Kimberly Noel Kardashian West (//; born October 21, 1980) is an American media personality, entrepreneur, socialite, model and actress. Kardashian first gained media attention as a friend and stylist of Paris Hilton, but received wider notice after a 2003 sex tape with her former boyfriend Ray J was leaked in 2007. Later that year, she and her family began to appear in the E! reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. Its success soon led to the creation of spin-offs including Kourtney and Kim Take New York and Kourtney and Khloé Take Miami.
Kardashian in 2018
Kimberly Noel Kardashian
October 21, 1980
|Residence||Hidden Hills, California, U.S.|
|Television||Keeping Up with the Kardashians|
In recent years, Kardashian has grown an online and social media presence, including tens of millions of followers on Twitter and Instagram. She has released a variety of products tied to her name, including the 2014 mobile game Kim Kardashian: Hollywood, a variety of clothing and products, the 2015 photo book Selfish and her eponymous personal app. Her relationship with rapper Kanye West has also received significant media coverage; the couple married in 2014 and they have three children together.
Time magazine included Kardashian on their list of 2015's 100 most influential people, while Vogue described her in 2016 as a "pop culture phenomenon." Critics and admirers have described her as exemplifying the notion of being famous for being famous. She was reported to be the highest-paid reality television personality of 2015, with her total earnings exceeding US$53 million.
Kardashian was born on October 21, 1980 in Los Angeles, California, the daughter of Robert and Kris (née Houghton). She has an older sister, Kourtney, a younger sister, Khloé, and a younger brother, Rob. Their mother is of Dutch, English, Irish, and Scottish ancestry, while their father was a third-generation Armenian-American. After their parents divorced in 1991, her mother married again that year, to Bruce Jenner (now Caitlyn Jenner),[A] the 1976 Summer Olympics decathlon winner. Through their marriage, Kardashian gained step-brothers Burton "Burt", Brandon, and Brody; step-sister Casey; and half-sisters Kendall and Kylie Jenner.
She attended Marymount High School, a Roman Catholic all-girls school in Los Angeles. In 1994, her father represented football player O. J. Simpson during his murder trial. Simpson is Kardashian's godfather. Kardashian's father died in 2003 of cancer. In her 20s, Kardashian was the close friend and stylist of socialite Paris Hilton, through whom she first garnered media attention.
Breakthrough with reality television (2007–2009)
In 2006, Kardashian entered the business world with her two sisters and opened the boutique shop D-A-S-H in Calabasas, California. In February 2007, a sex tape made by Kardashian and Ray J in 2003 was leaked. Kardashian filed a lawsuit against Vivid Entertainment, who distributed the film as Kim K Superstar. She later dropped the suit and settled for a reported US$5 million. In October 2007 Kardashian, in addition to her mother Kris Jenner, her step-parent Caitlyn Jenner (Bruce), her siblings Kourtney, Khloé, and Rob Kardashian, and half-sisters Kendall and Kylie Jenner, began to appear in the reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. The series proved successful for E!, and has led to the creations of spin-offs including Kourtney and Kim Take New York and Kourtney and Kim Take Miami. In one of the episodes, Kim discussed an offer from Playboy to appear nude in the magazine. That December, Kardashian posed in a nude pictorial for Playboy.
In 2008, she made her feature film debut in the disaster film spoof Disaster Movie, in which she appeared as a character named Lisa. That same year, she was a participant on season seven of Dancing with the Stars, where she was partnered with Mark Ballas. Kardashian was the third contestant to be eliminated. In January 2009, Kardashian made a cameo appearance during an episode of the sitcom How I Met Your Mother, in the episode "Benefits". In April, she released a workout DVD series through her television production company Kimsaprincess Productions, LLC which has seen the release of three successful workout videos, Fit in Your Jeans by Friday, with trainers Jennifer Galardi and Patrick Goudeau. Kardashian played Elle in four episodes of the television series Beyond the Break.
