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The Sinjar Alliance (Kurdish: Fermandariya Hevbeş a Şengalê‎, i.e. Sinjar Joint Command), full name as Ezidkhan Command for Liberating Sinjar (Kurdish: Fermandariya Êzîdxana Ji Bo Rizgariya Şengalê‎), is a joint command of two Yazidi militias, the Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ), and the Êzîdxan Women's Units (YJÊ). Both militias are supported by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).[2]

Sinjar Alliance
Fermandariya Hevbeş a Şengalê
Participant in Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Fighters of the YBŞ, one of the member militias, in 2017
Fighters of the YBŞ, one of the member militias, in 2017
ActiveOctober 2015–present
Group(s)
Allies Kurdistan Workers' Party
Opponent(s) Turkey
Syrian National Army
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Battles and war(s)Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Syrian Civil War

The alliance was created in the end of October 2015[3] as a response to ISIS attacks on Sinjar City in August 2014 [4]. Yazidis were forced to flee to Mount Sinjar and those who could not, were either killed or enslaved [5]. and aims to establish democratic confederalism and a Yazidi autonomous region in Yazidi populated areas within the Kurdistan Region.

There are tensions between the Sinjar Alliance and the Kurdistan Regional Government because the president of Iraqi Kurdistan, Masoud Barzani aims to control all of Sinjar and demands the withdrawal of PKK-linked militias.[6]

In March 2017, the Êzîdxan Protection Force (HPÊ) announced that it will join the Peshmerga and take orders from the President of Iraqi Kurdistan, thus leaving the Sinjar Alliance.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.jforum.fr/un-convoi-de-5-000-kurdes-a-afrin-contre-linvasion-turque.html
  2. ^ "With the Islamic State gone from Sinjar, Kurdish groups battle for control". Al-Monitor. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Li Şengalê 'Fermandariya Hevbeş' hat avakirin". ANF News. 29 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Shibboleth Authentication Request". login.libproxy.union.edu. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  5. ^ "Shibboleth Authentication Request". login.libproxy.union.edu. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  6. ^ "From survival to diaspora: the Yazidis in North Kurdistan". Nationalia. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
  7. ^ Baxtiyar Goran (9 March 2017). "Haider Shesho: Ezidkhan Units take orders from President Barzani, Peshmerga Ministry". Kurdistan24. Retrieved 23 March 2018.