Nicanor Abelardo

Nicanor Santa Ana Abelardo (February 7, 1893 – March 21, 1934) was a Filipino composer known for kundiman songs he wrote before the Second World War.

Nicanor Abelardo
Nicanor Abelardo depicted on a postage stamp
Nicanor Abelardo depicted on a postage stamp
Background information
Born(1893-02-07)February 7, 1893
San Miguel de Mayumo, Bulacan, Captaincy General of the Philippines
OriginPhilippines
DiedMarch 21, 1934(1934-03-21) (aged 41)
San Juan de Dios Hospital, Manila, Philippines
GenresKundiman, Classical Music
Occupation(s)Composer

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Nicanor Abelardo was born in San Miguel de Mayumo, Bulacan to Valentin Abelardo and Placida Santa Ana, on February 7, 1893[1] His mother belonged to a family of artists in Guagua, the Henson. He was introduced to music when he was five years old when his father taught him the solfeggio, the bandurria, and the guitar at 6. His quick mastery of the instruments has made him a prodigy in town. He could play his father's arrangement of Rossini's "William Tell Overture" on the guitar at age 6. He also learned the violin and other string instruments given to him by his father, and learned how to play quickly without much difficulty. In 1901, he wrote his first composition, "Ang Unang Buko" and dedicated it to his grandmother.

In 1902, Nicanor's uncle, the painter Juan Abelardo, took him to Manila to attend several schools. During this time Nicanor became the favorites among the haranistas who admired him of his skill at such a young age. This was also the time where he learned how to play the piano. He saw a piano for the first time at a factory of one of his uncle's clients, and immediately taught himself how to play it. By the time his uncle's job was finished, he can already play an air on the piano. The household was even more surprised when he started accompanying his cousin's singing on the piano. This has led his uncle to enroll him to a private lesson in voice under Enrico Capozzi, who was so impressed by Nicanor's abilities that he refused to accept any fee whatsoever. The same thing also happened when he started formally studied Bandurria under Jose Silos. By this time he was 13 years old, the famed pianist Francisco Buencamino took note of his skill in playing the piano, and helped him take a job at a saloon as a pianist.

However, in 1907, he returned to his hometown and finished his 6th grade there after which he was teaching music in various barrio schools around town. but after a year he went back to Manila permanently.

Time in ManilaEdit

In 1908 he returned to Manila and took employment in various small theaters and cinemas. He soon climbed up to the bigger and better class theaters in the city. He eventually became the leader of Cine Majestic Orchestra, an orchestra from a famous cinema. During this time he met Sixta Naguiat at a cinema, which would become his wife in later years.

CareerEdit

In 1916, Abelardo entered the newly-established University of the Philippines Conservatory of Music, taking courses under Guy F. Harrison and Robert Schofield. During his studies, he composed the melody of the university's official anthem, U.P. Naming Mahal in 1917. The Conservatory instantly noticed his musical ability and by 1918, he was appointed assistant instructor in solfeggio and harmony. He took lessons in piano under Jose Estella, violin under Bonifacio Abdon, and voice under Victorino Carrion. He continued conducting cinema orchestras and play the piano at saloons and cabarets during this time, and this is also the time where he learned to drink alcohol. in 1921 he finally received his degree in science and composition, and thereafter took a post-graduate course which he finished the next year. On 1924 he became head of the composition department of the conservatory, and at night taught private music lessons to some prominent families.

He wrote most of his important works while teaching at the conservatory. His graduation piece, a Piano Sonata in G Major, was the first Sonata made by a Filipino composer[a] and his post-graduate piece, the Piano Concerto in B-flat minor, was the first concerto made by a Filipino composer. Almost all of his kundiman was written during his time as well.

He asked a leave of one year because "There is a greater demand in my activities which demand my whole personal attention." He resigned his post in 1930 only to be reinstated in the same year. In 1931 he received a grant to pursue advanced musical studies abroad. He accepted the offer despite his little savings, seeing his bright prospects in the future.

AlcoholismEdit

Abelardo began to drink in the early 1920s, and ever since then, he did not pass a day without drinking alcohol. In later years, his alcoholism became uncontrollable which affected his life. In one instance in 1923 he directed the Jazz Band at the Manila Hotel with himself at the piano, or he picked such instruments as he pleased. This greatly amused the people, but he did not stay long because he had lost control of his drinking, and became hospitalized for a month because of it. Another instance while rehearsing the Santa Ana Cabaret Orchestra, the manager found him in a corner drunk with a bottle of booze at one hand, which led him to be dismissed from the job. However the manager reinstated him, as no one can lead the orchestra as good as him.

Studies in ChicagoEdit

In May 1931 he left Manila for Chicago and enrolled at the Chicago Musical College under Wesley LaViolette. During this time he got influenced by the musical innovations of the Second Viennese School, Hindemith, and other post-romantic composers of Europe. In barely a month he fully absorbed the new musical style he was exposed to, as evident in his Violin Sonata which he had written in 3 weeks after he started studying there. His music became popular in the college and with his Cinderella Overture, he was granted the LaViolette Scholarship award. But even with the scholarship, the depression-stricken Chicago, and his alcoholism made it hard for Abelardo to live in the city. He returned to Manila in 1932 without his diploma, because he did not have enough academic credits. He received the diploma after studying at the National University.

Later YearsEdit

He resumed his teaching at the Conservatory after returning to Manila. While he was in Chicago, his family ran a boarding house near the conservatory to support him. He eventually ran the boarding house himself when he returned. The boarding house was nicknamed "The Little Conservatory" because he would teach the students there at night, among them the composers Lucino Sacramento and the future National Artist Antonino Buenaventura. His final large complete work, Requiem, was written in 1934 in memory of the composer Marcelo Adonay.

DeathEdit

He died on March 21, 1934 to heart failure due to alcoholic causes. He was buried at the La Loma Cemetery. He left behind various sketches of unfinished music, among them a symphony and an opera.

LegacyEdit

 
N. Abelardo Hall (UP Diliman).

Nicanor Abelardo, along with Francisco Santiago, is known for redefining the kundiman, bringing the form to art-song status. Abelardo's kundiman songs, such as "Mutya ng Pasig", "Nasaan ka, Irog?", and "Bituing Marikit" proved to be popular among the Filipino people, and his compositions are regularly played in concerts in the Philippines.

Nicanor's relative Richard Abelardo made a film in 1950 called "Mutya ng Pasig" which is based on Nicanor's kundiman of the same name.[2]

The main theater of the Cultural Center of the Philippines and the building housing the College of Music in UP Diliman (Abelardo Hall) were named in his honor and memory.[3]

List of WorksEdit

In E. Arsenio Manuel's Biography of Abelardo (1955), Manuel lists 149 works. Some works not included in Manuel's 1955 list is included here. His famous or important works are highlighted below.

Compositions of Nicanor Abelardo[4][5]
Date Title Genre Opus Notes Status
1901 Ang Unang Buko Waltz, Bandurria solo Dedicated to his Grandmother Macaria Libunao Lost
1905 Filipino Boy Two-step
1909 Baanag at Lakas Band, March Dedicated to the Confederacion Bulakeña Published
1911 Lucila Sarswela In 3 parts. libretto by Florentino Ballecer.
1913 Akibat Sarswela In 1 Act. libretto by Florentino Ballecer. Libretto only
1915 July 2 Sa Bubungan Play In 1 act. unknown librettist
1915 Dalawang Pag-asa Play In 1 act. libretto by Florentino Ballecer
1916/1917 Amorosa Vocal, Foxtrot Spanish Lyrics by Jesus Balmori Published
1917 U.P. Beloved Vocal Winner of the University Hymn competition. English Lyrics by Teogenes Velez Published
1918 April 28 Kapabayaan/Bunga ng Masamang Hilig Sarswela In 1 act. Tagalog Text by Felix Auxilio Roxas
1918 April 28 Kawanggawa Sarswela In 1 act. Tagalog Text by Felix Auxilio Roxas
1920 Kung Hindi Man Vocal, Kundiman Tagalog Lyrics by the composer, English Translation by Atilano Montesa Published
1921 Academic Overture Piano, Orchestral Originally for 2 pianos, later arranged by Antonino Buenaventura for orchestra. Ms.
1921 An Old Love Song Vocal Adopted from Dowland's Songbook
1921 String Quartet in F Major Chamber 1, no. 1 for String Quartet. In 4 movements: Allegro, Andante, alla Minueto, Rondo: Allegro Moderato. [b] Lost
1921 Sonata in G Major Piano, Sonata 3, no. 1? In 3 movements: Allegro, Adagio, Presto. The first Piano Sonata made by a Filipino composer. It was submitted as a graduation piece. The work was lost.[6] Lost
1921 Sonata in C Major Piano, Sonata 3, no. 2 In 3 movements: Allegro con moto, Adagio, Rondo: Allegro con moto quasi vivace. It was submitted as a graduation piece.[7] Ms.
1921 Sonata Piano, Sonata 3, no. 3? In 4 movements: Allegro, Andante alla Minueto, Rondo, Allegro Moderato. [c] Lost
1921 Longing Vocal, Chamber Quartet for three voices
1921 Fughetta in C on a Theme by Mozart Chamber for String Quartet Ms.
1921 Mountain Suite Orchestral In 4 movements:

