San Beda University

(Redirected from San Beda College)

San Beda University (Filipino: Unibersidad ng San Beda; Spanish: Universidad de San Beda) is a private Catholic coeducational basic and higher education institution run by the Order of Saint Benedict in San Miguel, Manila, Philippines. It was founded by the Benedictines in 1901. Its main campus which provides tertiary education is situated in Mendiola, Manila. It has a satellite campus that provides elementary and high school education in Taytay, Rizal.[1]

San Beda University
Filipino: Unibersidad ng San Beda
Spanish: Universidad de San Beda
San Beda University seal.svg
University Seal
Latin: Universitas Sancti Bedæ
Former names
  • El Colegio de San Beda
    (1901–1918)
  • San Beda College
    (1918–2018)
MottoFides, Scientia, Virtus (Latin)
Motto in English
Faith, Knowledge, Virtue
TypePrivate Roman Catholic research non-profit coeducational basic and higher education institution
EstablishedJune 17, 1901; 121 years ago (June 17, 1901)
FounderFr. Juan Sabater, OSB
Religious affiliation
Roman Catholic (Benedictine)
Academic affiliations
Mendiola Schools Consortium
ChairmanManuel Vélez Pangilinan, MBA, D.H.L. (Hons. Causa)
ChancellorRt. Rev. Abbot Austin P. Cádiz, OSB
RectorVery Rev. Fr. Aloysius Ma. A. Maranan, OSB,JCL, Ed.D.
University Executive OfficerAssoc. Prof. Jobe B. Viernes, D.D.A.
Students8,500 (2021)
Location
638 Mendiola St., San Miguel, Manila
, ,
Philippines

14°35′58″N 120°59′32″E / 14.599465°N 120.992336°E / 14.599465; 120.992336Coordinates: 14°35′58″N 120°59′32″E / 14.599465°N 120.992336°E / 14.599465; 120.992336
CampusUrban
  • Main
    Mendiola, Manila
    6 hectares (60,000 m2) (Senior High School, Undergraduate Schools, Graduate Schools and Professional Schools)
  • Satellite
    Barangay San Juan, Taytay, Rizal
    11 hectares (110,000 m2) (Pre School, Grade School and Junior High School)
Alma Mater SongBedan Hymn
ColorsRed San Beda colors.svg White
NicknameBedans
Sporting affiliations
NCAA, NCC
MascotRed Lion
AthleticsVarsity team names:
Red Lions
(college men's varsity teams)
Red Lionesses
(college women's varsity teams)
Red Cubs
(High School boys' varsity teams)
SportsVarsity sports:
Websitesanbeda.edu.ph
San Beda University wordmark.svg

San Beda was established in 1901 by monks of the Ordo Sancti Benedicti (OSB) or Order of St. Benedict, also known as the Benedictines. Its founder, St. Benedict, is acclaimed as the "Father of Western Monasticism" and the "Patron of Europe". From its inception, the school was dedicated to the cause of Catholic education and the formation of Christians committed to excellence and service of God and country. It is attached to the Abbey of Our Lady of Montserrat, founded from the Abbey of Montserrat in Cataluña, Spain.

San Beda started as an all-boys grade school in Manila and given the name El Colegio de San Beda. It has since expanded to a full university with both undergraduate and post-graduate degree programs. The institution was given university status on February 6, 2018, making it the only Benedictine university found in the Asia-Pacific region.

HistoryEdit

OriginEdit

 
The original Historical Marker. On October 21, 1939, the historical marker at San Beda College was installed. However, it was stolen during World War II but later recovered in 1971 by Mr. Ramon Marcos in a nearby excavation along Legarda Street. It was then re-installed a year later by then Vice President of the San Beda Alumni Association Dr. Vicente Genato.
 
Aerial view of San Beda College, taken December 28, 1932 at around 8 AM

In 1895, 14 Benedictine monks from the Abbey of Our Lady of Montserrat in Spain arrived in the Philippines. Their intent was to do mission work in Surigao. However, as the Americans began to colonize the Islands, the Benedictine monks, fearing the spread of Protestantism, began to contemplate the idea of establishing a school dedicated to propagate and defend the Catholic faith. This vision was realized in 1901 when the monks transferred to Manila and Spanish Benedictine monk Fr. Juan Sabater OSB founded the El Colegio de San Beda, so named after the Venerable St. Bede of England. It was located in Arlegui Street.

During the inauguration of San Beda on June 17, 1901, Fr. Silvestre Jofre, OSB said in his homily that, “The College of San Beda comes to the arena with the sole purpose of helping to defend the Catholic battlements in the field of education.” The school opened exclusively for young boys with 212 students taking primaria enseñanza and secundaria enseñanza, the equivalent of grade school and high school with the first two years of college.[1]

 
School coat of arms as San Beda College

On 24 January 1906, San Beda College became affiliated with University of Santo Tomas. Bedan graduates were allowed to pursue further studies at UST without having to take qualifying exams. In 1910, however, the school revised its whole academic curriculum as a result of the requirements set by a new law in order for schools to be recognized by the government. San Beda became an independent private college with the authority to grant the Bachelor of Arts degree and diplomas in elementary and high school. It began to shift from Spanish to English as language of instruction and started to teach not only the English language but American history and politics as well. In 1916, Jesus Y. Mercado, a member of the Benedictine order, designed the first college seal.[2] In 1918, as a result of the growing American influence, the college decided to drop its old name, El Colegio de San Beda, and began calling itself San Beda College.[1]

In 1926, the Benedictine monks moved the school to Mendiola Street where it still stands. The transfer was needed to cope with demands for a bigger campus. By 1927, the courses offered by San Beda expanded and included grade school, high school, two-year courses of pre-medicine and pre-law, and the first two years of commerce. During that year, Bedan athletes won their first crown in the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) league.

From 1940 to 1947, the Abbey of Our Lady of Montserrat in Manila was under the apostolic administration of Abbot Alcuin Deutsch, OSB of St. John's Abbey, Collegeville, Minnesota. Three monks were sent to Manila to administer the Abbey and San Beda College. The college welcomed the only American rector in its history, Fr. Boniface Joseph Axtmann, OSB. In 1940 the school began to carry the Red Lion as its emblem. When World War II broke out, San Beda College was used by the Japanese Imperial Army as a garrison and supply depot. During these years, classes were held quietly in the Abbey of Our Lady of Montserrat, although classes were limited.

After the liberation by joint Filipino and American troops, San Beda was used by the 60th U.S. Army Field Hospital briefly.[1]

After the war, the school began to expand. After the priest Boniface Axtmann's liberal democratic style of running the college ended in 1947, a similar kind of leadership emerged under the administration of the Spanish Benedictine priest, Sergio Martinez, OSB. During his term, he decided to offer programs in arts, sciences, and jurisprudence. In 1948, Martinez formally established the San Beda College of Law. From 1952 to 1957, and 1960 to 1961, the San Beda Law School earned the distinction of producing a 100% passing record during the bar examinations. San Beda College became one of the founding schools of the Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines.

Eventually, San Beda College became a chartered school of the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities in 1957. Then Rector Fr. Benigno Benabarre, OSB was responsible for the school's inclusion in the PAASCU. He set up an alumni network of Bedans, which would eventually become the San Beda College Alumni Association.[1]

On June 17, 2001, San Beda College celebrated its centennial. During the opening ceremonies for its pre-centennial in 2000, former president Corazon Aquino, Bedan alumni senators Raul Roco and Rene Saguisag and then rector-president Bernardo Ma. Perez, OSB graced the event.

In that same year, a new administration under Fr. Anscar J. Chupungco, OSB was installed. At the same time, San Beda College offered the Graduate Program in Business which was granted full autonomy and rated "very good" by the Commission on Higher Education.[3]

On June 17, 2002, the San Beda College of Medicine and the Graduate Program in Liturgy were inaugurated, heralding the school's expansion program in health sciences. The following year, the College of Nursing and the Graduate School of Law were established. To give a more conducive academic environment to grade school and high school students, the San Beda College-Rizal campus was formally opened in June 2004. That same year, St. Benedict's College was formally renamed San Beda College Alabang.

On February 6, 2018, San Beda was granted University status by the Commission on Higher Education 501st Commission-en-Banc and Management Committee.

CampusesEdit

Mendiola ManilaEdit

 
San Beda University. c. 2016
 
St. Benedict's Hall, 2013

The first San Beda campus was originally in Arlegui Street near the compound of the Malacañang Palace. The Benedictine college, however, decided to relocate the school and the order's monastery to Mendiola to accommodate an increasing student population. The Mendiola Campus formally opened in 1926.

Due to the social and political unrest during the 1970s, the Benedictine monks initially entertained the thought of leaving Mendiola and of transferring to Alabang where they recently acquired a property. The monastic fathers abandoned the idea and decided to stay in Mendiola and to build another campus in Alabang.

SBU Manila houses four colleges: Arts and Sciences, Nursing, Medicine, and Law. The three graduate schools of San Beda – Business, Law, and Liturgy – are in the Mendiola campus. The campus also houses the Senior High School Department of SBU Manila.

Taytay RizalEdit

 
San Beda University IBED Campus (then San Beda College Rizal) c. 2017

The San Beda University Integrated Basic Education Department is located in the university's satellite campus in Barangay San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. It became operational when the Basic Education Department transferred from Mendiola in academic year 2004–2005, initially with nursery, Kinder, preparatory, grade 1, and first and second year high school levels. Thus, the primary, middle, and high schools became the units of the Integrated Basic Education Department (IBED). Moreover, the academic curriculum was re-aligned with the school's co-educational program and the phase-out of the grade and high school departments in the Mendiola campus. The last batch of Grade 6 students in Manila campus graduated in 2009 and 4th Year High School in 2006.[4]

The Integrated Basic Education Department is composed of the following: Grade School, Junior High School, and Senior High School.

Undergraduate and graduate unitsEdit

College of Arts and SciencesEdit

The College of Arts and Sciences is the oldest college or tertiary level department in San Beda University. It was founded in the year 1910, making it the second oldest liberal arts college in the Philippine Isles. More fondly called by its acronym, "CAS," the Arts and Sciences department has brought many awards and achievements to San Beda University. The CAS was instrumental in San Beda University's being granted the Level III accreditation and reaccreditation in 2001, in 2003, and in 2014 respectively, by the PAASCU, as well as the autonomy status given by the Commission on Higher Education in 2003.

College of NursingEdit

The San Beda College of Nursing (CON) offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing program. The CON began its operations 2003, in consortium with the Loyola Medical College Foundation chaired by Dr. Johnny Fong. The consortium with Loyola Foundation ended in 2008.[citation needed] The CON is now solely run by San Beda. The Nursing School of San Beda has been granted PAASCU Level I Accreditation.

College of MedicineEdit

In addition to the Nursing department, the San Beda University administration put up another department to strengthen its health sciences program. The San Beda College of Medicine (SBCM) was formally established on March 9, 2002, with the task of offering a four-year course leading to the degree of Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)[3] as its fifth unit. It has a faculty of over 70 medical lecturers, who come mostly from the University of the Philippines Manila.[citation needed]

The college occupies the St. Benedict's Hall. It uses several laboratories in St. Maur's Building along with other colleges and has a dedicated cadaver room on the third floor for its anatomy classes.

The CoM has sent examinees from its first class of graduates from the school year 2002–2003 to the August 2007 medical board exams.[5]

College of LawEdit

The San Beda College of Law (CoL) was founded in 1948 upon the initiative of former rector-president Fr. Sergio Martinez, OSB. Feliciano Jover Ledesma, an Ateneo graduate, was the first dean of the San Beda Law School. It sent bar candidates for the first time in 1952, who all passed the bar. From 1952 up to 1957, and 1960 to 1961, the San Beda Law School achieved the feat of attaining a 100 percent passing rate in the Bar Exams.[6]

It has produced lawyers such as the current President of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte, former Senator Rene Saguisag, the late Senator Raul S. Roco, Senator Leila M. De Lima, Former Commission on Elections Chairman Sixto Brillantes Jr., and twelve Justices of the Supreme Court – Florenz D. Regalado, the holder of the highest bar exam grade in the country, Justo P. Torres Jr., Antonio M. Martinez, Romeo J. Callejo Sr., Antonio Eduardo Nachura, Jose Catral Mendoza, Bienvenido Reyes, Samuel Martires, Noel Tijam, Ramon Paul Hernando, Mario Lopez, and Samuel Gaerlan. .

Graduate SchoolsEdit

AdministrationEdit

The following is the list of people who have served as rector-presidents of San Beda University. All were monastics who are members of the Order of Saint Benedict.

RECTOR-PRESIDENTS
SAN BEDA COLLEGE

1901–03 – Silvestre Jofre
1903–06 – Arsenio Insausti
1906–09 – Silvestre Jofre
1909–14 – Anselmo Catalán
1914–18 – Fausto Ameijeiras
1918–23 – Rosendo Fernández
1923–24 – Ildefonso Sáez
1925–27 – Urbano Caseres
1927–37 – Bernardo López
1937–39 – Beda del Hoyo

1939–41 – Wilfrido Rojo
1941–47 – Boniface Axtman
1947–48 – Urbano Caseres
1948–49 – Sergio Martínez
1949–52 – Bernardo López
1952–55 – Wilfrido Rojo
1956–58 – Wilfrido Rojo
1958–61 – Bernardo López
1961–66 – Benigno Benabarre
1966–67 – Ildefonso Orígenes

1967–68 – Hildebrando Muñoz
1968–71 – Isidro Otazu
1971–74 – Bernardo Ma. Pérez
1974–77 – Emmanuel Ma. Balcruz
1977–83 – Bernardo Ma. Pérez
1983–85 – Silvestre Lacson
1985–2001 – Bernardo Ma. Pérez
2001–07 – Anscar J. Chupungco
2007–10 – Mateo Ma. J. De Jesus
2010–18 – Aloysius Ma. A. Maranan

SAN BEDA UNIVERSITY
2018–22 - Aloysius Ma. A. Maranan

ArchitectureEdit

Since its construction in Mendiola Street, majority of the buildings of San Beda University adapted the Neo-Gothic style of architecture.[7] However, renovations have been made in some areas such as the tiles and gates. New structures were constructed such as the covered walk and pavilion near the entrance gate.[citation needed]

School traditionsEdit

San Beda University adopted the Red Lion emblem from the ancient Scottish/English heraldic symbol, the Red Lion Rampant.[8][9]

The Bedan hymnEdit

Before the beginning of the 1960s, Bedans were singing a different school hymn. In 1966, Senator Raul Roco, then a San Beda Magna Cum Laude law student; Arturo Montesa, wrote a new alma mater hymn which would capture the Bedan spirit.

After finishing the lyrics, Roco then gave the lyrics to Rev. Fr. Benildus Ma (Manuel) Maramba, OSB for its melody, arrangements, and orchestration. It took Fr. Maramba two days to finish the song composition.[10]

It is sung at important events such as the NCAA basketball season, the Bar exams, alumni gatherings, and at simple affairs such as seminars and small get-together of Bedans.

Red Lion and The Ancient Red Lion RampantEdit

 
The Red Lion Rampant

The practice of adopting a school moniker became both fashionable and an imperative especially for Catholic schools named after saints during the 1940s in the Philippines.[9][11]

American Catholic schools started the rage earlier when the clergy became wary of sports headlines such as “ St. Peter mauls St. Paul 80 – 40”. In the Philippines, headlines of whipping and trashing of schools named after saints drew mixed emotions among the clergy and devout Catholics. “Why would a Catholic saint whip another Catholic saint?”, they would ask.[citation needed]

On July 31, 1940, Fr. Sergio Martinez OSB, inspired by English tradition, coined the moniker “Red Lion” for the school.[12] Red is the color of courage, of a warrior and a martyr. The lion, on the other hand, represents dominance as the king of the jungle.[8][9][13]

Indian YellEdit

 
The San Beda Red Army cheering the Indian Yell

The Cuerba brothers, both Bedans, composed the Indian Yell in 1947 after the liberation from the Japanese empire.[9][12][14] The Indian Yell was initially solely performed on drums accompanied by cheers from the students. However, this made the cheer somewhat lacking in power and needed something to rejuvenate the audience. So they changed the sound of the yell and incorporated a horn section. Accompanied by the tomahawk chop, the Indian Yell became more lively, intimidating, and full of spirit.[8][12]

The Indian Yell is San Beda's romanticized version of the Indian war whoop. It mimics the native Indian war chants and vocalization techniques designed to intimidate the opponent.[14] North American Indian war chants are verbalization of tunes that implore the great spirits to help them in battle. The romanticized Bedan Indian Yell is believed to have been inspired by the Plains Indian.[8]

The Indian war whoop gave rise to derivative chants, most especially the Lion's Roar. The Lion's roar, with the simple "Wooohooo", mimics chants of Native American Indians. This is an indirect offspring of the Wahoos started by Dartmouth College and the University of Virginia in the 1890s.[15] Bedans popularized this aboriginal Native American form of chanting in the Philippine collegiate league and has spawned variations now used by many other schools.[8][9][14]

Notable peopleEdit

 
President Rodrigo Duterte during San Beda's 116th Commencement Exercises

San Beda University counts among its students, alumni and graduates numerous national leaders in politics, business, law, athletics, and entertainment such as the 16th Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte,[16] Senator Leila de Lima,[17] former senator Benigno S. Aquino Jr.,[18] former senator Raul S. Roco, former Speakers of the House of Representatives Ramon V. Mitra,[18] former senator and human rights icon Rene Saguisag, former Supreme Court Chief Justice Roberto Concepcion, 14 Associate Justices including Florenz Regalado,[19] business tycoon Dr. Manuel V. Pangilinan,[20] Philippine basketball legend Carlos Loyzaga,[21] actor Eddie Gutierrez, and 2004 Philippine presidential candidate & actor, Fernando Poe, Jr.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "San Beda College-History". Archived from the original on June 16, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. ^ "100 Years of Benedictine Education San Beda College 1901–2001". San Beda College. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ a b The Rector-President's Report 2001-2007
  4. ^ est1901/BED-About_SBCR.htm "ABOUT SAN BEDA COLLEGE RIZAL". Retrieved July 16, 2016. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  5. ^ The Bedan August 2007 Issue: Medisina umariba sa board exams
  6. ^ The Bedan Centennial Issue, p.5
  7. ^ Axtman, OSB, AB, Boniface (1941). Educational Work of the Benedictine Order in the Philippines. Manila: University of Santo Tomas.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ a b c d e Jude Roque and the San Beda Boosters Club. A Time To Roar:Reviving the Bedan Animo. Manila: n.p, 2007 [1] Archived August 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b c d e Toloma et al. Abbey Monty. Manila: n.p., 2006[dead link]
  10. ^ The Barrister October–November 2005: Raul S. Roco 1941-2005.
  11. ^ "Ateneo de Manila Official Website". Archived from the original on May 24, 2008. Retrieved July 6, 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  12. ^ a b c Ramon Jose. "The Lion and The Indian". The Bedan Centennial Issue. 2001
  13. ^ "The Meanings Behind the Symbols".Fleurdelis Designs. Online. Internet. Accessed May 23, 2007.fleurdelis.com/meanings.htm Fleur-de-lis Designs - Custom Crests, Logos, and Coats of Arms Design Services Archived March 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ a b c Saguisag, R. "Manny P and Bedan Nostalgia" .The Manila Times August 9, 2006.The Manila Times | Trusted Since 1898 Archived October 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Meacham, S. "The Persistence of Wahoowah, Dartmouth's Indian Yell, at the University of Virginia". Online. Internet. Accessed May 23, 2007 http://www.dartmo.com/Indian_Yell_Meacham.pdf
  16. ^ Aurelio, Julie M. "Why Duterte almost missed the bar exams". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  17. ^ "Sen. Leila de Lima elated after son passes Bar exam". Manila Bulletin News. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  18. ^ a b "Why Howard Dee's work is unending". Inquirer Lifestyle. August 25, 2018. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  19. ^ Torres-Tupas, Tetch. "SC Associate Justice Florenz Regalado; 87". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  20. ^ "What San Beda's students think about its new university status". Inquirer Lifestyle. February 9, 2018. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  21. ^ "Greatest Filipino basketball player of all time, Caloy Loyzaga passes away at 85". GMA News Online. Retrieved June 25, 2019.

External linksEdit