Ambeth Ocampo

Ambeth R. Ocampo (born 1961) is a Filipino public historian, academic, cultural administrator, journalist, author and independent curator.[1] He is best known for his definitive writings about Philippines' national hero José Rizal and on topics on Philippine history and Philippine art through Looking Back, his bi-weekly editorial page column in the Philippine Daily Inquirer.

Ambeth R. Ocampo
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Ocampo on December 2013
Chairman of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines
In office
April 2002 – April 7, 2011
Appointed byGloria Macapagal Arroyo
Succeeded byMaria Serena I. Diokno
Chairman of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts
In office
2005–2007
Personal details
Born (1961-08-13) August 13, 1961 (age 60)
Manila, Philippines
NationalityFilipino
EducationAteneo de Manila University
Alma materAteneo de Manila University
De La Salle University
OccupationPublic Historian
Cultural administrator
Journalist
Author
Curator

He served as the Chairman of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines from 2002 until 2011 and concurrently chairman of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts from 2005 to 2007.[2][3]

Early life and educationEdit

He received his primary and secondary education at Ateneo de Manila University. He subsequently obtained his undergraduate and masteral degrees in Philippine Studies from the De La Salle University in 1989 and 1991.[4] His undergraduate thesis titled Food in Pampango Culture centered on Kapampangan cuisine, while his master thesis centered on his rediscovery of the unfinished novel of José Rizal, Makamisa during his term as a consultant to the National Library of the Philippines that was subsequently published as Makamisa: The Search for Rizal's Third Novel in 1992.[5][6]

He took graduate courses in the University of the Philippines Diliman and later read for a doctorate in Southeast Asian History at the University of London School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).[7] He later abandoned his London postgraduate studies in 1993, when he entered the Our Lady of Montserrat Abbey as Benedictine monk under the monastic name Dom. Ignacio Maria Ocampo OSB. He subsequently left the monastery in 1997.[8]

CareerEdit

 
Ocampo signing copies of his books after giving a lecture at the Ayala Museum in 2016.

WritingsEdit

Looking Back columnEdit

Ocampo began writing for Weekend Magazine, the Sunday supplement of the Philippine Daily Express in 1985 and subsequently joined its editorial staff as associate editor. His column Looking Back first appeared in the Philippine Daily Globe from 1987 to 1990, and compilations of these columns saw new life as his two bestselling books; namely, the Looking Back series and Rizal Without the Overcoat that was awarded the National Book Award for essay in 1990. At the invitation of Letty Jimenez Magsanoc and Eugenia D. Apostol, Ocampo's Daily Globe column moved to the Philippine Daily Inquirer in 1990, where it appears twice weekly in the Opinion-Editorial page.[9]

Since 1986, Ocampo has published more than 50 books and other publications that have consisted of compilations of his various essays, and writings on Philippine history, arts, and culture. Most of his published works have focused on the life and works of the Philippine nationalist and martyr, Jose Rizal with Rizal Without the Overcoat going into six editions since its first publication in 1990. He has also annotated the second edition of Rizal in Saga: A Life for Student Fans written by the late National Artist Nick Joaquin that includes newly uncovered research material collated by Ocampo and photographs from his private collection in 2021.[10]

Ocampo has also written on the history of Filipino cuisine that sprung from his undergraduate thesis Food in Pampango Culture published in 1989.[11] In 2001, he also co-authored an essay Grande Cuisine in the Philippines with Philippine food historian and academic Doreen Fernandez that was subsequently published on an issue of the British food academic journal Petits Propos Culinaires.[12]

In addition, he has published monographs on other historical and cultural figures in Philippine history, including musical composer Nicanor Abelardo, historian Teodoro Agoncillo and Teodora Alonso, the mother of Rizal, amongst others.[13][14][15]

Ocampo has written about on the history of foreign relations of the Philippines including France, Japan, Mexico and Singapore.[16][17][18][19]

