Bakker and Astrid Dutrénit served as executive producers, while Emilie Sickinghe and Jessica Stam served as deputy executive producers. Marnix Kaart, Marc Pos and Daniel Jelinek served as directors of the three live shows, and Gerben Bakker served as head of show. Background music for the shows was composed by Eric van Tijn.
In January 2020, the EBU announced that Martin Österdahl would become the executive supervisor for the Eurovision Song Contest after the 2020 edition, succeeding Jon Ola Sand. Before his appointment, Österdahl had been an executive producer for the 2013 and 2016 editions, and had been a member of the Eurovision Song Contest reference group between 2012 and 2018.
The total budget for the shows was €22 million, of which €3.7 million was left unspent after the contest, according to the municipal executive. The additional money was allocated to contingency scenarios that were eventually discarded.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemicEdit
On 7 May 2020, Dutch authorities prohibited all mass gatherings in the country until a COVID-19 vaccine becomes available. The host broadcasters stated that they were assessing the decision and how it would impact the event.
- The event being held as in previous years (Scenario A);
- The event being held with social distancing measures in place (Scenario B);
- Providing the option for acts to perform from their home country if they are unable to travel to Rotterdam (Scenario C);
- A fully-remote contest hosted from Rotterdam (Scenario D), with all acts performing from their home country, and no in-person festivities or audience in Rotterdam. This scenario was trialled during the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2020.
In February 2021, the EBU and the host broadcasters stated that it had ruled out hosting the contest as normal (Scenario A). Scenario C was also modified – all acts would perform remotely like in scenario D. A health and safety protocol for the contest was published on 2 March 2021, with the EBU affirming that the contest would be held under scenario B, while reiterating that downscaling options remained on the table should circumstances change. On 30 April 2021, the EBU confirmed scenario B for the contest.
|Contest aspect||Scenario A
|Shows from Ahoy||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Participants in Rotterdam||All||All/most||None||None|
|Audience in the arena||100%||0–80%||0–80%||None|
|Side events in Rotterdam||Yes||Adapted||Reduced||None|
|Press centre||1,500 on site||500 on site
|1,500 virtual||1,500 virtual|
On 1 April 2021, it was announced that an audience of 3,500 people would be allowed at each of the nine shows, including the three live shows and six rehearsals; the Dutch cabinet later gave its approval on 29 April. All audience members must have had tested negative for COVID-19.
Due to pandemic precautions, the "Turquoise Carpet" event was the only in-person side event to take place in 2021. Impacted side events included: the Opening Ceremony event, which was not held; the Eurovision Village, which took place from 15 to 23 May in an online-only form; and the EuroClub, which was cancelled for this year.
On 18 September 2020, along with possible scenarios, the EBU confirmed that the planned visual design and slogan for 2020, "Open Up", would be used for the 2021 contest as well. The revamped official logo and branding was unveiled on 4 December 2020. Designed by Clever°Franke, it is "an abstract presentation inspired by the map of the world and visually connects the location of the capitals of the [then] 41 participating countries with Rotterdam as Europe's beating heart". The revamped visual identity, designed by MediaMonks and NEP, was built around patterns and 'tracks' that symbolises the Netherlands and "opening up".
On 18 September 2020, along with possible scenarios, the EBU confirmed that the 2020 planned presenters would be appointed as presenters for the 2021 contest as well: actress and television host Chantal Janzen, singer and commentator for the contest Jan Smit, singer Edsilia Rombley, who represented the Netherlands in the 1998 and 2007 contests, and beauty vlogger Nikkie de Jager (NikkieTutorials).
In addition, De Jager and Krista Siegfrids (Finland's representative in the 2013 contest) were the presenters of the contest's online content. Siegfrids hosted Krista Calling, a weekly YouTube series with behind-the-scenes coverage from Rotterdam, and De Jager hosted LookLab with NikkieTutorials, an online talk show series featuring 38 participants with Queen Máxima as a special guest.[c] Koos van Plateringen, Hila Noorzai and Samya Hafsaoui moderated the contest's press conferences, while Van Plateringen and Fenna Ramos hosted the "Turquoise Carpet" event.
