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The Kapampangan people (Kapampangan: Taung Kapampangan), Pampangueños or Pampangos, are the sixth largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines, numbering about 2,784,526 in 2010. They live mainly in the provinces of Pampanga, Bataan and Tarlac, as well as Bulacan, Nueva Ecija and Zambales.
(3.02% of the Philippine population)
|Regions with significant populations|
(Central Luzon, Metro Manila)
|Kapampangan, Filipino, English|
|Predominantly Roman Catholicism, minority Protestantism (including Iglesia ni Cristo), Islam, Buddhism and Animism (Ariya)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Pangasinan, Sambal, Tagalog, Ilocano, Bicolano, other Filipino ethnic groups, Austronesian peoples|
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The province of Pampanga is the traditional homeland of the Kapampangans. Once occupying a vast stretch of land that extended from Tondo to the rest of Central Luzon, huge chunks of territories were carved out of Pampanga so as to create the provinces of Bulacan, Bataan, Nueva Ecija, Aurora and Tarlac. As a result, Kapampangans now populate a region that extends beyond the political boundaries of the small province of Pampanga. In the province of Tarlac, the indigenous population of Tarlac City and the municipalities of Bamban, Capas and Concepcion are Kapampangans, while the municipalities of Victoria, La Paz, have a significant Kapampangan population. In Bataan, Kapampangans populate the municipalities of Dinalupihan and Hermosa, and the barangays of Mabatang in Abucay and Calaguiman in Samal. Kapampangans can be found scattered all across the southern barrios of Cabiao in the province of Nueva Ecija and in the western section of the province of Bulacan. Kapampangan enclaves still exist in Tondo and other parts of the National Capital Region. Kapampangans have also migrated to Mindoro, Palawan and Mindanao and have formed strong Kapampangan organizations called aguman in Davao City and General Santos City. Agumans based in the United States and Canada are active in the revival of the Kapampangan language and culture. California-based organizations promoted Kapampangan language and culture and raised funds for charitable and cultural projects in California and in Pampanga.
The Kapampangans have produced many Rajahs, Datus, four Philippine presidents, three chief justices, a senate president, the first Filipino cardinal, one Huk Supremo, many Huk Commanders and NPA cadres and many notable figures in public service, education, diplomacy, journalism, the arts and sciences, entertainment and business.
The oldest artifact ever found in the Province of Pampanga is a 5000-year-old stone adze found in Candaba. It is said to be a tool used in building boats. Earthenware and tradeware dating back to 1500 BC have also been found in Candaba and Porac. Farming and fishing were the main industries of the Kapampangan people.
Kapampangans have played a dynamic yet conflicting role in Philippine history. It was the Kapampangans of Macabebe who were formerly Muslim were the first to defend the Luzon Empire from Spanish domination in 1571. Yet it was the Kapampangans that the Spaniards relied on to defend their new colony from the Dutch. It was at this time that "one Castillan plus three Kapampangans" were considered as "four Castillans" as long they gallantly served in the colonial armed forces. Such behaviour earned them the stereotype of being quislings in exchange for personal wealth and self-aggrandisement all throughout the archipelago. After their successful battle against the Dutch in 1640, only Kapampangans were allowed to study side by side with the Spaniards in exclusive Spanish academies and universities in Manila, by order of Governor-General Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera. In 1896, Kapampangans were one of the principal ethnic groups to push and fuel the Philippine revolution against Spain. Yet it was also the Kapampangans of Macabebe that fiercely defended the last Spanish garrison against the revolutionaries.
With the outbreak of World War II, Japanese planes invaded the main province of Pampanga and attacked the United States Air Base at Clark Field in Angeles, Pampanga on December 8, 1941. Later Japanese soldiers entered the province of Pampanga in 1942 and the Japanese Occupation formally began.
Many Kapampangans joined a group of stronghold soldiers that survived the invasion and officially trained under the 31st Infantry Division, Philippine Commonwealth Army. USAFFE was stationed in Pampanga on July 26, 1941 before the surrender by the Japanese to April 9, 1942. After the Battle of Bataan in 1942, some Kapampangan soldiers of the USAFFE 31st Infantry Division fought four years of battles against Japanese troops. After the fall of Bataan on April 9, 1942, many Kapampangan soldiers of the USAFFE 31st Division surrendered to the Japanese and then participated in the Bataan Death March from Mariveles, Bataan to Capas, Tarlac.
