The Full Monty
The Full Monty is a 1997 British comedy film directed by Peter Cattaneo, starring Robert Carlyle, Mark Addy, William Snape, Steve Huison, Tom Wilkinson, Paul Barber and Hugo Speer. The screenplay was written by Simon Beaufoy. The film is set in Sheffield, England and, starting off with a travelogue of the city in 1972, tells the story of six unemployed men, four of them former steel workers, who decide to form a male striptease act (à la Chippendale dancers) in order to gather enough money to get somewhere else and for the main character, Gaz, to be able to see his son. Gaz declares that their show will be better than the Chippendales dancers because they will go "the full monty"—strip all the way—hence the film's title.
|The Full Monty|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Peter Cattaneo|
|Produced by||Uberto Pasolini|
|Written by||Simon Beaufoy|
|Music by||Anne Dudley|
|Cinematography||John de Borman|
|Edited by||David Freeman|
Channel Four Films
|Distributed by||Fox Searchlight Pictures|
|Box office||$258 million|
Despite being a comedy, the film also touches on serious subjects such as unemployment, fathers' rights, depression, impotence, homosexuality, body image, working class culture and suicide. The Full Monty was a major critical success upon release and an international commercial success, grossing over $250 million from a budget of only $3.5 million. It was the highest-grossing film in the UK until it was outsold by Titanic. It won the BAFTA Award for Best Film, and was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay and Best Original Music Score, winning the last.
The once-successful steel mills of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, have shut down and most of the staff have been made redundant. Former steelworkers Gary "Gaz" Schofield and Dave Horsefall have resorted to stealing scrap metal from the abandoned mills to sell. Gaz is facing trouble from his former wife Mandy and her boyfriend Barry over child support payments that he has failed to pay since losing his job. Gaz's son Nathan loves his father but wishes they could do more "normal stuff" in their time together.
One day, Gaz spots a crowd of women lined up outside a local club to see a Chippendales' striptease act. He gets the idea to form his own striptease group using local men in hopes of making enough money to pay off his child support obligations. The first to join the group is Lomper, a security guard at the steel mill where Dave and Gaz once worked. Depressed, Lomper attempts suicide, but is rescued by Dave who convinces him to join the group. Next, they recruit Gerald Cooper, their former foreman at the mill, who is hiding the fact that he is unemployed from his wife. Gaz and Dave see Gerald and his wife, Linda, at a dance class, and recruit him to teach them some actual dance moves.
The four men hold an open audition to recruit more members and settle on Horse, an older man who is nevertheless a good dancer, and Guy, who can't dance but proves himself to be well-endowed. The six men begin to practise their act. Gaz then learns that he has to pay £100 in order to secure the club for the night. He cannot afford this, but Nathan gets the money out of his savings. When they are greeted by two local women while they put up posters for the show, Gaz boasts that they are better than the real Chippendales because they go "the full monty". Dave drops out due to body image issues and gets a job as a security guard at Asda. The others do a public rehearsal at the mill in front of some female relatives of Horse, but are caught mid-show by a passing policeman, and Gaz, Gerald and Horse are arrested for indecent exposure.
This costs Gaz the right to see Nathan. Lomper and Guy manage to escape arrest, and go to Lomper's house, where they look lovingly at each other, starting a relationship. Gerald meanwhile is thrown out by Linda after bailiffs arrive at their house and seize their belongings to pay Gerald's debts, resulting in him having to stay with Gaz. Later Gaz goes to Asda and asks Dave if he could borrow a jacket for Lomper's mother's funeral. Dave agrees and also decides to quit his job and they go to the funeral together. Soon, the group find the act and their arrest has made them famous.
They agree to forgo the plan, until Gaz learns that the show is sold out. He convinces the others to do it for one night only. Gerald is unsure as he has now got the job that Gaz and Dave earlier tried to sabotage his interview for, but agrees to do it just once. Initially Dave still refuses, but regains his confidence after encouragement from his wife, Jean, and joins the rest of the group minutes before they go on stage. Nathan also arrives with Dave, having secretly come along, and tells Gaz that Mandy is there but she would not let Barry go with her.
However, Gaz himself refuses to do the act because there are men in the audience (including the police officers who watched the footage of the security camera's recording of them earlier), when the posters were supposed to say it was for women only. The other five are starting the act when Nathan orders his father to go out on stage. Gaz, proud of his son, joins the others and performs in front of the audience and Mandy, who seems to see him in a new light.
The film finishes with the group performing on stage in front of a packed house, stripping to Tom Jones' version of "You Can Leave Your Hat On" (their hats being the final item removed) with astounding success.
- Robert Carlyle as Gary "Gaz" Schofield
- Mark Addy as Dave Horsefall
- William Snape as Nathan Schofield
- Steve Huison as Lomper
- Tom Wilkinson as Gerald Arthur Cooper
- Paul Barber as Barrington "Horse" Mitchell
- Hugo Speer as Guy
- Lesley Sharp as Jean Horsefall
- Emily Woof as Mandy
- Deirdre Costello as Linda Cooper
- Paul Butterworth as Barry
- Dave Hill as Alan
- Bruce Jones as Reg
- Andrew Livingston as Terry
- Vinny Dhillon as Sharon
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Channel 4 Films paid for the screenplay to be written but then declined to invest any equity in the film.
The cast allegedly agreed that all six of them would really do the "full monty" strip at the end in front of 50 extras, provided they had to do only one take.
The Reel MontyEdit
The opening sequence of the Sheffield promotion film from 1972 is taken from City on the Move, a film commissioned by Peter Wigley, Sheffield's first ever publicity officer, to convince people that Sheffield was a centre for tourism and commerce. City on the Move was produced and directed by Jim and Marie-Luise Coulthard and showed a modern thriving city that was rapidly developing thanks to the successful steel industry in Sheffield. However, the film went virtually unnoticed until the Coulthards were approached about some of the footage being included in The Full Monty for a payment of £400, which they accepted. In 2008, City on the Move was released on DVD under the new name The Reel Monty.
The film's title is a phrase generally used in the United Kingdom to mean "the whole lot", or "the whole hog"; in the film, the characters use it to refer to full nudity — as Horse says, "No one said anything to me about the full monty!" The phrase, whose origin is obscure, gained a renewed prominence in British culture following the film.
Other dialect words are used in the film; some such as nesh (meaning a person unusually susceptible to cold) are widespread across the North Midlands region. Jennel (an alley) is local to Sheffield: it is a variation on the word "ginnel", which is in full versions of the Oxford English Dictionary and is used in many parts of England.
The film surprised critics when it was first released, earning near-universal acclaim, and it went on to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. When the film was released in the United Kingdom, it topped the box office for the next three weekends, before being overtaken by Contact.
Writing in Time Out New York regarding the implications of the film Andrew Johnston (critic) stated: "Monty is much less ribald than it sounds. The funniest moments are frequently the most subtle, like when five of the strippers, standing in the dole line, find themselves unable to resist dancing in place when Donna Summers's "Hot Stuff" comes on the radio. There's surprisingly little raunch, in part because the film can't stop thinking of women as enemies of a sort (at least Monty is less offensive than Brassed Off in that department). And refreshingly, its definition of male bonding is broad enough to let two of the lads find love in each other's arms."
Accolades and recognitionEdit
The Full Monty won the BAFTA Award for Best Film in 1997, beating presumed frontrunners Titanic and L.A. Confidential and Carlyle won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role. It was nominated for a total of four Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Score and Best Original Screenplay.
In 1997, the Academy Award for Best Original Score was split up into two categories: Dramatic and Musical or Comedy. In light of 1997's big winner, Titanic, the film won only the Oscar for Best Original Music Score (Musical or Comedy) by Anne Dudley, with the Best Picture and Best Director Oscars going to Titanic and its director James Cameron and the Best Original Screenplay Oscar going to Ben Affleck and Matt Damon for Good Will Hunting. The film was also nominated for the prestigious Grand Prix of the Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics.
In 1999, it was ranked #25 on the BFI Top 100 British films list. In 2000, readers of Total Film magazine voted The Full Monty the 49th greatest comedy film of all time. By that year it earned an estimated £170 million at the box office worldwide.
New Zealand playwrights Anthony McCarten and Stephen Sinclair filed a £180 million lawsuit against the producers of The Full Monty in 1998. They claim that the film blatantly infringed on their play Ladies Night, which toured both Britain and New Zealand. Anthony McCarten and Stephen Sinclair created a website containing their play in response to statements from the producers of The Full Monty that claimed the two productions were not alike. The underlying rights were attributed to co-producer, Paul Bucknor, and the lawsuit was settled out of court; as part of the agreement, the website containing Ladies Night was shut down.
