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Samal, officially the Municipality of Samal (Tagalog: Bayan ng Samal; Kapampangan: Balen ning Samal), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 35,298 people.[3]

Municipality of Samal
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Samal
Map of Bataan with Samal highlighted
Map of Bataan with Samal highlighted
Samal is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°46′04″N 120°32′35″E / 14.76778°N 120.54306°E / 14.76778; 120.54306Coordinates: 14°46′04″N 120°32′35″E / 14.76778°N 120.54306°E / 14.76778; 120.54306
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
District1st District
Barangays14 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAida DG. Macalinao
 • Vice MayorFelix A. Espino, Jr.
 • CongressmanGeraldine B. Roman
 • Electorate26,423 voters (2019)
 • Total56.30 km2 (21.74 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total35,298
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence13.14% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)107,342,894.41 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)47
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesMariveleño

Samal is situated in the north-eastern portion of Bataan, 110 kilometres (68 mi) away from Manila. It has a total land area of 56.30 square kilometres (21.74 sq mi).

Etymology and historyEdit

Samal originated from samel, a covering attached to a banca to protect the passengers from the sun and rain, made of nipa leaves and woven together.

Saint Catherine of Sienna became the patron of Samal, which was founded as a municipality on April 20, 1641.[5]

"Sea gypsies" of Mindanao settlers ("Badjaos" who resided for many years in Maubac, Lambayung, Tanjung, Pata, Tapul, Lugus, Bangos, Pagasinan, Parang, Maimbung, Karugdung and Talipaw, Mindanao) migrated to Luzon in the early 14th century and settled in Bataan. In Samal, they propagated the pearl and capiz culture.

Samal was the second town founded by the Dominican friars in Bataan and is composed of four barrios: Calaguiman, Santa Lucia, Poblacion and Lalawigan.


Samal borders Abucay to the south, Orani to the north and northwest, Morong to the west, and Manila Bay to the east.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 56.30 square kilometres (21.74 sq mi)[2] constituting 4.10% of the 1,372.98-square-kilometre- (530.11 sq mi) total area of Bataan.


Samal is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.[6]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
030812001 East Calaguiman (Poblacion) 7.3% 2,573 2,744 −1.22%
030812002 East Daang Bago (Poblacion) 3.3% 1,169 1,195 −0.42%
030812013 Gugo 10.6% 3,756 2,965 4.61%
030812003 Ibaba (Poblacion) 9.1% 3,210 3,153 0.34%
030812004 Imelda 7.6% 2,665 2,324 2.64%
030812005 Lalawigan 11.1% 3,926 3,799 0.63%
030812006 Palili 5.9% 2,092 1,865 2.21%
030812008 San Juan (Poblacion) 12.0% 4,230 4,089 0.65%
030812009 San Roque (Poblacion) 3.3% 1,159 1,154 0.08%
030812010 Santa Lucia 7.0% 2,480 2,459 0.16%
030812011 Sapa 10.4% 3,682 3,407 1.49%
030812012 Tabing Ilog 6.2% 2,184 2,121 0.56%
030812014 West Calaguiman (Poblacion) 4.0% 1,419 1,449 −0.40%
030812015 West Daang Bago (Poblacion) 2.1% 753 854 −2.37%
Total 35,298 33,578 0.96%


YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,680—    
1918 5,231+0.74%
1939 7,404+1.67%
1948 6,995−0.63%
1960 9,708+2.77%
1970 15,002+4.44%
1975 16,731+2.21%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 18,041+1.52%
1990 21,991+2.00%
1995 24,560+2.09%
2000 27,410+2.38%
2007 33,867+2.96%
2010 33,578−0.31%
2015 35,298+0.96%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, Samal had a population of 35,298.[3] The population density was 630 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,600/sq mi).

Local governmentEdit

Municipal hall

Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines",[10][11] the political seat of the municipal government is located at the Municipal Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo was the Chief Executive who held office in the Presidencia. During the American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones held office at the Municipal Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Bayan (Session Hall) and Municipal Trial Court, respectively, and are located in the Town Hall.

Samal's incumbent elected officials are - Mayor Mayor Generosa "Gene" Malibiran Dela Fuente (Liberal) and Vice Mayor Emmanuel R. Cortez (Liberal).

The Sangguniang Bayan Members are: Aida De Guia Macalinao, Madell Tagorio Bathan, Amelia Yabut Dela Rosa, Roman, Jr. Estrella Lazarte, Eduardo Alipio De Castro, Ricky Bugay Santos, John Samson Mateo and Eduardo Bugay De Leon.[12] They hold office at the second floor of the Town Hall, particularly the Office of the Mayor and Sangguniang Bayan Session Hall, respectively.

The 2nd Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Orani-Samal MCTC Judge Ma. Cristina J. Mendoza-Pizzaro holds office in her sala located at the second floor of the MTC building at the back of the Orani Town hall.


Bamboo structures of the ponds
Capiz shells street lights surround downtown

Composed largely of uplands and hills with some lowlands and plains, Samal's main produce are palay, corn, vegetable, fruits rootcrops, coffee and cutflowers, including livestock, poultry and aquatic resources such as shellfish, crabs, prawns, shrimps and different species of fish.

Joaquin Ma. Joson of Bataan established the first ice plant. Wooden shoe (bakya) making, and pulp mills (Bataan Pulp and Paper Mills, Inc. in the scenic slope of Mount Natib) are some of the industries of the natives. It also manufactures banana chips and arrow root flour through native processes, then made into cookies called araro as pasalubong. Samal is also rich is marine aquatic resources and highly productive farmlands.

Garments manufacturing in Samal is engaged in by five (5) firms already engaged in exports.[vague][12]

In the Town Hall of Samal and along the streets, Capiz shells are displayed to show that the town residents manufacture this commodity.


Samal's attractions, events and historical landmarks include:

  • Senakulo sa Calaguiman during Holy Week
  • Town Hall of Samal
  • Samal Capiz shell industry
  • Fish ponds, mangrove, mussels and seafoods in Samal bay

Parish Church of Saint Catherine of SienaEdit

Parish Church of Saint Catherine of Siena

The 1596 Parish Church of Saint Catherine of Siena belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga[13][14][15] (Dioecesis Balangensis - Suffragan of San Fernando, Pampanga.[16][17]

The Parish has a Catholic population of 11,581, under Titular of St. Catherine of Siena, with Feast day on April 30. Its former Parish Priest is Monsignor Edilfredo Cruz of the[14] Vicariate of St. Dominic de Guzman.[18] As of June 2011, Fr. Antonio David Bernaldo was assigned as new Parish Priest of the church.[19]

The Dominicans in 1596 directed the spirituality of Samal. Attacked by Dutch invaders in April 1647, the local garrison of Pampanga under Alejo Aguas ousted the Dutch forces. Rev. Jeromino Belen, O.P. rebuilt the ruined church and the convent. In 1896 the Katipuneros burned the church and convent which were rebuilt by Rev. Justo Quesada in 1903.



  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-23. Retrieved 2013-01-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Municipal: Samal, Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. ^ "Province of Bataan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  10. ^ "the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  11. ^ "The Local Government Code Of The Philippines - Chan Robles Virtual Law Library". Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  12. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2013-01-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "ParishesV1". Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  14. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2013-01-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2013-01-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "List of Parishes of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga | Philippine Churches". 2012-06-27. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  17. ^ "Parishes". Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  18. ^ "Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist". Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  19. ^ "NewAssignsJune6". 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2016-11-22.

External linksEdit