Southern Transitional Council
The Southern Transitional Council (STC; Arabic: لمجلس الانتقالي الجنوبي al-Majlis al-Intiqālī l-Janūbiyy) is a secessionist organization in Yemen. The 26 members of the STC include the governors of five southern governorates and two government ministers. It was formed by a faction of the Southern Movement, also known as al-Hirak al-Janoubi. The Southern Movement was established in 2007, during the term of former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, and it has called for and worked toward the separation of southern Yemen from the rest of the nation (as it previously was until 1990).
|Southern Transitional Council|
|المجلس الانتقالي الجنوبي|
Logo of the STC
|Established||4 April 2017 (declared)|
11 May 2017 (formed)
|Responsible to||United Arab Emirates|
Declared on 11 May 2017, the council is headed by the former Governor of Aden, Aidarus al-Zoubaidi, as president, with former-minister of state Hani Bin Breik as vice-president. The formation of the council was authorized a week earlier by the Historic Aden Declaration announced at a rally protesting the dismissal of al-Zoubaidi from his post as governor. The STC claims to rule most of the territory in southern Yemen.[better source needed] Some of the members of the STC were the governors of Dhale, Shabwah, Hadhramaut, Lahij, Socotra, and Al Mahrah governorates. It also has partial control of Abyan and Aden governorates.
On April 27, 2017, the Governor of the Aden, Aidarus al-Zoubaidi, was fired by President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi for conspiring with a foreign government, the UAE, against national security and sovereignty of the nation.
On Aug. 27th, 2019, tensions continue to escalate in southern Yemen after the UAE-backed Security Belt Forces (SBF) lost territories to troops loyal to the Saudi-backed government of President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi. The troops advanced to the capital Aden and it was said that they took post outside of the city in order not to cause any civilian casualties.
On Aug. 29th, 2019, to stop government forces from advancing and reclaiming the capital, the UAE carried out air strikes on government positions outside of Aden, which killed and injured over 300 government soldiers.
Despite fighting in the same coalition against the Iran-aligned Houthi rebels, the UAE fell out with Hadi's government after Abu Dhabi accused Hadi of aligning with the Islah party, a powerful party, who it views as ideologically close to the Muslim Brotherhood.
The UAE helped create the SBF in southern Yemen. Since its formation, the SBF has played a crucial role in the Saudi-led coalition before the recent escalation.
It's successes came in part due to being militarily backed by the UAE. The backing included training of SBF fighters in Abu Dhabi and the supply of military equipment. Emirati backing was crucial in helping the STC gain Aden, which has been under its control since 2018.
Mustafa Akhwand of Shia Rights Watch claimed that the battle was a dispute between Saudi Arabia and the UAE over the control of Yemen's strategic ports and newfound natural resources of oil, silver and gold discovered near the border with Oman.
Government and Presidential commissionEdit
- Aidarus al-Zoubaidi – President of STC
- Hani Bin Breik – Vice President of STC
- Fadhl al-Ghadi – Governor of Dhale
- Lutfi Bashareef – Minister of Communications
- Murad al-Hallemy – Minister of Transportation
- Hamid Lamlas – Governor of Shabwah
- Nasser Al-Khobbaki – Governor of Lahij
- Ahmed bin Breik – Former Governor of Hadramaut
- Saleh Al-Awlaqi – Southern Parliamentarian
- Abdulhadi Shayif – Economist
- Abdullah Arefarar – Representative of Mahra and Socotra
- Abdurrab Al-Naqeep – Representative of Yafea(West-southern Abyan)
- Adnan Al-Kaaf – Deputy of Aden
- Ahmed Al-Socotry -Governor of Socotra
- Mona Basharaheed – Professor of literature
- Aqel al-Attas – Activist
- Lutfi Shatara -Journalist
- Sahair Ali – Professor of Law
- Ahmed Bamuallem -Brigadier General, representative from Hadramaut.
- Abdurahman Shaikh- Deputy of Aden
- Salem al-Awlaqi – Activist
- Ameen Saleh – Activist
- Nasser Assadi – Brigadier General, Activist
- Ali Ashaibah – Brigadier General, Activist
- Niran Suqi – Jurist
- Ali Al-Kathiri – Representative from SLA party
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- demolinari. "Both governors are members of the Southern Transitional Council which will have its first meeting in #Mukalla on Tuesday. #SouthYemen #Yemenpic.twitter.com/yk19wIP02q". Twitter.com. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "#SouthYemen hashtag on Twitter". Twitter.com. Retrieved 30 January 2018.