During the announcement of the dates of the 2021 contest, Sietse Bakker, executive producer of the 2021 contest, stated that the planned 2020 stage design would also be used in the 2021 contest. The design was inspired by the slogan "Open Up" and the typical Dutch flat landscape. The Eurovision stage was designed by German stage designer Florian Wieder, who also designed the stages for the contests in 2011–12, 2015, and 2017–19. Its features included a revolvable primary LED screen that is 52 metres (171 ft) wide and 12 metres (39 ft) high, and a retractable semi-transparent LED screen which could be used as a backdrop for the secondary stage. The stage design was complemented by augmented reality effects. Unlike the 2019 contest, the green room was placed in the main performance venue, and encompassed the entire floor space previously reserved for the standing audience, so as to facilitate social distancing.
Opening and interval actsEdit
On 4 May 2021, the EBU released information about the opening and interval acts.
The first semi-final was opened by Duncan Laurence, performing "Feel Something", and featured singer and YouTuber Davina Michelle and actress Thekla Reuten in an interval act titled "The Power of Water", centering on the Netherlands' history of water management. Michelle performed her new single "Sweet Water" in the performance. In both acts, augmented reality was used.
The second semi-final was opened by breakdancer Redouan Ait Chitt (Redo) and singer-songwriter Eefje de Visser, with ballet dancer Ahmad Joudeh and BMX-er Dez Maarsen performing during the interval; the acts are titled "Forward Unlimited" and "Close Encounter of a Special Kind", respectively.
The final was opened by the traditional flag parade, introducing all twenty-six finalists, accompanied by a remix of "Venus" produced and performed by 16-year-old DJ Pieter Gabriel, with co-presenters Chantal Janzen, Jan Smit and Edsilia Rombley singing parts of the song. The interval acts included a medley of "Hero", "Ten Feet Tall" and "Titanium" performed by DJ Afrojack, singers Wulf and Glennis Grace, the latter of whom represented the Netherlands in the 2005 contest, together with an orchestra composed of young Dutch musicians; the "Rock the Roof" interval act, where six former Eurovision winners – Måns Zelmerlöw, Teach-In, Sandra Kim, Lenny Kuhr, Helena Paparizou and Lordi – performed their winning songs – "Heroes", "Ding-a-dong", "J'aime la vie", "De troubadour", "My Number One" and "Hard Rock Hallelujah" respectively – atop several venues in Rotterdam; and Duncan Laurence, who performed his winning song "Arcade" and his new single "Stars".[d] A dance sketch titled "The Human Countdown" was then performed, which signified the closure of the voting window.
For this year, delegations were given the option to use pre-recorded backing vocals. Each delegation could still choose to use backing singers, whether on or off stage, or a combination of live and recorded backing vocals. All lead vocals performing the melody of the song must still be live, according to the rules. As a measure to guarantee that all participants could take part in the contest, every national broadcaster were required to create a 'live-on-tape' backup recording prior to the contest, which could be used if a participant was unable to travel to Rotterdam, or subjected to quarantine on arrival. The recordings took place in a studio setting, in real-time (as it would be at the contest) without any edits to the vocals or any part of the performance itself after the recording. A set of production guidelines was also revealed to ensure fairness and the integrity of the recordings.
Other rules for the entries stayed the same in the 2021 contest. This includes that the maximum length for a song is three minutes, that there can be at most six performers on stage, and that the compositions (lyrics and music) must not have been commercially released before 1 September of the year before. Following the cancellation of the 2020 contest, the EBU explored the option of allowing the songs selected for the 2020 contest to compete in the 2021 contest, which needed to be discussed with the Eurovision Song Contest reference group and the national broadcasters. Victoria, Bulgaria's representative for 2020 and 2021, publicly expressed her support for such a move. However, on 20 March 2020, the reference group decided that, in accordance with the rules of the Eurovision Song Contest, the 2020 songs would not be eligible to compete in the 2021 contest.
