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John Daniel Singleton (January 6, 1968 – April 28, 2019) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and actor. He was best known for directing Boyz n the Hood (1991), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director, becoming, at age 24, the first African American and youngest person to have ever been nominated for that award. Singleton was a native of South Los Angeles, and many of his films, such as Poetic Justice (1993), Higher Learning (1995), and Baby Boy (2001), had themes which resonated with the contemporary urban population. He also directed the drama Rosewood (1997) and the action films Shaft (2000), 2 Fast 2 Furious (2003), and Four Brothers (2005). He co-created the television crime drama Snowfall. He was nominated the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special for "The Race Card", the fifth episode of The People v. O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story.

John Singleton
John Singleton 2013 (cropped).jpg
Singleton at the Canadian Film Centre event in 2013
Born
John Daniel Singleton

(1968-01-06)January 6, 1968
DiedApril 28, 2019(2019-04-28) (aged 51)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California, U.S.
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, producer, actor
Years active1991–2019
Spouse(s)
Akosua Busia
(m. 1996; div. 1997)
Children7

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Singleton was born in Los Angeles, the son of Sheila Ward-Johnson, a pharmaceutical company sales executive, and Danny Singleton, a real estate agent, mortgage broker, and financial planner.[1] He attended Blair High School, Pasadena City College and the USC School of Cinematic Arts. He graduated from USC in 1990, and was a member of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.[2]

Singleton had considered pursuing computer science, but enrolled in USC's Filmic Writing program under Margaret Mehring.[3] The program was designed to take students directly into the Hollywood system as proficient writer/directors. He cited the original Star Wars film as one of his strongest influences, and the work of Steven Spielberg as a source of inspiration.[4]

CareerEdit

Singleton's film debut Boyz n the Hood (1991), an inner city drama starring Cuba Gooding, Jr., Angela Bassett, Ice Cube, and Laurence Fishburne, was both a critical and commercial success. For his efforts, Singleton received Academy Award nominations for Best Original Screenplay and Best Director.[2] At age 24 he was the youngest person ever nominated for Best Director, and the first African-American to be nominated for the award. (Four others – Lee Daniels, Barry Jenkins, Jordan Peele, and Spike Lee – have been nominated since.) The film has since attained classic status and, in 2002, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.[5]

His directing ability led to the VFX-driven "Remember the Time" music video for Michael Jackson, which featured Eddie Murphy, Iman and Magic Johnson.[6] His next films were Poetic Justice (1993) and Higher Learning (1995), which were similarly socially conscious and received mixed to positive reviews.[citation needed]

The film Rosewood (1997), Singleton's historical drama about racial violence, was entered into the 47th Berlin International Film Festival.[7] Both this film and Baby Boy (2001) received very positive reviews and helped establish Singleton's critical reputation. Additionally, his adaptation of Shaft (2000), starring Samuel L. Jackson in the title role, was successful critically and commercially.[8][9]

Singleton later turned to directing action films, such as 2 Fast 2 Furious (2003) and Four Brothers (2005), which received mixed reviews. In 2005, Singleton teamed with Craig Brewer and financed the independent film Hustle and Flow, once it was clear that most other major backers would not clear it for release.[citation needed] In 2003, Singleton received a star at the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[10]

It was announced in 2013 that Singleton was attached as director of a Tupac Shakur biography film. On April 3, 2015, Singleton reported that production was put on hold.[11] Four days later, it was announced that following creative differences with Morgan Creek Productions, Singleton had stepped down as director, and was replaced by Carl Franklin.[12] Singleton also stated he was planning on making a competing film about Tupac.[13]

After directing episodes of the critically acclaimed TV shows Empire and American Crime Story, he served as an executive producer of the crime drama series Rebel for BET and co-created Snowfall for FX.[14]

Personal lifeEdit

Singleton was married to Ghanaian actress Akosua Gyamama Busia from 1996 to 1997, with whom he had a daughter.[15]

On August 23, 2007, Singleton was involved in an automobile accident in which he struck a jaywalking pedestrian, Constance Russell, 57, of Los Angeles.[16] Staying on the scene until police arrived, Singleton was not under the influence of alcohol or other substances, and was released after being questioned. Russell died later in the hospital. The case was turned over to the District Attorney but no charges were ever filed.[17][18]

On March 19, 2014, Singleton criticized popular studios for "refusing to let African-Americans direct black-themed films". Singleton told an audience of students at Loyola Marymount University "They ain't letting the black people tell the stories." He also added, "They want black people [to be] what they want them to be. And nobody is man enough to go and say that. They want black people to be who they want them to be, as opposed to what they are. The black films now—so-called black films now—they're great. They're great films. But they're just product. They're not moving the bar forward creatively. ...When you try to make it homogenized, when you try to make it appeal to everybody, then you don't have anything that's special."[19][20][21]

Sexual harassment allegationsEdit

In November 2017, Danielle Young, a journalist for The Root who had interviewed Singleton in June 2017, said he sexually harassed her after the interview and while taking a photo she posted on Instagram.[22][23][24]