Ang Liwayway (Dawn), Sayaw ng mga Diwata (Dance of the Nymphs), Ang Matanda sa Punso (The Old Man of the Anthill), Ang Sayaw ng mga Ita (Negrito Dance) The material for this suite was reworked from his sarswela Akibat. Originally called Mountain Scenes.

1921 Ave Maria Vocal, Chamber, Sacred Published
1921 Nocturne Piano solo From Three Pieces for the Pianoforte Lost
1921 Valse Caprice Piano solo From Three Pieces for the Pianoforte Lost
1921 Fantasie-Impromptu Piano solo From Three Pieces for the Pianoforte Ms. copy
1921 The Violet Vocal a trio for 3 sopranos
1921 U.P. Spells "Up" Vocal from The First University Song Collection of the University of the Philippines. English text by Guy Potter Benton. Published
1921 Alma Mater U.P. Vocal from The First University Song Collection of the University of the Philippines. English text by Gerardo Monden. Published
1921 Conservatory Commencement Hymn Choral, Hymn from The First University Song Collection of the University of the Philippines. English text by Robert Schofield. Published
1921 Coronation March Orchestral, March written for the Carnival Queen Carmencita Prieto
1921 First Nocturne Piano solo Published
1921 Cavatina Chamber 7 for Violin and Piano. Published 1927 by Theodore Presser Co. Published
1921 Romanza Chamber 8 for Cello and Piano; dedicated to Antonio Molina. Published 1928 by Oliver Ditson Company Published
1921 Valse Caprice Piano solo dedicated to Pedro Eloriaga Lost
1922 Serenade Chamber for Cello and Piano
1922 Ang Aking Bayan Vocal Tagalog Lyrics by the composer Published
1922 Paraluman Vocal, Waltz Tagalog Lyrics by Mariano Velayo Published
1922 Valse in D-flat Piano Solo 11 Lost
1922 An Offertory to St. Cecilia Vocal, Sacred
1922 A Historical Pageant Band, Incidental Music Consists of an Overture and 12 other movements:

I. Sight of the Ship, II-IV. Untitled, V. Dance of the Bolomen, VI. Untitled, VII. Shields and Spears, VIII. Untitled, IX. Kumintang Dance, X. Untitled XI. Pasodoble for Exit, XII. Blood Compact.

