Rodolfo Vera Quízon Sr.[1] OGH (July 25, 1928 – July 10, 2012), better known by his stage names Dolphy, Pidol, and Golay (1944), was a Filipino comedian and actor. He is widely regarded as the country's King of Comedy for his comedic talent embodied by his long roster of works on stage, radio, television and movies.[2][3]

Dolphy
Dolphy.jpg
Dolphy in 2008
Birth nameRodolfo Vera Quízon
Born(1928-07-25)July 25, 1928
Tondo, Manila, Philippine Islands
DiedJuly 10, 2012(2012-07-10) (aged 83)
Makati City, Philippines
Resting placeThe Heritage Park, Taguig, Philippines
MediumStand-up, film, television
GenresObservational comedy, black comedy, satire
Children17, including Freddie, Eric, Epy, Vandolph, and Zia
Parent(s)Melencio Espinosa Quizon
Salud de la Rosa Vera
Occupation
Comedian, actor
Years active1944–2012
TelevisionJohn en Marsha
Home Along Da Riles
Pidol's Wonderland

Early life and educationEdit

Quízon was born at Calle Padre Herrera (now P. Herrera St.) in Tondo, Manila on July 25, 1928.[4] His father from Bulacan, Melencio Quizon (d. May 14, 1972),[5] was a ship engine worker of the Atlantic Gulf. The elder Quízon was the son of Modesto Quizon and Adorablé Espinoza, whose great-great grandfather was a friar, and mother a vendor of rice cakes.[6] His mother, Salud Vera[6] (d. September 12, 1986),[7] was a seamstress, and the daughter of Máximo de Vera y Limtico and Lucila de la Rosa y Cordero.[6] He had four brothers and five sisters.[8] Quizon addressed his father and mother as "Papang" and "Mamang", respectively—as did his siblings.[6]

Quízon began studying at the age of six, and was enrolled into public schools.[9] He attended the Magat Salamat Elementary School and Isabelo de los Reyes Elementary School until the seventh grade. For his primary education, he studied at the Florentino Torres High School until his sophomore year. He was an average student, although his grades fluctuated from time to time.[10]

Quízon sold peanuts and watermelon seeds at movie theaters as a boy, which enabled him to watch movies for free. He was about thirteen when World War II started. He did odd jobs including shining shoes; attaching buttons at a pants factory; sorting bottles by size; working as a stevedore at the pier; trading; and driving calesas. In his free time he regularly watched stage shows at the Life Theater and the Avenue Theater. His favorite performers included the comedy duo Pugo and Togo, and the dancers Benny Mack and Bayani Casimiro.[11]

Quizon started performing onstage during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. He was turning 17 when Benny Mack got him a job as a chorus dancer for a month at the Avenue Theater and subsequently on the Lyric Theater. He also appeared in shows at the Orient Theater. "Golay" was his first stage name. During air raids, they would interrupt the show and run for the air-raid shelter in the orchestra section together with the audience. If no bombs exploded, the show resumed.

Film and radio careerEdit

He had his first movie when he was 19 with Fernando Poe Sr. in Dugo at Bayan (I Remember Bataan), billed as Rodolfo Quizon. It was the father of his future friend actor Fernando Poe Jr., who first paved the way and gave him a break in films playing bit roles as a character actor.[12] On a DZMM radio interview, he revealed his first talent fee was 5 pesos.

In the late 1940s, Dolphy also got into radio through Conde Ubaldo, a popular radio writer, director and producer. He joined the program Wag Naman which starred Pancho Magalona, Tessie Quintana and Baby Jane. His comedy duo with Panchito also started on radio on Conde Ubaldo shows.

Pancho Magalona recommended Dolphy to Dr. Jose “Doc” Perez, the owner of Sampaguita Pictures in 1952. His first movie with Sampaguita was Sa Isang Sulyap Mo, Tita, with Pancho Magalona and Tita Duran. It was also in Sampaguita were the comedy duo of Dolphy and Panchito became popular.