Semi-final allocation drawEdit
On 17 November 2020, the EBU confirmed that the semi-final allocation draw for the 2021 contest would not be held. Instead, the semi-finals would feature the same line-up of countries as determined by the draw for the 2020 contest's semi-finals, which was held on 28 January 2020 at the Rotterdam City Hall and hosted by contest presenters Chantal Janzen, Jan Smit and Edsilia Rombley. The draw also determined which semi-final each of the six automatic qualifiers – host country the Netherlands and "Big Five" countries France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom – would broadcast and vote in. The EBU also decided to maintain the Netherlands' grand final running order position – 23.
The pots used initially for the 2020 contest featured as follows:
|Pot 1||Pot 2||Pot 3||Pot 4||Pot 5|
The "postcards" were 40-second video introductions shown on television whilst the stage was being prepared for the next contestant to perform their entry. Filmed between January and April, and directed by Martijn Nieman and Laurence Drenthe, with Kevin Soares serving as executive producer, the 2021 postcards were based on the "Open Up" theme of the contest. In a departure from the initial concept created for the 2020 contest owing to travel restriction concerns, the postcards involved the acts being presented through footage shot in their country of origin. These were inserted via chroma keying onto the framework of a 'tiny house' set-up in various locations around the Netherlands, and decorated with items personal to the artist(s). At the end of each postcard, a light streak hit the house and was refracted into a country-specific coloured streak, mimicking the prism and transitions to the stage, where the ceiling was lit up with that country's flag colours using augmented reality. The postcards were produced by Amsterdam-based agency IDTV, with additional post-production and VFX work by Antwerp-based agency STORM. The following locations were used for each participating country:
- Albania – Hoge Brug, Maastricht
- Australia – Sparta Stadion Het Kasteel, Rotterdam
- Austria – Nannewiid, Frisian Lakes
- Azerbaijan – Giethoorn
- Belgium – Bourtange
- Bulgaria – Agelo
- Croatia – Broek op Langedijk
- Cyprus – 's-Hertogenbosch
- Czech Republic – Almere
- Denmark – Nijmegen
- Estonia – Circuit Zandvoort
- Finland – Sibelco silver sand quarry, Heerlen
- France – Houtribdijk
- Georgia – Port of Rotterdam
- Germany – Scheveningen
- Greece – Halley Astronomical Observatory, Vinkel
- Iceland – Zeeburgereiland, Amsterdam
- Ireland – Hermitage Amsterdam
- Israel – Utrecht Centraal railway station
- Italy – Arnhem
- Latvia – Middelburg
- Lithuania – Rotterdam Centraal railway station
- Malta – Vlissingen
- Moldova – Schiermonnikoog
- Netherlands – Ouddorp
- North Macedonia – Dolmen D14, Eext
- Norway – Koppelpoort, Amersfoort
- Poland – Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
- Portugal – Markt, Delft
- Romania – Leeuwarden
- Russia – Bolwoningen, 's-Hertogenbosch
- San Marino – Evoluon, Eindhoven
- Serbia – Keukenhof, Lisse
- Slovenia – Marker Wadden
- Spain – Doornspijk
- Sweden – Museumplein, Amsterdam
- Switzerland – Noordereiland, Rotterdam
- Ukraine – Veluwezoom National Park
- United Kingdom – Gasselte
The EBU initially announced on 26 October 2020 that 41 countries would participate in the contest, featuring the same line-up of countries that were set to participate in the cancelled 2020 edition. Bulgaria and Ukraine marked their return to the contest after their absences from the 2019 contest, while Hungary and Montenegro were confirmed as non-returning following their latest appearances in 2019.
In March 2021, Armenia and Belarus confirmed their non-participation in the contest; Armenia withdrew due to social and political crises in the aftermath of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, while Belarus was disqualified after submitting an entry in violation of the rules, thereby reducing the number of participating countries to 39.
After the cancellation of the 2020 contest, the participating broadcasters of 24 countries announced that, for the 2021 contest, they would internally select the same artists initially selected for 2020. In addition, the artists initially selected for Estonia and Lithuania in 2020 won their national finals to represent their countries in 2021.
Discounting 2020, the contest featured three representatives who also previously performed as lead vocalists for the same country, and five artists who participated in other Eurovision events or as backing vocalists for the same or for another country. Among the representatives who returned as lead vocalists, Natalia Gordienko had previously represented Moldova in 2006 with Arsenium and Connect-R; Senhit had represented San Marino in 2011; and Sanja Vučić, a member of Hurricane, had previously represented Serbia in 2016 in a solo performance.
