Little Women (2019 film)

Little Women is a 2019 American coming-of-age period drama film written and directed by Greta Gerwig. It is the seventh film adaptation of the 1868 novel of the same name by Louisa May Alcott. The film stars Saoirse Ronan, Emma Watson, Florence Pugh, Eliza Scanlen, Laura Dern, Timothée Chalamet, Meryl Streep, Tracy Letts, Bob Odenkirk, James Norton, Louis Garrel, and Chris Cooper.

Little Women
Little Women (2019 film).jpeg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byGreta Gerwig
Produced by
Screenplay byGreta Gerwig
Based onLittle Women
by Louisa May Alcott
Starring
Music byAlexandre Desplat
CinematographyYorick Le Saux
Edited byNick Houy
Production
company
Distributed bySony Pictures Releasing
Release date
  • December 7, 2019 (2019-12-07) (MoMA)
  • December 25, 2019 (2019-12-25) (United States)
Running time
135 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$40 million[2]
Box office$206 million[3][4]

Little Women had its world premiere at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City on December 7, 2019, and was released theatrically in the United States on December 25, 2019, by Sony Pictures Releasing. The film received critical acclaim and has grossed $206 million worldwide. Among its numerous accolades, the film received six nominations at the 92nd Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actress (Ronan), Best Supporting Actress (Pugh), and Best Adapted Screenplay,[5] and won for Best Costume Design. It also received five nominations at the 73rd British Academy Film Awards, winning for Best Costume Design, and two nominations at the 77th Golden Globe Awards.

PlotEdit

In 1868, Jo is a teacher in New York City. She goes to an editor, Mr. Dashwood, and gets a story published subject to considerable editing. Her sister Amy, in Paris with their Aunt March, sees childhood friend Laurie and invites him to a party. At the party, she is angry at his drunken behavior, and he mocks her for spending time with a wealthy businessman, Fred Vaughn. In New York, Jo meets with Friedrich Bhaer, a professor infatuated with her, and he constructively criticizes her work. Jo takes it personally and breaks their friendship off. Afterward, Jo gets a letter saying that her younger sister Beth has gotten sicker, so she returns home.

In 1861 in Concord, Massachusetts, Jo and her older sister Meg go to a party where Jo meets Laurie, the grandson of their neighbor, Mr. Laurence.

On Christmas morning, their mother, "Marmee", persuades the girls to give their breakfast to their poor neighbor, Mrs. Hummel, and her group of starving young children. Upon returning home, the girls see their table full of food, provided by Mr. Laurence, and a letter from their father fighting in the American Civil War.

Jo visits their Aunt March, who invites Jo to Europe with her. During his Latin lesson, Laurie notices Amy standing outside, having been hit by her teacher for misbehaving in class, and invites her in before her family comes to take her home.

When Meg, Jo, Laurie, and John, Laurie's tutor, and Meg's eventual husband, go out one night to the theatre, an angry and jealous Amy burns Jo's writings, upsetting Jo. Amy attempts to apologize but to no avail. The next morning Amy, wanting to make up with Jo, chases her onto a lake where Jo and Laurie are skating. The two skate over to save Amy when the ice breaks underneath her. That night, Jo expresses guilt over what happened to Amy. Mr. Laurence invites Beth to play the piano in his house, as she reminds him of his dead daughter.

In the present, Laurie visits Amy to apologize for his behavior at the party. Later, he urges Amy not to marry Fred Vaughn, but to marry him instead. Amy is upset at being second for everything to Jo, including Laurie. Amy later turns down Fred's proposal only to learn that Laurie left for London.

In the past, Marmee is informed that their father is ill from the war. While Marmee is visiting their father, Beth is given the piano from Mr. Laurence, but contracts scarlet fever from the Hummels. Amy, who has not had the disease before, is sent to Aunt March. Marmee comes home early when Beth gets worse, but she recovers in time for Christmas, with their father returning home. However, in the present, Beth's condition later worsens, and she soon dies.