He has written numerous articles on the diaries of former Philippine President and dictator Ferdinand Marcos and was at work on a biography of former Philippine President Fidel Ramos.[20] In 2021, his fifteenth compilation of his columns of his Looking Back series written based on the diaries of Marcos and the legacies of the martial law regime titled Martial Law was published becoming his first publication on Philippine contemporary history.[21]

When Ocampo was appointed chairman of the National Historical Institute (present-day National Historical Commission of the Philippines) in 2002 and later elected chair of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) in 2005, then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo declared that she was an ardent reader of his newspaper column, commending his writings because he "makes history so approachable." Some academics have critiqued Ocampo for his populist approach towards historiography. In response, Ocampo has since released two compilations of his public lectures, Meaning and History focused on Jose Rizal and Bones of Contention on Andres Bonifacio both published in 2001, complete with citations and footnotes. Nevertheless, Ocampo is considered as one of the most prominent Philippine historians.[20]

Art historian and curatorEdit

 
Ocampo giving a lecture on Philippine collectors and stewardship at the Art Fair Philippines in 2018.

Ocampo presently sits on the advisory boards of the Ateneo Art Gallery, the Ayala Museum, the BenCab Museum, the Lopez Museum, the President Elpidio Quirino Foundation, and the Japan Foundation Asia Center.[20][22]

Ocampo has also written several essays and monographs on Philippine art, beginning with his first book on Philippine modern impressionist painter Emilio Aguilar Cruz titled The Paintings of E. Aguilar Cruz published in 1986. In 2019, a new version of the said book was revised and expanded and published as E. Aguilar Cruz: The Writer as Painter.[23] Since then, Ocampo has worked as an independent art curator and has curated several landmark artist retrospectives and exhibitions on Philippine visual artists including: Juan Luna, Fernando Amorsolo, Guillermo Tolentino, Romulo Galicano, Arturo Luz, Benedicto Cabrera and Elmer Borlongan. He has also co-written two publications on the biography and art of several contemporary artists, including the art of Spanish-Philippine artist Fernando Zóbel and visual artist and fashion designer Mark Lewis Lim Higgins.

Consequently, Ocampo has written several critiques about numerous controversies surrounding the Philippine art market including the 2019 sale of Camote Diggers considered as the last artwork by National Artist Botong Francisco prior to his death in 1969 and the provenance of an boceto of the Spoliarium by Juan Luna in 2018.[24][25]

Ocampo has conducted research on Philippine antiquities including Christian art, Southeast Asian ceramics, maps, and furniture. Several of his essays were compiled in the ninth compilation of his Looking Back series titled Demonyo Tables: History in Artifacts published in 2015.[26][27]

Since 2011, Ocampo has delivered public lectures on Philippine history primarily at the Ayala Museum known as the History Comes Alive series to sold-out crowds.[22]

Government serviceEdit

Cultural administratorEdit

 
Ocampo then as NCCA Chairman shaking hands with Mun Jae Choi, acting chairman of the North Korean Committee on Foreign-Cultural Relations during the signing of the RP-DPRK Cultural Cooperation Agreement in Pyongyang, North Korea in 2006.

From 1987 until 1992, Ocampo served as a consultant to the National Library of the Philippines (NLP) with a concurrent capacity as member of the National Committee on Libraries and Information Services (NCLIS) and the National Committee on Monuments and Sites (NCMS) under the Presidential Commission on Culture and the Arts (the present-day National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA)). During his term at the National Library, he recovered the unpublished manuscripts of Rizal's unfinished novel Makamisa in 1987 and later worked on the bibliographic catalog of papers, writings and documents related to Rizal held in the vault of the National Library.[28][29]

In 1999, Ocampo was appointed board member of the National Historical Institute (present-day National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP)) by President Joseph Estrada. Subsequently, in 2002, he was appointed chairman by then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. During his term as its chairman, Ocampo weathered criticism over attempts to enforce provisions of the existing Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines by reminding artists singing the Philippine national anthem during international boxing matches of the proper way to sing the anthem, and his controversial decision to paint the Rizal clan house green – to remind Filipinos that the word "Rizal" came from "ricial" meaning a green field ready for harvest.[30]

As chairman of the NHCP, Ocampo served as a ex offcio board member in the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), the official government agency for culture in the Philippines. Later on, he was elected as its chairman serving from 2005 to 2007. During that time, he signed cultural agreements and executive programs on culture and heritage on behalf of the Philippines with France, Mexico, Pakistan, the People's Republic of China, and North Korea.

Member of the Numismatic CommitteeEdit

From 2002 to 2011, Ocampo was on the Numismatic Committee of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas that deliberated on the redesign of banknotes and coins of the Philippines. Ocampo and other members of the Numismatic Committee deliberated on the designs of the New Generation Currency Series including the redesign of the five hundred-peso banknotes which featured the portraits of Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr. and his wife, President Corazon Aquino following national clamor after the death and funeral of the late President in 2009.[31]

Ocampo has written extensively on the history of the Philippine peso in a series of articles, particularly on the controversies surrounding currency design and its political context.[32] In 2020, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas published Ocampo's Yaman - The History and Heritage in Philippine Money: The Numismatic Collection of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas , a coffee table book on the numismatic collection of the Philippine central bank.[33]

In academiaEdit

 
Layout of the Bequest of Ambeth R. Ocampo in the Ateneo Art Gallery.

Ocampo is a Professor of History and former chairman of the Department of History, School of Social Sciences in the Ateneo de Manila University. He previously served as a professorial lecturer in the Department of Filipino and Philippine Literature of the College of Arts and Letters in the University of the Philippines Diliman from 1989 until 2010 and served on the Board of Regents of the Universidad de Manila (formerly City College of Manila), where he served as its president and vice president for academic affairs from 1996 to 1998. He has also held previous appointments at the De La Salle University, Far Eastern University and San Beda College.[34] He is presently the holder of professorial chairs at the Polytechnic University of the Philippines and the Ateneo de Manila University respectively.

He has held appointments as visiting research fellow in Kyoto University, and Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok. He was Visiting Professor in Sophia University, Tokyo, where he taught courses on Philippine history and culture from 2012 to 2014 he remains a Visiting Research Fellow at the Sophia University Institute of Asian Studies.

His personal and official papers, notes, and correspondence are deposited in the University of the Philippines Archives in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.

A collector of Filipiniana, his extensive library and collection is divided between his home in Makati; Holy Angel University, Angeles, Pampanga;[35] and the Center for Southeast Asian Studies Library in Kyoto University.[36]

Part of his collection of Philippine Art was bequeathed to the Ateneo Art Gallery with one of its wings renamed as the Ambeth R. Ocampo Gallery.

Honors, awards, and decorationsEdit

As an outstanding historian and intellectual, Dr. Ambeth R. Ocampo has made a great contribution to academic, cultural and social progress in the Philippines, through his university teaching, his writing for newspapers and magazines, and his service in historic and cultural administration. His clear and accessible explanations of the wider global context in which the country developed during the period of the Spanish and American colonial regimes have helped promote a more open sense of nationalism, and facilitated the advancement of international exchanges both with Asia and with the West.

 — Citation for the 2016 Fukuoka Prize.[37]

Ocampo has won three National Book Awards in these categories: Essay, Literary History, and Bibliography. He was awarded the Premio Manuel Bernabe from the Centro Cultural de la Embajada de Espana en Filipinas and a Premio Quijano de Manila from the Instituto Cervantes Manila. He was elected National Fellow for Essay by the University of the Philippines Creative Writing Center (1995–1996).

He has been conferred the rank of Knight Grand Officer (K.G.O.R.) of the Order of the Knights of Rizal in December 2018, and Order of Civil Merit with the rank of Encomienda (Commander) conferred by the Kingdom of Spain in December 2007.