Many Kapampangans joined the guerrilla resistance fighters of the Hukbalahap Communist resistance. Many Kapampangan guerrillas and Hukbalahap communist groups fought for more than three years of insurgency during the Japanese Occupation and also fought side by side with allied forces in the main province of Pampanga, helping local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and incoming Philippine Constabulary 3rd Constabulary Regiments stationed at the general headquarters in Pampanga in operations in Central Luzon from 1942 to 1945 against the Imperial Japanese troops.
Culture and cuisineEdit
Many Kapampangan festivals display an indigenous flavor unique only to the Kapampangan people. Consider the Curaldal or "street dancing" that accompanies the Feast of Santa Lucia in Sasmuan or the Aguman Sanduk were men cross-dress as women to welcome the New Year in Minalin or the Batalla Festival to re-enact the battle between the native Muslim Moor and the new colonist Native Capampangan Christians, the historical battle between the two religious native Kapampangans. They start the battle in Ugtung-aldo or afternoon and they end it in Sisilim or sunset with the tune of what Macabebeanons and Masantuleñios called BATTALA Masantol, Macabebe and Lubao.
The Pistang Danum of the barrios of Pansinao, Mandasig, Lanang and Pasig in Candaba, where food is served on floating banana rafts on the waters of the Pampanga River was originally a non-Christian holiday that is now made to coincide with the baptism of Christ. The Kapampangan New Year or Bayung Banwa that welcomes the coming of the monsoons and the start of the planting season is made to coincide with the feast of John the Baptist. The colourful Apung Iru fluvial procession of Apalit, once a thanksgiving celebration in honour of the river, has become the feast of Saint Peter.
The most dramatic festivals can be witnessed during the Mal ay Aldo, which is the Kapampangan expression of the Holy Week. These include the erection of a temporary shrine known as the puni where the pasion or the story of Christ's suffering is chanted in archaic Kapampangan. The melody of the Kapampangan pasion was said to have been taken from their traditional epic, whose original words were lost and replaced by the story of Christ. The highlight of the Mal ay Aldo celebration is the procession of the magdarame or sasalibatbat penitents covered in blood from self-flagellation. Some of them even have themselves crucified every Good Friday at the dried up swamp of barrio Cutud in San Fernando.
Kapampangan cuisine, or Lutung Kapampangan, has gained a favourable reputation among other Philippine ethnic groups, which hailed Pampanga as the "Culinary Capital of the Philippines". Some popular Kapampangan dishes that have become mainstays across the country include sisig, kare-kare, tocino or pindang and their native version of the longaniza.
Other Kapampangan dishes, which are an acquired taste for the other ethnic groups include buru (fish fermented in rice), betute tugak (stuffed frogs), arobung kamaru (mole crickets sauteed in vinegar and garlic), estofadong barag (spicy stewed monitor lizard), sisig, kalderetang asu (spicy dog stew), sigang liempu, dagis a tinama (marinated rats), laman panara and bobotu.
Kapampangan indigenous religionEdit
The Kapampangan people have a complex, distinct religion filled with various divinities even prior to the introduction of Roman Catholicism.
- Mangetchay: the supreme deity who created life on earth in remembrance of his dead daughter; he lives in the sun in other versions, he is also the creator and net-weaver of the heavens
- Daughter of Mechetchay: a goddess whose beauty sparked the great war between the gods, leading to the formation of the earth through stones thrown by the deities; lived on the planet Venus
- Wife of Mangetchay: the goddess who gave birth to their daughter whose beauty sparked the great war; lives in the moon
- Suku: also called Sinukwan, a gigantic being who radiated positive traits
- Makiling: a goddess who married Suku
- Malagu: goddess of beauty who married a mortal; daughter of Makiling and Suku
- Mahinhin: goddess of modesty who married a mortal; daughter of Makiling and Suku
- Matimtiman: goddess of charm who married a mortal; daughter of Makiling and Suku
- Aring Sinukûan: sun god of war and death, taught the early inhabitants the industry of metallurgy, wood cutting, rice culture and even waging war; lives in Mount Arayat, and later included a female form; rules over Arayat together with the deity, Mingan
- Mingan: a deity who rules with Sinukuan over Arayat, also called Kalaya and Alaya
- Apûng Malyari: moon god who lives in Mt. Pinatubo and ruler of the eight rivers
- Tálâ: the bright star, the one who introduced wet-rice culture
- Munag Sumalâ: the golden serpent child of Aring Sinukuan; represents dawn
- Lakandanup: son of Aring Sinukuan; the god of gluttony and represents the sun at noon time
- Gatpanapun: son of Aring Sinukuan; the noble who only knew pleasure and represents the afternoon
- Sisilim: child of Apûng Malyari; she represents the dusk and is greeted by the songs of the cicada upon her arrival
- Galurâ: winged assistant of Aring Sinukuan; a giant eagle and the bringer of storms
- Nága: serpent deities known for their protective nature; their presence in structures are talismans against fire
- Lakandanum: variant of the Naga, known to rule the waters
- Lakandánup: serpent goddess who comes during total eclipses; followed by famine; eats a person's shadow, which will result in withering and death; daughter of Ápung Sínukuan and Dápu
- Dápu: crocodile deity who holds the earth on her back; a nunu or earth goddess, and known as the mother ocean
- Láwû: a giant creature similar to a mixture of a bird, a serpent, and a crocodile who seeks to swallow Aldó and Búlan; the soul of Dápu who does her bidding as Dápu has been weakened when her belly burst; in another, less common, version, Láwû is the ghost of Dápu; while in another, Láwû is the descendant of Dápu, seeking revenge for the deity's mother
- Batálâ : kingfisher deity, known as the father sky; known as Salaksak, he was swallowed by Dápu, where he dissolved and his two souls came out, bursting out of Dápu's belly
- Souls of Batálâ
- Piriang: a prideful maiden who would rather marry a demon than a poor man
- Guanchiango: a man who was deceived by a demon, whom he released from a jar
Kapampangans are mostly Christians, a majority of which are Roman Catholics, Aglipay, Methodists, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). A few belong to non-Christian religions. However, traces of native-Austronesian Anitism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam can still be found among their folk practices and traditions, as these were the majority beliefs of the Kapampangan before the coming of Christianity in the 16th century.
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For a list of prominent or noteworthy Kapampangans, see Category:Kapampangan people.
History, politics and religionEdit
- Benigno Aquino, Jr. – Filipino senator whose assassination triggered the events that led to the People Power Revolution. Born and raised in Concepcion, Tarlac
- Corazon Cojuangco Aquino – a Filipina politician who served as President of the Philippines. She the first woman to hold that office, and the first female president in Asia. She is regarded by international diplomatic community as the Mother of Asian Democracy.
- Benigno S. Aquino III – the 15th President of the Republic of the Philippines.
- Dr. Rey B. Aquino – a former mayor of San Fernando City and the CEO of Philippine Health Insurance.
- Don Juan Macapagal – Datu of Arayat, the great-grandson of Lakandula. He was given the title Maestre de Campo General of the natives Arayat, Candaba and Apalit for his aid in suppressing the Kapampangan Revolt of 1660 and was the only native in the Philippines to become an encomendero.
- Diosdado Pangan Macapagal – the 9th President of the Republic of the Philippines and a native of Lubao, Pampanga.
- Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo – the 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. A daughter of the 9th President of the Republic Diosdado Macapagal, she was the country's first female Vice President during the tenure of Joseph Estrada.
- Jomar Sadie – Philippine Diplomat to Iraq, Mensa International member, and Anti-Trafficking advocate. He is a native of Angeles City.
- Armando Biliwang – the former municipal mayor of San Fernando and was well known for his fearless stand against Communism during his term as municipal councilor and mayor.
- Tarik Sulayman, a pre-colonial Muslim ruler from Macabebe who battled Spanish forces at the Battle of Bangkusay Channel
- Francisco Tongio Liongson, a politician doctor and statesman, was a native of Pampanga's ancient capital, Villa de Bacolor, who became Pampanga's governor and its first senator.
- Pedro Tongio Liongson, lawyer and judge, was a native of Pampanga's ancient capital, Villa de Bacolor, who served as member of the Malolos Congress (1898–1899) and as Judge Advocate General of the Army of the First Philippine Republic (1899–1900).
- Bishop La Verne D. Mercado – From Lubao, Pampanga, elected Bishop of the United Methodist Church in the Philippines and also served as General Secretary of the National Council of Churches in the Philippines.
- Bishop Emerito P. Nacpil – A Kapampangan from Tarlac. Dr. Nacpil was elected Bishop of the United Methodist Church in the Philippines and also served as Professor of Theology at the Union Theological Seminary in Dasmarinas, Cavite.
- José Abad Santos – a native of the City of San Fernando who became the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He was killed by Japanese forces during the occupation of the Philippines in World War II.
- Pedro Abad Santos – a doctor, lawyer, Marxist, and politician who later became a leader of the first of two Communist rebellions from the 1930s to the 1950s. He is the older brother of José Abad Santos.
- Félix Ysagun-Manalo – founder of the Christian religious organization Iglesia ni Cristo.
- Eliseo Soriano – evangelist and presiding minister of the Philippine-based Members Church of God International. He is known as Bro. Eli in his radio and television programs Ang Dating Daan (The Old Path).
- Satur Ocampo – co-founder of the National Democratic Front, he is a politician, journalist, and writer. Also a representative for the Bayan Muna party in the Lower House of Philippine Congress.
- Luis Taruc – a political figure and Communist revolutionary. He was the leader of the Hukbalahap rebel group between 1942 and 1954.
- Rufino Jiao Santos – the former Archbishop of Manila from 1953 to 1973 and was the first Filipino to be named Cardinal.
- Tito Morales Mendiola – a former mayor of Floridablanca and the Senior Vice President of Philippine Health (PHILHEALTH) Insurance for Operations and Area Vice President for Mindanao.
- Eddie Panlilio – the first Catholic priest in the Philippines to be elected as a provincial governor. Transformer of the Traditional Politics in the Philippines to promote Good Governance.
- Yeng Guiao – a former Vice-governor of Pampanga and a professional basketball head coach for the NLEX Road Warriors in the Philippine Basketball Association. Guiao won four PBA titles since starting his head coaching job for Swift in the early 1990s. He is a former Philippine Basketball League commissioner from 1997 to 2000.
- Gil J. Puyat – was the Senate President of the Philippines from 1967 to 1972.
- Rogelio dela Rosa – was one of the most popular Filipino matinee idols of the 20th century and was elected to the Senate in 1957. He was also the first film actor able to parlay his fame into a political career, paving the way for other Filipino entertainers-turned-politicians. He had an equally famous brother, Jaime dela Rosa, also a matinee idol in the 1950s.
- Francis "Kiko" Pangilinan – senator and husband of celebrity Sharon Cuneta
- Artemio Panganiban – 21st Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Philippines. His ancestors originated from Pampanga and then later generations migrated to Manila.
- Randy David – a political analyst, newspaper columnist and a professor at the University of the Philippines in Diliman.
- Mike Pangilinan – a Kapampangan cultural advocate who has helped to revive interest in the indigenous script known as kulitan, and in the development of modern Kapampangan calligraphy.
Arts and cultureEdit
- Anselmo Jorge Fajardo – Father of Kapampangan Literature. Author of the first and longest metrical romance in any Philippine language, Gonzalo de Córdoba. He was a native delegate to the Spanish Cortez.
- Juan Crisostomo Soto – Kapampangan writer, revolutionary leader and veteran of the Philippine–American War. Father of Kapampangan poetic debate, Crissotan, and author of "Alang Dios" (There is no God), Perlas quing Burac, Anac ning Katipunan, Lydia and many others Zarzuelas and Playwrights.
- Francisco Alonso Liongson – Outstanding Philippine playwright in Spanish and founding president of Círculo Escenico, Pampanga's Spanish theatrical group that became nationally renowned.
- Aurelio Tolentino – one of the mystics of the Katipunan, a compadre of Andrés Bonifacio, a nationalist writer in both Kapampangan and Tagalog. He coined the word dulâ for drama and ironically became known in Philippine history as the Father of Tagalog Drama for his anti-US colonial masterpiece Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas. A theatre at the Cultural Center of the Philippines is named Tanghalang Aurelio Tolentino in his honor.