Kardashian became a guest host of WrestleMania XXIV and guest judge on America's Next Top Model in August of that year. In September, Fusion Beauty and Seven Bar Foundation launched "Kiss Away Poverty", with Kardashian as the face of the campaign. For every LipFusion lipgloss sold, US$1 went to the Foundation to fund women entrepreneurs in the US. The following month, she released her first fragrance self-titled "Kim Kardashian". In December 2009, Kardashian made a guest star appearance on CBS's CSI: NY with Vanessa Minnillo.
Early endorsements (2010–2013)
In 2010, Kardashian ventured into several new endorsement deals, including endorsing various food products for Carl's Jr. In January 2010, she starred as Summa Eve in the film Deep in the Valley. In April, Kardashian sparked controversy over the way she held a kitten for a photograph, holding it by the scruff of its neck. With sisters Kourtney and Khloé, Kardashian is involved in the retail and fashion industries. They have launched several clothing collections and fragrances. Animal rights organization PETA criticized Kardashian for repeatedly wearing fur coats, and named her as one of the five worst people or organizations of 2010 when it came to animal welfare. June saw Kardashian guest star with Khloé and Kourtney as themselves on the season three premiere episode of the series 90210.
On July 1, 2010, the New York City branch of Madame Tussauds revealed a wax figure of Kardashian. In November, Kardashian served as producer for The Spin Crowd, a reality television show about Command PR, a New York City public relations firm, run by Jonathan Cheban and Simon Huck. The show followed them as they settle into their new offices in Los Angeles. That month, she also appeared on season ten of The Apprentice. Kim, Kourtney, and Khloé wrote an autobiography titled Kardashian Konfidential, which was released in stores on November 23, and appeared on New York Times's Best Seller List.
In December 2010, Kardashian filmed a music video for a song titled "Jam (Turn It Up)". The video was directed by Hype Williams; Kanye West makes a cameo in the video. Kardashian premiered the song during a New Year's Eve party at TAO Las Vegas on December 31, 2010. The song was produced by The-Dream and Tricky Stewart. When asked if an album was in the works, Kardashian replied, "There's no album in the works or anything—just one song we did for Kourtney and Kim Take New York, and a video Hype Williams directed, half of the proceeds we're giving away to a cancer foundation, because The-Dream's and one of my parents passed away from cancer. It's just all having fun—with a good cause". Jim Farber, writing for the Daily News, called the song a "dead-brained piece of generic dance music, without a single distinguishing feature," and suggested that the single made Kardashian the "worst singer in the reality TV universe."
In April 2011, Kardashian released her third fragrance "Gold". In March 2012, Kardashian debuted her fourth fragrance, titled "True Reflection", which she worked with the company Dress for Success to promote. In April, E! renewed Keeping Up with the Kardashians for two additional seasons, in a deal reported to be worth $50 million. In October 2012, Kardashian released her fifth fragrance, "Glam", which "draws on the glamour of her Hollywood lifestyle", and was made available through Debenhams. In summer of 2012, Kardashian and her family filmed a music video in the Dominican Republic to Notorious B.I.G's song "Hypnotize".
In the romantic drama Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor (2013), produced, written, and directed by Tyler Perry, Kardashian obtained the role of the co-worker of an ambitious therapist. While the film was a moderate box office success, with a worldwide gross of US$53.1 million, critical response was negative and Kardashian won the Razzie Award for Worst Supporting Actress.
Kardashian appeared on the cover, and in a pictorial in Paper's winter issue in 2014 photographed by Jean-Paul Goude. On the cover, her nude buttocks are featured above the caption: "Break the Internet", which generated considerable comment in both social and traditional media. The photos show Kardashian with her hair tied up in a bun, wearing only a pearl necklace, a pair of earrings and black satin gloves, and, on the cover, with her bare back facing the camera, holding a sequined gown below her bare, oiled-up buttocks, while smiling broadly at the camera. A Time magazine writer commented that, unlike previous celebrities' nudes that represented the women's rebellion against repressed society and "trying to tear down" barriers, Kardashian's exhibition was "just provocation and bluster, repeated images that seem to offer us some sort of truth or insight but are really just self serving. We want there to be something more, some reason or context, some great explanation that tells us what it is like to live in this very day and age, but there is not. Kim Kardashian's ass is nothing but an empty promise." However, the stunt "set a new benchmark" in social media response, and Paper's website received 15.9 million views in one day, compared with 25,000 views on an average day.