In June 2008, he was conferred the rank of Officier in the Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the Republic of France for his contributions to the arts and letters as: writer, academic, cultural administrator, and for his support of cultural exchanges between the Philippines and France.[38]

In recognition of his work in cultural administration and his contributions to Philippine history, the Polytechnic University of the Philippines[39] conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Public Administration, honoris causa, in December 2008.[40]

In 2010, he was conferred one of the highest civilian awards of the Philippines, the Order of Lakandula with the rank of Bayani for his contributions in cultural administration, the popularization of Philippine history, and for having served as chairman of the National Historical Institute (present-day, the National Historical Commission of the Philippines) from 2002 to 2010, and concurrent chairman of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) from 2005 until 2007 without compensation.[41][42]

In December 2013, during the state visit of President Benigno Aquino III to Tokyo, Ocampo received the Presidential Medal of Merit whose citation reads, "for his achievements as a scholar, teacher, and in recognition of his writings through which he polarized Philippine history, art and culture thus bringing these aspects of our national identity closer to the people."[43]

In September 2016, Ocampo was awarded the prestigious Fukuoka Prize (Academic) for his contributions to Philippine history and culture being the fifth Filipino to be so honored with the recognition.[20]

HonoursEdit

National honoursEdit

Foreign honoursEdit

AwardsEdit

Honorary degreesEdit

BibliographyEdit

Books and Publications
  • The Paintings of E. Aguilar Cruz (1986)
  • Ang Buhay at Musika ni Maestro Nicanor Abelardo (The Life and Music of Maestro Nicanor Abelardo) (1987)
  • Lupang Hinirang: Alay ni Amorsolo (1989) (co-authored with Carmen Aquino-Sarmiento)
  • The Juan Luna Collection: A Bequest to the Filipino People (1990)
  • Looking Back (1990)
  • Rizal Without the Overcoat (1990)
  • Makamisa: The Search for Rizal's Third Novel (1992)
  • Aguinaldo's Breakfast (1993)
  • A Calendar of Rizaliana in the Vault of the Philippine National Library (1993)[a]
  • Bonifacio's Bolo (1995)
  • Teodora Alonso (1995)
  • Talking History: Conversations with Teodoro A. Agoncillo (1995)[b]
  • Mabini's Ghost (1995)
  • Luna's Moustache (1997)
  • The Centennial Countdown (1998)
  • R. Galicano (2000) (co-authored with Rod. Paras-Perez)
  • Meaning and History: The Rizal Lectures (2001)
  • Bones of Contention: The Bonifacio Lectures (2001)
  • Zero-In: Private Art, Public Lives (2002) (co-authored with Marian Pastor Roces and Leovino Ma. Garcia)
  • Rizal the Scientist: Proceedings of a Seminar in the Commemoration of the Rizal Centennial (1896) June 20, 1997 (2002) (co-editor with Andrew Gonzalez)
  • Arturo Luz: Sculptures (2004)
  • 60 Years and Bon Vivant: Philippine-French Relations (2008) (as editor)
  • 101 Stories of the Philippine Revolution (2008)
  • Philippines - Mexico Historical Relations: Proceedings of the Symposium held at the National Museum of the Philippines on November 16-17, 2006 (2010) (as editor)
  • Looking Back: Looking Back 1 (2010)
  • Dirty Dancing: Looking Back 2 (2010)
  • Death by Garrote: Looking Back 3 (2010)
  • Chulalongkorn's Elephants: The Philippines in Asian History: Looking Back 4 (2011)
  • The Diorama Experience of Philippine History (2012) (co-authored with Jesus T. Peralta and Felice Noelle Rodriguez)
  • Rizal's Teeth, Bonifacio's Bones: Looking Back 5 (2012)
  • Prehistoric Philippines: Looking Back 6 (2012)
  • Storm Chasers: Looking Back 7 (2014)
  • Virgin of Balintawak: Looking Back 8 (2014)
  • The Jim and Reed Pfeufer Collection: A Four-Decade Friendship with Fernando Zóbel (2015) (co-authored with John Seed)
  • Demonyo Tables: History in Artifacts: Looking Back 9 (2015)
  • Two Lunas, Two Mabinis: Looking Back 10 (2015)
