Samal, officially the Municipality of Samal (Tagalog: Bayan ng Samal; Kapampangan: Balen ning Samal), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 35,298 people.
|Municipality of Samal|
Map of Bataan with Samal highlighted
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Barangays||14 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Aida DG. Macalinao|
|• Vice Mayor||Felix A. Espino, Jr.|
|• Congressman||Geraldine B. Roman|
|• Electorate||26,423 voters (2019)|
|• Total||56.30 km2 (21.74 sq mi)|
|• Density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|• Income class||4th municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||13.14% (2015)|
|• Revenue (₱)||107,342,894.41 (2016)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)47|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
Samal is situated in the north-eastern portion of Bataan, 110 kilometres (68 mi) away from Manila. It has a total land area of 56.30 square kilometres (21.74 sq mi).
Etymology and historyEdit
Samal originated from samel, a covering attached to a banca to protect the passengers from the sun and rain, made of nipa leaves and woven together.
"Sea gypsies" of Mindanao settlers ("Badjaos" who resided for many years in Maubac, Lambayung, Tanjung, Pata, Tapul, Lugus, Bangos, Pagasinan, Parang, Maimbung, Karugdung and Talipaw, Mindanao) migrated to Luzon in the early 14th century and settled in Bataan. In Samal, they propagated the pearl and capiz culture.
Samal was the second town founded by the Dominican friars in Bataan and is composed of four barrios: Calaguiman, Santa Lucia, Poblacion and Lalawigan.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 56.30 square kilometres (21.74 sq mi)  constituting 4.10% of the 1,372.98-square-kilometre- (530.11 sq mi) total area of Bataan.
|030812001||East Calaguiman (Poblacion)||7.3%||2,573||2,744||−1.22%|
|030812002||East Daang Bago (Poblacion)||3.3%||1,169||1,195||−0.42%|
|030812008||San Juan (Poblacion)||12.0%||4,230||4,089||0.65%|
|030812009||San Roque (Poblacion)||3.3%||1,159||1,154||0.08%|
|030812014||West Calaguiman (Poblacion)||4.0%||1,419||1,449||−0.40%|
|030812015||West Daang Bago (Poblacion)||2.1%||753||854||−2.37%|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Samal had a population of 35,298. The population density was 630 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,600/sq mi).
Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines", the political seat of the municipal government is located at the Municipal Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo was the Chief Executive who held office in the Presidencia. During the American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones held office at the Municipal Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Bayan (Session Hall) and Municipal Trial Court, respectively, and are located in the Town Hall.
The Sangguniang Bayan Members are: Aida De Guia Macalinao, Madell Tagorio Bathan, Amelia Yabut Dela Rosa, Roman, Jr. Estrella Lazarte, Eduardo Alipio De Castro, Ricky Bugay Santos, John Samson Mateo and Eduardo Bugay De Leon. They hold office at the second floor of the Town Hall, particularly the Office of the Mayor and Sangguniang Bayan Session Hall, respectively.
The 2nd Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Orani-Samal MCTC Judge Ma. Cristina J. Mendoza-Pizzaro holds office in her sala located at the second floor of the MTC building at the back of the Orani Town hall.
Composed largely of uplands and hills with some lowlands and plains, Samal's main produce are palay, corn, vegetable, fruits rootcrops, coffee and cutflowers, including livestock, poultry and aquatic resources such as shellfish, crabs, prawns, shrimps and different species of fish.
Joaquin Ma. Joson of Bataan established the first ice plant. Wooden shoe (bakya) making, and pulp mills (Bataan Pulp and Paper Mills, Inc. in the scenic slope of Mount Natib) are some of the industries of the natives. It also manufactures banana chips and arrow root flour through native processes, then made into cookies called araro as pasalubong. Samal is also rich is marine aquatic resources and highly productive farmlands.
In the Town Hall of Samal and along the streets, Capiz shells are displayed to show that the town residents manufacture this commodity.
Samal's attractions, events and historical landmarks include:
- Senakulo sa Calaguiman during Holy Week
- Town Hall of Samal
- Samal Capiz shell industry
- Fish ponds, mangrove, mussels and seafoods in Samal bay
Parish Church of Saint Catherine of SienaEdit
The Parish has a Catholic population of 11,581, under Titular of St. Catherine of Siena, with Feast day on April 30. Its former Parish Priest is Monsignor Edilfredo Cruz of the Vicariate of St. Dominic de Guzman. As of June 2011, Fr. Antonio David Bernaldo was assigned as new Parish Priest of the church.
The Dominicans in 1596 directed the spirituality of Samal. Attacked by Dutch invaders in April 1647, the local garrison of Pampanga under Alejo Aguas ousted the Dutch forces. Rev. Jeromino Belen, O.P. rebuilt the ruined church and the convent. In 1896 the Katipuneros burned the church and convent which were rebuilt by Rev. Justo Quesada in 1903.
Jose Rizal Samal Park and Plaza
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-23. Retrieved 2013-01-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Municipal: Samal, Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Bataan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
- "The Local Government Code Of The Philippines - Chan Robles Virtual Law Library". Chanrobles.com. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2013-01-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "ParishesV1". Balangadiocese.com. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2013-01-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2013-01-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "List of Parishes of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga | Philippine Churches". Church.nfo.ph. 2012-06-27. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- "Parishes". Cbcponline.net. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- "Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist". Visitmyphilippines.com. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- "NewAssignsJune6". Balangadiocese.com. 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2016-11-22.