92nd Academy Awards
The 92nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored films released in 2019 and took place on February 9, 2020, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, beginning at 5:00 p.m. PST / 8:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Stephanie Allain and Lynette Howell Taylor and was directed by Glenn Weiss. Three months earlier in a ceremony at the Ray Dolby Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center in Hollywood held on October 27, 2019, the Academy held its 11th Annual Governors Awards ceremony.
|92nd Academy Awards|
|Date||February 9, 2020|
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Produced by||Stephanie Allain|
Lynette Howell Taylor
|Directed by||Glenn Weiss|
|Most awards||Parasite (4)|
|Most nominations||Joker (11)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 36 minutes|
13.6% (Nielsen ratings)
Parasite won four awards including Best Picture, the first non-English language film to win that award. Other winners include 1917 with three awards, Ford v Ferrari, Joker, and Once Upon a Time in Hollywood with two awards, and American Factory, Bombshell, Hair Love, Jojo Rabbit, Judy, Learning to Skateboard in a Warzone (If You're a Girl), Little Women, Marriage Story, The Neighbors' Window, Rocketman, and Toy Story 4 with one. The telecast garnered 23.64 million viewers, making it the least-watched Oscar broadcast since 1974 when Nielsen began keeping records of viewership.
Winners and nomineesEdit
The nominees for the 92nd Academy Awards were announced on January 13, 2020, at the David Geffen Theater of the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles, California, by actors John Cho and Issa Rae. Joker led all nominees with eleven nominations; The Irishman, 1917, and Once Upon a Time in Hollywood tied for second with ten nominations each. This marked the first time in Oscars' history that four films each earned ten or more nominations.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 9, 2020. Parasite became the first non-English language film to win Best Picture.[a] It was also the sixth film nominated for both Best Picture and Best International Feature in the same year.[b] Furthermore, its four wins tied it with Fanny and Alexander and Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon as the most-awarded foreign language films in Academy Awards history. With his wins in Best Picture, Director, and Original Screenplay, as well as his accepting of the award for International Feature Film on behalf of South Korea, Bong Joon-ho was the second person to collect four statuettes in a single ceremony since Walt Disney at the 26th Academy Awards held in 1954 and the first to do so for a single film.[c]
As a result of Joaquin Phoenix winning Best Actor for his performance as the titular character in the film Joker, he and Heath Ledger, who previously won for playing the same character in 2008's The Dark Knight, became the second pair of actors to win for portraying the same character in two different films.[d] Scarlett Johansson was the twelfth performer to receive double acting nominations in the same year. With her nominations in Best Actress and Best Original Song for Harriet, Cynthia Erivo became the third consecutive person to earn acting and songwriting nominations for the same film after Mary J. Blige for 2017's Mudbound and Lady Gaga for 2018's A Star Is Born. Best Original Score winner Hildur Guðnadóttir was the third woman to win for composing a musical score and the first one to do so for a dramatic musical score.[e] Honeyland became the first film to be nominated for both Best International Feature Film and Best Documentary Feature.
Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger ( ).
The Academy held its 11th annual Governors Awards ceremony on October 27, 2019, during which the following awards were presented:
Honorary Academy AwardsEdit
- David Lynch – "For fearlessly breaking boundaries in pursuit of his singular cinematic vision."
- Wes Studi – "In recognition of the power and craft he brings to his indelible film portrayals and for his steadfast support of the Native American community."
- Lina Wertmüller – "For her provocative disruption of political and social norms delivered with bravery through her weapon of choice: the camera lens."
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian AwardEdit
- Geena Davis – For her work fighting for gender-parity in media through her Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media.