- Jose Gallardo – Kapampangan Poet Laureate and one of the most prolific Kapampangan writers of the late 20th century.
- Amado Yuzon – Kapampangan Poet Laureate, a Philippine academic, journalist, and writer.
- Alejandro T. Quiboloy – Kapampangan educator, public servant, writer and Protestant minister. Born in Lubao, Pampanga on May 3, 1909.
- Vicente Manansala – a National Artist of the Philippines in Visual Arts, was a direct influence on his fellow Filipino neo-realists.
- Isidoro C. Soto [Anac ning Baculud] Born on April 4, 1918 in Suban Bacolor, Pampanga. One of the greatest artist-decorator-designers of Pampanga. One of his living artworks is the ceiling painting of Betis church, painted with Dr. Juco as his mentor. He was also the designer of the logo of Philippine Rabbit Bus Liner. He used to decorate for Circulo Fernandino, Batu-Balani, Old legs, Circilo Masantoleno, to name a few. He is a descendant of Juan Crisostomo Soto, the famous Pampango poet. Isidoro died at the age of 70 on June 9, 1988.
- Ambeth Ocampo – is a Filipino historian, academic, journalist and author best known for his column in the Philippine Daily Inquirer, "Looking Back."
- Gene Gonzales – nationally renowned chef, restaurateur, educator management consultant and author. He is the author of Cocina Sulipeña: Culinary from Old Pampanga.
- Don Zoilo Hilario – a member of the Institute of National Language who dedicated his life to imposing the ABAKADA on Kapampangan writing through the Akademyang Kapampangan, the organization he created.
- Mon David – is a jazz singer from Sto. Tomas, Pampanga. He won the grand prize in the prestigious 2006 London International Jazz Competition (LIJC).
- Eduardo Mutuc – is a 2005 NCCA GAMABA National Living Treasure Awardee for upholding the traditional Kapampangan art of pinukpuk or silver inlaying and embossing on retablos, carosas and altar pieces.
- Brillante Mendoza – is a Filipino film director who won the award for Best Director for his film Kinatay at the recently concluded 62nd Cannes Film Festival in France.
Popular culture, sports & entertainmentEdit
- Dolphy – born as Rodolfo Quizon and known as the King of Philippine Comedy was born in Pampanga in 1928 to Kapampangan parents and was raised in Tondo, Manila.
- Vilma Santos – queen of Philippine movies born in Bamban, Tarlac and Governor of Batangas.
- Melanie Marquez – (b. 16 July 1964), is a Filipina personality development coach, actress, film producer, author, and celebrity endorser. She is a former beauty queen and model who won the 1979 Miss International beauty pageant in Tokyo, Japan, representing the Philippines, born and raised in Mabalacat.
- Ricardo "Dong" Puno Jr – is a Filipino television public affairs host, media executive, newspaper columnist, and lawyer.
- Efren "Bata" Reyes – is referred to as "The Magician" and a very popular Filipino billiards player who hails from Angeles City. He is considered to be one of history's greatest practitioners of billiards.
- Francisco Bustamante – next to Bata, shoots the most powerful breaks in World Billiards. With Bata they are one of the greatest billiard tandems in the world.
- apl.de.ap (Allan Pineda Lindo) – is a member of the Grammy-award-winning group, The Black Eyed Peas, and was born in Sapang Bato, Angeles City. He is famous throughout the Filipino community after the release of his life story of his homeland Philippines in a song called "The Apl Song."
- Allen Dizon – International award-winning actor. Born in Sta. Ana, Pampanga
- Lito Lapid – a famous star turned politician. He became governor of Pampanga and later became a member of the Philippine senate.
- Joey Marquez – Philippine basketball star turned actor-comedian turned politician. Brother of popular beauty queen Melanie Marquez
- Ato Agustin – former profeesional baskeball player in PBA, and became an MVP in 1992.
- Arwind Santos – San Miguel Beerman superstar from Lubao, Pampanga. 2 time Finals MVP of the PBA, 8 time PBA all star
- Japeth Aguilar – Gilas Pilipinas Center/Forward born and raised in Sasmuan, Pampanga
- Coco Martin – is an actor, martial artist, film director and producer known for starring in the acclaimed television series Ang Probinsyano.
- Calvin Abueva – Alaska Aces Small Forward born and raised in Angeles City, Pampanga. Nicknamed "The Beast"\
- Jayson Castro – Talk n Text and Gilas Pilipinas superstar guard born and raised in Guagua, Pampanga
- Gary David – Meralco Bolts sharpshooter born and raised in Dinalupihan, Bataan
- JC Intal – Barako Bull and Gilas Pilipinas born in Minalin, Pampanga. He is married to television host and model Bianca Gonzalez
- Yeng Guiao – is a Filipino professional basketball head coach for the NLEX Road Warriors in the Philippine Basketball Association. Guiao won four PBA titles since starting his head coaching job for Swift in the early 1990s. He is a former Philippine Basketball League commissioner from 1997 to 2000. He is also a former Vice Governor and Congressman of 1st district of the province of Pampanga.
- Apollo Quiboloy – televangelist; born in Davao City to Kapampangan parents.
- Rey Langit – is a TV Personality, columnist of Tempo, Balita, People's Tonight, DWIZ-AM Station Manager, and host of Kasangga Mo ang Langit and Biyaheng Langit, both of which are aired over Radio Philippines Network and DWIZ.
- Rogelio dela Rosa – was one of the most popular Filipino matinee idols of the 20th century and was elected to the Senate in 1957. He was also the first film actor who was able to parlay his fame into a political career, paving the way for other Filipino entertainers-turned-politicians. He had an equally famous brother, Jaime dela Rosa, also a matinee idol in the 1950s.
- Rudy Fernandez – the son of the late film director Gregorio Fernandez. Both his parents were from Lubao, Pampanga, which he considered his hometown.
- Lorna Tolentino – is an actress, host, executive producer and wife of fellow Kapampangan actor Rudy Fernandez. She was born in Concepcion, Tarlac and was raised in Manila.
- Jean García – is a television and film actress who hails from Angeles City. Her most famous role was in the telenovela Pangako sa 'Yo where she played antagonist Madam Claudia.
- Carlos Badion – Philippine Basketball Team members, first Asian MVP in the now so called FIBA Asia. His moniker is "The Bad Boy". Known for his bicycle drive and jackknife layup.
- Ed Ocampo – an Olympian with the Big J. One of the great basketball players & coaches in the Philippines. Shin Dong Pa the Korean legend says Ocampo and Jaworski are his great opponents in basketball in the Asian Region.
- Mark Lapid – is an actor, film producer, and former governor of Pampanga (2004–2007). He is husband of an actress Tanya Garcia.
- Helen Gamboa – Helen Gamboa-Sotto (born May 7, 1948) in Pampanga, Philippines, is a veteran Filipina actress, singer, and former beauty queen.
- Gaudencio "Dencio" Cabanela – Kapampangan boxing hero from San fernando, Pampanga. Beating a French and an Australian holder of three Oriental Titles, first Pinoy boxing hero. Died 1921, next boxing hero was Pancho Villa took the international fame.
- Rufa Mae Quinto – popular sexy comedian from Bubble Gang.
- Rodel Fernando – Entertainment Writer, Radio/TV host from Apalit, Pampanga
- Arron Villaflor – popular ABS-CBN actor was born and raised in Tarlac, Tarlac
- Angel Aquino – fashion model and FAMAS and Gawad Urian Award-nominated Filipino film and television actress, born in Dumaguete City to Kapampangan parents from Tarlac
- Liza Lorena – born Elizabeth Ann Jolene Luciano Winsett s a Filipino former beauty queen and multi-awarded actress in the Philippines. She was a First Runner-Up in the Bb. Pilipinas pageant in 1966.
- Martin "Red" Reyes – (2 stripe blue Belt) bjj practitioner under Deftac Ribeiro.
- Fernando Poe, Jr. – born Ronald Allan Kelley Poe and colloquially known as FPJ and Da King, was a Filipino actor and later politician, having run an unsuccessful bid for President of the Philippines in the 2004 presidential elections against the incumbent Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. His mother, Elizabeth Gatbonton Kelly is a Kapampangan from Candaba.