Ms.
1922 Princess' Dance Piano Movement from A Historical Pageant arranged to piano. Published
1922 September 13 Initiation Song Vocal for the Rizal Center Fraternity
1922 Ang Mestisa Sarswela libretto by Ingracio Valmonte
1922 November 30 Bonifacio Song Vocal, March English Lyrics by Francisco Carballo
1923 Nasaan ka Irog Vocal, Kundiman Tagalos Lurics by Nemestio Asistio, Spanish version by Jesus Balmori Published
1923 Kundiman Chamber for Violin and Piano Published
1923 Piano Concerto in B-flat minor Concerto 12 In 3 Movements: Allegro Moderato, Andante Romantico, Allegro Fantastico. It was the first Piano Concerto written by a Filipino Composer. Ms. copy
1923 Processional March Orchestral, March
1923 Capriccio Espagnole Chamber 15 for violin and piano Published
1923 Pearl of the Orient Band, March Recorded by the Baliuag Buenaventura Band in 1958[8] Ms.
1924 January 9 Wedding March Orchestral, March for the wedding anniversary of Marcelo Adonay
1924 March 29 Stabat Mater Vocal, Chamber, Sacred Ms.
1924 Meditation Harmonium solo
1924 Kundiman ng Luha Vocal, Kundiman Tagalog Lyrics by Jose Corazon de Jesus; Dedicated to Samahang Bulakan Published
1924 Petite Serenade Chamber for violin and piano
1924 December 30 Ultimo Adios Choral, Orchestral for Female Chorus and Orchestra; Composition based on a poem by Jose Rizal Published
1925 Magbalik ka, Hirang Vocal, Kundiman Tagalog Lyrics by Filomena Alcanar; Dedicated to Candida Moreno; with violin obbligato
1925 Pahimakas Vocal Tagalog Lyrics by Jose Corazon de Jesus; Dedicated to Jose Mossesgeld Santiago Published
1925 Canto del Viajero Vocal Composition based on a poem by Jose Rizal Published
1926 May 2 Dakilang Punglo Sarswela in 3 acts; libretto by Servando de los Angeles.
1926 Bituing Marikit Vocal, Danza Menor from the sarswela Dakilang Punglo Published
1926 Health Service Hymn Choral, Hymn for the Philippine Health Service, Manila
1926 Mutya ng Pasig Vocal, Kumintang Tagalog Lyrics by Deogracias A. Rosario, later arranged for orchestra by the composer Published
1928 Himutok Vocal, Kundiman Tagalog Lyrics by the composer Published
1928 Valse Extase Chamber, Waltz for saxophone and piano
1928 National Heroes' Day Hymn Choral, Hymn Lyrics by Alfredo B. German Published
1928 Into your Eyes Vocal, Ballad English lyrics by Paul R. Verzosa
1929 December 23 Balitaw Vocal, Ballad Visayan Lyrics by Ramon Abellanos, Tagalogg Byrics by the composer
1929 Pahiwatig Vocal, Danza Tagalog Lyrics by the composer. Dedicated to Clarita Tankiang Published
1929 Reverie Chamber for violin and piano
1929 Ang Dakilang Pagyayakap Vocal, Paso-doble Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer Published
1929 Ikaw Rin Vocal, Kundiman Tagalog Lyrics by the composer, Spanish version by Manuel Barnabe, Dedicated to Celedonia Ongpin Published
1929 December 23 Paalam sa Pagkakadalaga Folk Folk song arrangement
1929 December 23 Lulay Folk Folk song arrangement
1929 December 23 May Isang Bulaklak na Ibig Lumitaw Folk Folk song arrangement
1930 Kumintang ng Bayan Vocal, Kumintang Lyrics by the composer
1930 Kung ako'y Umibig Vocal, Kundiman Lyrics by the composer Published
1930 May Himno Masonico Choral, Hymn winner in a contest by the Grand Lodge of Manila
1930 Halika, Magandang Mutya Vocal, Serenade Lyrics by the composer
1930 Marcha Triunfal March Dedicated to Logia Isla de Luzon no. 57
1930 Sa Iyong Kandungan Vocal, Kundiman Tagalog Lyrics by the composer; Sugbuanon Lyrics by Manuel Velez Published
1930 Nasaan ang aking Puso Vocal, Kundiman Published
1930 Naku Kenkoy Vocal Tagalog Lyrics by Romulado G. Ramos Published
1930 April 17 Tayo'y Pakasal na Vocal, Sarswela A song from a sarswela by Servando de los Angeles
1930 Reminiscenes Vocal Favorite song of Isagani Velayo's grandmother transcribed by Abelardo. Tagalog Lyrics by Valentin Abelardo
1930 April 7 Ay Kalisud Folk, Foxtrot Arranged as a foxtrot for orchestra
1930 April 7 Batobato at Siniguelas Vocal, Sarswela additional song from a Tagalog Sarswela
1930 June 10 Anong Sarap mong Umibig Vocal, Sarswela additional song from a Tagalog Sarswela Dalawang Pag-asa by Florentino Ballecer
1930 Ang Puso ko'y Nalulumbay Vocal, Sarswela additional song from a Tagalog Sarswela Dakilang Punglo by Florentino Ballecer
1930 June 30 Ayokong Ayoko Vocal Music and Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer, harmonized by Abelardo
1930 June 21 Doon po sa Aming Bayan Vocal Music and Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer, harmonized by Abelardo
1930 June 21 Walang Palad sa Paggiliw Vocal A "Duo de Amor"
1930 June 21 Ang Dagat na Malawak Vocal A Barcarole
1930 June 21 Ang Babae kung Pangit Vocal Music and Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer, harmonized by Abelardo
1930 June 21 Pag-ibig na Walang Hanggan Vocal A duet
1930 July 12 Hoy-hoy Vocal
1930 July 12 May Isang Dalagang Nanggaling sa Bukid Vocal
1930 July 12 Ayaw sa Pusa Vocal An "Awit Lansangan" Music and by Florentino Ballecer and Abelardo; Lyrics by Ballecer
1930 July 12 Sa Gintong Panaginip Vocal, Kumintang Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer
1930 July 12 Sa Pugad ng Paggiliw Vocal Music and Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer, harmonized by Abelardo
1930 July 12 Kaiingat Ka Vocal Music and Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer, harmonized by Abelardo
1930 July 12 Sa Bayang Marungko Vocal Music and Lyrics by Florentino Ballecer, harmonized by Abelardo
1931 January 10 Intermezzo Band Awarded First Prize and gold medal at the 1931 Philippine Carnival Contest, entered under the pseudonym "Batong-Buhay"
1931 January 10 Valse Elegante Band Awarded First Prize at the 1931 Philippine Carnival Contest, entered under the pseudonym "Araw"
1931 February Ang Likha ni Pierrot/Batik ng Kabihasnan Sarswela libretto by Florentino Ballecer
1931 March 5 Buhay ng Binata't Dalaga Vocal Dialogue by Danding Gabriel
1931 March 5 Bibingka't Langgunisa Vocal Dialogue by Danding Gabriel
1931 June 5 Waltz Waltz written in Chicago
1931 June Fugue for String Quartet Chamber written in Chicago
1931 June 28 The Flower and the Bird Chamber, Caprice written in Chicago; for flute, violin, and piano
1931 July 5 A Summer Idyll Chamber written in Chicago; for violin, clarinet, and piano
1931 July 22 A Naughty Nymph Chamber, polka written in Chicago; for flute and piano
1931 July 28 Fifes and Castagnettes Chamber, Bolero written in Chicago; for flute and piano
1931 September 7 Violin Sonata Chamber written in Chicago; In 3 movements: Allegro, Andante, Allegro con moto. The first movement was finished on July 13, 1931. Ms.
1931 November 25 Cinderella Overture Orchestral, Overture written in Chicago; this piece won him the LaViolette Scholarship Award Ms.
1931 November 25 Sinfonietta for String Orchestra Orchestral written in Chicago Ms.
1931 November Panoramas Chamber written in Chicago; for flute, violin, viola, celesta, and piano Ms.
1932 January 8 Second Fugue for String Quartet Chamber written in Chicago Ms.
1932 June Symphony Orchestral written in Chicago; unfinished; intended to be his graduate piece but he chose Sonata for String Quartet instead.[9] Lost
1932 June 6 Sonata for String Quartet Chamber written in Chicago; offered as graduate composition
1932 October 7 A Study in Kumintang Chamber for Piano and String Quartet; Dedicated for the wedding anniversary of Hon. Noberto Romualdez Ms.
1932 Salve Regina Mater Vocal, Chamber, Sacred for Soprano, baritone, and trio
1932 Visayan Caprice Chamber for violin, cello, and piano Published
1932 Emilio Jacinto Vocal English lyrics by Francisco Carballo
1932 Song of the Lonesome Traveller Vocal Published
1933 Spirit of '96 Overture for Band
1933 National Institute Song Vocal
1933 Himig ng bayan Chamber, Overture for String Band. Composed for the Doce Estrellas Society of Licab, Nueva Ecija
1933 Carola Foxtrot a tango-foxtrot
1934 January Dawn Dance A dance composed for a Pageant titled "The Triumph of Eros" held by the University of the Philippines on 6 February 1934.[10] Instrumentation by Antonino Buenaventura.
1934 March 15 Panghanga Vocal, Kundiman dedicated to Carnival Queen Clarita Tankiang
1934 Requiem Choral, Orchestral, Sacred Composed in memory of Marcelo Adonay. Lost
1934 Florante at Laura Opera unfinished Lost
undated Violin Concerto Concerto unfinished; Exists as Violin and Piano; one movement completed and arranged by Antonio Molina for violin and orchestra[11] Exact date of composition unknown, but stylistic analysis of the work has estimated the composition date to be roughly 1920. Ms. copy
undated Rondo and Double Fugue Orchestral unfinished.[9]
undated Un cuento de Lola Basiang Vocal A musical sketch in 7 scenes
undated Lola Basyang Band, March Recorded by the Baliuag Buenaventura Band in 1958[8] Ms.
undated Kasaganaan Band, March Recorded by the Baliuag Buenaventura Band in 1958[8] Ms.
undated Tinig ng mga Kahabag-habag Vocal Dedicated to the lepers
undated Visayan Orientale Waltz
undated Ang Binatang Filipino Waltz co-composed with Jose L. Santos
undated Sa Libingan ng Irog Vocal, Kundiman Tagalog Lyrics by Pedro Icasiano
undated Our National Pride Vocal Dedicated to Gabino Tabuñar of the National University
undated Libertador Choral, Hymn Dedicated to Sergio Osmeña
undated Grand March March
undated Ikaw Tango
undated Himno Plaridel Orchestral
undated Bunying M. H. Del Pilar Hymn Probably composed 1920
undated Modernista
undated Ode to the Sampagita Vocal English Lyrics by Mauro Mendel. Composed for the Philippine Women's University
undated Honor and Arms Orchestral, March
undated Sumilang Sarswela In 3 acts; libretto by Basilio Lanuza. Written after 1911
undated Makabagong Dalaga Play In 3 acts. Lyrics by Mariano Velayo.
undated Ang Tala ng Universidad Sarswela In 3 acts; libretto by Danding Gabriel
undated Ang Batang Tulisan Play In 4 acts; libretto by Bernardino Buenaventura; Lyrics by Danding Gabriel
undated Puri ng Mahirap Sarswela librettist unknown

DiscographyEdit

Many of Abelardo's songs and kundimans were recorded during his lifetime by his friends and colleagues, such as Jose Mossesgeld Santiago and Jovita Fuentes. After the war his kundimans were frequently recorded by recording artists such as Sylvia la Torre, Conching Rosal, and Don David. The following is an incomplete list of recordings of some of his famous kundimans:

Kundiman Discography
Title Performer Date Source
Kung Hindi Man Don David [12]
Jovita Fuentes [13]
Jose Mossesgeld Santiago 2013 [14]
Joseph Legaspi [15]
Nasaan ka, Irog? Nati de Arellano 7/12/1929 [16]
Jose Mossesgeld Santiago [14]
Don David [12]
Sylvia la Torre [17]
William Lim 2013 [15]
Bituing Marikit Don David [12]
Conching Rosal [18]
Sylvia la Torre [17]
Joseph Legaspi 2013 [15]
Mutya ng Pasig Jovita Fuentes 4/20/1938 [19]
Nati de Arellano 6/28/1929 [20]
Conching Rosal [18]
Sylvia la Torre [17]
Kundiman ng Luha Jovita Fuentes [13]
Arrigo Pola 1951 [21]
Jose Mossesgeld Santiago [22][14]
Don David [12]
Joseph Legaspi 2013 [15]
Magbalik ka, Hirang Arrigo Pola 1951 [21]
Jose Mossesgeld Santiago [23][14]
Katrina Saporsantos 2013 [15]
Pahimakas Jose Mossesgeld Santiago 1926 June [24][14]
Katrina Saporsantos 2013 [15]
Ikaw Rin! Jose Mossesgeld Santiago [14]
Joseph Legaspi 2013 [15]
Himutok Don David [12]
Conching Rosal [18]
William Lim 2013 [15]
Pahiwatig Sylvia la Torre [17]
William Lim 2013 [15]

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Not to be confused with Francisco Santiago's "Sonata Filipina in D-flat" written in 1922 which is, according to Molina, "first sonata written in the Philippines introducing Philippine musical themes"
  2. ^ Manuel (1955) lists a "Sonata" with the movements "Allegro, Andante alla Minuet, Rondo, Allegro Moderato" while Epistola (1996) Lists the F major quartet with the movements "Allegro, Andante, alla Minueto, Rondo: Allegro Moderato"
  3. ^ Manuel (1955) lists a "Sonata" with the movements "Allegro, Andante alla Minuet, Rondo, Allegro Moderato" while Epistola (1996) Lists the F major quartet with the movements "Allegro, Andante, alla Minueto, Rondo: Allegro Moderato"

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nicanor Avelardo Baptism (Registros parroquiales, 1821-1946)". FamilySearch. 12 February 1893. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Mutya ng Pasig (1950)". IMDB.
  3. ^ "MISSION OF THE COLLEGE". Archived from the original on 2010-12-15. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  4. ^ Abelardo, Nicanor. (2015). In V. Almario (Ed.), Sagisag Kultura (Vol 1). Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Retrieved from https://philippineculturaleducation.com.ph/abelardo-nicanor/
  5. ^ "Nicanor Santa Ana Abelardo".
  6. ^ Galang II, Abelardo. The Development of Philippine Piano Literature. p. 93.
  7. ^ Original Manuscript stored at Milne Special Collections, University of New Hampshire Library, Durham NH
  8. ^ a b c https://soundcloud.com/johann-sebastian-g-valondo/sets/baliwag-buenaventura-band-1958
  9. ^ a b Rodriguez, Eulogio (March 25, 1938). "Nicanor Abelardo". The Tribune.
  10. ^ "Dances and Music for U. P. Pageant "The Triumph of Eros Assembled". The Tribune. 25 January 1934.
  11. ^ "All-Philippine Music at Symphony Concert". The Tribune. September 17, 1944.
  12. ^ a b c d e David, Don (1994) Heritage Series - Classic Kundiman and Love Songs. SMC
  13. ^ a b Fuentes, J. (2000). Jovita Fuentes song collections: Vol. 1. Quezon City: Yesteryears Music Gallery. Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/jovita-fuentes-song-collections-vol-1/oclc/401564996
  14. ^ a b c d e f Spottswood, Robert (1990). Ethnic Music on Records: A Discography of Ethnic Recordings Produced in the United States, 1893-1942. Vol. 4: Spanish, Portuguese, Philippines, Basque (Vol, 4). Illinois, Chicago: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0252017226.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "The Songs of Nicanor Abelardo". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  16. ^ Victor matrix BVE-55122. Nasaan ka irog? / Nati de Arellano. (2019). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 25, 2019, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/index.php/matrix/detail/800026225/BVE-55122-Nasaan_ka_irog.
  17. ^ a b c d la Torre, Sylvia (2014) Kundiman. Villar Records International
  18. ^ a b c Rosal, Conching (2009) Immortal Kundiman. Villar Records International
  19. ^ Victor matrix BS-022604. Ang mutya ñg pasig / Jovita Fuentes. (2019). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 25, 2019, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/index.php/matrix/detail/200032139/BS-022604-Ang_mutya_g_pasig.
  20. ^ Victor matrix BVE-53891. Mutya ñg Pasig / Nati de Arellano. (2019). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 25, 2019, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/index.php/matrix/detail/800025712/BVE-53891-Mutya_g_Pasig.
  21. ^ a b Pola, A. (2000). Arrigo Pola: Various artists. Quezon City: Yesteryears Music Gallery. Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/arrigo-pola-various-artists/oclc/401565005
  22. ^ Santiago, J. M., Abelardo, N., & Abdon, B. (1926). Kundiman ng luha. New York: Columbia. Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/kundiman-ng-luha/oclc/81980328
  23. ^ Abelardo, N., & Mossesgeld, S. J. (1900). Magbalik Ka, Hirang!. Columbia. Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/magbalik-ka-hirang/oclc/80132160
  24. ^ Abelardo, N., & Mossesgeld, S. J. (1900). Pahimakas. Columbia. Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/pahimakas/oclc/79662508
  • E. Epistola (1996) Nicanor Abelardo, The Man and the Artist, Manila: Rex Book Store.
  • A. Ocampo (1987) The life and music of Maestro Nicanor Abelardo, Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines.
  • R. Santos (2005) Tunugan: Four Essays on Filipino Music, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.
  • N. Tiongson (Ed.) (2019). CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art (Vol. 7: Music). Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines.
  • E. Arsenio Manuel (1955) Dictionary of Philippine biography (Vol. 1) Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications.

External linksEdit