On Meg's wedding day, Jo tries to convince her to run away, but Meg tells her she is happy getting married. Aunt March announces her trip to Europe but decides to take Amy instead of Jo. After the wedding, Laurie admits his feelings for Jo, but she insists she does not feel the same way.

In the present, Marmee reveals a devastated Amy was returning home with a sick Aunt March. Jo wonders whether she was too quick to turn Laurie down and writes him a letter. On their way back, Amy tells Laurie she turned down Fred's proposal. The two kiss and later marry on the journey home. Returning home, Laurie catches up with Jo, and they agree just to be friends. Outside, Jo throws away the letter she wrote for Laurie.

The next day, Jo begins writing a novel based on the lives of her and her sisters. She sends the first chapters to Mr. Dashwood, who is unimpressed. Bhaer turns up at the March house on his way to California to teach.

In New York, Mr. Dashwood's daughters find the chapters of Jo's book and ask how it ends. He agrees to publish the book but finds it unacceptable that the main character was unmarried. Jo amends her ending so that the main character, herself, chases after Bhaer and stops him from going to California. She negotiates copyright and royalties with Mr. Dashwood.

Later, Jo has inherited Aunt March's house and opened it as a school. Meg teaches acting, and Amy teaches art to the schoolchildren. Bhaer is also shown teaching children at the school. Jo observes as printers print her book, titled Little Women.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

In October 2013, it was announced a new film adaption of Little Women was in development at Sony Pictures, with Olivia Milch writing the script, and Robin Swicord and Denise Di Novi serving as producers.[6] In March 2015, Amy Pascal joined as a producer on the new adaptation, with Sarah Polley hired to write the script and potentially direct.[7] Ultimately, Polley's involvement never went beyond initial discussions.[8]

In August 2016, Greta Gerwig was hired to write the script.[9] In June 2018, in light of her awards season success with Lady Bird, Gerwig was brought on as director as well.[10][11]

CastingEdit

In June 2018, it was announced that Meryl Streep, Emma Stone, Saoirse Ronan, Timothée Chalamet, and Florence Pugh had been cast for the film in undisclosed roles.[10][11] In July 2018, Eliza Scanlen joined the cast as well,[12] and in August 2018, James Norton and Laura Dern also signed on to appear.[13][14] Then, in the same month, Stone dropped out of the film due to scheduling conflicts with the press tour for The Favourite, and Emma Watson replaced her.[15] In September 2018, Louis Garrel, Bob Odenkirk and Chris Cooper joined the cast in other roles.[16][17][18] In October 2018, New Regency Pictures was announced as an additional financier on the film, and Abby Quinn joined the cast.[19][20]

FilmingEdit

Principal photography began on October 5, 2018, in Boston, Massachusetts.[21] Additional filming locations included Lancaster, Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., the town of Harvard, Massachusetts, and Concord, Massachusetts.[22] Harvard's Arnold Arboretum was used as a location to shoot a scene set in a 19th century Paris park.[23] Filming wrapped on December 15, 2018.[24][25] Saoirse Ronan stated that, as previously done with Lady Bird, Gerwig banned cell phones on the set.[26]

MusicEdit

On April 8, 2019, it was announced that Alexandre Desplat had been hired to compose the film's score.[27]

ReleaseEdit

Little Women had its world premiere at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City on December 7, 2019,[28] and also screened as the opening film of the Rio de Janeiro International Film Festival on December 9, 2019.[29] It was theatrically released in the United States on December 25, 2019 by Sony Pictures Releasing.[30][31]

MarketingEdit

On December 13, 2018, Emma Watson posted an on set photo on social media of herself with writer-director Greta Gerwig and co-stars Saoirse Ronan, Florence Pugh, Eliza Scanlen, and Timothée Chalamet.[32] Six days later, Watson posted another on set photo of her along with Gerwig and co-star Laura Dern.[33] On June 19, 2019, Vanity Fair released the first stills from the film.[34] The official trailer for the film was released on August 13, 2019.[35]

Home mediaEdit

Little Women was released digitally on March 10, 2020, and its release on DVD and Blu-ray is set for April 7, 2020.[36]

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

As of March 26, 2020, Little Women has grossed $108.1 million in the United States and Canada, and $97.9 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $206 million.[3][4]

In the United States and Canada, the film was released alongside Spies in Disguise and the expansion of Uncut Gems, and was projected to gross $18–22 million from 3,308 over its five-day opening weekend. The film made $6.4 million on Christmas Day and $6 million on its second day.[37] It went on to debut to $16.8 million (a total of $29.2 million over the five-day Christmas frame), finishing in fourth.[38][39] In its second weekend, the film grossed $13.6 million, finishing third.[40] It then made $7.8 million and $6.4 million, respectively, the following weekends.[41][42]

Critical responseEdit

Saoirse Ronan and Florence Pugh's performances garnered widespread critical acclaim and earned them Academy Award nominations for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, respectively.

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 95% based on 383 reviews, with an average rating of 8.55/10. The website's critics consensus reads: "With a stellar cast and a smart, sensitive retelling of its classic source material, Greta Gerwig's Little Women proves some stories truly are timeless."[43] On Metacritic, it has a weighted average score of 91 out of 100, based on 57 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[44] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale, and viewers polled by PostTrak gave it an average five out of five stars.[38]

Gerwig's direction was deemed notable for several reasons. Kate Erbland of Indiewire commended Gerwig for how she "modernized the book's timeless story in unexpected ways",[45] while also maintaining an "affection for the original, and keenly aware of how the concerns of Alcott and the March sisters (loosely based on the author’s own family) have never quite abated, no matter the time."[46] She was also lauded for her screenplay, with Brian Truitt of USA Today dubbing her writing "a fantastic follow-up to her Oscar-nominated Lady Bird that makes Alcott's time and language feel effervescently modern and authentically nostalgic."[47]

The cast was lauded for their collective acting, with one reviewer calling their work "stellar across the board."[47] Although there were some concerns from critics about miscasting,[46] the overall critics review for the ensemble cast was positive. While the performances of Watson, Dern and Streep as Meg, Marmie and Aunt March, respectively, were commended for bringing depth and empathy, as well as warmth and sensibility to their roles,[48][49] Ronan, Pugh, and Chalamet earned the biggest praise for their performances. Ronan and Pugh's performances in scenes together were called by one source as "standouts, portraying the growth of their characters over time but also the combustible dynamic between Jo and Amy,"[47] with other reviewers in agreement. For their individual performances, they both were also given attention, where Ronan "shines as the wonderfully brash and opinionated Jo March"[49] and Pugh's "scenes with Chalamet are more convincing, and her brush with the financial realities of life and the struggle to make a career are more relevant, even though she's the spoiled baby sister of a century and a half ago."[50] Chalamet was praised for his "earnest and swaggering performance" as Laurie.[51] Ronan and Chalamet were also noted for their "great romantic chemistry".[52]

While the film received six Academy Award nominations, Gerwig did not garner a nomination for Best Director, which has been regarded as a snub.[53][54] Allison Pearson of The Telegraph deemed the failure to nominate Gerwig a "whole new standard of idiocy", opining that it "belittles women's experience".[55] Writing for The Los Angeles Times, social psychologists Devon Proudfoot and Aaron Kay concluded that the snub was due to a "general psychological tendency to unwittingly view women's work as less creative than men's".[56]

AccoladesEdit

The film has received numerous awards and nominations. At the 92nd Academy Awards, it received six nominations, including Best Picture, Best Actress (Ronan), Best Supporting Actress (Pugh) and Best Adapted Screenplay,[57] and won for Best Costume Design[58]. At the 25th Critics' Choice Awards, it received nine nominations, winning for Best Adapted Screenplay.[59][60] The film also received five nominations at the 73rd British Academy Film Awards and two nominations at the 77th Golden Globe Awards, and was chosen by the American Film Institute as one of the top 10 films of the year.[61][62][63]

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit