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The Cebuano people (Cebuano: Mga Sugbuanon) are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is the Cebuano language. They originated in the province of Cebu in the region of Central Visayas, but then later spread out to other places in the Philippines, such as Siquijor, Bohol, Negros Oriental, southwestern Leyte, western Samar, Masbate, and large parts of Mindanao. It may also refer to the ethnic group who speak the same language as their native tongue in different parts of the archipelago.

Cebuano people
Sugbuanon
Cebuano Family.jpg
A Cebuano family from Calle Colon, the oldest street in the Philippines located in Cebu City.
Total population
3,850,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Philippines
(Central Visayas, Negros Occidental, Masbate, western parts of Eastern Visayas, large parts of Mindanao)

Worldwide
Languages
Cebuano, Filipino, English
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholicism.
Minority others, Aglipayan, Protestantism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism
Related ethnic groups
Other Filipinos
(Boholano, Waray, other Visayans)
other Austronesian peoples
Provinces where "Cebuanos" are living are highlighted in dark blue. Bisaya on the other hand is a combination of Cebuano and other Visayan ethnolinguistic groups, shown in royal blue.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
A Visayan freemen (or timawa) couple, depicted in the Boxer Codex (c. 1595).
 
Cebuano men who served as guards in the early 20th century during the American period.

The earliest European record of Cebuanos was by Antonio Pigafetta of the Magellan expedition. He provided some descriptions of their customs as well as samples of the Cebuano language.[2][3] Ferdinand Magellan was killed in Cebu during the Battle of Mactan against the forces of Lapu-Lapu.[4][5]

Later early Spanish colonists referred to the Cebuanos (and other Visayans) as the pintados ("the painted ones"), due to their widespread practice of tattooing to record battle exploits.[5]

Culture and festivitiesEdit

Along with the rest of the Philippines, Cebu was governed from Spain and Mexico, and as a result received heavy Spanish and Mexican influence. There are thousands of Mexican Spanish loanwords in Cebuano. Mexican and Spanish influence is evident in the cuisine, traditional costumes, dances, music, festivals, traditions and crafts.

The majority of Cebuanos are Roman Catholic.[6]

Among the island's notable festivities are the Sinulog[7] festival, which is a mixture of Christian and native cultural elements, celebrated annually every third week of January.

LanguageEdit

The Cebuano language is spoken by about 25,000,000 people in the Philippines and is the most widely spoken of the Visayan languages. Most speakers of Cebuano are found in Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor, Biliran, Western and Southern Leyte, eastern Negros and most of northern and southeastern Mindanao.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures". Cebu Province Official Website.
  2. ^ Donald F. Lach (1994). Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume I: The Century of Discovery. University of Chicago Press. pp. 175, 635–638. ISBN 9780226467320.
  3. ^ Sebastian Sta. Cruz Serag (1997). The Remnants of the Great Ilonggo Nation. Rex Bookstore, Inc. p. 95. ISBN 9789712321429.
  4. ^ Blair, Emma Helen (August 25, 2004). The Philippine Islands. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803, Volume II, 1521-1569, by Emma Helen Blair. p. 126, Volume II. [EBook #13280].
  5. ^ a b Paul A. Rodell (2002). Culture and Customs of the Philippines. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 50. ISBN 9780313304156.
  6. ^ "Culture and Lifestyle". Cebu Province official website.
  7. ^ "Cebu Philippines Festivals, Fiestas and Cultural Event". eTravel Pilipinas-Discover the Wonders of Island Paradise.