Films with multiple nominations and awardsEdit
|Once Upon a Time in Hollywood|
|4||Ford v Ferrari|
|Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker|
|The Two Popes|
|Pain and Glory|
|Toy Story 4|
Presenters and performersEdit
|Rickey Minor||Musical director
|Performers||"Won't You Be My Neighbor?"|
"Come Alive (The War of the Roses)"
"I'm Still Standing"
Maria Lucia Heiberg Rosenberg
Carmen García Sáenz
|Performers||"Into the Unknown" from Frozen II|
|Chrissy Metz||Performer||"I'm Standing with You" from Breakthrough|
|Eminem||Performer||"Lose Yourself" as part of the "Music in Film" tribute|
|Randy Newman||Performer||"I Can't Let You Throw Yourself Away" from Toy Story 4|
|Utkarsh Ambudkar||Performer||"Oscars Recap Rap"|
|Cynthia Erivo||Performer||"Stand Up" from Harriet|
|Elton John||Performer||"(I'm Gonna) Love Me Again" from Rocketman|
|Eímear Noone||Conductor||Conducted orchestra during performance of selections of Best Original Score nominees|
|Performers||"Yesterday" during the annual "In Memoriam" tribute|
Originally in April 2017, the Academy had scheduled the 92nd ceremony for February 23, 2020. However, due to record low television viewership and ratings attained by recent Oscar broadcasts, the AMPAS Board of Governors decided to move the date for the 2020 gala by two weeks to February 9 in hopes of combating awards season fatigue. This marked the earliest date on which the ceremony has been held. Furthermore, in light of the recent success of last year's hostless ceremony that resulted in an improvement in ratings, ABC entertainment president Karey Burke announced the event would proceed without a host for the second consecutive year. Burke stated the ceremony would feature "huge entertainment values, big musical numbers, comedy, and star power".
Several other people participated in the production of the ceremony. Production designer Jason Sherwood designed an ambitiously technological stage design for the ceremony which prominently featured a sculptural shell that protruded toward the audience and 1,100 Swarovski crystals. Furthermore, the stage itself was used to display movie clips and nominations graphics packages instead of projecting those images onto a regular rectangular screen. Rickey Minor served as musical director and conductor for the ceremony. Musician Questlove served as an in-house DJ during the gala. Rapper Eminem made a surprise appearance during the ceremony to perform his Oscar-winning song "Lose Yourself" from the 2002 film 8 Mile after being absent from the 75th ceremony in 2003 to perform the song. During the performance of excerpts from the Best Original Score nominees, Eimear Noone became the first woman to conduct the orchestra during an Oscar ceremony.
Category renaming and rule changesEdit
During its Board of Directors meeting in April 2019, the Academy voted to rename the Best Foreign Language Film category to Best International Feature Film. In a press release justifying the name change, International Feature Film Committee co-chairs Larry Karaszewski and Diane Weyermann stated, "We have noted that the reference to 'foreign' is outdated within the global filmmaking community. We believe that international feature film better represents this category, and promotes a positive and inclusive view of filmmaking, and the art of film as a universal experience." However, the requirement for nominees to have the majority of their dialogue be in a language other than English remained in force.
Rule changes were also approved by the AMPAS Board of Directors. The category of Best Makeup and Hairstyling was expanded from a roster consisting of three nominees to five nominees, with the pre-nominations shortlist also expanded from seven films to ten. In addition, the Academy voted to drop the requirement of eight theatrically-released animated feature films in a calendar year in order for the category of Best Animated Feature to be activated, and nominations voting in that category would be open to all active Short Films and Animation Branch members. Finally, prospective nominees for Best Animated Short Film and Best Live Action Short Film could now premiere theatrically in either Los Angeles County or New York City in order to be eligible for consideration.
Box office performance of Best Picture nomineesEdit
When the nominations were announced, seven of the nine films nominated for Best Picture had earned a combined gross of $747.2 million at the American and Canadian box offices at the time. Joker was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $334 million in domestic box office receipts. Once Upon a Time in Hollywood came in second with $141.1 million; this was followed by Ford v. Ferrari ($111 million), Little Women ($74 million), 1917 ($39.2 million), Parasite ($25.4 million), and Jojo Rabbit ($22 million). Box office grosses for The Irishman and Marriage Story were unavailable due to their distributor Netflix's policy of refusing to release such figures.