Illness, death and legacyEdit

On April 17, 2019, Singleton suffered a stroke and was placed under intensive care.[25] He reportedly began to experience weakness in his legs after returning to the United States from a trip to Costa Rica. On April 25, it was reported that he was in a coma,[26] but his daughter claimed otherwise.[27] On April 28, Singleton was removed from life support, and he died at the age of 51 at Cedars-Sinai Hospital.[28][29][30] He was survived by his mother, his father, and his seven children.[31]

Many actors and musicians paid tribute to him, including Devon Aoki, Tyra Banks, Angela Bassett, Don Cheadle, Morris Chestnut, Snoop Dogg, Omar Epps, Tyrese Gibson, Omar Gooding, Cole Hauser, Taraji P. Henson, Jason Isaacs, Janet Jackson, Samuel L. Jackson, Regina King, Taylor Lautner, Nia Long, Ludacris, Lori Petty, Q-Tip, Michael Rapaport, Busta Rhymes, Kristy Swanson, Mark Wahlberg, Tom Morello and Jeffrey Wright.[32]

Rapper and actor Ice Cube, who worked with Singleton in Boyz n the Hood and Higher Learning, said: "There are no words to express how sad I am to lose my brother, friend & mentor. He loved [to] bring the black experience to the world."[33]

Cuba Gooding Jr, who was given his first major role by Singleton in Boyz n the Hood, paid tribute to his late friend by singing "One Day More" from Les Miserables, a favorite song of Singleton.[34]

A private funeral was held on May 6, 2019 in Los Angeles, and Singleton was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills.[35] The official cause of death was acute ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, and hypertension.[36]

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

Year Title Director Writer Producer Notes
1991 Boyz n the Hood Yes Yes No Nominated- Academy Award for Best Director
Nominated- Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
1993 Poetic Justice Yes Yes Yes
1995 Higher Learning Yes Yes Yes Also writer of the song "SITUATION: GRIMM"
1997 Rosewood Yes No No
2000 Shaft Yes Yes Yes
2001 Baby Boy Yes Yes Yes Also music supervisor
2003 2 Fast 2 Furious Yes No No
2005 Four Brothers Yes No No
2011 Abduction Yes No No

Producer only

Year Title Notes
1998 Woo Executive producer
2004 Time Out Short film;
Executive producer
2005 Hustle & Flow
2006 Black Snake Moan
2007 Illegal Tender Also music supervisor
2008 The Making of 'Illegal Tender' Documentary short
2014 Through a Lens Darkly Documentary;
Executive producer

Acting creditsEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1991 Boyz n the Hood Mailman
1994 Beverly Hills Cop III Fireman
1995 Your Studio and You Himself Short film;
Uncredited
2000 Shaft Bored Cop with Tea Cup Uncredited
2001 Baby Boy Man Selling Bootleg Movies
2003 Baadasssss! Detroit J

Other creditsEdit

Year Title Credit Notes
2002 sIDney Mentor to the director Short

TelevisionEdit

Year Title Director Executive
Producer
Writer Notes
2009 81st Academy Awards Yes No No Segment: ''The Biggest Movie Event of the Year"
2010 30 for 30 Yes No No Episode "Marion Jones: Press Pause"
2015 Empire Yes No No Episode "Dangerous Bonds"
2016 American Crime Story Yes No No Episode "The Race Card"
2017 L.A. Burning: The Riots 25 Years Later No Yes No Documentary television film
Rebel Yes Yes No Director (episode "Pilot");
Executive producer (3 episodes)
Billions Yes No No Episode "Victory Lap"
2017–2019 Snowfall Yes Yes Yes Co-creator;
Director (2 episodes);
Writer (2 episodes)

Acting creditsEdit

Year Title Credit Notes
2013 The Game Himself 2 episodes
2014 Real Husbands of Hollywood 2 episodes

Other creditsEdit

Year Title Credit Notes
1986 Pee-wee's Playhouse Production assistant
1988 Beach Boys: Endless Summer

Music videoEdit

CollaborationsEdit

Singleton has cast certain actors in more than one of his films:

Boyz n the Hood (1991) Poetic Justice (1993) Higher Learning (1995) Rosewood (1997) Shaft (2000) Baby Boy (2001) 2 Fast 2 Furious (2003) Four Brothers (2005) Abduction (2011)
Lloyd Avery II
 N
 N
Mark Boone Junior
 N
 N
Morris Chestnut
 N
 N
John Cothran, Jr.
 N
 N
Ice Cube
 N
 N
Tyra Ferrell
 N
 N
Laurence Fishburne
 N
 N
Tyrese Gibson
 N
 N
 N
Dedrick D. Gobert
 N
 N
 N
Tim Griffin
 N
 N
 N
 N
Cole Hauser
 N
 N
Taraji P. Henson
 N
 N
Catherine Kellner
 N
 N
Regina King
 N
 N
 N
Marc Macaulay
 N
 N
Michael Rapaport
 N
 N
Ving Rhames
 N
 N
Busta Rhymes
 N
 N
Roger Guenveur Smith
 N
 N