Dolphy became famous for playing roles after he was typecasted in Jack en Jill with Rogelio de la Rosa and Lolita Rodriguez in 1954. He was not the first choice for the role but Batotoy and Bayani Casimiro. Jack en Jill was a Philippine komiks serial by Mars Ravelo. This was followed with other movies adapted from komiks by the same author like Silveria, Captain Barbell and Facifica Falayfay.

The first time Dolphy played a serious role was in a 4-in-1 drama movie, with Barbara Perez who played a blind girl in the segment inspired by Charlie Chaplin’s movie City Lights.

After his contract with Sampaguita expired, he left the company. When he joined the production studio, his talent fee was P1,000 per movie. By the time he left, he was earning P7,000 per picture.

Television careerEdit

After leaving Sampaguita, Eugenio “Geny” Lopez Jr. got him into television on Channel 2. His first TV show was with ABS-CBN on "Buhay Artista" (Actor's Life), a concept by Geny Lopez and Ading Fernando. While doing radio, his talent fee was P250-P300 per program; when he did TV, he was at P500 per show.

He left ABS-CBN due to Martial Law. However, also moved to GMA Network since Buhay Artista moved to RBS-7 (former branding name of GMA) from December 1972 to early 1974.

While on television, he also started doing movies for independent studios like LEA Productions, Balatbat Productions, Filipinas Productions, Zultana Productions and Fernando Poe Jr.'s D’Lanor Productions. He starred on two of his movies in 1964, Captain Barbell and Daigdig ng Fantasia (Fantasy World) with Nova Villa, both directed by Herminio “Butch” Bautista.

RVQ ProductionsEdit

Dolphy established RVQ Productions in 1965. His first venture was Buhay Artista (Actor's Life), released in 1967, with Panchito, Susan Roces and Ronaldo Valdez whom he discovered. For Pepe en Pilar (1966), his film with Roces, they wanted a new face as Roces' partner. Dolphy first met Valdez in a basketball court and brought him to the press conference so Roces could see him. Roces' initial response was "Ang bata naman iyan" ("He is too young"). Dolphy brought Ronaldo to a barber shop, bought him a pair of boots at Glenmore and lent him his suit. When Dolphy presented him to Roces again, she said, "Ayan.Okay na." ("I prefer him now"), not realizing that he was the same guy introduced earlier. Dolphy later gave him the stage name Ronaldo Valdez (from Ronald James Gibbs).

Dolphy also made spy film parodies when it became a fad, beginning with Dolpinger (1965) as Agent 1-2-3 (a parody of the James Bond movie Goldfinger). Chiquito, another Filipino comedian, played the recurring role of Agent 0-2-10 in these films.

In 1969, one of his biggest hits was Facifica Falayfay, where he starred as the gay lead character. It was directed by Luciano “Chaning” Carlos, with whom he worked in 23 of his movies. It was followed by Fefita Fofongay viuda de Falayfay in 1973 and Sarhento Fofongay: A ... ewan! in 1974.

John en MarshaEdit

John en Marsha started in 1971, a year before Martial Law, on RPN Channel 9. It was written, and directed by Ading Fernando. Boots Anson-Roa and Helen Gamboa were considered for the role of Marsha, his wife in the show before Nida Blanca, who was doing Wala Kang Paki with Nestor de Villa, eventually got the part. Before Dely Atay-Atayan, Chichay was also considered for the role of Doña Delilah, his wealthy and condescending mother-in-law. His real son Rolly Quizon and then-child actress Maricel Soriano played their kids. John en Marsha was such a hit that movie versions of the show were made eight times.

In 1978, he returned to gay roles in the movie Ang Tatay Kong Nanay (My Father that is also a Mother), directed by respected Lino Brocka. With him in the movie was Niño Muhlach, dubbed as the "child wonder of the Philippines", as the son of his boyfriend, played by Phillip Salvador.

Home Along Da RilesEdit

 
The Home Along Da Riles was one of the Philippines' longest running shows of all time.