The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets received the broadcast positively. Television critic James Poniewozik of The New York Times wrote, "The ceremony was most effective when it simply got out of the way of its stars' shine." He added, "At its absolute best, this Oscars succeeded with what you can't script: great artists being recognized, and recognizing others." Matthew Gilbert from The Boston Globe commented, "Sometimes, a few good moments are enough to get you there. And there were a few good ones throughout the Oscarcast Sunday night, which, like every Oscarcast ever, hosted or host-free, predictable or filled with surprises, jubilant or downbeat, was longer than it needed to be." Entertainment Weekly columnist Darren Franlch remarked, "The 2020 Oscars were a bit of a shambles, and we can definitely lose all the introducers next year. But the last hour had the quality of a well-deserved coronation. Four wins for Parasite? I was so happy that I lost myself."
Others were more critical of the show. Columnist Kristin Turnquist of The Oregonian quipped, "If the 2020 Oscars broadcast was competing for a 'Most Confusing Mess of an Awards Show' trophy, it really hit the mark. But that’s the best that can be said for the 92nd Annual Academy Awards, which, despite a few surprises, was mostly predictable and seemed to go on forever." Television critic Lorraine Ali from the Los Angeles Times wrote, "This year's Oscars ceremony showed an art form in dire need of a relevancy check. Instead we got the biggest rap act of 2002 and a whole lot of jokes about the industry’s inability to see its own stasis." Entertainment editor Bruce Miller of the Sioux City Journal noted, "Because it lacked focus (a host was needed), this year's Academy Awards rambled as much as Zellweger and Phoenix. Someone like Jimmy Kimmel or Ellen DeGeneres could have prevented some of the train wrecks and made more of its wins.
Ratings and receptionEdit
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 23.64 million people over its length, which was a 20% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. The show also earned lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 13.6% of households watching the ceremony. In addition, it garnered a lower rating among viewers between ages 18-49 with a 5.3 rating among viewers in that demographic. Futhermore, some media outlets pointed out that the 62nd Grammy Awards that were broadcast on CBS two weeks earlier earned a higher 18-49 demographic rating with a 5.4 figure. It earned the lowest viewership for an Academy Award telecast since figures were compiled beginning with the 46th ceremony in 1974.
In July 2020, the show received nine nominations at the 72nd Primetime Creative Arts Emmys. Two months later, the ceremony won two of those nominations for Outstanding Production Design for a Variety Special (Jason Sherwood and Alana Billingsley) and Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Variety Series or Special (Paul Sandweiss, Tommy Vicari, Biff Dawes, Pablo Munguia, Kristian Pedregon, Patrick Baltzell, Michael Parker, Christian Schrader, John Perez, Marc Repp, and Thomas Pesa).
- Kobe Bryant – athlete, producer
- Rip Torn – actor
- Barbara Hammer – filmmaker
- Patricia Blau – visual effects
- Bernie Pollack – costume designer
- Steve Golin – producer, executive
- Paul LeBlanc – hairstylist
- John Briley – writer
- Diahann Carroll – actress, singer
- Terry Jones – writer, director, actor
- Catherine Burns – actress
- Agnès Varda – director, writer
- Wayne Fitzgerald – title designer
- David Foster – producer
- Danny Aiello – actor
- Buck Henry – writer, actor, director
- Stanley Donen – director, choreographer
- David V. Picker – producer, executive
- Barry Malkin – film editor
- Robert Forster – actor
- Robert Evans – producer, executive, actor
- Richard Williams – animator
- Machiko Kyō – actress
- James R. Alexander – sound mixer
- Anna Karina – actress
- D. A. Pennebaker – documentarian
- Leonard Goldberg – producer, executive
- Fernando Luján – actor
- André Previn – composer, conductor
- Peter Mayhew – actor
- Sylvia Miles – actress
- William J. Creber – production designer
- Godfrey Gao – actor
- Bibi Andersson – actress
- Michael Lynne – executive, producer
- Gene Warren Jr. – special effects, visual effects
- Alvin Sargent – writer
- Doris Day – actress
- Anna Udvardy – producer
- Sid Ramin – composer, arranger
- Michelle Guish – casting director
- Sidney Sheinberg – executive, producer
- Ben Barenholtz – distributor, executive, producer
- Joss Williams – special effects
- Piero Tosi – costume designer
- Kenneth Walker – hairstylist
- Rutger Hauer – actor
- Syd Mead – designer, concept artist
- Harriet Frank Jr. – writer
- Franco Zeffirelli – director
- John Witherspoon – actor
- Bernard Chevry – producer
- Seymour Cassel – actor
- Peter Fonda – actor, director, writer
- Branko Lustig – producer
- Gerry Smith – marketing executive
- John Singleton – director, writer, producer
- Kirk Douglas – actor, producer
- a^ : Although Parasite was the first non-English speaking film to win Best Picture at the Oscars, it is not to be confused with the first foreign film (produced by a company of a country that does not have English as its primary language) to win Best Picture, which was achieved by The Artist in 2012. The French-produced film was largely silent with French intertitles and contained a few spoken lines in English. The Academy dictates foreign language as the main qualification for international film, hence The Artist did not qualify. Further, while prior winners The Last Emperor and Slumdog Millionaire included significant amounts of non-English dialogue, they were considered as domestic productions.
- b^ : Z, Life Is Beautiful, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Amour, and Roma were the films that previously accomplished this feat.
- c^ : Technically, the country of the film is recognized as winner of the Best International Feature award. However, the award is accepted by the director on behalf of the country, and since 2014, the director's name is engraved on the statuette.
- d^ : Marlon Brando and Robert De Niro were the first pair of actors to achieve this feat. Brando won Best Actor for portraying Vito Corleone in 1972's The Godfather; DeNiro won Best Supporting Actor for portraying a younger version of the same character in 1974's The Godfather Part II.
- e^ : From 1996 until 1999, the Best Original Score award was split into two categories: Best Original Dramatic Score and Best Original Comedy or Musical Score. During that time, composers Rachel Portman and Anne Dudley won awards in the Best Original Comedy or Musical Score category for their work on 1996's Emma and 1997's The Full Monty, respectively.
- Bennett, Anita (February 9, 2020). "How To Watch The Oscars Online And On TV". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Kilkenny, Katie; Feinberg, Scott (November 15, 2019). "Lynette Howell Taylor and Stephanie Allain Tapped to Produce 92nd Oscars". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Feinberg, Scott (January 7, 2020). "Glenn Weiss to Return as Director of Oscars Telecast". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
- Andreeva, Nellie (February 10, 2020). "Oscar Viewership Hits All-Time Low With 23.6 Million". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Porter, Rick (May 20, 2020). "Broadcast TV's Ratings Winners and Losers of 2019-20". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Academy Awards ratings" (PDF). Television Bureau of Advertising. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Canfield, David (October 28, 2019). "Inside the Governors Awards: A night of celebration that calls for change". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Coyle, Jake (February 11, 2020). "South Korea's 'Parasite' Makes Oscar History". Kansas City Star. p. A8.
- Brzeski, Patrick (February 9, 2020). "Oscars: Bong Joon Ho's 'Parasite' Makes History Winning South Korea's First Oscars". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
- Coyle, Jake (February 10, 2020). "Laura Dern, Brad Pitt, 'Parasite' win at Oscars". The Miami Herald. p. A9.
- Golum, Rob (February 10, 2020). "Oscars Draw Record Low Audience With 23.6 Million Viewers". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Hipes, Patrick (January 13, 2020). "Watch The Oscar Nominations Live Stream". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Verhoeven, Beatrice (January 13, 2020). "'Joker' Leads With 11 Oscar Nominations, Followed by 'Irishman,' '1917' and 'Once Upon a Time'". TheWrap. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Coyle, Jake (January 14, 2020). "Joker leads Oscar noms, 1917 and Irishman close behind". The Miami Herald. p. A20.