- Sharon Cuneta – dubbed as the "Megastar of Philippine Showbiz," is a popular Filipina actress, TV host, singer, endorser, grand slam awardee, box-office queen, hall of famer and a recipient of several lifetime achievement awards at a relatively young age. Her mother Elaine Gamboa-Cuneta (sister of Helen Gamboa ) is from Santa Ana, Pampanga.
- KC Concepcion – daughter of Philippine singer-actress Sharon Cuneta, and adopted daughter of senator Francis Pangilinan. Her biological father was 80's heartthrob Gabby Concepcion.
- Lea Salonga – is a Tony Award-winning singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. She spent the first six years of her childhood in Angeles City before moving to Manila.
- Judy Ann Santos – is an award-winning and multi-nominated film and television actress. Her mom hails from San Fernando City, Pampanga.
- Paquito Diaz – is a veteran actor and director, whose mother is a Kapampangan.
- Leah Dizon – is a model, singer, and a TV personality and media icon in Japan and upcoming in the Philippines, born in Las Vegas, Nevada.
- Vanessa Minnillo – is an American television personality born in Clark Air Base, Angeles City and raised in the US. She was Miss Teen USA 1998 and is currently a host on MTV's Total Request Live.
- Isabel Preysler – is a Filipino journalist, socialite, and television host, the Kapampangan ancestry of the Arrastia family is from Bataan. Besides the Iglesias children her socialite daughters Tamara Falco and Ana Boyer born from different relationships would also be of Kapampangan descent.
- Enrique Iglesias – is a Spanish singer-songwriter and occasional actor, son of Filipina Isabel Preysler
- Chábeli Iglesias – is a Spanish socialite, the daughter of Filipina socialite Isabel Preysler and the elder sister of Julio Iglesias Jr. and Enrique Iglesias.
- Julio Iglesias Jr. – is a Spanish singer, son of Filipina Isabel Preysler.
- Hilda Koronel – is an award-winning actress who starred in around 45 films, many of which are critically acclaimed. Born Susan Reid, her father was an American serviceman.
- Lalaine Vergara – is an American actress, singer and spokesperson.
- Rufa Mae Quinto – is a popular actress and TV host, known for her comedy role in the film, Booba.
- Abbygale Williamson Arenas – is a former international model and beauty queen. She is now a freelance make-up artist.
- Francisco "Django" Bustamante – is a world-class billiards player from Tarlac.
- Mikee Cojuangco Jaworski – is a former Olympian (equestrian) and celebrity from Tarlac.
- Rosa Rosal – is a Philippine Red Cross advocate who hails from Sta. Rita, Pampanga.
- Elwood Perez – is a movie director from Mabalacat, Pampanga.
- Chris Tiu – is a TV host of Pinoy Records and an MVP of Ateneo Blue Eagles Basketball Team.
- Sarah Geronimo – is a popular singer, actress, movie star. She traces her roots in Concepcion, Tarlac while her father hails from Floridablanca, Pampanga.
- Ryzza Mae Dizon – (born June 12, 2005)is a Filipina child actress, comedian and television personality. She rose to prominence in 2012 when she won that year's edition of Eat Bulaga!'s Little Miss Philippines.Currently, she is the youngest host in the present roster of presenters in the variety show Eat Bulaga!, and hosts her own morning talk show The Ryzza Mae Show.
- Rosa del Rosario – a famous actress. Her real name was Rose del Rosario Stagner. Her mother was from Pampanga. She is the first female action hero who portrayed Darna in 1951 under Royal Films.
- Thia Megia – a participant of American Idol Season 10. She is from Angeles City
- John Prats – mom hails from Angeles City
- Angel Jasmin T. Ocampo – her parents hails from Magalang Pampanga
- Maricel Laxa – her father Tony Ferrer was a popular actor from the 60's and 70's
- Luis Manzano – mom Vilma Santos was born and raised in Bamban, Tarlac
- Bamboo Manalac – parents hail from Floridablanca, Pampanga
- Aljur Abrenica – GMA turned ABS-CBN star from Angeles City
- Kris Aquino – Kristina Bernadette Cojuangco Aquino (born February 14, 1971), professionally known as Kris Aquino, is a Filipina television personality and actress who gained prominence and numerous endorsements from her talk shows, game shows, horror movies, massacre movies. She is the youngest daughter of former Philippine senator Benigno S. Aquino, Jr., and Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino, who served as the 11th President of the Philippines, and sister of Benigno S. Aquino, III, the 15th President of the Philippines.
