Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a non-profit, tertiary 886-bed hospital and multi-specialty academic health science center located in the Mid-City West area of Los Angeles, California.[1][2][3] Part of the Cedars-Sinai Health System, the hospital employs a staff of over 2,000 physicians and 10,000 employees,[4][5] supported by a team of 2,000 volunteers and more than 40 community groups.[6]

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Health System
Cedars-siani-logo.png
Cedars-Sinai West.jpg
The Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's North and South Towers in September 2006
Geography
Location8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, California, United States
Coordinates34°04′31″N 118°22′50″W / 34.075198°N 118.380676°W / 34.075198; -118.380676Coordinates: 34°04′31″N 118°22′50″W / 34.075198°N 118.380676°W / 34.075198; -118.380676
Organization
Care systemNon-profit
TypeAcademic health science center
Affiliated universityUCLA, USC, WGU, other
Services
Emergency departmentLevel I trauma center
Beds886 beds
History
Opened1902, 1918, 1961
Links
Websitecedars-sinai.org
ListsHospitals in California

Cedars-Sinai focuses on biomedical research and technologically advanced medical education—based on an interdisciplinary collaboration between physicians and clinical researchers.[7] The facility has research centers covering cardiovascular, genetics, gene therapy, gastroenterology, neuroscience, immunology, surgery, organ transplantation, stem cells, biomedical imaging and cancer—with more than 800 research projects underway (led by 230 principal investigators).[8][9] The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Cedars-Sinai offers a PhD Program in Biomedical Sciences and Masters degree programs in Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and Health Delivery Science.[10][11]

Certified as a level I trauma center for adults and pediatrics, Cedars-Sinai trauma-related services range from prevention to rehabilitation and are provided in concert with the hospital's Department of Surgery.[12] Cedars-Sinai is affiliated with the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California (USC) and David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

As of 2019, U.S. News & World Report ranked Cedars-Sinai third in the western United States, with number one being Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center.[13] Cedars-Sinai also earned national rankings in 12 adult specialties including: cancer, cardiology and heart surgery, diabetes and endocrinology, ear, nose and throat, gastroenterology and GI surgery, geriatrics, gynecology, nephrology, neurology and neurosurgery, orthopedics, pulmonology, and urology.[14] Located in the Harvey Morse Auditorium, Cedars-Sinai's patient care is depicted in the Jewish Contributions to Medicine mural.[15] The heart transplantation program at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center has experienced unprecedented growth since 2010.

HistoryEdit

 
Entrance to old Cedars of Lebanon Hospital, 1956
 
Cedars of Lebanon Hospital Hollywood, CA

Cedars of Lebanon HospitalEdit

Founded by businessman Kaspare Cohn, Cedars of Lebanon Hospital was established as the Kaspare Cohn Hospital in 1902.[16][17] At the time, Cohn donated a two-story Victorian home at 1441 Carroll Avenue in the Angeleno Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles. The hospital had just 12 beds when it opened on September 21, 1902, and its services were initially free.[17] From 1906 to 1910, Dr. Sarah Vasen, the first female doctor in Los Angeles, acted as superintendent.[18] In 1910, the hospital relocated and expanded to Stephenson Avenue (now Whittier Boulevard), where it had 50 beds and a backhouse containing a 10-cot tubercular ward.[17] It gradually transformed from a charity-based hospital to a general hospital and began to charge patients.[19] In 1930, the hospital moved to 4833 Fountain Avenue, where it opened as Cedars of Lebanon Hospital, named after the religiously significant Lebanon Cedars tree (cedrus libani); which were highly sought after and used to build King Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem. Cedars of Lebanon Hospital could accommodate 279 patients and was large and comprehensive, with all of the components of a modern medical facility. For example, specific departments were instituted for general medicine, surgery, pediatrics, maternity, physical therapy, and other speciality departments.[20][17][19]

Mount Sinai HospitalEdit

Meanwhile in 1918, the Bikur Cholim Society opened a two-room hospice, the Bikur Cholim Hospice, when the Great Influenza Pandemic hit the United States of America.[19] In 1921, the hospice relocated to an eight-bed facility in Boyle Heights and was renamed Bikur Cholim Hospital.[19] On November 7, 1926, it was renamed Mount Sinai Hospital and moved to a 50-bed facility on Bonnie Beach Place in Los Angeles.[17][19] Later, in 1950, a new Mount Sinai Hospital was built on land donated by Emma and Hyman Levine at 8700 Beverly Boulevard.[17] They had purchased 3.5 acres of land and donated the property to Mount Sinai Hospital under the auspices of their foundation.[21]

Merger of Cedars of Lebanon Hospital and Mount Sinai HospitalEdit

 
On Tuesday Feb 7th, 1961, Cedars of Lebanon Hospital and Mt. Sinai announced plans for the establishment of a unified medical center of 1,000 beds or more.

Cedars of Lebanon Hospital and Mount Sinai Hospital merged in 1961 to form Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.[22][19][23] The unification of the two hospitals was one of the most significant consolidations ever achieved by hospitals; it was in response to community needs for improved and extend health services made necessary by population growth and by modern medical progress. Donations in the amount of 4 million dollars from the Max Factor Family Foundation allowed the construction of the main hospital building, which broke ground on November 5, 1972, and opened on April 3, 1976.[24]

In 1994, the Cedars-Sinai Health System was established, comprising the Cedars-Sinai Medical Care Foundation, the Burns and Allen Research Institute and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.[25] The Burns and Allen Research Institute, named for George Burns and his wife, Gracie Allen, is located inside the Barbara and Marvin Davis Research Building.[26] Opened in 1996, it houses biomedical research aimed at discovering genetic, molecular and immunological factors that trigger disease.[27][28][29][30][31]

In 2006, Cedars-Sinai added the Saperstein Critical Care Tower with 150 ICU beds.[27]

In 2008, Cedars-Sinai served 54,947 inpatients and 350,405 outpatients, and there were 77,964 visits to the emergency room.[32] Cedars-Sinai received high rankings in 11 of the 16 specialties, ranking in the top 10 for digestive disorders and in the top 25 for five other specialties as listed below.[33]

In 2013, Cedars-Sinai opened its 800,000-square-foot Advanced Health Sciences Pavilion, which consists of eight stories of program space located over a six-story parking structure, on the eastern edge of its campus at the corner of San Vicente Boulevard and Gracie Allen Drive. Designed by architectural firm HOK, the Pavilion brings patient care and translational research together in one site. The Advanced Health Sciences Pavilion houses the Cedars-Sinai's neurosciences programs, the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute and Regenerative Medicine Institute laboratories, as well as outpatient surgery suites, an imaging area and an education center.[34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42]

RankingsEdit

Cedars-Sinai ranked as follows in the nationwide U.S. News Best Hospitals 2019–20 report:[43]

Specialty Ranking
Cancer 12
Cardiology and Cardiac surgery 3
Diabetes and Endocrinology 16
Ear, Nose, & Throat (Otolaryngology) 38
Gastroenterology and GI surgery 2
Geriatrics 12
Gynecology 8
Nephrology 10
Neurology and Neurosurgery 12
Orthopedics 3
Pulmonology 4
Urology 12

Cedars-Sinai ranked as follows in the 2009 Los Angeles area residents' "Most Preferred Hospital for All Health Needs" ranking:[44]

Specialty Ranking
Digestive Disorders 10
Cardiology and Cardiac surgery 13
Endocrinology 19
Neurology and Neurosurgery 15
Respiratory Disorders 29
Geriatrics 33
Gynecology 23
Kidney Disease 20
Orthopedics 26
Urology 38

In 2019, Cedars-Sinai Hospital was ranked in 12 specialties by U.S. News & World Report.[33]

Worth Magazine selected Cedars-Sinai Smidt Heart Institute as one of the United States' Top 25 Hospitals for Cardiac Bypass Surgery.[45]

Cedars-Sinai's Gynecologic Oncology Division was named among the nation's Top 10 Clinical Centers of Excellence by Contemporary OB/GYN in 2009.[46]

ResearchEdit

Cedars-Sinai is one of the leading institutes for competitive research funding from the National Institutes of Health. As an international leader in biomedical research, it translates discoveries into successful treatments with global impact.[47] Cedars-Sinai investigators pair basic scientific research in areas of stem cell biology, immunology, neuroscience and genetics, with clinical and translational discoveries, to continue advancing medical breakthroughs.[47] Total research expenditure in 2018-19 was $227 million.[48] In fiscal year 2019, Cedars-Sinai received $70 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health.[49]

Some notable research areas and organized research units at Cedars-Sinai are:[50]

  • Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
  • Biomanufacturing Center
  • Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Research Center
  • Cancer Research
  • Center for Bioinformatics and Functional Genomics
  • Center for Cardiac Arrest Prevention
  • Center for Integrated Research in Cancer and Lifestyle
  • Center for Neural Science and Medicine
  • Center for Outcomes Research and Education
  • Diabetes and Obesity Research
  • Digestive Diseases Research
  • Division of Informatics
  • Endocrinology Research
  • Genetics and Genomics Research
  • Heart Research
  • Imaging Research
  • Immunology and Infectious Diseases Research
  • Medically Associated Science and Technology
  • Neurosciences Research
  • Pulmonary Research
  • Regenerative Medicine Research
  • Surgery Research
  • Women's Health Research

Notable staffEdit

  • Keith Black, department chair of Neurosurgery and director of the Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute, has successfully performed over 4,000 brain surgeries and has made significant medical advances relating to neurosurgery.[51]
  • Bruce Gewertz, Surgeon-in-Chief, Chair of the Department of Surgery, Vice-Dean for Academic Affairs and Vice-president for Interventional Services.[52]
  • David Ho was a resident at Cedars-Sinai when he encountered some of the first cases of what was later labeled AIDS.[53]
  • Verne Mason, internist and chairman of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's medical advisory committee. Mason gave the disease sickle cell anemia its name.[citation needed]
  • David Rimoin, chair of Pediatrics for 18 years, specialized in genetics and was a pioneer researcher in dwarfism and skeletal dysplasia. Together with Michael Kaback, discovered the enzyme screening for Tay Sachs disease, reducing incidences of the deadly disease by 90 percent.[54]
  • William Shell was a director of Cardiac Rehabilitation at Cedars-Sinai.[55]
  • Esther Somerfeld-Ziskind, a neurologist and psychiatrist who was chair of the Department of Psychiatry.
  • Adam Springfield, who acted on the PBS series Wishbone, is now a Labor and Delivery scheduler.
  • Jeremy Swan co-invented the pulmonary artery catheter together with William Ganz while at Cedars-Sinai.[56]

Notable deathsEdit

1930s–1970sEdit

1980sEdit

1990sEdit

2000sEdit

2010sEdit

  • March 23, 2011: Actress Elizabeth Taylor died from heart failure.
  • April 11, 2011: Designer Bijan Pakzad died from a stroke.
  • November 8, 2011: Rapper Heavy D died from complications from pneumonia after having collapsed outside his home.
  • January 26, 2012: British actor Ian Abercrombie died from kidney failure.
  • February 1, 2012: American television show host Don Cornelius died of self-inflicted gunshot wound.
  • April 18, 2012: American film score composer Robert O. Ragland died after hospitalization.
  • July 8, 2012: Actor Ernest Borgnine died from kidney failure.
  • September 3, 2012: Actor Michael Clarke Duncan died from heart complications.
  • October 9, 2012: Actress Sammi Kane Kraft died from injuries sustained in an automobile accident.[62]
  • February 18, 2013: Owner of the Los Angeles Lakers Jerry Buss died at age 80 after having been hospitalized with an undisclosed form of cancer. His immediate cause of death was listed as kidney failure.
  • October 14, 2014: Actress Elizabeth Peña died after a brief illness.
  • January 5, 2015: Actress Francesca Hilton died after suffering a large stroke.
  • January 9, 2015: American film producer Samuel Goldwyn Jr. died of congestive heart failure.
  • December 31, 2015: Singer–songwriter, actress Natalie Cole died of congestive heart failure.
  • February 4, 2016: Model Katie May died from a stroke.
  • June 6, 2016: Actress Theresa Saldana died after a severe pneumonia.
  • November 24, 2016: Actress Florence Henderson died from heart failure.
  • December 28, 2016: Actress Debbie Reynolds died from a stroke, just one day after her daughter Carrie Fisher, the portrayal of Princess Leia from the Star Wars universe, had died.
  • February 25, 2017: Actor Bill Paxton died from a stroke.[63]
  • June 16, 2017: Director John G. Avildsen died due to complications from pancreatic cancer.[64]
  • September 15, 2017: Actor Harry Dean Stanton died after an illness.[65]
  • April 8, 2018: Actor Chuck McCann died of congestive heart failure.[66]
  • November 12, 2018: Marvel Comic-book writer Stan Lee died after he had been rushed to the hospital that morning.[67]
  • April 29, 2019: In a notice from his family following his death from a stroke, it was stated that John Singleton had been taken there and treated for a stroke, and that he had been removed from life support after having fallen into a coma earlier due to the stroke. His death was confirmed hours after being removed from life support.[68]
  • August 25, 2019: Musician Clora Bryant died after suffering a heart attack at her home.
  • October 6, 2019: Comedian Rip Taylor died from heart failure.
  • December 1, 2019: Actress Shelley Morrison died from heart failure.
  • December 4, 2019: Film and television producer Leonard Goldberg died from injuries sustained in a fall.[69]