- Hammond, Pete (January 13, 2020). "Oscars: A Record Four Movies With 10+ Nominations & The 'Parasite' Factor Means This Thing Is As Wide Open As It Gets – Analysis". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- ""Parasite" makes Oscars history by becoming first foreign film to win best picture". CBS News. February 9, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Galuppo, Mia (January 13, 2020). "Oscars: 'Parasite' Becomes Sixth Movie to Be Nominated for Both Best Picture, International Feature". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Nilles, Billy (February 9, 2020). "All the History Made at the 2020 Oscars". E!. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Roy, Natasha (February 11, 2020). "'Parasite' cast and crew celebrate Oscars wins in L.A.'s Koreatown". NBC News. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
- Tassi, Paul (February 10, 2020). "Two Jokers, Two Oscar Winners: So, Which Is Better?". Forbes. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
- Aquilina, Tyler (January 23, 2020). "Scarlett Johansson joins an exclusive club with these Oscar-nominated actors and actresses". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Dalton, Andrew (January 13, 2020). "ScarJo and Erivo go for 2, and other Oscar facts and figures". ABC News. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
- Burlingame, Jon (February 10, 2020). "Hildur Guðnadóttir Wraps Up Her Sweep of an Entire Season's Worth of Scoring Awards". Variety. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
- Rogers, John (February 9, 2020). "South Korea's 'Parasite' wins international feature Oscar". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- "The 92nd Academy Awards (2020) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "Honeyland". International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam. Archived from the original on January 13, 2020. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
- Keegan, Rebecca (October 27, 2019). "Governors Awards: Honorees Lina Wertmüller, Geena Davis Call for Gender Parity in Hollywood". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- "Academy Awards Acceptance Speech Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Malkin, Marc (October 27, 2019). "Academy's Governors Awards Puts Spotlight on Gender Parity". Variety. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
- Buckley, Cara; Itzkoff, Dave; Morris, Wesley (February 9, 2020). "Oscars 2020: Highlights and Analysis". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Fleming, Mike; Utechi, Joe (February 9, 2020). "Deadline's Oscars Live Blog". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Bell, Diane (February 10, 2020). "Column: Oscars role of 'Star Wars' actress fuels fan reaction". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Hughes, Hillary (February 9, 2020). "Cynthia Erivo Soared Through 'Harriet' Song 'Stand Up' at 2020 Oscars: Watch". Billboard. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Hipes, Patrick (April 4, 2017). "Oscars Dates Set For 2018 And Beyond". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- Feinberg, Scott (August 8, 2018). "Oscars Won't Televise All Awards Live, Adds "Popular" Film Category". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
- Pond, Steve (August 8, 2018). "Academy Adds 'Popular Film' Award, Vows to Shorten Oscars". TheWrap. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Andreeva, Nellie (January 8, 2020). "The Oscar Telecast Won't Have Traditional Host For Second Straight Year – TCA". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
- Taylor, Derrick Bryson (January 9, 2020). "Who's Hosting the Oscars in 2020? No One". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
- Pener, Degen (February 5, 2020). "The Hollywood Reporter". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- Pedersen, Erik (January 10, 2020). "Oscars: Academy Adds Writers, Producers & Crew To Telecast's Production Team". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- Fienberg, Daniel (February 9, 2020). "92nd Academy Awards Telecast: TV Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Yasharoff, Hannah (February 11, 2020). "Eminem explains how he pulled off his surprise 'Lose Yourself' performance at the Oscars". USA Today. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Crist, Allison (February 9, 2020). "Oscars: Women Make History With Score Win, Composing Gig". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Patten, Dominic (April 23, 2019). "Netflix Wins As Academy Leaves Oscar Eligibility Rule Unchanged". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Donnelly, Matt (April 24, 2019). "Netflix Can Chill: Academy Rules No Change in Streaming Oscar Eligibility". Variety. Archived from the original on April 24, 2019. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Feinberg, Scott (April 23, 2019). "Academy Board Does Not Pass New Rule Targeting Netflix". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (November 5, 2019). "Oscars: International Feature Film Exec Committee's Larry Karaszewski Clarifies Nigeria's 'Lionheart' Disqualification". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