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "John Singleton Biography (1968–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Mary Pickford Foundation Alumni Award". USC Cinema. Archived from the original on August 26, 2009.
  3. ^ "Margaret Mehring". USC School of Cinematic Arts. September 3, 2008. Archived from the original on August 19, 2010. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  4. ^ "John Singleton". The Hollywood Masters. Season 2. Episode 3. March 15, 2018. Event occurs at 3:00. Netflix.
  5. ^ "Films Selected to The National Film Registry, Library of Congress 1989–2008". Library of Congress. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
  6. ^ Parales, Jon (February 4, 1992). "Review/Video; Michael Jackson's Costly New Promotional Clip". The New York Times. Retrieved February 11, 2010.
  7. ^ "Berlinale: 1997 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  8. ^ Shaft at Rotten Tomatoes
  9. ^ Shaft at Box Office Mojo
  10. ^ http://www.walkoffame.com/john-singleton
  11. ^ Grow, Kory (April 3, 2015). "New Tupac Biopic 'On Hold,' Says Director John Singleton". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
  12. ^ Donnelly, Matt (April 7, 2015). "Carl Franklin to Replace Director John Singleton on Tupac Biopic". TheWrap. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  13. ^ "John Singleton Exits Tupac Biopic, Plans Competing Film". Rolling Stone.
  14. ^ Mitovich, Matt Webb (May 8, 2017). "FX Sets Premiere Date for Snowfall Drama, About Birth of Crack Epidemic". TVLine. Los Angeles, California: TVLine Media, LLC. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  15. ^ Fierman, Daniel (October 16, 1998). "Brawl Over 'Beloved'". Entertainment Weekly.
  16. ^ "Filmmaker John Singleton Involved in Fatal Car Accident in L.A." Fox News. August 25, 2007. Archived from the original on July 14, 2010. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  17. ^ "Movie director Singleton kills pedestrian in accident". CNN. August 25, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  18. ^ "Singleton released after questioning – Entertainment News, Film News, Media". Variety. August 26, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  19. ^ Appelo, Tim (March 24, 2014). "John Singleton Says Studios 'Ain't Letting Black People Tell Stories,' Unveils Tupac Biopic Plans". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  20. ^ Child, Ben (March 25, 2014). "John Singleton accuses Hollywood of ignoring black directors". The Guardian. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  21. ^ Rawden, Mack (March 24, 2014). "John Singleton Slams So-Called Studio Liberals For Not Offering More Opportunities". Cinema Blend. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  22. ^ Sharf, Zack (November 6, 2017). "'Boyz n the Hood' Director John Singleton Accused of Sexual Harassment by Reporter Danielle Young". IndieWire. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation.
  23. ^ "Journalist Accuses Jesse Jackson, John Singleton Of Sexual Harassment". CBS Los Angeles. Los Angeles, California: CBS. November 7, 2017.
  24. ^ Young, Danielle (November 6, 2017). "Don't Let the Smile Fool You. I'm Cringing on the Inside". The Root. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  25. ^ Moniuszko, Sara (April 20, 2019). "Director John Singleton suffers stroke, Snoop Dogg and more stars send their support". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  26. ^ Gonzales, Sandra (April 25, 2019). "Director John Singleton in coma following major stroke". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Broadcasting Systems. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  27. ^ Coyle, Jake; Italie, Hillel (April 29, 2019). "John Singleton, maker of 'Boyz N the Hood,' dies at 51". APNews.com. Retrieved April 30, 2019. Ward’s filing said that Singleton was in a coma. But on Friday, Singleton’s daughter Cleopatra Singleton, 19, filed a declaration disputing that account. She maintained that her father was not in a coma and that doctors did not “have a concrete diagnosis.”
  28. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (April 29, 2019). "John Singleton Dies: Trailblazing 'Boyz N The Hood' Filmmaker Was 51". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  29. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (April 29, 2019). "'Boyz n the Hood' Director John Singleton Dies at 51". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation – via MSN.
  30. ^ "John Singleton's Death Certificate Reveals Actual Date of Death by Stroke". TMZ. May 6, 2019. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  31. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (April 29, 2019). "John Singleton Dies: Trailblazing 'Boyz N The Hood' Filmmaker Was 51". Deadline. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  32. ^ Pedersen, Erik (April 29, 2019). "John Singleton Remembered: Hollywood Reacts To Director's Death At 51". Deadline. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  33. ^ Burks, Tosten (April 29, 2019). "Ice Cube, Janet Jackson, Q-Tip, More Pay Tribute to John Singleton". Spin. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  34. ^ "Cuba Gooding Jr. spent his night honoring the late John Singleton". Page Six. May 1, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  35. ^ "John Singleton's Private Funeral Set For Monday, May 6". TMZ. May 3, 2019.
  36. ^ Birk, Libby (May 7, 2019). "John Singleton Cause of Death Confirmed". Pop Culture Media. Brentwood, Tennessee: Entertainment Tonight/TV Guide Network. TMZ. Retrieved May 11, 2019.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit