Anna Karina (born Hanne Karin Bayer, 22 September 1940) is a Danish-French film actress, director, writer, and singer. She rose to prominence as French New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard's muse in the 1960s, performing in several of his films, including The Little Soldier (1960), A Woman Is a Woman (1961), Vivre sa vie (1962), Band of Outsiders (1964), and Pierrot le Fou and Alphaville (both 1965). For her performance in A Woman Is a Woman, Karina won the Silver Bear Award for Best Actress at the Berlin Film Festival.
Karina in 1968
Hanne Karin Bayer
22 September 1940
|Occupation||Actress, film director, writer, singer|
(m. 1961; div. 1965)
(m. 1968; div. 1974)
(m. 1978; div. 1981)
(m. 1982; div. 1994)
In 1972, Karina set up a production company for her directorial debut, Vivre ensemble (1973), which screened in the Critics’ Week lineup at the 26th Cannes Film Festival. She also directed the French-Canadian film Victoria (2008). In addition to her work in cinema, she has worked as a singer, and has written several novels in French.
Karina's mother was a dress shop owner and her father left the family a year after she was born. She lived with her maternal grandparents for three years, until she was four. She spent the next four years in foster care before returning to live with her mother. She has described her childhood as "terribly wanting to be loved", and as a child she made numerous attempts to run away from home.
She began her career in Denmark, where she sang in cabarets and worked as a model playing in commercials. At age 14, she appeared in a Danish short film by Ib Schmedes, which won a prize at Cannes. In 1958, after a row with her mother, she hitchhiked to Paris.
Karina was 17 when she arrived in Paris poor and unable to speak French. She lived on the streets. One day while sitting at the café Les Deux Magots she was approached by a woman from an advertisement agency who asked her to do some photos. She began to work as a model and eventually became successful, posing for several magazines, including Elle, and meeting Pierre Cardin and Coco Chanel. Karina has said that Chanel helped her devise her professional name, Anna Karina.
Jean-Luc Godard, then a film critic for Cahiers du cinéma, first saw Karina in a series of Palmolive ads in which she posed in bathtubs. He was casting his debut feature film, Breathless, and offered her a small part in it, but she refused when he mentioned that there would be a nude scene. When Godard questioned her refusal, mentioning her apparent nudity in the Palmolive ads, she is said to have replied, "Are you mad? I was wearing a bathing suit in those ads—the soapsuds went up to my neck. It was in your mind that I was undressed."
In the end, the character Godard reserved for Karina did not appear in the film. The next year, however, Godard offered her a role in Le Petit Soldat (1960). Karina, then still under 21, had to persuade her estranged mother to sign the contract for her.
Karina won the Best Actress Award at the Berlin Film Festival in 1961 for her performance as Angela in A Woman Is a Woman. Her career continued to flourish thereafter, as she appeared in dozens of films through the 1960s, including Godard's Bande à part (1964), The Nun (1966), directed by Jacques Rivette, Luchino Visconti's The Stranger (1967), the George Cukor/Joseph Strick collaboration Justine (1969), and Tony Richardson's Laughter in the Dark (1969). She continued to work steadily into the 1970s, with roles in Christian de Chalonge's The Wedding Ring (L'Alliance, 1971), Andre Delvaux's Rendezvous at Bray (Rendez-vous à Bray, also 1971), The Salzburg Connection (1972), and Franco Brusati's Bread and Chocolate (Pane e cioccolata, 1973).
In 1972, she set up a production company, Raska, for her directorial debut, Vivre ensemble (1973), in which she also acted. The film screened in the Critics’ Week lineup at the 26th Cannes Film Festival.
In 1976, she starred in Rainer Werner Fassbinder's Chinese Roulette (1976); Fassbinder allegedly wrote the film for her and her partner at the time, Ulli Lommel. She later wrote and acted in Last Song (1987) and has since appeared in Haut, Bas, Fragile (1995), directed by Jacques Rivette, and sung in The Truth About Charlie (2002), a remake of the 1963 film Charade.
In 2008, Karina wrote, directed and starred in Victoria, a musical road movie filmed in Montreal, Quebec and Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean. Richard Kuipers praised it in Variety as "a pleasant gambol through the backwoods of Quebec."
Karina has also maintained a singing career. At the end of the 1960s, she scored a major hit with "Sous le soleil exactement" and "Roller Girl" by Serge Gainsbourg. Both songs are from the TV musical comedy Anna (1967), by the film director Pierre Koralnik, in which she sings seven songs alongside Gainsbourg and Jean-Claude Brialy. Karina subsequently recorded an album, Une histoire d'amour, with Philippe Katerine, which was followed by a concert tour. In 2005, she released Chansons de films, a collection of songs sung in movies.
In 1961, after working together on Le Petit Soldat, Karina and Godard were married; The Independent described them as "one of the most celebrated pairings of the 1960s." During their marriage, they made seven feature films together. A writer for Filmmaker magazine called their work "arguably the most influential body of work in the history of cinema."
Despite the critical success, their relationship behind the scenes has been described as tumultuous; they fought on film sets, Karina fell ill several times, and Godard was often absent without explanation. The couple divorced in 1965. Karina has said they no longer speak to each other. She described the relationship in an interview with W Magazine:
It was all very exciting from the beginning. Of course we have a great love story and all that, but we were so different. He was 10 years older than me. He was very strange. He would go away and come back three weeks later ... It was difficult, and I was a young girl, not even 21—at the time Godard was 30. I know he didn’t mean to hurt me, but he did. He was never there, he was never coming back, and I never knew where he was. He drove me a bit crazy.
After divorcing Godard, Karina remarried several times; she was married to French actors Pierre Fabre from 1968 to 1974 and Daniel Duval from 1978 to 1981, and to American film director Dennis Berry from 1982 to 1994.
Karina is widely considered an icon of 1960s cinema as well as a style icon. The Guardian described her as an "effervescent free spirit of the French new wave." Refinery29 wrote that "her 60s French girl style – think sailor dresses, tartan, long socks, and hats – and mesmerising doe-eyed beauty mean she continues to be referenced today by the super-stylish."
|1960||The Little Soldier||Veronica Dreyer||Jean-Luc Godard|
|A Woman Is a Woman||Angela Récamier||Jean-Luc Godard|
|Tonight or Never||Valérie||Michel Deville|
|1961||Cléo from 5 to 7 (episode "Les fiancés du pont Macdonald")||The Fiancée||Agnès Varda|
|Sun in Your Eyes||Dagmar||Jacques Bourdon|
|She'll Have to Go||Toni||Robert Asher|
|1962||My Life to Live||Nana||Jean-Luc Godard|
|Three Fables of Love (episode "Le corbeau et le renard")||Colombe||Hervé Bromberger|
|1963||Sweet and Sour||Ginette||Jacques Baratier|
|Un mari à un prix fixe||Béatrice Reinhoff||Claude de Givray|
|1964||Circle of Love||Rose / The Chambermaid||Roger Vadim|
|Band of Outsiders||Odile||Jean-Luc Godard|
|All About Loving||Hélène||Jean Aurel|
|The Thief of Tibidabo||Maria||Maurice Ronet|
|The Camp Followers||Elenitza||Valerio Zurlini|
|1965||Pierrot le fou||Marianne Renoir||Jean-Luc Godard|
|Alphaville||Natascha von Braun||Jean-Luc Godard|
|1966||The Nun||Suzanne Simonin||Jacques Rivette|
|Made in U.S.A.||Paula Nelson||Jean-Luc Godard|
|The Oldest Profession (episode "Anticipation")||Natasha / Eleanor Romeovich, Hostess 703||Jean-Luc Godard|
|1967||The Stranger||Marie Cardona||Luchino Visconti|
|Zärtliche Haie||Elena / Costa||Michel Deville|
|1968||The Magus||Anne||Guy Green|
|Before Winter Comes||Maria||J. Lee Thompson|
|Man on Horseback||Elisabeth Kohlhaas||Volker Schlöndorff|
|1969||Justine||Melissa||George Cukor and Joseph Strick|
|Laughter in the Dark||Margot||Tony Richardson|
|The Time to Die||The Young Girl||André Farwagi|
|1970||The Time to Die||The Unnamed Woman||André Farwagi|
|The Wedding Ring||Jeanne||Christian de Chalonge|
|1971||Rendezvous at Bray||She (The Waitress)||André Delvaux|
|Carlos||Clara||Hans W. Geißendörfer|
|1972||The Salzburg Connection||Anna Bryant||Lee H. Katzin|
|Vivre ensemble||Julie Anderson||Anna Karina|
|1973||Morel's Invention||Faustine||Emidio Greco|
|Bread and Chocolate||Elena||Franco Brusati|
|1975||Scrambled Eggs||Clara Dutilleul||Joël Santoni|
|1976||The Musician Killer||Louise||Benoît Jacquot|
|Chinese Roulette||Irene Cartis||Rainer Werner Fassbinder|
|1978||Surprise Sock||Nathalie||Jean-François Davy|
|Just like Home||Anna||Márta Mészáros|
|1979||The Story of a Mother||Christine Olsen||Claus Weeke|
|1980||Charlotte, Tell Your Mother that I Love Her||Stéphane||Aly Borgini|
|1983||Vincent's Friend||Eleonore||Pierre Granier-Deferre|
|1984||Ave Maria||Berthe Granjeux||Jacques Richard|
|1985||Treasure Island||The Mother||Raoul Ruiz|
|1987||Last Song||Susan||Dennis Berry|
|Last Summer in Tangiers||Myrrha, a cabaret singer||Alexandre Arcady|
|Cayenne Palace||Lola||Alain Maline|
|The Abyss||Catherine||André Delvaux|
|1990||The Man Who Wanted to Be Guilty||Edith||Ole Roos|
|1994||Up, Down, Fragile||Sarah||Jacques Rivette|
|2002||The Truth About Charlie||Karina||Jonathan Demme|
|2003||I, Cesar||Gloria||Richard Berry|
- Joseph F. Clarke (1977). Pseudonyms. BCA. p. 94.
- Cowie, Peter (2005) Revolution!: The Explosion of World Cinema in the Sixties Macmillan, p. 62 ISBN 0-571-21135-6
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- Colin MacCabe, Godard: A Portrait of the Artist at Seventy. (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003). p. 125.
- MacCabe, 126.
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- MacCabe, 127.
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- MacCabe, 124–5.
- MacCabe, 127–8.
- "Meet the Germans – Typically German - The Actors - Ulli Lommel - Goethe-Institut". Goethe.de. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
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- Zahedi, Caveh. ""Be Beautiful and Shut Up": Anna Karina on Filmmaking with Jean-Luc Godard | Filmmaker Magazine". Filmmaker Magazine. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
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