2020sEdit

  • January 8, 2020: Actor, writer and producer Buck Henry died of a heart attack.
  • February 19, 2020: Rapper and Songwriter Pop Smoke died of multiple gunshot wounds,
  • March 31, 2020: Actress Julie Bennett died of complications from COVID-19.[70]
  • July 5, 2020: Broadway performer Nick Cordero died as a result of complications from COVID-19 after a months-long battle with the disease.[71]
  • September 27, 2020: Television and film producer, director, and screenwriter Kevin Burns died of cardiac arrest.

Notable birthsEdit

ControversyEdit

According to articles in the Los Angeles Times in 2009, Cedars-Sinai was under investigation for significant radiation overdoses of 206 patients during CT brain perfusion scans during an 18-month period.[74][75] Since the initial investigation, it was found that GE sold several products to various medical centers with faulty radiation monitoring devices.[citation needed]

State regulators had also found that Cedars-Sinai had placed the Quaid twins and others in immediate jeopardy by its improper handling of blood-thinning medication.[76]

In 2011, Cedars-Sinai again created controversy by denying a liver transplant to medical marijuana patient Norman Smith. They removed Mr. Smith from a transplant waiting list for "non-compliance of our substance abuse contract",[77] despite his own oncologist at Cedars-Sinai having recommended that he use the marijuana for his pain and chemotherapy.[78] Dr. Steven D. Colquhoun, director of the Liver Transplant Program, said that the hospital "must consider issues of substance abuse seriously", but the transplant center did not seriously consider whether Mr. Smith was "using" marijuana versus "abusing" it.[79] In 2012, Cedars-Sinai denied a liver transplant to a second patient, Toni Trujillo, after her Cedars-Sinai doctors knew and approved of her legal use of medical marijuana. In both cases, the patients acceded to the hospital's demand and stopped using medical marijuana, despite its therapeutic benefits for them, but were both sent six years back to the bottom of the transplant list.[80][81] His death inspired Americans for Safe Access to lobby for the California Medical Cannabis Organ Transplant Act (AB 258), which was enacted in July 2015 to protect future patients from dying at the hands of medical establishments prejudiced against the legal use of medical cannabis.[82]

Patient data security breachesEdit

On June 23, 2014, an unencrypted employee laptop was stolen from an employee's home. The laptop contained patient Social Security numbers and patient health data.[83] On June 18 through June 24, 2013, six employees were terminated for inappropriately accessing 14 patient records around the time Kim Kardashian and Kanye West's daughter was born at the hospital.[84]

Art collectionEdit

First developed by philanthropists Frederick and Marcia Weisman, Cedars-Sinai's modern and contemporary art collection dates to 1976 and includes more than 4,000 original paintings, sculptures, new media installations and limited-edition prints by the likes of Andy Warhol, Robert Rauschenberg, Richard Diebenkorn, Sam Francis, Claes Oldenburg, Willem de Kooning, Raymond Pettibon and Pablo Picasso. Ninety to 95 percent of the collection is on display at any given time. Nine large-scale works are located in courtyards, parking lots and public walkways throughout the approximately 30-acre campus. The collection consists entirely of gifts from donors, other institutions and occasionally the artists themselves.[85]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit