List of historical separatist movements

This is a list of historical separatist movements around the world. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. Most separatist movements do not succeed in their goal, therefore only notable ones are listed here; however, not all listed here succeeded in their goal.

AfricaEdit

AlgeriaEdit

(Gained independence from France on July 5, 1962)

AngolaEdit

BotswanaEdit

BurundiEdit

MartyazoEdit

  • Rebel organisation: Hutu

CameroonEdit

Cape Verde and Guinea-BissauEdit

Central African RepublicEdit

Côte d'IvoireEdit

Democratic Republic of the CongoEdit

KatangaEdit

EgyptEdit

EritreaEdit

France (associated territories)Edit

Autonomist movement

GhanaEdit

KenyaEdit

MaliEdit

MauritiusEdit

MoroccoEdit

MozambiqueEdit

NamibiaEdit

NigerEdit

NigeriaEdit

São Tomé and PríncipeEdit

SeychellesEdit

Sierra LeoneEdit

SomaliaEdit

SomalilandEdit

South AfricaEdit

SudanEdit

TanzaniaEdit

TanganyikaEdit

ZanzibarEdit

TunisiaEdit

UgandaEdit

ZambiaEdit

ZimbabweEdit

AsiaEdit

BangladeshEdit

ChinaEdit

Outer Mongolia

CyprusEdit

France (associated territories)Edit

Indochina

Mandate of Syria

IndiaEdit

IndonesiaEdit

Aceh

Timor

JapanEdit

Ezo

MaldivesEdit

Suvadives

Netherlands (associated territories)Edit

Dutch East Indies

OmanEdit

Dhofar

PakistanEdit

East Pakistan

PhilippinesEdit

Bangsamoro (Mindanao, Sulu Islands, and Palawan)

Spain (associated territories)Edit

Spanish East Indies

Sri LankaEdit

Sri Lankan Tamil people

TurkeyEdit

United Kingdom (associated territories)Edit

Burma

India

Malaya

United States (associated territories)Edit

Commonwealth of the Philippines

Mindanao

  • Ethnic group: Maranao
  • Proposed state: Separate independence for Mindanao from the Luzon and Visayas regions. (See Dansalan Declaration)

EuropeEdit

AlbaniaEdit

BelgiumEdit

BulgariaEdit

Czech RepublicEdit

FinlandEdit

FranceEdit

GermanyEdit

GreeceEdit

(Gained independence from the Ottoman Empire after the Greek War of Independence)

IrelandEdit

(See also under UK, for pre-division Ireland)

ItalyEdit

North MacedoniaEdit

Albanian-inhabited communities in SR Macedonia and the Republic of Macedonia
Serbian-inhabited communities in the Republic of Macedonia

PolandEdit

SlovakiaEdit

Soviet UnionEdit

SpainEdit

United KingdomEdit

Isle of ManEdit

YugoslaviaEdit

Republic of Kosovo (AP Kosovo and Metohija, SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)
Preševo Valley (SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)

North AmericaEdit

Antigua and BarbudaEdit

BahamasEdit

BelizeEdit

British West IndiesEdit

CanadaEdit

AutonomistEdit

SecessionistEdit

Costa RicaEdit

DominicaEdit

JamaicaEdit

HaitiEdit

  • Cacos (anti-US occupation)

MexicoEdit

Secessionist

NicaraguaEdit

PanamaEdit

Trinidad and TobagoEdit

United StatesEdit

Puerto RicoEdit

  • Autonomist Party
Popular Democratic Party (PPD)
  • Anti-Colonial National Liberation Movement
Puerto Rican Independence Movement
Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP)

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

Mainland Australia

Eastern New Guinea

New ZealandEdit

South Island

Western Samoa

United Kingdom (associated territories)Edit

Solomon Islands

South AmericaEdit

ArgentinaEdit

BrazilEdit

ChileEdit

ColombiaEdit

GuyanaEdit

Spanish AmericaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cairn Article (in French) "De son côté, le parti communiste s’impose à La Réunion comme la principale formation politique après avoir abjuré son mot d’ordre d’autonomie"
  2. ^ Peacehalle.com
  3. ^ Petrow, Stefan (2006). "Secession". utas.edu.au/. University of Tasmania, Australia - Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies. Retrieved 3 December 2013.