His next successful TV venture after John en Marsha was Home Along Da Riles in 1992 with Nova Villa, as his wife and real son Vandolph, as one of his children. The show continued in 2003 as Home Along Da Airport.

2001 to 2012: Later career, honors and deathEdit

In 2001, Dolphy played another gay character, this time with his sons Eric Quizon and Jeffrey Quizon playing the same character at three different stages in life. They all won the Prix de la Meilleure Interpretation in Brussels, Belgium for playing Walterina Markova, a transvestite in the movie Markova: Comfort Gay.[12]

On July 25, 2008, Quizon celebrated his 80th birthday, with the launching of a biographical book, Dolphy, Hindi Ko Ito Narating Mag-isa (Dolphy, I Didn't Get Here All By Myself). ABS-CBN President Charo Santos-Concio stated, Nagbigay siya ng mga ngiti at halakhak sa gitna ng mga problema (He gave us joy and laughter in times of trouble). Bibeth Orteza was commissioned to complete the book, amid the creation of "Dolphy Aid Para sa Pinoy Foundation, Inc.", a non-profit and non-stock organization.[11][13] Also that year, Dolphy made a movie with Comedy Box Office King Vic Sotto in a comedy movie, Dobol Trobol, a movie where Dolphy played a chef and Vic a hotel resident manager. This was the first time a film was produced through joint ventures of RVQ Productions (Dolphy's Film Outfit) & M-Zet Films (Vic Sotto's Film Outfit) and APT Entertainment. The film also featured stars Carmi Martin, Riza Santos, Jose Manalo, Wally Bayola, Ricky Davao and more.

In 2009, Dolphy was cast as a retired senior citizen in Chicago who wanted to watch Wowowee in Manila entitled Nobody Nobody But... Juan, and co-starred with Eddie "Manoy" Garcia, Gloria Romero, Joe Aldeguer, Pokwang, Giselle "G" Toengi, Heart Evangelista, Ya Chang, real life sons Eric Quizon, Jeffrey "Epi" Quizon & Vandolph Quizon. In 2009, Dolphy was nominated to receive the Order of National Artists recognition is given to Filipino individuals who have "made significant contributions to the development of Philippine arts; namely, Music, Dance, Theater, Visual Arts, Literature, Film and Broadcast Arts, and Architecture and Allied Arts.[14] Frances Alincastre, planning officer III of the National artist Award-NCCA, said that the commission's hands are tied with the procedure in approving and granting the prestigious award to an individual. The national artists award could be given to Dolphy in 2013 according to the National Commission on the Culture and Arts (NCCA) However, he did not pass the second deliberation of the screening committee that time. Alincaster added that after a month of research, the NCCA will start the deliberation process. A list of seven experts for each category will be included in the initial deliberation and the list is trimmed down to three experts for each category in the second deliberation. She said the whole process may take until 2013.[15] That same year, Dolphy was diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.[16] As a result, his public appearances were reduced, and he was frequently admitted to the intensive care unit.

In 2010, Dolphy's last movie played a priest in Father Jejemon, with his co-stars Cherrie Gil, Roy Alvarez, Maja Salvador, EJ Falcon, singer Ralph Salazar & YouTube singing duo Moymoy Palaboy. That same year, President Benigno Aquino III said he believes the late Comedy King deserves to be conferred the National Artist award, but stressed he cannot shortcut the process for legal reasons. Since there is a temporary restraining order on the granting of National Artist awards issued during the past administration, the Aquino administration gave Dolphy the Grand Collar of the Order of the Golden Heart.[17]

Dolphy passed away on July 13, 2012. Then-President Benigno Aquino III declared as "National Day of Remembrance" in honor of Dolphy's contributions to the Philippine showbiz industry.[18]

2012 to present day: Posthumous success and aftermathEdit

During his wake at the Heritage Park in Taguig City, fellow actor and former Philippine President Joseph Estrada bestowed the 2012 People's Artist Award to recognizes the many contributions of the actor to the movie industry.[19]

A mobile app entitled Dolphy's Cleanup was released in honor of Quizon in December 2013 for the iOS platform,[20] with a port for Android devices released in 2014. The edutainment game, developed by iGen Technologies, puts players in the role of Dolphy as he helps clean up the neighborhood, with part of the revenue from the game's sales to be donated to charity.[20][21] Also that year the documentary film The Search for Weng Weng started its film festival run.[22][23][24][25] In it Quizon was interviewed about his common collaborator Ernesto dela Cruz, better known as Weng Weng, who was Philippines' first international star and a unique figure in cinema being a short person who performs death defying stunts.[26]

Two films where Quizon appears are considered lost. The U-matic master tape of ABS-CBN of The Quick Brown Fox disintegrated upon its last screening at their facilities.[27] As well as dela Cruz's first lead in Agent OO, where Quizon played a supporting role, wasn't found when research was made to locate it.[26]

DeathEdit

 
Dolphy's tomb held in Taguig Heritage Park.

Dolphy died on July 10, 2012, 20:34 (Philippine time, 01:34 UTC), at the age of 83, just 15 days before his 84th birthday due to multiple organ failure, secondary to complications brought about by pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute renal failure.[28][29][30][31]

Personal lifeEdit

RelationshipEdit

Quizon never married and was public with his relationships and family. He has 17 children from six serious relationships. For more than 20 years, he was on a domestic partnership with Filipina singer, actress and model Zsa Zsa Padilla. They resided in the Marina Bay Village in the city of Parañaque. In his latest book, he mentioned that he had five serious relationships before Padilla who bore him offspring. The last was with actress Alma Moreno, who gave him a son: Vandolph. Some of his children are in the business just like their father.[11][32]

  • Engracia Dominguez — an actress he met during a stage show (separated in 1963); six children: Manny (Manny Boy born 1951), Salud (Sahlee born 1954), Rodolfo Jr. (Dolphy Jr. born 1955), Wilfredo (Freddie) (1956-2005), Edgardo (Edgar), and Raul (Rolly) (1959-2018).
  • Gloria Smith — an actress he met in 1956; four children: Mariquita (Kit born 1962), Carlos (born 1965), Geraldino (Dino) (1972-2018), and Edwin (born 1975).
  • Alice Smith — an actress whose screen name was Pamela Ponti; four children: Ronaldo (Ronnie born 1965), Enrico (Eric) (born 1967), Madonna (Donna born 1971), and Jeffrey (Epi) (born 1973).
  • Evangeline Tagulao — a nurse he met in the late 60s while shooting in a hospital; one child: Rommel (born 1968).
  • Alma Moreno — an actress he met in 1981; one child: Vandolph (born 1984).
  • Zsa Zsa Padilla — a Filipina singer and actress; one child Zia (born 1991). Dolphy and Zsa Zsa adopted Nicole (born 1990).

He considers his children his pride and joy, claiming that he could easily name all of them from the oldest to the youngest.[13]

ReligionEdit

Quizon was a devoted Catholic throughout his life,[33] although he occasionally attended Mass.[34] Nevertheless, he had practiced Catholic rituals—praying the rosary, observing Holy Week (i.e. Visita Iglesia on Maundy Thursday and abstaining from eating meat on Good Friday), and would make the sign of the cross, when he came across a Catholic church.[33] Two of Quizon's children are born-again Christian who unsuccessfully persuaded him to convert; he did not, however, show lack of respect for Evangelicals.[34]

PoliticsEdit

Quizon was quite involved into politics throughout his acting career, but had tried to distance himself from it. He had said that he would likely start a blog if only he were literate in browsing the Internet.[33] He had high regards with the presidency of Corazon Aquino, referring to her as an "asset" for the Filipinos.[35] Many times he refused when he was persuaded to enter politics.[36]

He supported Fernando Poe Jr. (1939–2004) during his presidential campaign in 2004,[37] whose father, Fernando Poe Sr. (d. 1951), was a close friend of his.[38] After Poe had suffered a stroke (which would later claim his life), he visited him during confinement and reassured him and his wife, Susan Roces, that he indeed had won the presidential race, despite losing it to Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.[39]

LegacyEdit

 
Dolphy on a 2013 stamp sheet of the Philippines

A monument honoring Quizon was erected in front of the Museo Pambata near the US Embassy in April 2013.[40]

Dolphy was awarded as Outstanding Manilan in 2010 and received the Diwa ng Lahi award in 2012, given by City Hall in celebration of the city’s founding anniversary.