- Dimples Romana – (born November 13, 1984 Dianne Marie Romana) is a Filipina actress and commercial model.
- Ellie Tiglao Chef based in Boston, Massachusetts. Her mother is from Angeles City and her father from Macabebe.
- [Dr. Tracy Timberlake] Award Winning YouTube Vlogger and Internet Personality. Born in Clark Air Base, her mother is Kapampangan from Bamban, Tarlac.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing, Report No. 2A: Demographic and Housing Characteristics (Non-Sample Variables) – Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing, Report No. 2A: Demographic and Housing Characteristics (Non-Sample Variables) – Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
- Loarca, Miguel de, Relación de las Yslas Filipinas, Blair and Robertson volume 5, page 34–187
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- Camiling Alejandro S. "Recipient of the PHS Centennial Outstanding Alumnus Award in the Field of Accountancy 2008 Recipient of the City of San Fernando, Pampanga's Outstanding Fernandino Award in the Field of Culture 2011". andropampanga. pp. 1st page on the 6th paragraph. Archived from the original on January 6, 2010. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Mapiles Herbert P. (July 30, 2011). "Early Kapampangan civilization traced in Candaba". sunstar publication. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565–1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
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- Aguilar, M. D. (2001). Women in Philippine Folktales. Holy Angel University
- Yasuda, S., Razaq Raj, R., Griffin, K. A. (2018). Religious Tourism in Asia: Tradition and Change Through Case Studies and Narratives. CABI.
- Pangilinan, M. (2014–2020). An Introduction to the Kapampángan Language; Interview on Láwû. Sínúpan Singsing: Center for Kapampángan Cultural Heritage.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kapampangan people.|
- Bunford, Stephen R., The Royal House of Brunei, Unpublished manuscript
- Larkin, John A. 1972. The Pampangans: Colonial Society in a Philippine Province. 1993 Philippine Edition. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
- Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
- Miyamoto, Kazuo. Vikings of the Far East. New York: Vantage Press, 1975. pp88–89
- Morga, Antonio de, Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas, obra publicada en Méjico el año de 1609 nuevamente sacada a luz y anotada por José Rizal y precedida de un prólogo del Prof. Fernando Blumentritt, Impresión al offset de la Edición Anotada por Rizal, Paris 1890. Manila: Historico Nacional, 1991
- Pires, Tomé, A suma oriental de Tomé Pires e o livro de Francisco Rodriguez: Leitura e notas de Armando Cortesão [1512 – 1515], translated and edited by Armando Cortesao, Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1944.
- Santiago, Luciano P.R., Laying the Foundations: Kapampangan Pioneers in the Philippine Church [1592–2001], Angeles City: Juan D. Nepomuceno Center for Kapampangan Studies, Holy Angel University Press, 2002
- Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571–1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 
- Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
- Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984
- Tayag, Katoks (Renato). 1985. "The Vanishing Pampango Nation", Recollections and Digressions. Escolta, Manila: Philnabank Club c/o Philippine National Bank.
- Hipolito, Jose R. " History of Cabiao ". Kabyawan Books. 2010
- Wang Teh-Ming, Sino-Suluan Historical Relations in Ancient Texts: A dissertation submitted to the graduate program of the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philippines, 1989, Diliman, Quezon City.
- Johnny Mina, Moses Esteban, Frederick Manzano, and Lawrence Capiz, Research Paper Topic "Kapampangan Translation and Cultures". University of Baguio, 2001.
- Andro Camiling's Biographies of Famous Kapampangan
- While Pampanga is known as the Culinary Capital of the Philippines, there are more to the province than just food. Pampanga is a home to a hodgepodge of natural and man-made tourist destinations. In fact, every city or municipality in Pampanga boasts of its distinct destinations and observances.