Ukrainian Radio (Ukrainian: Українське радіо) is the publicly funded radio broadcaster in Ukraine since 1924. In 2017 it was merged with national TV company into the country's public broadcaster Suspilne.[1] Until the creation of the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine, the National Radio Company of Ukraine was an independent company.[2] General producer of Ukrainian Radio channels since 2017 is Dmytro Khorkin.

Ukrainian Radio
TypeRadio network
Key people
Dmytro Khorkin (General producer)
Launch dateNovember 16, 1924; 99 years ago (1924-11-16)
Former names
National Radio Company of Ukraine (official name, before merging with Suspilne)

Ukrainian Radio Directorate of Suspilne is a structural subdivision of the company, which integrates four broadcasting channels, the studios of Radio House and the Recording House of Ukrainian Radio, and five radio ensembles.

November 16 is celebrated as the Day of Radio, Television and Communications Workers in Ukraine in honor of the start of broadcasting of the Ukrainian Radio in 1924.[3]

Ukrainian Radio broadcasts on AM, FM, satellite, cable TV-networks throughout Ukraine, the Internet and DAB+ (only in Kyiv). It also uses FM-OIRT and cable radio network, but its usage is being phased out in favour of FM, digital broadcasting and the Internet. Also it has mobile app for Android and iOS.[4]

History edit

Radio broadcasts in Ukraine, at the time part of the USSR, began in Kharkiv on November 16, 1924, and a nationwide radio network was initiated in 1928.[5] (In the first years of the USSR Kharkiv was the capital of Ukraine, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kyiv, together with headquarters of Ukrainian Radio.[6])

Programs in the Ukrainian language were initially limited in time and content – more than 70% were political education and agitation: radio newspapers, reports, conversations, news, conferences and meetings. Later the programs of radio stations in Ukraine were extended with music, literature and drama programs for children and youth.

During the World War II, Ukrainian Radio never ceased its operations. At first it had to return to Kharkiv, then to Stalingrad, and later to Saratov, from where regular Ukrainian language broadcasts were conducted.

Today's residence of the Ukrainian Radio at 26 Khreschatyk str. in Kyiv was built in 1949–1951 at the first national TV and radio center, fully equipped with domestic equipment. On November 6, 1951, the first TV broadcast came out of its studio.[7] Ukrainian TV was located there until the 1990s, then moved to new TV-center "Pencil", so residence on Khreschatyk remained the headquarters of radio.

During the USSR period, the State Committee on Television and Radio Broadcasting of the Ukrainian SSR had conducted the broadcasting on the channels of the Ukrainian Radio. In the early 1990s, the committee was transformed into the State Broadcasting Company of Ukraine. In 1995, the National Radio Company of Ukraine was isolated from the State Broadcasting Company of Ukraine. In 1995–2016 the National Radio Company of Ukraine was a state-owned company.[2] In 2017 has been merged with National TV company into country's national broadcaster Suspilne.[1]

Dmitry Khorkin, Head of Ukrainian Radio since 2017

Nowadays, Ukrainian radio has four public service radio channels that are broadcast 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The programs are broadcast on Channel One (Ukrainian Radio), Radio "Promin", Radio "Culture" and the Radio Ukraine International. November 16 is celebrated as the Day of radio, television and communications workers in Ukraine in honor of the start of broadcasting of the Ukrainian radio in 1924.[3]

Since June 2017, Ukrainian Radio is headed by Dmytro Khorkin.[8]

Channels edit

Domestic edit

  • Ukrainian Radio First Channel (UR-1, Ukrainian Radio) – is the first channel of public Ukrainian Radio, on air since 1924. The most popular news and talk radio station in Ukraine. Also it is the biggest FM radio network in the country: 192 settlements in 24 regions.[9] The First Channel is a news and current affairs channel that also features literary and musical programmes, programmes for children and youth. Channel 1 also broadcasts live sessions of the Ukrainian parliament (the Verkhovna Rada). In 2018, the First Channel of Ukrainian Radio (UR-1) entered the Top 5 nationwide radio stations in the news listening rating, according to Internews.[10]
  • Radio "Promin" (UR-2) – the second channel of public Ukrainian Radio, on air since 1965. Music and talk radio station. Information-musical youth channel deals with the most urgent problems of young people in Ukraine, in particular it helps to get oriented towards choosing one's trade, informs of the most important events in the life of youth, acquaints with modern Ukrainian music.
  • Radio "Culture" (UR-3) – is the third channel of public Ukrainian Radio, on air since 2003. Cultural and educational radio station. Channel of spiritual rebirth Radio "Kultura" which is basically aimed at creating in domestic radio space a special environment of high spiritual culture involving mass listeners' audience.

International edit

Digital services edit

Ukrainian Radio has its mobile app for Android and iOS.[4]

Studio complexes edit

  • Ukrainian Radio House – is a studio complex located at 26 Khreschatyk street in Kyiv, built in 1949–1951. It is a broadcasting center for 4 channels of Ukrainian radio.
  • Recording House of Ukrainian Radio – is a concert and studio complex in Kyiv. Large Concert Studio of the Recording House allows to record large orchestral and choral groups and is one of the largest such studios in Europe.[12] The Recording House also serves as a rehearsal and concert venue for radio orchestras and ensembles of Ukrainian Radio.

Radio ensembles edit

Radio ensembles are instrumental or vocal bands — i.e. radio orchestra – employed by public service broadcasters around the world, whose main tasks are to create stock records that sound on public radio stations, as well as to promote national culture.[13]

The following radio ensembles are a part of UA:PBC:

  • Ukrainian Radio Symphony Orchestra
  • Ukrainian Radio Choir Chapel
  • Ukrainian Radio Orchestra of folk and popular music
  • Big Children Choir of Ukrainian Radio
  • Ukrainian Radio Trio of Bandurists

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b The Public Broadcasting Company has been launched in Ukraine, Den (8 April 2015)
  2. ^ a b Poroshenko signs law on public broadcasting company, Interfax-Ukraine (8 April 2015)
  3. ^ a b "State Service of Special Communication and Information Protection of Ukraine". Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  4. ^ a b "MOBILE APPLICATION OF UKRAINIAN PUBLIC RADIO LAUNCHED". Council of Europe Office in Ukraine. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  5. ^ Ivan Katchanovski; Zenon E. Kohut; Bohdan Y. Nebesio; Myroslav Yurkevich (2013). "Media" entry in Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press. p. 365. ISBN 9780810878471.
  6. ^ Liber, George (1992). Soviet Nationality Policy, Urban Growth, and Identity Change in the Ukrainian SSR, 1923-1934. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521522434.
  7. ^ "Відео - Перший канал". (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  8. ^ "Дмитро Хоркін став генеральним продюсером "Українського радіо"". June 2017. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  9. ^ "Національна рада забезпечила найбільш динамічний розвиток мереж суспільного радіо". Національна рада України з питань телебачення і радіомовлення. 2019-10-11. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  10. ^ Media Consumption Survey in Ukraine (PDF). Internews. 2018. p. 21.
  11. ^ "Radio Ukraine International | Radio Ukraine International".
  12. ^ "Будинок звукозапису Українського радіо | Українське радіо". Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  13. ^ Union (EBU), European Broadcasting (2018-03-27). "Importance of radio ensembles highlighted at seminar in Athens". Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  14. ^ Aici, Kiev ! – O emisiune pentru români

External links edit