  • History and Heritage of the Kudan: The Official Residence of the Philippine Ambassador of Japan (2015)
  • BenCab Portraits (2015)
  • Independence X6: Looking Back 11 (2016)
  • Quezon's Sukiyaki: Looking Back 12 (2016)
  • Guns of the Katipunan: Looking Back 13 (2017)
  • Images of Nation: Arturo Luz – First Light (2018)
  • Pintôkyo International (2018) (co-authored with Carlomar Arcangel Daoana and Joven Cuanang)
  • Gold in Our Veins: Mark Lewis Lim Higgins (2019) (co-authored with Ditas R. Samson and David A. Henkel)
  • E. Aguilar Cruz: The Writer as Painter (2019)
  • Dirty Ice Cream: Looking Back 14 (2020)
  • Yaman: The History and Heritage in Philippine Money - The Numismatic Collection of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (2020)
  • Martial Law: Looking Back 15 (2021)
  • Queridas de Rizal: Looking Back 16 (2021)
  • Rizal in Saga: A Life For Student Fans by Nick Joaquin (2021)[c] (as annotator)
Contributor in Books and Other Publications
  • A Home to the Stars (1987, Registrar) (co-authored with Annie Delgado-Ringor)[44]
  • 2000 Years of Vatican Treasures:“…And They Will Come from Afar” (1994)[d] (co-authored with Gabriel Casal and edited by Giovanni Morello).
  • Bones of Contention: Relics, Memory and Andres Bonifacio (1998, Amerasia Journal)[45]
  • Centennial Commemorative Lectures 1998 (1998) (edited by Marian Pastor Roces)
  • Rizal's Morga and Philippine History (1998, Philippine Studies)[46]
  • The Fookien Times: Philippines Yearbook (1998)
  • Philippine Presidents: 100 Years (1999) (edited by Rosario M. Cortes)
  • Feasts and Feats: Festschrift for Doreen G. Fernandez (2000) (edited by Jonathan Chua)
  • Pasig: River of Life (2000) (co-authored by Reynaldo G Alejandro and Alfred A. Yuson)
  • Philippine Cultural and Artistic Landmarks of the Past Millennium (2000) (edited by Jaime C. Laya)
  • Philippine Legislature: 100 Years (2000) (edited by Cesar P. Pobre)
  • Grande Cuisine in the Philippines (2001, Petits Propos Culinaires) (co-authored with Doreen G. Fernandez)[47]
  • Malate: A Matter of Taste (2001)
  • Opinion Writers: Down from the Hill, Through the Valleys, Into the Plains (2007, Budhi) (co-authored with Joaquin Bernas S.J. and Maximo Soliven)[48]
  • Las Damas Romanas by Juan Luna y Novicio (2008, Christie's)[49]
  • Connecting Flights: Filipinos Write from Elsewhere (2010) (edited by Ruel S. De Vera)
  • Culture, Power and Practices: The Globalization of Culture and its Implications for Asian Regional Transformations - the work of the 2010/2011 API Fellows (2011)
  • Entre España y Filipinas: José Rizal, Escritor (2011)
  • The Anvil José Rizal Reader: On the Occasion of the Sesquicentennial of His Birth (1861-2011) (2011) (edited by Ani V. Habulan)
  • The Contributions of 2014 ALFP Fellows Towards Growth and Development (2014) (edited by Vishalache Balakrishnan)
  • Jabali by José Rizal (2016, León Gallery)[50]
  • Between Worlds: Raden Saleh and Juan Luna (2017) (edited by Russell Storer, Clarissa Chikiamco & Syed Muhammad Hafiz)
  • Lorenzana: Archival Collection (2017) (edited by Michelle Yun)
  • My BenCab: Collectors Tell Their Stories (2018) (edited by Thelma Sioson San Juan)
  • Hans Christian Andersen and José Rizal: from Denmark to the Philippines (2018) (edited by Jan Top Christensen)
  • Insulae Indiae Orientalis (2018) (edited by Rudolf J. H. Lietz)
  • Rizal + (edited by Alfred A. Yuson) (2018)
  • Drugs and Philippine Society (2021) (edited by Gideon Lasco)
  • 50 Years of Golden Friendship: Philippines-Singapore (2021)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The book was republished as A Calendar of Rizaliana in 2011.
  2. ^ The book was republished as Talking History: Conversations with Teodoro A. Agoncillo in 2011.
  3. ^ This book is a new edition of Rizal in Saga: A Life For Student Fans by Nick Joaquin in 1996.
  4. ^ His contribution was listed under his former monastic name of Ignacio Maria Ocampo, O.S.B.
  1. ^ CV for Ambeth Ocampo (PDF), Fukuoka Prize, 2016