Araneta also noted that Dolphy grew up in Manila, where he began his showbiz career as a dancer at the Avenue, Lyric and Orient theaters.

ABS-CBN Studio 1, one of the oldest studio of ABS-CBN was transformed into a proscenium theater and was named in honor of Dolphy.

On November 23, 2013, Philippine Postal Corporation (PHLPost) released a limited edition ‘Dolphy Stamp.’

FilmographyEdit

HonorsEdit

National Honor

AwardsEdit

 
Dolphy monument, in front of Museo Pambata, Manila Elks Club building

Special AwardsEdit

  • Lifetime Achievement Award PASADO Awards
  • Golden Father Foundation Parangal ng Bayan Awardee
  • 1994 Bert Marcelo Memorial Foundation, Dangal ng Lipi Awardee
  • 1995 PMPC Star Awards for TV, Lifetime Achsasdaddsasdsadadaievement Award
  • 1998 Gawad Urian Awards, Lifetime Achievement Award
  • 2000 Cinemanila International Film Festival, Lifetime Achievement Award
  • 2002 Lou Salvador Sr. Memorial Award, Bituin ng FAMAS Mula Noon Hanggang Ngayon Award
  • 2005 FAMAS Huwarang Bituin
  • 2009 GMMSF Box-Office Entertainment Awards, Comedy Box-Office King (with Vic Sotto)[41]
  • 2009 Metro Manila Film Festival Lifetime Achievement Award[42]
  • 2010 FAMAS Awards, Exemplary Achievement Award
  • 2010 Grand Collar of the Order of the Golden Heart – the highest award given to a private citizen by the President of the Philippines. Dolphy was cited for his contributions to the entertainment industry and for his charitable and philanthropic works.[2][43][44]
  • 2012 Gawad na Diwa ng Lahi – the highest honor given by the government of Manila to artists[45]
  • 2012 People's Artist Award – the award bestowed posthumously upon Dolphy by the Dakilang Lahi Foundation, recognizes the many contributions of the actor to the movie industry.[19]

Awards for actingEdit

Year Association Category
1974 Metro Manila Film Festival Best Actor
1978 26th FAMAS Awards Best Actor – Omeng Satanasia
1986 PMPC Star Awards for TV Best Comedy Actor – John En Marsha
1987
1988
1990 Metro Manila Film Festival Best ActorEspadang Patpat
PMPC Star Awards for TV Best Comedy Actor – John En Marsha
1992 PMPC Star Awards for TV Best Comedy Actor – Home Along Da Riles
1993
1994
1995
2008 PMPC Star Awards for TV Best Comedy Actor – John En Shirley
2010 Metro Manila Film Festival Best Supporting ActorRosario
Best ActorFather Jejemon
2011 Luna Awards (Film Academy of the Phil.) Best Actor – Father Jejemon

He is also the only Artist in the country awarded with Best Actor and Actress for a single role in the film Markova: The Comfort Gay.[citation needed]

  • Not all the awards of Dolphy are included here.

