Eurovision Song Contest 1997
The Eurovision Song Contest 1997, was the 42nd edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Dublin, Ireland, following Eimear Quinn's win at the 1996 contest in Oslo, Norway with the song "The Voice". This was the seventh time that Ireland hosted the event, and the fourth in five years.
|Eurovision Song Contest 1997|
|Final||3 May 1997|
|Directed by||Ian McGarry|
|Executive supervisor||Marie-Claire Vionnet|
|Executive producer||Noel Curran|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Interval act||"Let The Message Run Free" performed by Ronan Keating & Boyzone|
|Number of entries||25|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs|
The contest was held at the Point Theatre on 3 May 1997. Carrie Crowley and Boyzone member Ronan Keating were the presenters of the show. Twenty-five countries took part in the 1997 Contest, which saw Italy return after a three-year absence - the last participation being in 1993, along with Denmark, Germany, Hungary, and Russia, who last took part in 1995, despite having taken part in the non-televised 1996 pre-qualifying round in which they failed to qualify and therefore were absent. Belgium, Finland, and Slovakia had to withdraw from the contest due to the relegation rule.
The United Kingdom won the competition, thanks to Katrina and the Waves, led by American-born Katrina Leskanich, making it the second time that the British won the Eurovision on Irish soil (after 1981). It also remains the last time the United Kingdom won the contest (as of 2019).
- 1 Location
- 2 Format
- 3 Returning artists
- 4 Conductors
- 5 Results
- 6 Scoreboard
- 7 Qualification for the 1998 contest
- 8 Winners
- 9 Barbara Dex Award
- 10 International broadcasts and voting
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Ireland hosted the contest for the fourth time in five years after winning the 1996 in Oslo. Dublin was chosen to be the host city, making it the sixth time that the Eurovision Song Contest was staged in the Irish capital. The venue for the contest was the Point Theatre located on the North Wall Quay of the River Liffey, amongst the Dublin Docklands. The theatre previously hosted the 1994 and 1995 contests. The Point Theatre is the only venue to have hosted the final three times.
After the controversy over the 1996 pre-qualifying round, the European Broadcasting Union introduced a new system for 1997: countries with the lowest average scores over the previous four years would be excluded from the 1997 contest, and those with the lowest averages over the previous five years would be excluded from future contests (save that every country so excluded for one year would automatically be allowed to participate the following year), with so many countries being omitted as would reduce the number of participants each year to 25.
Israel declined to participate, as the Contest was held on its Holocaust Remembrance Day, granting a reprieve to Bosnia and Herzegovina, which would otherwise have been excluded owing to its low point average over the previous four years. RTÉ once again produced a highly spectacular show, with a stage that had a smaller performance space for the artists than in previous years. This was the third Eurovision set to be designed by Paula Farrell, who had previously been involved with the 1988 and 1994 contests.
There was a wide array of different styles this year. Denmark brought a rap song, Croatia came with their version of the Spice Girls and Sweden brought a mid-1980s style boy band. The music was in general more modern than before, and for the first time in six years, an up-tempo song won (the last time this happened was in Rome 1991, with Carola's song, Fångad av en stormvind). This year, televoting was tested in five countries: Austria, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The results of the televoting countries were, in some cases, different from those that used a jury. Iceland received 16 of its 18 points from these five countries.
Also, for the first time in Eurovision history, there was a country where not one, but two spokespeople gave votes - France. Television reporter Frédéric Ferrer and 1977 Eurovision winner Marie Myriam each took turns at giving results from that country. Long-time Irish conductor Noel Kelehan was not the host conductor this year, the duty being fulfilled by Frank McNamara.
|Alma Čardžić||Bosnia and Herzegovina||1994|
Alma Čardžić returned for Bosnia and Herzegovina after last representing the nation in 1994. Maarja-Liis Ilus and Şebnem Paker both returned for a 1996 representing Estonia and Turkey respectively.
