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Jaish ul-Adl, or Jaish al-Adl (Arabic: جيش العدل‎)(Balochi: جئیش الئدل‎), meaning Army of Justice, is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organization that operates in Pakistan[8] and the Sistan and Baluchestan Province of Iran.[9] It is responsible for several attacks against civilians and military personnel in Iran.[10] The group claims that it is a separatist group fighting for independence of Sistan and Baluchistan Province and greater rights for Baluch people.[11][12][1]

Jaish ul-Adl
Participant in Sistan and Baluchestan insurgency
Jaish ul-Adl.png Flag of Jaish al-Adl.svg
Jaish ul-Adl logo and flag
ActiveLate 2012 – present
IdeologySalafi jihadism
anti-Islamic Republic of Iran
Baloch Nationalism[1]
LeadersSalahuddin Farooqui[2]
Area of operationsSistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran[3]
Size100+[citation needed]
Originated asJundallah[4]
Allies
Opponent(s)Iran Iran[4]
Designated as a terrorist organisation by
 Iran
 Japan
 United States (from 3 July 2019)

The group was founded in 2012 by members of Jundallah, a Sunni extremist militant group that had been weakened following Iran's capture and execution of its leader, Abdolmalek Rigi, in 2010.[2] Its first major attack occurred in October 2013.[2] Jaish ul-Adl is a designated terrorist organization by Iran[10], Japan[13] and the USA.[14]

AttacksEdit

On April 26, 2017, the group claimed an ambush killed at least nine Iranian border guards and two others were injured while patrolling at the Pakistan–Iran border. Jaish ul-Adl claimed responsibility for the attack.[15]

On February 13, 2019, a suicide bombing in Iran targeting a bus carrying IRGC personnel killed 27 people.[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Suicide Attack Kills 27 Members of Iran's Revolutionary Guards". Haaretz. 13 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Iran's Sunni Baloch Extremists Operating from Bases in Pakistan". Jamestown Foundation. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  3. ^ Eric Draister (13 June 2017). "The Sordid History Of State Sponsored Terrorism Against Iran". Mint Press News.
  4. ^ a b c "Iran calls for return of abducted border guards held in Pakistan". The Telegraph. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  5. ^ "Iran ready to improve ties with all regional states: Rouhani". Arab News. 17 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Pakistani Jihadis Abduct Iranian Soldiers". The Daily Beast. 2 February 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Rouhani claims Israel, US behind deadly suicide bombing in Iran". Times of Israel. 14 February 2019.
  8. ^ http://en.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13971203000497
  9. ^ "Iran Spotlight: Sunni Insurgents Jaish ul-Adl Warn Tehran To End "Crimes Against Oppressed Peoples Of Iran, Syria"". EA Worldview. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  10. ^ a b "Sunni Group Takes Credit for Attack That Killed 14 Iranians". Al-Monitor. 27 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Border Insecurity in Iran Amid Regime Crackdown on Minorities". Voice of America. 16 October 2018.
  12. ^ "At least 14 Iranian guards kidnapped near Pakistan border: Iranian media". Samaa Tv. 16 October 2018.
  13. ^ "ジャイシュ・アル・アドル(JAA) - 国際テロリズム要覧(Web版) - 公安調査庁". moj.go.jp. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  14. ^ https://shiitenews.org/shiitenews/pakistan-news/item/99462-us-designates-bla/
  15. ^ "Pakistan condemns terrorist attack against Iranian border guards". Islamic Republic News Agency. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  16. ^ "TRAC Incident Report: Jaish al-Adl (Army of Justice) Suicide VBIED (Truck Bomb) Targets Iranian Revolutionary Guard (IRGC) Transportation Bus Chanali Area of Khash-Zahedan road, Zahedan, Sistan-Balochistan Province, Iran- 13 February 2019 | Chatter Control | TRAC". www.trackingterrorism.org. Retrieved 2019-07-04.