Former backing vocalists who competed as lead artists included Ksenija Knežević, a member of Serbia's group Hurricane, who had previously served as backing vocalist in 2015 for Montenegro's entrant Knez; Destiny, who had provided backing vocals for Malta's Michela in 2019; Vincent Bueno, who had backed Austria's Nathan Trent in 2017; and Vasil, who had provided backing vocals for North Macedonia's Tamara Todevska in 2019. Two artists had previously competed in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, Malta's Destiny, who had won the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2015, and Greece's Stefania, who had competed for the Netherlands in the 2016 Junior contest as member of the group Kisses. Mladen Lukić, who had previously competed for Serbia in 2018 as a member of Balkanika, returned as a backing vocalist for Hurricane.
The first semi-final took place on 18 May 2021 at 21:00 (CEST). Sixteen countries participated in the first semi-final. Those countries plus Germany, Italy and the Netherlands voted in this semi-final. Belarus was originally allocated to participate in the first half of the semi-final, but was disqualified from the contest after submitting an entry in violation of the rules. The highlighted countries qualified for the final.
|3||Russia||Manizha||"Russian Woman"||Russian, English||225||3|
|6||North Macedonia||Vasil||"Here I Stand"||English||23||15|
|8||Cyprus||Elena Tsagrinou||"El Diablo"||English[h]||170||6|
|11||Belgium||Hooverphonic||"The Wrong Place"||English||117||9|
|12||Israel||Eden Alene||"Set Me Free"||English[i]||192||5|
|16||Malta||Destiny||"Je me casse"||English[k]||325||1|
The second semi-final took place on 20 May 2021 at 21:00 (CEST). Seventeen countries participated in the second semi-final. Those countries plus France, Spain and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final. Armenia was originally allocated to participate in the second half of the semi-final, but withdrew from the contest due to social and political crises in the aftermath of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war. The highlighted countries qualified for the final.
|2||Estonia||Uku Suviste||"The Lucky One"||English||58||13|
|3||Czech Republic||Benny Cristo||"Omaga"||English[n]||23||15|
|8||Iceland[o]||Daði og Gagnamagnið||"10 Years"||English||288||2|
|12||Portugal||The Black Mamba||"Love Is on My Side"||English||239||4|
|13||Bulgaria||Victoria||"Growing Up Is Getting Old"||English||250||3|
|14||Finland||Blind Channel||"Dark Side"||English||234||5|
|15||Latvia||Samanta Tīna||"The Moon Is Rising"||English||14||17|
|16||Switzerland||Gjon's Tears||"Tout l'univers"||French||291||1|
|17||Denmark||Fyr og Flamme||"Øve os på hinanden"||Danish||89||11|
The final took place on 22 May 2021 at 21:00 (CEST). Twenty-six countries participated in the final, with all thirty-nine participating countries eligible to vote.