- "Foreign Language Film Award Renamed 'International Feature Film Award'". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. April 23, 2019. Archived from the original on July 11, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- Ewing, Jeff (April 24, 2019). "Academy Announces Rule Changes For 92nd Oscars". Forbes. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Welk, Brian (April 23, 2019). "Academy Doesn't Shut Netflix Out in Latest Oscars Rules Update". TheWrap. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
- Whitten, Sarah (January 14, 2020). "Best picture nominees for the 2020 Oscars brought in more than $700 million at the US box office". CNBC. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- Canfield, David (January 13, 2020). "Joker, Parasite are box office winners among Best Picture nominees". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- McClintock, Pamela (January 13, 2020). "Oscars 2020: Best Picture Nominees Are No Box Office Slouches". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Poniewozik, James (February 9, 2020). "A Driverless Oscars Takes a Winding Road". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
- Gilbert, Matthew (February 9, 2020). "An Oscars with just enough winning moments". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Franlch, Darren (February 9, 2020). "A scattershot Oscars had some pleasant surprises: Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Turnquist, Kristi (February 9, 2020). "Oscars 2020 show: A few surprises can't save a mostly predictable, overlong snooze (review)". The Oregonian. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
- Ali, Lorraine (February 9, 2020). "Review: The Oscars ceremony fights its own irrelevance — by drawing attention to it". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Miller, Bruce (February 9, 2020). "Oscars Review: 'Parasite' makes history; actors ramble". Sioux City Journal. Archived from the original on June 30, 2020. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Porter, Ricky (February 10, 2020). "TV Ratings: Oscars Fall to All-Time Lows". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Barney, Chuck (February 10, 2010). "Oscars TV ratings: How many people didn't watch the show". The Mercury News. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Maglio, Tony (February 10, 2020). "Oscars Lose 6 Million Viewers From Last Year, Set New All-Time Lows in Ratings". TheWrap. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
- [hhttps://variety.com/2020/tv/awards/emmys-2020-nominations-scorecard-program-tv-platform-1234718284/ "Emmys 2020: Nominations Scorecard by Program, Platform and Studio"]. Variety. July 28, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
- Otterson, Joe (September 15, 2020). "Creative Arts Emmys Night 2: 'Last Week Tonight,' 'SNL' Pick Up Wins (Full Winners List)". Variety. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
- Aswad, Jem (February 9, 2020). "Watch Billie Eilish Perform the Beatles' 'Yesterday' at the Oscars". Variety. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
- MacDonald, Lindsay (February 11, 2020). "The Academy Explains Why Luke Perry and Cameron Boyce Weren't Included in Oscars In Memoriam". TV Guide. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Hoad, Phil (February 11, 2020). "Parasite's best picture Oscar could kickstart a new era of internationalism". The Guardian. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- "Rules & Eligibility". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. July 28, 2014. Archived from the original on January 8, 2020. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
- Ordoña, Michael (February 10, 2020). "Why Bong Joon-ho won three Oscars this year, not four". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Oscars to Add Winning Foreign Language Director's Name on Statuette". TheWrap. September 18, 2014. Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
- Truitt, Brian (February 5, 2020). "Who will Oscar history remember as the best Joker, Heath Ledger or Joaquin Phoenix?". USA Today. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- Wilson, Jordan (February 9, 2020). "Oscars: 'Joker's' Hildur Gudnadóttir Becomes First Woman to Win Best Original Score". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Academy Awards official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences official website
- Oscars Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)