In June 2014, Kardashian released a mobile game for iPhone and Android called Kim Kardashian: Hollywood. The objective of the game is to become a Hollywood star or starlet. The game supports a free to play model, meaning the game is free to download, but charges for in-game items. The game was a hit, earning US$1.6 million in its first five days of release. In July, the game's developer Glu Mobile announced that the game was the fifth highest earning game in Apple's App Store. Kardashian voiced the role of an alien in an episode of the adult animated series American Dad!, in season 11 (2014–15) in the episode titled "Blagsnarst, A Love Story" on September 21, 2014. In May 2015, Kardashian released a portfolio book called Selfish, a 325-page collection of self-taken photos of herself. In December 2015, Kardashian released an emoji pack for iOS devices called Kimoji. The app was a best-seller, becoming one of the top 5 most bought apps that week. In August 2015, Kardashian was the cover model for Vogue Spain.
As of November 2016, as per CBC Marketplace and interviews with celebrity endorsement experts, Kim Kardashian was paid between $75,000 and $300,000 for each post that she posted on Instagram, Facebook and Twitter endorsing beauty products like waist trainers, teeth whiteners as well as Coca-Cola and well known charities. Experts think that celebrities offer fake glimpses into their lives to make viewers fall for their advertising pitches, curated to look as though the viewer is catching them in a spontaneous moment when they are mostly staged.
In 2000, 19-year-old Kardashian eloped with music producer Damon Thomas. Thomas filed for divorce in 2003. Kardashian later blamed their separation on physical and emotional abuse on his part, and said she was high on ecstasy during the ceremony. Prior to the completion of her divorce, Kardashian began dating singer Ray J.
In May 2011, Kardashian became engaged to NBA player Kris Humphries, then of the New Jersey Nets, whom she had been dating since October 2010. They were married in a wedding ceremony on August 20 in Montecito, California. Earlier that month, she had released her "wedding fragrance" called "Kim Kardashian Love" which coincided with her own wedding. A two-part TV special showing the preparations and the wedding itself aired on E! in early October 2011, amidst what The Washington Post called a "media blitz" related to the wedding. After 72 days of marriage, she filed for divorce from Humphries on October 31, citing irreconcilable differences. Several news outlets surmised that Kardashian's marriage to Humphries was merely a publicity stunt, to promote the Kardashian family's brand and their subsequent television ventures. A man professing to be her former publicist, Jonathan Jaxson, also claimed that her short-lived marriage was indeed staged and a ploy to generate money. Kardashian filed suit against Jaxson, saying his claims were untrue, and subsequently settled the case which included an apology from Jaxson. A widely circulated petition asking to remove all Kardashian-related programming from the air followed the split. The divorce was subject to widespread media attention.
Kardashian began dating rapper and longtime friend Kanye West in April 2012, while still legally married to Humphries. Her divorce was finalized on June 3, 2013, Kardashian and West became engaged on October 21, Kardashian's 33rd birthday, and married on May 24, 2014 at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy. Her wedding dress was designed by Riccardo Tisci of Givenchy with some guests' dresses designed by designer Michael Costello. The couple's high status and respective careers have resulted in their relationship becoming subject to heavy media coverage; The New York Times referred to their marriage as "a historic blizzard of celebrity."
In April 2015, Kardashian and West traveled to the Armenian Quarter of the Old City in Jerusalem to have their daughter, North, baptized in the Armenian Apostolic Church. The ceremony took place at the Cathedral of St. James. Khloe Kardashian was appointed the godmother of North.
