Mudbound (film)

Mudbound is a 2017 American historical drama film directed by Dee Rees and written by Rees and Virgil Williams, based on the 2008 novel of the same name by Hillary Jordan. It stars Carey Mulligan, Garrett Hedlund, Jason Clarke, Jason Mitchell, Jonathan Banks, and Mary J. Blige.[4] The film depicts two World War II veterans – one white, one black – who return to rural Mississippi each to address racism and PTSD in his own way. The film premiered at the 2017 Sundance Film Festival on January 21, 2017,[5] and was released on Netflix and in limited release on November 17, 2017.

Mudbound
Mudbound (film).png
Promotional release poster
Directed byDee Rees
Produced by
  • Carl Effenson
  • Sally Jo Effenson
  • Cassian Elwes
  • Charles King
  • Christopher Lemole
  • Kim Roth
  • Tim Zajaros
Screenplay by
Based onMudbound
by Hillary Jordan
Starring
Music byTamar-kali
CinematographyRachel Morrison
Edited byMako Kamitsuna
Production
company
  • Elevated Films
  • Joule Films
Distributed byNetflix
Release date
  • January 21, 2017 (2017-01-21) (Sundance)
  • November 17, 2017 (2017-11-17) (United States)
Running time
134 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$10 million[2]
Box office$117,344[3]

Critics praised its screenplay, direction, and the cast's performances (particularly those of Mitchell and Blige)[6] and at the 75th Golden Globe Awards received nominations for Best Supporting Actress (Blige) and Best Original Song ("Mighty River").[7] At the 90th Academy Awards, the film earned four nominations: Best Supporting Actress and Best Original Song for Blige, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Cinematography, the latter of which made Rachel Morrison the first woman ever nominated in the category. Rees became the first Black woman to ever be nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay and the first Black woman to be nominated for a writing Oscar since Suzanne de Passe was nominated for Best Original Screenplay for the 1972 film Lady Sings the Blues. Blige became the first person to ever be nominated for both an acting Oscar as well as a song Oscar during the same year.

PlotEdit

In Mississippi Delta farm country, Henry McAllan and his younger brother Jamie dig a grave and struggle to lower their deceased Pappy's coffin into it. When the Jacksons, a black sharecropper family, pass by in a wagon, Henry asks the father, Hap, for help. Henry seems uncomfortable asking; Hap hesitates to reply.

The film goes back to 1939, when Henry buys a farm outside the fictional town of Marietta, Mississippi, in the Mississippi Delta and moves there with his wife Laura, with whom he shares a passionless marriage, their daughters, and the virulently racist Pappy. The Jackson family, led by tenant farmer Hap and his wife Florence, work the farm's cotton field and dream of owning their own land one day.

As World War II begins, Jamie and the Jacksons' eldest son, Ronsel, join the Air Force and Army, respectively. Jamie flies bombers and Ronsel commands tanks and falls in love with a white German woman. Both experience severe combat trauma.

Meanwhile, back in Mississippi both families live in poverty, at the edge of disaster. The families support each other out of necessity. The Jacksons' mule has to be put down. Henry offers to share his mule, but exacts half of the Jackson's crop in payment; the Jacksons have no choice but to accept. Florence helps Laura when Laura and Henry's two small daughters are ill with whooping cough, and Laura offers Florence work helping care for her daughters. Hap, who serves as the preacher for the local black community, falls while helping to build a small church, breaking a leg and rendering him unable to work. Laura sneaks money from her husband's safe so Hap can be treated by a doctor.

When the war ends, Ronsel and Jamie return home and realize that they've changed but the local society hasn't. Jamie becomes an alcoholic and suffers from PTSD. Ronsel, accustomed to the relative lack of racism among Europeans, struggles with racism back home. They become aware of each other's difficulties and bond over their war experiences. Ronsel asks why Jamie treats him with respect; Jamie recounts that on a bomber flight a black fighter pilot saved his life. Jamie's drunkenness gets worse and he wakes up from a nightmare with the car partially submerged in a lake. Henry leaves on a trip and tells Jamie to leave the farm before he returns.

Ronsel receives a letter from the German woman with whom he'd been romantically involved during the war. He learns that they had a child together and she wants Ronsel to join them. He shares this with Jamie while riding together in the McAllans' truck. Their truck passes Pappy and Ronsel must hide. Pappy confronts Jamie about seeing him with Ronsel. He yells at Jamie for his drunken behavior and sneers at Laura, claiming she has feelings for Jamie. Later, Ronsel realizes that he lost the letter and photo and runs out to look for it. Pappy finds the letter and photo in the truck. Laura confronts Jamie as he packs to leave, and they make love.

As Ronsel searches for his letter, he is ambushed by Pappy and members of the Ku Klux Klan and beaten. Pappy brings Jamie to a barn where the Klan is preparing to kill Ronsel for fathering a child with a white woman. Jamie points a gun at his father in an effort to save his friend and is beaten by members of the Klan. As Jamie is restrained and in pain, he is told to choose Ronsel's punishment for his crime—to lose his eyes, tongue or testicles—or watch Ronsel be put to death. Through the pain, Jamie whispers "tongue" and Ronsel's tongue is cut out. Ronsel is left bound and wounded for his family to find.