See alsoEdit

  • Dolphy Theatre – A theatre named after the late Rodolfo Vera Quizon.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Curtains down for Dolphy at 83". The Daily Guardian. July 10, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Avendaño, Christine O. (November 9, 2010). "President honors Dolphy with Grand Collar" Archived November 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Inquirer.net. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  3. ^ (2009-10-28). "'Dolphy at 80' World Tour" Archived September 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Global Nation. Retrieved on March 30, 2011.
  4. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 2.
  5. ^ Bunoan, Vladimir (July 10, 2012). "Dolphy is dead at 83". ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d Orteza 2009, p. 8.
  7. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 11.
  8. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 12.
  9. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 18.
  10. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 19.
  11. ^ a b c Lo, Ricardo F. (July 20, 2008). "Dolphy at 80: Living in a Goldfish Bowl". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  12. ^ a b Montelibano Edith. (September 22, 2008). "Comedy King Dolphy to Shine at the Shrine". Pinoy Wired. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  13. ^ a b (2008-07-24). "PEP: Dolphy celebrates 80th b-day, launches book". GMA News Online.
  14. ^ "Dolphy deserves 'National Artist' award". Philippine Star. June 22, 2012. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  15. ^ "Dolphy Could Get National Artist Award In 2013". Philippine Star. July 22, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  16. ^ San Diego Jr., Bayani; Marinel R. Cruz (June 21, 2012). "Dolphy Fights for His Life". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
  17. ^ "Zsa Zsa's tearful eulogy: I miss you, Lovey". Philippine Star. July 13, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  18. ^ Avendano, Christine (July 13, 2012). "Aquino declares Friday a National Day of Remembers to honor Dolphy". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  19. ^ a b People's Artist Award Retrieved via www.abs-cbnnews.com July 14, 2012
  20. ^ a b Angeles, Steve (December 23, 2013). "Why Quizon family came out with Dolphy app". ABS-CBN News. ABS-CBN Corporation. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
  21. ^ "'Dolphy Clean Up' app now out". The Manila Times. December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
  22. ^ Harvey, Dennis; Harvey, Dennis (February 26, 2015). "Film Review: 'The Search for Weng Weng'". Variety. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  23. ^ Minutes, 2014 | 92. "Search For Weng Weng, The". Retrieved February 22, 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ Team, Screen (July 29, 2014). "Today at Fantasia". Cult MTL. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  25. ^ Wilson, Jake (August 7, 2014). "In search of Weng Weng, the pint-sized James Bond of Filipino film". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  26. ^ a b Leavold, Andrew. The Search for Weng Weng (DVD). USA: Wild Eye Releasing. 760137943594.
  27. ^ Leavold, Andrew (2017). "The short, the fat and the ugly". The Search for Weng Weng. Australia: The LedaTape Organisation. pp. 87–101. ISBN 9780994411235.
  28. ^ "Dolphy passes away, says partner Zsa Zsa Padilla". Philippine Daily Inquirer. July 10, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  29. ^ "Comedy King Dolphy passes away". The Philippine Star. July 10, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  30. ^ Bunoan, Vladmir (July 10, 2012). "Dolphy is dead at 83". Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  31. ^ Jimenez, Fidel; Amanda Fernandez (July 10, 2012). "Curtains down for Dolphy at 83". Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  32. ^ Valisno, Jeffrey O. (December 16, 2010). "Dolphy: laughing all the way to the end". BusinessWorld Weekender. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  33. ^ a b c Orteza 2009, p. 196.
  34. ^ a b Orteza 2009, p. 214.
  35. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 198.
  36. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 197.
  37. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 202.
  38. ^ Orteza 2009, p. 200.
  39. ^ Orteza 2009, pp. 202-204.
  40. ^ "Dolphy's statue in Manila unveiled". ABS-CBNnews.com. ABS-CBN Corporation. April 16, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
  41. ^ "40th Box Office Entertainment Awards given out". Pep.ph. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  42. ^ "Metro Manila Film Festival:2009". IMDB. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  43. ^ Ancheta, Maria Rhodora G. (2006). "The "King" of Philippine Comedy: Some Notes on Dolphy and the Functions of Philippine Cinematic Humor as Discourse". Humanities Diliman: A Philippine Journal of Humanities. 3 (2): 74–117.
  44. ^ Bordadora, Norman (November 6, 2010). "Aquino confers decoration on Dolphy". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on November 10, 2010. Retrieved November 6, 2010.
  45. ^ "Dolphy has pneumonia, receives Gawad na Diwa ng Lahi award". Rappler. June 22, 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
Bibliography

External linksEdit