  2. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth (11 November 2008). "Looking Back: A personal introduction". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-07-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ CV for Ambeth Ocampo (PDF), Fukuoka Prize, 2016
  5. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1992) [1992], Makamisa: The Search for Rizal's Third Novel (1st ed.), Anvil Publishing, Inc., ISBN 9712702766
  6. ^ Ocampo, Lamberto R. (1989), Food in Pampango Culture, De La Salle University Manila
  7. ^ "Ocampo, Ambeth R. | Ateneo de Manila University". March 15, 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-03-15.
  8. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1995) [1995], Mabini's Ghost (1st ed.), Anvil Publishing, Inc., p. 227, ISBN 971-27-0450-5
  9. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1999), Rizal Without the Overcoat (Expanded ed.), Pasig: Anvil Publishing, Inc., ISBN 971-27-0920-5
  10. ^ Joaquin, Nick (2021), Ocampo, Ambeth R. (ed.), Rizal in Saga: A Life for Student Fans (Second ed.), Manila: Milflores Publishing, Inc., ISBN 9789718281123
  11. ^ Ocampo, Lamberto R. (1989), Food in Pampango Culture, De La Salle University Manila
  12. ^ Fernandez, Doreen G.; Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2001). "Grande Cuisine in the Philippines". Petits Propos Culinaires. Devon: Prospect Books. 068 (November 2001): 77–89.
  13. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1995). Teodora Alonso (First ed.). Makati: Tahanan Books for Young Readers. ISBN 9716300387.
  14. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1987). Ang Buhay at Musika ni Maestro Nicanor Abelardo. Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines.
  15. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2011). Talking History: Conversations with Teodoro Andal Agoncillo (Second ed.). Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House. ISBN 9789715065948.
  16. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R., ed. (2008). 60 Years and Bon Vivant!:Philippine-French Relations (First ed.). Makati City: ArtPostAsia, Inc. ISBN 978-971-93896-8-2.
  17. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2015). History and Heritage of the Kudan: The Official Residence of the Philippine Ambassador of Japan (First ed.). Makati: ArtPostAsia, Inc. ISBN 978-971-057931-0.
  18. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R., ed. (2010). Philippines - Mexico Historical Relations: Proceedings of the Symposium held at the National Museum of the Philippines on November 16-17, 2006. Manila: National Historical Commission of the Philippines. ISBN 9789715382298.
  19. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2021). Del Mar Yap, Joseph (ed.). 50 Years of Golden Friendship: Philippines-Singapore. Singapore: Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines in Singapore.
  20. ^ a b c d Caruncho, Eric S. (11 September 2016). "Ambeth Ocampo without the Overcoat". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  21. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2021), Martial Law: Looking Back 15, Pasig: Anvil Publishing, Inc., ISBN 978-971-27-3637-7
  22. ^ a b Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2017). Guns of the Katipunan: Looking Back 13 (First ed.). Mandaluyong: Anvil Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9786214202140.
  23. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2019). E. Aguilar Cruz: The Writer as Painter (First ed.). Makati City: RPD Publications, Inc. ISBN 9786219583329.
  24. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth (2 September 2018). "The mystery of the 'Spoliarium' 'boceto': Is it real?". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  25. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth (7 July 2019). "Botong's 'Camote Diggers'—ethical questions waiting for answers". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  26. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2015). Demonyo Tables: History in Artifacts: Looking Back 9 (First ed.). Mandaluyong: Anvil Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9789712731617.
  27. ^ Casal, Gabriel; Ocampo, Ignacio Maria (1994). Morello, Giovanni (ed.). 2000 Years of Vatican Treasures: "...And They Will Comeback Afar". Vatican City: Musei Vaticani and Electa Milan. ISBN 9788843550609.
  28. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1992). Makamisa: The Search for Rizal's Third Novel (First ed.). Pasig: Anvil Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9712702766.
  29. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1993). A Calendar of Rizaliana in the Vault of the Philippine National Library (First ed.). Pasig: Anvil Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9712702944.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-07-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ Cory, Ninoy together again on the new 500-peso bill, Jam Sisante, GMANews.TV, December 16, 2010
  32. ^ Culture, Power and Practices: The Globalization of Culture and its implications for Asian regional transformations: the work of the 2010/2011 API Fellows. Bangkok: The Nippon Foundation. 2013. ISBN 9786214202140.
  33. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2020). Yaman: The History and Heritage in Philippine Money - The Numismatic Collection of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. Manila: Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. ISBN 978-621-8173-04-0.
  34. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. "'Over-exposed'". Opinion.inquirer.net.
  35. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  36. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2008-12-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  37. ^ "Ambeth R. OCAMPO (Academic Prize 2016)". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 11 September 2016.
  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-28. Retrieved 2008-12-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-28. Retrieved 2008-12-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-28. Retrieved 2008-12-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ Valmero, Yannie (2010-08-06). "Go beyond books to learn Filipino history, says noted historian". Yahoo! Philippines News. Quezon City, Philippines: loqal.ph. Retrieved 2010-08-06.
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2010-12-21.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ Ubac, Michael Lim. "Palace honors Ambeth Ocampo for work on PH history". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  44. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth; Delgado-Ringor, Annie (1987). "A Home to the Stars". Registrar. Manila: The Manila Hotel. 7: 36–41.
  45. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1998). "Bones of Contention: Relics, Memory and Andres Bonifacio". Amerasia Journal. Los Angeles: Taylor & Francis on behalf of the Asian American Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles. 24 (3): 45–74. doi:10.17953/amer.24.3.84n6574v20164284.
  46. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (1998). "Rizal's Morga and Views of Philippine History". Philippine Studies. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University. 46 (Second Quarter 1998): 184–215.
  47. ^ Fernandez, Doreen G.; Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2001). "Grande Cuisine in the Philippines". Petits Propos Culinaires. Devon: Prospect Books. 068 (November 2001): 77–89.
  48. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R.; Bernas, Joaquin G.; Soliven, Maximo (2007). "Opinion Writers: Down from the Hill, Through the Valleys, Into the Plains". Budhi. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University. 11 (2 & 3).
  49. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (Chairman, National Historical Institute of the Philippines) Las Damas Romanas (Roman Maidens) by Juan Luna (The Philippines 1857-1899), Christie's, Department Information, Southeast Asian Modern and Contemporary Art, christies.com
  50. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. Jabali by José Rizal, León Gallery Fine Art and Antiques, The Spectacular Mid Year Auction 2016.

External linksEdit