Later that night, Jamie wakes Pappy. Pappy had previously belittled Jamie's war awards because he hadn't had to look in the eyes of the people he killed. Jamie looks Pappy in the eye and smothers him with a pillow.

The film returns to the opening scene. The Jacksons appear to be leaving with their meager belongings in the wagon. Hap accedes to Henry's request to help with the coffin and says a prayer over the grave. In a rebuke to Pappy, Hap recites from the Book of Job, verses 14:2-12. As Henry begins to bury his father, Jamie walks away. He approaches the Jacksons' wagon and gives the German woman's envelope to Florence, asking her to give it to Ronsel if she should see him.

Much later, Jamie moves to the city. Ronsel makes his way back to Europe and reunites with the German woman and his son.

CastEdit

  • Carey Mulligan as Laura McAllan (née Chappell)
  • Garrett Hedlund as Jamie McAllan
  • Jason Clarke as Henry McAllan
  • Mary J. Blige as Florence Jackson
  • Rob Morgan as Hap Jackson
  • Jason Mitchell as Ronsel Jackson
  • Jonathan Banks as Pappy McAllan
  • Frankie Smith as Marlon Jackson
  • Kennedy Derosin as Lilly May Jackson
  • Elizabeth Windley as Amanda Leigh McAllan
  • Piper Blaire as Isabelle McAllan
  • Jason Kirkpatrick as Orris Stokes
  • Kerry Cahill as Rose Tricklebank
  • Oyeleke Oluwafolakanmi as Cleve
  • Kelvin Harrison Jr. as Weeks
  • Lucy Faust as Vera Atwood
  • Dylan Arnold as Carl Atwood
  • Samantha Höefer as Resl
  • Geraldine Singer as Mrs. Chappell
  • Henry Frost as Teddy Chappell
  • Claudio Laniado as Dr. Pearlman
  • Charley Vance as Sheriff Thacker

ProductionEdit

Development on the film was announced on March 21, 2016, with Dee Rees engaged as director and Carey Mulligan, Garrett Hedlund, Jason Clarke and Jason Mitchell cast in roles.[8] On May 25, Mary J. Blige was added to the cast.[9] On May 31, Jonathan Banks and Rob Morgan were cast, and filming began in New Orleans, Louisiana and post-production started in the United Kingdom by July 2016.[10]

CinematographyEdit

Dee Rees asked Rachel Morrison to focus on "the idea of the American dream vs. the American reality," so Rachel turned to books by Farm Security Administration photographers for reference points regarding color and composition, in particular Dorothea Lange, Arthur Rothstein, Ben Shahn and Walker Evans. Another primary source for her was a Gordon Parks essay in Life magazine in the 1950s called "A Segregation Story" – regarding color that "felt period, but it didn't feel washed-out".[11] Rachel's term for the goal they tried to achieve is "subjective naturalism," which she describes as first of all, real, and then potentially dramatized with light at main plot points – but remaining real throughout.[11] Through that reality, the focus was on the elements in the picture and not the period itself: "The period wasn't a character in this film. The mud was a character, the weather was a character, the house was a character ... we were trying to make more of a commentary about just how tough times were through experiences."[11] A. O. Scott in the New York Times on the result: "Rachel ... brings the soil, the flora and the weather to life in a way that emphasizes the archaic, elemental power of the story." [12]

ReleaseEdit

Following its 2017 Sundance Film Festival premiere, Mudbound had distribution offers from A24 and Annapurna Pictures.[13] On January 29, 2017, Netflix acquired distribution rights to the film.[14] The film premiered on the streaming platform, as well as began a one-week theatrical release in New York City and Los Angeles, on November 17, 2017.

Critical responseEdit

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 97% based on 192 reviews, with an average rating of 8.2/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Mudbound offers a well-acted, finely detailed snapshot of American history whose scenes of rural class struggle resonate far beyond their period setting."[15] On Metacritic the film has a weighted average score of 85 out of 100, based on 44 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[16]

Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, praising the cast and direction.[17] Writing for Rolling Stone, Peter Travers also gave the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, praising Blige's performance and Rees' direction, saying: "The director and her cinematographer Rachel Morrison do wonders with the elements that batter the people of every race and social class in the Delta. But it's the storm raging inside these characters that rivets our attention and makes Mudbound a film that grabs you and won't let go."[18]

AccoladesEdit

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref.
AACTA International Awards January 6, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [19]
AARP's Movies for Grownups Awards February 5, 2018 Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated [20]
Academy Awards March 4, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [21]
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Original Song "Mighty River" – Mary J. Blige, Raphael Saadiq and Taura Stinson Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Alliance of Women Film Journalists January 9, 2018 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [22]
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Mary J. Blige Nominated
Best Ensemble Cast – Casting Director Billy Hopkins and Ashley Ingram Won
Best Woman Director Dee Rees Nominated
Best Woman Screenwriter Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
American Society of Cinematographers February 17, 2018 Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases Rachel Morrison Nominated [23]
Austin Film Critics Association January 8, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [24]
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Black Reel Awards February 22, 2018 Outstanding Film Mudbound Nominated [25][26]
Outstanding Director Dee Rees Nominated
Outstanding Supporting Actor Jason Mitchell Won
Outstanding Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Outstanding Screenplay Virgil Williams and Dee Rees Nominated
Outstanding Ensemble Billy Hopkins and Ashley Ingram Won
Outstanding Original Song "Mighty River" – Mary J. Blige, Raphael Saadiq and Taura Stinson Won
Outstanding Breakthrough Performance, Female Mary J. Blige Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association December 12, 2017 Best Supporting Actor Jason Mitchell Nominated [27]
[28]
Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards January 11, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [29]
Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association December 13, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige 3rd Place [30]
Detroit Film Critics Society December 7, 2017 Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated [31]
Dorian Awards February 24, 2018 Supporting Film Performance of the Year – Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [32]
[33]
Florida Film Critics Circle December 23, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [34]
[35]
Georgia Film Critics Association January 12, 2018 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [36]
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Best Original Song "Mighty River" – Raphael Saadiq, Mary J. Blige and Taura Stinson Nominated
Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated
Golden Globe Awards January 7, 2018 Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Mary J. Blige Nominated [37]
Best Original Song "Mighty River" – Raphael Saadiq, Mary J. Blige and Taura Stinson Nominated
Golden Tomato Awards January 3, 2018 Best Limited Release 2017 Mudbound 5th Place [38]
Best Drama Movie 2017 Mudbound 3rd Place
Gotham Independent Film Awards November 27, 2017 Breakthrough Actor Mary J. Blige Nominated [39]
Special Jury Award – Ensemble Performance The cast of Mudbound Won
Guild of Music Supervisors Awards February 8, 2018 Best Song/Recording Created for a Film "Mighty River" Nominated [40]
Hollywood Film Awards November 5, 2017 Hollywood Breakout Ensemble Award The cast of Mudbound Won [41]
Hollywood Breakout Actress Award Mary J. Blige Won
Hollywood Music in Media Awards November 16, 2017 Original Score – Feature Film Tamar-kali Nominated [42]
Original Song – Feature Film "Mighty River" – Raphael Saadiq, Mary J. Blige and Taura Stinson Nominated
Humanitas Prize February 16, 2018 Feature – Drama Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Won[a] [43]
Independent Spirit Awards March 3, 2018 Robert Altman Award Dee Rees, Billy Hopkins, Ashley Ingram, Jonathan Banks, Mary J. Blige, Jason Clarke, Garrett Hedlund, Jason Mitchell, Rob Morgan and Carey Mulligan Won [44]
IndieWire Honors November 2, 2017 Breakthrough Performance Mary J. Blige Won [45]
Location Managers Guild Awards April 7, 2017 Outstanding Locations in Period Film Wise Wolfe, Imre Legman Nominated [46]
Los Angeles Film Critics Association January 13, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Runner-up [47]
New York Film Critics Circle January 3, 2018 Best Cinematographer Rachel Morrison Won [48]
New York Film Critics Online December 10, 2017 Best Picture Mudbound Won[b] [49]
Best Director Dee Rees Won
Best Ensemble Cast The cast of Mudbound Won
Top Ten Films Mudbound Won
Online Film Critics Society December 28, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [50]
[51]
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society December 11, 2017 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Runner-up [52]
[53]
Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Won
San Francisco Film Critics Circle December 10, 2017 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [54]
Santa Barbara International Film Festival January 31, 2018 Virtuoso Award Mary J. Blige Won [55]
Satellite Awards February 10, 2018 Best Film Mudbound Nominated [56]
Best Director Dee Rees Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Screen Actors Guild Awards January 21, 2018 Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture The cast of Mudbound Nominated [57]
Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Mary J. Blige Nominated
St. Louis Film Critics Association December 17, 2017 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [58]
[59]
USC Scripter Awards February 10, 2018 Best Screenplay Dee Rees, Virgil Williams and Hillary Jordan Nominated [60]
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association December 8, 2017 Best Director Dee Rees Nominated [61]
Best Supporting Actor Jason Mitchell Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Won
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Best Acting Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated
Women Film Critics Circle December 17, 2017 Best Movie by a Woman Mudbound Nominated [62]
[63]
Best Woman Storyteller Dee Rees Nominated
Josephine Baker Award Mudbound Won
Karen Morley Award Mudbound Nominated
Courage in Filmmaking Dee Rees Won
Writers Guild of America Awards February 11, 2018 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [64]
  1. ^ Tied with The Post.
  2. ^ Tied with The Florida Project.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  4. ^ «Film Mudbound».
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  25. ^ Get Out Dominates the Black Reel Awards Black Reel Awards. 13 December 2017.
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External linksEdit