Anne Dudley's Oscar for Best Score was a surprise, and some critics felt undeserved, inasmuch as the award is for original music and most of the film's memorable moments had jukebox favourites playing. Dudley composed "about 20 minutes' worth of music" for the film. Bob Strauss called the Oscar "well-deserved", while Pauline Reay felt Dudley's underscore complemented the familiar hits. Dudley described her score to Steven Poole:
- It was this conglomeration of sounds—baritone sax, acoustic guitar, harmonica [...] The reasoning was that all these six men are different, they come from different backgrounds, but in the final scene it all works. The idea was that the instruments should do that as well—they all come from different places but they actually gel...
|The Full Monty: Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Genre||Disco, Pop, Dance, Rock, Punk Rock, Heavy Metal|
The album The Full Monty: Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack includes two original tracks by Dudley plus the pop hits, including a cover by Tom Jones of "You Can Leave Your Hat On" commissioned and produced by Dudley, who had collaborated with Jones on a 1988 cover of "Kiss".
- "The Zodiac" – David Lindup (3:06)
- "You Sexy Thing" – Hot Chocolate (4:03)
- "Light My Fire" - The Doors (7:06)
- "You Can Leave Your Hat On" – Tom Jones (4:26)
- "Moving on Up" – M People (5:29)
- "Make Me Smile (Come Up and See Me)" – Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel (3:59)
- "The Full Monty" – Anne Dudley (3:04)
- "The Lunchbox Has Landed" – Anne Dudley (2:14)
- "Land of a Thousand Dances" – Wilson Pickett (2:24)
- "Rock & Roll, Pt. 2" – Gary Glitter (3:02)
- "Bohemian Rhapsody" - Queen (5:51)
- "Highway Star" - Deep Purple (6:07)
- "Hot Stuff" – Donna Summer (3:49)
- "We Are Family" – Sister Sledge (3:35)
- "Flashdance... What a Feeling" – Irene Cara (3:49)
- "The Stripper" – Joe Loss & His Orchestra (2:11)
It was also adapted into a stage play by the original screenwriter Simon Beaufoy, which opened at the Lyceum Theatre, Sheffield on 2 February 2013, directed by Sheffield Theatres artistic director Daniel Evans, before embarking on a national tour. It opened in the West End at the Noël Coward Theatre on 25 February 2014.
However, despite positive reviews, it was announced the show would close on 29 March, rather than the planned 14 June, after a run of just over a month. A Portuguese language version was adapted for theatrical performance in Brazil by Brazilian journalist Artur Xexéo. This version of the play was directed by Tadeu Aguiar, and debuted in Brazil on 6 October 2015.
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- "Weekend box office 19th September 1997 - 21st September 1997". www.25thframe.co.uk. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "Weekend box office 26th September 1997 - 28th September 1997". www.25thframe.co.uk. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- Johnston, Andrew (14 August 1997). "The Full Monty". Time Out New York.
- The Full Monty at Rotten Tomatoes
- Alexander Walker, Icons in the Fire: The Rise and Fall of Practically Everyone in the British Film Industry 1984–2000, Orion Books, 2005 p280
- "Full Monty Producers Sued by 2 New Zealand Playwrights". Playbill. Playbill.com. 3 March 1998. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- "Writers sue over The Full Monty", BBC News, 4 March 1998.
- 'Ladies' fight.', Campbell, Gordon. New Zealand Listener p. 25-26; 26 September 1998.
- "Hollywood Plagiarism", Weird Realm Film Reviews. Retrieved 1 October 2007.
- Bona, Damien (6 February 2002). Inside Oscar 2. Random House Publishing Group. p. 306. ISBN 9780345448002. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
the Oscar to Anne Dudley for The Full Monty ... was somewhat surprising, since the music most remembered from the film was ... disco hits"
- Berardinelli, James (23 March 1998). "Commentary: A "Live" Look at the Oscars". Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
To be quite frank, I can't remember anything about the original score of the film. All I remember are the pop songs.
- Burr, Ty (1 March 1998). "When Will Oscar Really Know the Score?". New York Times. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Fontaine, Rex (29 March 1998). "People: Early to bed for Anne and Oscar". The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Strauss, Bob (24 March 1998). "Analysis: Oscars listing to mainstream". Daily News. Los Angeles. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Reay, Pauline (2004). Music in Film: Soundtracks and Synergy. Wallflower Press. p. 105. ISBN 9781903364659. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "Fingers and thumbs: With the Art of Noise's Anne Dudley". Steven Poole. 10 April 1998. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- Dyja, Eddie (2010). Studying British Cinema, the 1990s. Columbia University Press. p. 106. ISBN 9781906733025.
Tom Jones ... recorded it especially for the film
- "The Full Monty's West End run to end early". 17 March 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "'Ou tudo ou nada' aborda crise com humor no Teatro Popular". 25 September 2015.