Detailed voting resultsEdit
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the first semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|8||Malta||Australia, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Norway, Romania, Russia, Sweden|
|3||Russia||Azerbaijan, Belgium, Netherlands|
|2||Israel||Italy, North Macedonia|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|6||Ukraine||Australia, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, Romania, Russia|
|5||Lithuania||Cyprus, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Ukraine|
|2||Croatia||North Macedonia, Slovenia|
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the second semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|7||Switzerland||Albania, Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Georgia, Iceland, Spain|
|4||Bulgaria||Finland, Moldova, Portugal, Switzerland|
|3||Iceland||Latvia, Serbia, United Kingdom|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|8||Moldova||Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Latvia, Greece, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia|
|3||Iceland||Denmark, Finland, United Kingdom|
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|8||France||Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, San Marino, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom|
|Switzerland||Albania, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Israel, Latvia|
|4||Italy||Croatia, Georgia, Slovenia, Ukraine|
|Malta||Australia, Norway, Romania, Sweden|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|5||Italy||Bulgaria, Malta, San Marino, Serbia, Ukraine|
|Lithuania||Germany, Ireland, Latvia, Norway, United Kingdom|
|Serbia||Austria, Croatia, North Macedonia, Slovenia, Switzerland|
|Ukraine||France, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Poland|
|4||France||Belgium, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain|
|3||Finland||Estonia, Iceland, Sweden|
|Iceland||Australia, Denmark, Finland|
|Moldova||Czech Republic, Romania|
The spokespersons announced the 12-point score from their respective country's national jury in the following order:
- Israel – Lucy Ayoub
- Poland – Ida Nowakowska
- San Marino – Monica Fabbri
- Albania – Andri Xhahu
- Malta – Stephanie Spiteri
- Estonia – Sissi
- North Macedonia – Vane Markoski
- Azerbaijan – Ell and Nikki
- Norway – Silje Skjemstad Cruz
- Spain – Nieves Álvarez
- Austria – Philipp Hansa
- United Kingdom – Amanda Holden
- Italy – Carolina Di Domenico
- Slovenia – Lorella Flego
- Greece – Manolis Gkinis
- Latvia – Aminata Savadogo
- Ireland – Ryan O'Shaughnessy
- Moldova – Sergey Stepanov (also known as "Epic Sax Guy")
- Serbia – Dragana Kosjerina
- Bulgaria – Joanna Dragneva
- Cyprus – Loukas Hamatsos
- Belgium – Danira Boukhriss
- Germany – Barbara Schöneberger
- Australia – Joel Creasey
- Finland – Katri Norrlin
- Portugal – Elisa
- Ukraine – Tayanna
- Iceland – Hannes Óli Ágústsson (as Olaf Yohansson from Eurovision Song Contest: The Story of Fire Saga)
- Romania – Cătălina Ponor
- Croatia – Ivan Dorian Molnar
- Czech Republic – Taťána Kuchařová
- Georgia – Oto Nemsadze
- Lithuania – Andrius Mamontovas
- Denmark – Tina Müller
- Russia – Polina Gagarina
- France – Carla
- Sweden – Carola
- Switzerland – Angélique Beldner
- Netherlands – Romy Monteiro[t]
Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that would be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU issued an invitation to participate in the contest to all active members. Associate member Australia did not need an invitation for the 2021 contest, as it had previously been granted permission to participate at least until 2023.
Active EBU membersEdit
- Andorra – In November 2019, Democrats for Andorra, the ruling party of Andorra, stated that the country would eventually return to the contest, with a cost assessment as a prerequisite. Susanne Georgi, the 2009 Andorran representative, stated in May 2020 that she had secured the funding required for the country to return. Later that year, on 1 August 2020, Georgi explained on Eurovision fan website Wiwibloggs' podcast that she had held a meeting with Prime Minister of Andorra Xavier Espot Zamora, in which they verbally agreed to make a return in 2022 (as they did not want to participate under the circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic).
- Armenia – Having intended to compete in 2020, Armenia were initially confirmed for the 2021 contest when the list of participants was announced by the EBU in October 2020, and were set to perform in the second half of the second semi-final. However, on 5 March 2021, the Public Television Company of Armenia (AMPTV) confirmed that they were subsequently unable to participate due to social and political crises in the country in the aftermath of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war.
- Belarus – Having intended to compete in 2020, Belarus were initially confirmed for the 2021 contest when the list of participants was announced by the EBU in October 2020, and were set to perform in the first half of the first semi-final. However, on 26 March 2021, Belarus was disqualified by the EBU after their entry "Ya nauchu tebya (I'll Teach You)" by Galasy ZMesta was rejected due to violating the rules, and not being able to submit an eligible replacement entry. Six days after the final, the EBU voted to suspend Belarusian broadcaster BTRC's membership. BTRC was given two weeks to respond before the suspension comes into effect on 11 June, but there was no public response. The broadcaster was expelled from the EBU on 1 July, rendering future participations impossible until 2025.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – In October 2020, Bosnian broadcaster Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT) confirmed that the country would not return in 2021, citing ongoing financial issues. Bosnia and Herzegovina last participated in 2016.
- Luxembourg – In July 2020, RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg confirmed that Luxembourg would not participate in 2021, stating that they have no "focus on entertainment and music shows" and that participating "would put the broadcaster under a financial strain". Luxembourg last participated in 1993.
- Morocco – In response to rumours that the EBU had been in discussions with Morocco regarding participation, Karim Sbai, the Director of Communications of Morocco's Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision, stated in February 2020 that Morocco's possible return had not yet been discussed. Ultimately, Morocco was not included on the final list of participants for 2021.
- Turkey – In May 2020, Faruk Kaymakcı, Turkish Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs & Director for EU Affairs, stated that he hoped to see Turkey returning. However, Turkey was not included on the final list of participants for 2021. Turkey last took part in 2012.
Associate EBU membersEdit
- Kazakhstan – In August 2020, the EBU stated that they had no intention to invite Kazakhstan for this year.
- Kosovo – In August 2020, the EBU stated that they had no intention to invite Kosovo for this year.
- Liechtenstein – In July 2020, Liechtensteiner broadcaster 1 FL TV announced that they had ruled out debuting in 2021. The broadcaster had attempted to become an EBU member in the past but halted its plans when its director, Peter Kölbel, unexpectedly died. It would also need the backing of the Liechtenstein government to be able to carry the cost of becoming an EBU member and paying the participation fee for the contest.
All participating broadcasters may choose to have on-site or remote commentators providing an insight about the show and voting information to their local audience. While they must broadcast at least the semi-final they are voting in and the final, most broadcasters air all three shows with different programming plans. Similarly, some non-participating broadcasters may still want to air the contest.
The European Broadcasting Union provided international live streams of both semi-finals and the final through their official YouTube channel with no commentary. The live streams were geo-blocked to viewers in Australia, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, United States and the United Kingdom. After the live broadcasts, all three shows were made available for every country listed above except the United States.
|Albania||All shows||RTSH, RTSH Muzikë, Radio Tirana||Andri Xhahu|||
|Australia||All shows[u]||SBS||Myf Warhurst and Joel Creasey|||
|Austria||All shows||ORF 1||Andi Knoll|||
|Azerbaijan||All shows||İTV||Murad Arif and Husniya Maharramova|||
|Belgium||All shows||één||Dutch: Peter Van de Veire|||
|Ketnet||Dutch audio description|
|Final||Radio 2||Dutch: Anja Daems and Showbizz Bart|
|All shows||La Une,[v] RTBF Auvio||French: Jean-Louis Lahaye and Fanny Jandrain[w]|||
|Bulgaria||All shows||BNT 1, BNT 4||Elena Rosberg and Petko Kralev|||
|Croatia||All shows||HRT 1||Duško Ćurlić|||
|Cyprus||All shows||RIK 1, RIK HD, RIK Sat||Louis Patsalides|||
|Czech Republic||Semi-finals||ČT2||Jan Maxián and Albert Černý|||
|Denmark||All shows||DR1||Henrik Milling and Nicolai Molbech|||
|Estonia||All shows||ETV||Estonian: Marko Reikop|||
|ETV+||Russian: Aleksandr Hobotov and Julia Kalenda|||
|ERR||Sign language: Various interpreters|||
|Finland||All shows||Yle TV1||Finnish: Mikko Silvennoinen
Swedish: Eva Frantz and Johan Lindroos
Russian: Levan Tvaltvadze
|Yle Radio Suomi||Finnish: Sanna Pirkkalainen and Toni Laaksonen|
|Yle X3M||Swedish: Eva Frantz and Johan Lindroos|
|Final||France 2||Stéphane Bern and Laurence Boccolini|
|Georgia||All shows||1TV||Nika Lobiladze|||
|Germany||All shows||One||Peter Urban|||
|Final||Das Erste, Deutsche Welle|
|Greece||All shows||ERT1||Maria Kozakou and Giorgos Kapoutzidis|||
|Deftero Programma, Voice of Greece||Dimitris Meidanis|||
|Iceland||All shows||RÚV||Icelandic: Gísli Marteinn Baldursson|||
|RÚV 2||Sign language: Elsa G. Björnsdóttir|||
|All shows||RUV.is||English: Alex Elliott|||
|SF1||RTÉ Radio 1||Neil Doherty and Zbyszek Zalinski|||
|Israel||All shows||Kan 11, Kan Educational[y], Kan Tarbut||Asaf Liberman and Akiva Novick||[non-primary source needed]|
|Italy||Semi-finals||Rai 4, Rai Radio 2||Ema Stokholma and Saverio Raimondo|||
|Final||Rai 1||Gabriele Corsi and Cristiano Malgioglio|
|Rai Radio 2||Ema Stokholma and Gino Castaldo|
|Final||Toms Grēviņš and Marie N|
|Lithuania||All shows||LRT televizija, LRT Radijas||Ramūnas Zilnys|||
|Malta||All shows||TVM||No commentary|||
|Moldova||All shows||Moldova 1, Radio Moldova||Doina Stimpovschi|||
|Netherlands||All shows||NPO 1, BVN||Cornald Maas and Sander Lantinga|||
|NPO 1 Extra||Sign language: Various interpreters|||
|NPO Zappelin Extra||Dutch audio description|
|Final||NPO Radio 2||Wouter van der Goes and Frank van 't Hof|||
|North Macedonia||All shows||MRT 1, MRT 2||Eli Tanaskovska|||
|Norway||All shows||NRK1||Marte Stokstad|||
|Final||NRK3||Martin Lepperød and Adelina Ibishi|||
|NRK P1||Ole-Christian Øen|||
|Poland||All shows||TVP1, TVP Polonia||Marek Sierocki and Aleksander Sikora|||
|Portugal||All shows[z]||RTP1, RTP Internacional, RTP África||José Carlos Malato and Nuno Galopim|||
|Romania||All shows||TVR 1, TVRi||Bogdan Stănescu|||
|Russia||All shows||Channel One||Yana Churikova and Yuri Aksyuta|||
|San Marino||All shows||San Marino RTV, Radio San Marino||Lia Fiorio and Gigi Restivo|||
|Serbia||All shows||RTS 1, RTS Planeta, RTS Svet||Duška Vučinić|||
|Final||Radio Belgrade 1||Katarina Epštajn and Nikoleta Dojčinović|||
|Slovenia||Semi-finals||TV SLO 2||Mojca Mavec|||
|Final||TV SLO 1|
|All shows||RTV 4D, Radio Val 202|||
|Spain||Semi-finals||La 2||Tony Aguilar, Julia Varela and Víctor Escudero|||
|Final||La 1, TVE Internacional|
|Radio Nacional, Radio Exterior, Radio 5||Imanol Durán|||
|Sweden||All shows||SVT1||Edward af Sillén and Christer Björkman|||
|SR P4||Carolina Norén|||
|Switzerland||Semi-finals||SRF zwei||German: Sven Epiney|||
|Semi-finals||RTS 2||French: Jean-Marc Richard and Nicolas Tanner|||
|Final||RTS 1||French: Jean-Marc Richard, Nicolas Tanner and Joseph Gorgoni|
|SF2||RSI La 2||Italian: Clarissa Tami|||
|Final||RSI La 1||Italian: Clarissa Tami and Sebalter|
|Ukraine||All shows||UA:First||Timur Miroshnychenko|||
|Final||UA:Ukrainian Radio||Olena Zelinchenko|||
|UA:Radio Promin||Anna Zakletska and Dmytro Zakharchenko|||
|United Kingdom||Semi-finals||BBC Four||Scott Mills, Sara Cox[aa] and Chelcee Grimes|||
|Final||BBC One||Graham Norton|
|BBC Radio 2||Ken Bruce|
|Canada||All shows||Omni Television||No commentary|||
|Kazakhstan||All shows||Khabar TV||Kaldybek Zhajsanbaj and Mahabbat Esen|||
|Slovakia||Final||Rádio FM||Daniel Baláž, Lucia Haverlík, Pavol Hubinák and Juraj Malíček|||
|United States||All shows||Peacock||No commentary||[ab]|
|Final||WJFD-FM||Ewan Spence and Ross Middleton|||
|Country||Viewership (in millions)||Ref(s)|
|0.45 (La Une)|
|Germany||6.54 (Das Erste)|||
|Poland||1.40 (TVP 1)|