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List of historical separatist movements

This is a list of historical separatist movements around the world. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. Most separatist movements do not succeed in their goal, therefore only notable ones are listed here; however, not all listed here succeeded in their goal.

Contents

AfricaEdit

AlgeriaEdit

(gained independence from France on July 5, 1962)

AngolaEdit

BotswanaEdit

BurundiEdit

CameroonEdit

Cape Verde and Guinea-BissauEdit

Central African RepublicEdit

Democratic Republic of the CongoEdit

Côte d'IvoireEdit

EgyptEdit

EritreaEdit

FranceEdit

Autonomist movement

GhanaEdit

KatangaEdit

KenyaEdit

MaliEdit

MauritiusEdit

MoroccoEdit

MozambiqueEdit

NamibiaEdit

NigerEdit

NigeriaEdit

São Tomé and PríncipeEdit

SeychellesEdit

Sierra LeoneEdit

South AfricaEdit

SomaliaEdit

SudanEdit

TanganyikaEdit

TunisiaEdit

UgandaEdit

ZambiaEdit

ZanzibarEdit

ZimbabweEdit

AsiaEdit

BangladeshEdit

BurmaEdit

CambodiaEdit

British IndiaEdit

IndiaEdit

IndonesiaEdit

JapanEdit

LaosEdit

MalaysiaEdit

MaldivesEdit

MongoliaEdit

OmanEdit

PhilippinesEdit

SingaporeEdit

Sri LankaEdit

Sri Lankan Tamil people

SyriaEdit

VietnamEdit

YemenEdit

EuropeEdit

AlbaniaEdit

BelgiumEdit

BulgariaEdit

CyprusEdit

Czech RepublicEdit

FinlandEdit

FranceEdit

GermanyEdit

GreeceEdit

(gained independence from Ottoman Empire after the Greek War of Independence)

IrelandEdit

(See also under UK, for pre-division Ireland)

ItalyEdit

Republic of MacedoniaEdit

Albanian-inhabited communities in SR Macedonia and Republic of Macedonia
Serbian-inhabited communities in SR Macedonia

PolandEdit

SlovakiaEdit

Soviet UnionEdit

SpainEdit

TurkeyEdit

United Kingdom (and associated territories)Edit

YugoslaviaEdit

Republic of Kosovo (AP Kosovo and Metohija, SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)
Preševo Valley (SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)

North AmericaEdit

Antigua and BarbudaEdit

BelizeEdit

BahamasEdit

British West IndiesEdit

CanadaEdit

SecessionistEdit

AutonomistEdit

Costa RicaEdit

DominicaEdit

GuyanaEdit

JamaicaEdit

HaitiEdit

  • Cacos (anti-US occupation)

MexicoEdit

Secessionist

NicaraguaEdit

PanamaEdit

Trinidad and TobagoEdit

United StatesEdit

Puerto RicoEdit

  • Autonomist Party
Popular Democratic Party (PPD)
  • Anti-Colonial National Liberation Movement
Puerto Rican Independence Movement
Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP)

South AmericaEdit

ArgentinaEdit

BrazilEdit

ChileEdit

ColombiaEdit

PeruEdit

Spanish AmericaEdit

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

FijiEdit

KiribatiEdit

New ZealandEdit

Papua New GuineaEdit

  • Political party: Papua Besena
  • Regional separatist movements: Highlands Liberation Front, Wahgi Tuale, Wok Meri or Kafaina[4]

SamoaEdit

Solomon IslandsEdit

VanuatuEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cairn Article (in French) "De son côté, le parti communiste s’impose à La Réunion comme la principale formation politique après avoir abjuré son mot d’ordre d’autonomie"
  2. ^ Peacehalle.com
  3. ^ Petrow, Stefan (2006). "Secession". http://www.utas.edu.au/. University of Tasmania, Australia - Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies. Retrieved 3 December 2013. External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ [1]