- Cyprus – Stavros Lantsias
- Turkey – Levent Çoker
- Norway – Geir Langslet
- Austria – N/A
- Ireland – N/A
- Slovenia – Mojmir Sepe
- Switzerland – Pietro Damiani
- Netherlands – Dick Bakker
- Italy – Lucio Fabbri
- Spain – Toni Xuclà
- Germany – N/A
- Poland – Krzesimir Dębski
- Estonia – Tarmo Leinatamm
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Sinan Alimanović
- Portugal – Thilo Krassman
- Sweden – Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Greece – Anacreon Papageorgiou
- Malta – Ray Agius
- Hungary – Péter Wolf
- Russia – Rutger Gunnarsson
- Denmark – Jan Glæsel
- France – Régis Dupré
- Croatia – N/A
- United Kingdom – Don Airey
- Iceland – Szymon Kuran
Each country had a jury that awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points for their top ten songs, or a televote, where the top ten most voted for songs were awarded the 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points. Iceland got most of its 18 points from the 5 countries that used televoting. Ireland was ostensibly the best scoring country across the televoting countries, except they were able to score points from all 5 televoting countries. The United Kingdom was only eligible to receive points from 4 of them, since they couldn't vote for themselves. In fact, the UK received 12 points from all the other televoting countries except Germany, from whom they received 10 points: in other words, the UK earned 46 of 48 possible televote points that year; Ireland earned 47 of 60 possible televote points—including their only 12 from the UK.
|Voting procedure used:
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||22||8||4||2||3||4||1|
Below is a summary of all 12-point in the final:
|10||United Kingdom||Austria, Croatia, Denmark, France, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland|
|3||France||Estonia, Norway, Poland|
|Turkey||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, Spain|
Qualification for the 1998 contestEdit
In addition to the host country of the 1998 contest, the United Kingdom, the 18 countries with the highest average scores between 1993 and 1997 were allowed to compete in the 1998 contest.
|24||Bosnia and Herzegovina||23.00||27||39||14||13||22|
Katrina and the Waves, (with lead vocalist Katrina Leskanich) representing the United Kingdom, were the winners of the contest with the song "Love Shine a Light", written by that band's lead guitarist Kimberley Rew, and Marc Roberts from Republic of Ireland came second with "Mysterious Woman". Despite being the runner-up, it remarkably received only one 12-point score, which came from the United Kingdom. The UK spokesman Colin Berry remarked: "You're going to like this one: Ireland, twelve points!" causing Terry Wogan to reply: "Well, tit for tat!" The winning song scored an unprecedented 227 points; it received points from all participating countries, including five sets of 10 points and a record-breaking ten sets of the maximum 12 points. "Love Shine a Light" is still regarded as one of the most successful Eurovision winners,[N 1] and was the closing song in the medleys that opened the 50th anniversary show "Congratulations" in Copenhagen in 2005, and the ESC 2006 semi-final in Athens. With this victory, the United Kingdom has five Eurovision wins and it is to date the country's last win in the Contest.
Barbara Dex AwardEdit
For the first time, the fansite House of Eurovision presented the Barbara Dex Award, a humorous award given to the worst dressed artist each year in the contest. It is named after the Belgian artist, Barbara Dex, who came last in the 1993 contest, in which she wore her own self designed dress. House of Eurovision would continue to provide the Barbara Dex Award until 2016, when another Eurovision fansite, songfestival.be, took the reins of the award and will present it every year starting with the 2017 Eurovision Song Contest in Ukraine.
Debbie Scerri of Malta was the 1997 Barbara Dex Award winner.
International broadcasts and votingEdit
Voting and spokespersonsEdit
The spokespersons announced the score from their respective country's national jury (or, in some cases, televote) in running order.
- Cyprus - Marios Skordis
- Turkey - Ömer Önder
- Norway - Ragnhild Sælthun Fjørtoft
- Austria - Adriana Zartl
- Ireland - Eileen Dunne
- Slovenia - Mojca Mavec
- Switzerland - Sandy Altermatt
- Netherlands - Corry Brokken (Dutch representative in 1956, 1958; winner of the 1957 contest, and presenter of the 1976 contest)
- Italy - Peppi Franzelin
- Spain - Belén Fernández de Henestrosa
- Germany - Christina Mänz
- Poland - Jan Chojnacki
- Estonia - Helene Tedre
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - Segmedina Srna
- Portugal - Cristina Rocha
- Sweden - Gösta Hanson
- Greece - Niki Venega
- Malta - Anna Bonanno
- Hungary - Györgyi Albert
- Russia - Arina Sharapova
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- France - Frédéric Ferrer & Marie Myriam
- Croatia - Davor Meštrović
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Iceland - Svanhildur Konráðsdóttir
Most countries sent commentators to Dublin or commented from their own country, in order to add insight to the participants and, if necessary, the provision of voting information.