Health and pregnancies
Kardashian gave birth to her first child with West, daughter North West, on June 15, 2013. She gave birth to her second child, son Saint West, on December 5, 2015. Kardashian has been very open about her difficult pregnancies. With her first pregnancy, she suffered preeclampsia, which forced her to deliver at 34 weeks. She also suffered placenta accreta after delivery, eventually having to have surgery to remove the placenta and subsequent scar tissue. After her second pregnancy, her doctors advised against trying to become pregnant again. The couple's third child, a daughter, was born via surrogate on January 15, 2018. On January 19, 2018, her name was announced as Chicago West. In January 2019, Kardashian confirmed a second boy is on the way via surrogate.
As of May 2014, Kardashian was estimated to be worth US$45 million. In 2015, Forbes reported she had "made more this year than ever as her earnings nearly doubled to $53 million from 2014's $28 million", and reported that she "has monetized fame better than any other". Much of her income include wholesale earnings of the Sears line, the Kardashian Kollection, which raked in $600 million in 2013 and the Kardashian Beauty cosmetics line, Kardashian-branded tanning products, the boutique-line DASH, as well as sponsored Instagram and Twitter posts which are collectively worth $10,000–25,000 per post. As of July 2018, Kardashian is worth US$350 million.
Kardashian has expressed pride in her Armenian and Scottish ancestry. She is not a citizen of either country and cannot speak Armenian. She has advocated for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide on numerous occasions, and encouraged President Barack Obama and the United States government to consider its acknowledgement.
In April 2015, she traveled to Armenia with her husband, her sister Khloé, and her daughter North and visited the Armenian Genocide memorial Tsitsernakaberd in Yerevan. In April 2016, Kardashian wrote an article on her website condemning The Wall Street Journal for running an advertisement denying the Armenian Genocide. During an interview with Caity Weaver of GQ for the July 2016 issue, Kardashian described herself as a Democrat, and declared support for Hillary Clinton in the 2016 US Presidential Election.
Kardashian has also worked in the area of prison reform, advocating for the commutation of the sentence of Chris Young, and also of Alice Marie Johnson, a woman who received a life sentence for a first-time drug offense, which was granted by President Donald Trump in June 2018.
On October 2, 2016, while attending Paris Fashion Week, Kardashian was robbed at gunpoint in the apartment where she was staying. Five individuals, dressed as police officers, bound and gagged her, then stole $10 million worth of jewelry. The thieves got in her residence by threatening the concierge. Once they accessed Kardashian's room, they held a gun to her head, tying her wrists and legs and wrapping duct tape around her mouth as a gag. Kardashian, who was placed in the bathtub, was physically unharmed and reportedly begged for her life. She managed to wriggle her hands free from the plastic ties around her wrists and scream for help. The thieves escaped. On October 6, 2016, it was revealed that filming for the next season of Keeping up with the Kardashians had been placed "on hold indefinitely" after the robbery. Production resumed on October 26. Kardashian postponed a makeup demonstration in Dubai due to the incident.
|2003–2006||The Simple Life||4 episodes|
|2007||Kim K Superstar||Leaked pornographic video|||
|2007–present||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Main role|
|2008||Dancing with the Stars||Contestant (6 episodes)|||
|Bad Girls Club||Hosted Reunion Special|
|2009–2013||Kourtney and Kim Take Miami||Main role (19 episodes)|||
|2009–2011||America's Next Top Model||Guest star; 2 episodes|||
|2011–2012||Kourtney and Kim Take New York||Main role (18 episodes)|||
|2011||Khloé & Lamar||3 episodes|||
|2012||Punk'd||Episode: "Ashton Kutcher"|||
|2014||Kourtney and Khloé Take The Hamptons||3 episodes|
|Celebrities Undercover||Episode: "Wendy Williams & Kim Kardashian"|||
|2015||I Am Cait||5 episodes|
|Dash Dolls||Executive producer & recurring role|||
|2008||Disaster Movie||Lisa Taylor|||
|2009||Deep in the Valley||Summa Eve|||
|2013||Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor||Ava|||
|2018||Ocean's 8||Cameo, herself|||
|2009||Brothers||Herself||Episode: "Meet Mike Trainor/Assistant Coach"|||
