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The Khalistan Zindabad Force (KZF) is a militant group, and is part of the Khalistan movement to create a Sikh homeland called Khalistan via armed struggle. Government of India and the European Union have declared and banned KZF as a terrorist organisation.[3]

Khalistan Zindabad Force
CountryIndia, European Union
Leader(s)Ranjit Singh Neeta
Dates of operation1988-present
MotivesThe creation of a Sikh independent state of Khalistan
Active region(s)India, European Union
IdeologySikh Fundamentalism
Notable attacksVienna temple attack
StatusActive[1]
Means of revenueSikh diaspora in United Kingdom, Malaysia, Pakistan and Spain[2]
Designated as a terrorist group by
India and EU

Organisation and activitiesEdit

The Khalistan Zindabad Force is headed by Ranjit Singh Neeta, a native of Jammu and Kashmir.[1] He was listed among India's 20 most wanted persons in 2008.[4]

The strength and striking capabilities of the Khalistan Zindabad Force are currently unknown, but it is reported that attempts have been made for the Khalistan Zindabad Force and other militant groups from Kashmir to co-ordinate their efforts.[1]

FundingEdit

Based on the information acquired from the interrogation of three pro-Khalistan militants arrested on 4 August 2014 revealed that Funding of the organisation comes from United Kingdom, Malaysia and Spain.[2]

AttacksEdit

Claims[5][6] and denials[5][7] of responsibility have been reported in the name of the Khalistan Zindabad Force for a May 2009 attack at the Gurdwara Ravidass in Vienna, Austria, that left Rama Nand, a leader of the Dera Sach Khand dead, 17 injured,[8][9] and sparked riots across northern India.[10][11][12][13][14]

StatusEdit

In December 2005 the European Union classified the Khalistan Zindabad Force as a terrorist organisation, freezing its monetary assets throughout its 25 member countries.[15]

The KZF remains banned in India [3] and the European Union. The Khalistan Zindabad Force was reported to still be active in 2008.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Ranjit Singh Neeta (Khalistan Zindabad Force)". The Indian Express. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Pro-Khalistan terrorist group received funds from UK, Malaysia". Hindustan Times. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b "List of Banned Organisations". Ministry of Home Affairs, GoI. Government of India. Archived from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  4. ^ "10) Ranjit Singh Neeta". rediff.com. 24 June 2008. Retrieved 19 June 2009.
  5. ^ a b "KZF takes responsibility for Vienna temple massacre". Austriantimes.at. 29 May 2009. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
  6. ^ "Sikh: Alarm vor Tag der offenen Tür in Wien" [Sikh: Alarm before "Open Day" in Vienna] (in German). Die Presse. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
  7. ^ Sanjeev Singh Bariana (28 May 2009). "KZF denies involvement in attack". The Tribune. Retrieved 31 May 2009. Anti-Sikh are being misled in the name of the KZF. The incident has taught the entire Sant Ravidass brotherhood a lesson. The KZF approves the killing of the Sant Ravidass brotherhood.
  8. ^ "KZF takes responsibility for Vienna temple massacre – General News – Austrian Times". Austriantimes.at. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  9. ^ "Suspects in Sikh temple attack identified: Austria - India - NEWS - The Times of India". The Times of India. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  10. ^ "South Asia | Punjab riots after Vienna killing". BBC News. 25 May 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  11. ^ "From Vienna To Jalandhar". www.outlookindia.com. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  12. ^ "Riots after Sikh guru Sant Rama Nand shot dead in Vienna". Archived from the original on 6 June 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2009.
  13. ^ "Europe | Preacher dies after Vienna clash". BBC News. 25 May 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  14. ^ "KZF claims responsibility for Vienna attack; Babbar Khalsa condemns killing". The Indian Government. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  15. ^ http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2005/l_340/l_34020051223en00640066.pdf