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (ORF1); Stermann & Grissemann (FM4)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Diana Grković Foretić (BHT)
- Croatia – Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov (HRT 1); Draginja Balaš (HR 2)
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1); Pavlos Pavlou (CyBC Radio 2)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR1); Ole Jacobsen (DR P3)
- Estonia – Jüri Pihel (Eesti Televisioon); Marko Reikop (Raadio 2)
- France – Olivier Minne (France 2); Frédéric Taddeï (France Inter)
- Germany – Peter Urban (Das Erste); Thomas Mohr (Deutschlandfunk/NDR 2)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (ET1); Giorgos Mitropoulos (ERA1)
- Hungary – István Vágó (MTV1)
- Iceland – Jakob Frímann Magnússon (Sjónvarpið)
- Ireland – Pat Kenny (RTÉ One); Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Italy – Ettore Andenna (Raiuno); Antonio De Robertis (Rai Radio 2)
- Malta – Gino Cauchi (TVM)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom (TV2); Daniël Dekker & Hijlco Span (Radio 2)
- Norway – Jostein Pedersen (NRK1); Kristian Lindeman (NRK P1)
- Poland – Jan Wilkans (TVP1); Artur Orzech (Polskie Radio Bis)
- Portugal – Carlos Ribeiro (RTP1)
- Russia – Philip Kirkorov and Sergei Antipov (Public Russian Television); Vadim Dolgachev (Voice of Russia)
- Slovenia – Miša Molk (SLO1)
- Spain – José Luis Uribarri (TVE1)
- Sweden – Jan Jingryd (SVT2); Claes-Johan Larsson and Susan Seidemar (SR P3)
- Switzerland – German: Sandra Studer (SF DRS), French: Pierre Grandjean (TSR), Italian: Jonathan Tedesco (TSI)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1); Fatih Orbay (TRT Radyo 3)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC 1); Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
- Belgium – Dutch: André Vermeulen (BRTN TV1), Guy De Pré (BRTN Radio 2), French: Jean-Pierre Hautier (RTBF La Une); Alain Gerlache and Adrien Joveneau (RTBF La Première)
- Finland – Aki Sirkesalo & Olli Ahvenlahti (YLE TV1); Iris Mattila & Sanna Kojo (YLE Radio Suomi)
- Macedonia – Dragan B. Kostik (MTV 1)
- Slovakia – Juraj Čurný (STV2)
- Yugoslavia – Nikola Nešković (RTS2)[N 2]
National jury membersEdit
- Netherlands – Maxine (Dutch entrant at the Eurovision Song Contest 1996 (as part of Maxine & Franklin Brown)), Maggie MacNeal (Dutch entrant at the Eurovision Song Contest in 1974 (as part of Mouth & MacNeal) and 1980), Chiel van Praag, Ruud van Dulkenraad
- Spain – Fernando González (racing driver), María Esteve (actress), Manuel del Rosario (student), Yolanda Flores (journalist at RNE), Antonio Carbonell (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1996), Beatriz Rojo (student), Fernando Arias (riding instructor), Miryam Fultz (singer), Mari Carrillo (actress), Javier López de Guereña (composer), Eva Santamaría (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1993), Pepe Rubio (fashion designer), Ana Ojeda (doctor), José Moreno "Josele" (comedian), Pilar Darder (housewife), Manuel Hernández "Manolo HH" (radio host)
- Poland – Wioleta Machowiec, Jacek Skubikowski, Patrycja Markowska, Robert Janson, Magda Makarewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Olga Kurek, Paweł Brodowski, Danuta Błażejczyk, Michał Borkowski, Anita Lipnicka, Grzegorz Szczerba, Joanna Rawik, Jacek Makowski, Hanna Banaszak, Artur Jaworski
- Estonia – Koit Toome (future Estonian entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1998 and 2017)
- Portugal – Raul Mendes
- Greece – Fotini Dourou, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Litsa Sakellariou, Petri Salpea, Giorgos Vrouvas, Thomas Bakalakos, Evangelos Alexandropoulos, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Loukas Anapliotis, Natalia Giakoumi, Pelagia Gialitaki, Maria Grigoriou, Katerina Kalohereti, Chrisostomos Kontakiotis, Nikolaos Lenos, Maria Sipsa
- As noted on a TOTP2 Eurovision special, it ranks third in the rankings of points achieved as a percentage of maximum available with 227 out of 288 or 78.81%, behind Nicole's "Ein bißchen Frieden" in 1982 (161 out of 204 or 78.92%) and Brotherhood of Man's "Save Your Kisses for Me" in 1976 (164 out of 204 or 80.39%). For comparison, Elena Paparizou's 2005 win took 230 points out of a possible 456, or only 50.04%.
- After the breakup of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia last participated in 1992. RTS2 broadcast the show, although Yugoslavia did not participate.
- After Italy withdrew from the 1998 contest, their place was awarded to Germany.
- While Slovenia and Germany had the same average score, Slovenia had achieved a higher score in the most recent contest, 1997.
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