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List of active separatist movements in Asia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizens/people of the conflicted area and doesn't come from other countries.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

AzerbaijanEdit

Breakaway state

  Artsakh

BangladeshEdit

Chittagong Hill Tracts

  Bangabhumi

CyprusEdit

ChinaEdit

The   People's Republic of China (China, PRC) considers itself to be the sole legitimate state representing China. The PRC's territory consists of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. The PRC also claims the ROC-controlled area to be its territory. The PRC established the Special Administrative Region in Hong Kong and Macau under one country, two systems policy.

The   Republic of China (Taiwan, ROC) also identifies itself as the sole legitimate state representing China. The ROC's territory consists of the island of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and nearby islands. The ROC also constitutionally claims the PRC-controlled area to be its territory.

Autonomist movements

  Guangxi

Secessionist movements

    Guangdong

  Lahu

  Macau Special Administrative Region

Manchuria

Wu (region)

  • Ethnic group: Wuyue people
    • Proposed state: Nguyuit Republic
    • Political party: Shanghai National Party (formed in New York)[1]

Taiwan

Inner Mongolia

Tibet

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

  Hong Kong Special Administrative Region[6][7]

  Yi

GeorgiaEdit

Breakaway states:

  Abkhazia

  South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

  Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti

  Samegrelo

[12]

IndiaEdit

Assam

Bodoland

Jammu & Kashmir

Kamtapur [13][14][15]

Karbistan

Manipur

Nagaland

Punjab

    Tamil Elam

Tripura

West Bengal

IndonesiaEdit

Aceh

  • Proposed state:   Republic of Aceh
    • Militant organisation: Free Aceh Movement (negotiated peace with the Indonesian government in 2005, and now it is a civil movement, but the separatism still has supporters)

Bali

Kalimantan

South Moluccas

Sulawesi

Minahasa[20][21]

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

West Papua

Riau

  • Proposed state:   Riau
    • Advocacy group: Gerakan Riau Merdeka[22]

IranEdit

IraqEdit

See: Minorities in Iraq

Proposed states

  Kurdistan

  Assyria

  Turkmeneli

Sinjar[citation needed]

JapanEdit

  Hokkaido[26][27]

  Okinawa

LaosEdit

MalaysiaEdit

  Sarawak[28][29]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak For Sarawakian Big Team (S4S Big Team), Sarawak Association of People's Aspirations (SAPA), Sarawak Sovereignty Movement, Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM), Sarawak Liberation Movement[28][30]

  Sabah[28][29]

MyanmarEdit

  Arakan

  Zo Asia

  Kachin

  Kawthoolei

  Karenni

Kokang

  Mon State

  Shan States

  Wa State

  Zale'n-gam

  Zogam

NepalEdit

  Kirat Autonomous State

  Madhesh

Terai

PakistanEdit

PhilippinesEdit

Bangsamoro Region

Cordillera Administrative Region

National Capital Region

RussiaEdit

Autonomist movements

  Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District[49][50]

Secessionist movements

  Buryatia[51]

  • Ethnic group: Buryats
    • Proposed state:   Buryatia
    • Political party:All-Buryat Association for the Development of Culture

  Far Eastern Republic

  Sakha Republic

  Siberia

  Tuva

  • Ethnic group: Tuvans
  • Proposed state:   Tuva
    • Political parties: People's Party of Sovereign Tuva, People's Front "Free Tuva", Tiva Turu

  Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug

  Yamalia

Saudi ArabiaEdit

Sri LankaEdit

  Tamil Eelam

SyriaEdit

  Rojava

Proposed states

  As-Suwayda

  Aram[citation needed][original research?]

  Assyria

  Syrian Turkmen

TajikistanEdit

Badakhshan

ThailandEdit

TurkeyEdit

UzbekistanEdit

VietnamEdit

YemenEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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