|CSI: NY||Debbie Fallon||Episode: "Second Chances"|||
|Beyond the Break||Elle||4 episodes|||
|How I Met Your Mother||Herself||Episode: "Benefits"|
|2010||90210||Episode: "Senior Year, Baby"|
|2012||Drop Dead Diva||Nikki LePree||4 episodes|
|Last Man Standing||Herself||Episode: "Tree of Strife"|
|30 Rock||Herself (West Coast only)||Episode: "Live from Studio 6H"|
|2014||American Dad!||Qurchhhh/Herself (voice)||Episode: "Blagsnarst, A Love Story"|||
|2 Broke Girls||Herself||Episode: "And the Reality Problem"|||
|2007||"Thnks fr th Mmrs"||Fall Out Boy|||
|2011||"Jam (Turn It Up)"||Herself|||
|2013||"Bound 2"||Kanye West|||
|"Jam (Turn It Up)"||2011||—[A]||21||Non-album single|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that territory.|
Awards and nominations
|Year||Category||Nominated work / Nominee||Result||Ref.|
|2008||Choice TV Female Reality/Variety Star||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Nominated|||
|2009||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star||Nominated|||
|2010||Choice Female Reality/Variety Star[B]||Won|||
|Choice Female Hottie||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|||
|2011||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star[C]||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Won|
|Choice Female Hottie||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|||
|2012||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star[D]||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Won|||
|2013||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star[E]||Won|||
|2016||Choice TV Show: Reality||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Won|
|2016||Choice Selfie Taker||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|
|2016||Choice Instagramer||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|
|2016||Choice Social Media Queen||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|
|Year||Association||Category||Nominated work / Nominee||Result||Ref.|
|2008||Golden Raspberry Awards||Worst Supporting Actress||Disaster Movie||Nominated|||
|2013||Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor||Won|||
|2011||People's Choice Awards||Favorite TV Celeb Reality Star||Kim Kardashian||Won|||
- "Jam (Turn It Up)" did not enter the Billboard Hot 100, but peaked at number 17 on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart.
A ^ Jenner changed her name to Caitlyn due to gender transition in 2015.
B ^ Shared with Kourtney, Khloe, Rob and Kris
C ^ Shared with Kourtney, Khloe, Rob and Kris
D ^ Shared with Kourtney, Khloe, Rob and Kris
E ^ With Kourtney, Khloe, Rob, Kris, Kendall, Kylie and Caitlyn (then Bruce)
- Nessif, Bruna; Baker, Ken (October 28, 2013). "Kim Kardashian Reveals She's Taking Kanye West's Last Name—Watch Now!". E! Online. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
- Orr, Deborah (8 October 2016). "The tale of Kim Kardashian shows us that you don't have to be cruel. Be kind". Guardian. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
- Morgan, Eleanor (2016-04-20). "Why is Kim Kardashian famous? You asked Google – here's the answer". The Guardian. Retrieved June 11, 2016.
- Seemayer, Zach. "Kim Kardashian on the Success of Her Mobile App and Her Social Media Empire". ET Online. Retrieved June 11, 2016.
- "Top 100 Instagram Users by Followers".
- Caramanica, Jon. "The Agony and the Ecstasy of Kanye West." New York Times. April 10, 2015.
- "Elon Musk Explains the Genius of Kanye West". April 17, 2015. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- Staff (2016-05-08). "First Look: Kim Kardashian covers Vogue Australia's June 2016 issue". Vogue Australia. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- "The Paris Hilton Rule: Famous For Being Famous". Scoreboard Media Group. Archived from the original on May 28, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- "Sure, She's Beautiful, but Why is Kim Kardashian Famous?". Wet Paint. 2013-11-09.
- "Does Kim Kardashian deserve to be famous?". Debate.
- Forbes "Kim Kardashian" Retrieved on December 6, 2015.
- "Kimberly Noel Kardashian, Born 10/21/1980 in California". California Birth Index. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Sagimbeni, Nick (January 9, 2013). "Kourtney, Kim, Khloe, Robert, Kylie and Kendall Kardashian". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Kim Kardashian (June 11, 2008). "Monuments And Momentous Times In Monte Carlo". KimKardashian.com. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 13, 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Barford, Vanessa (January 8, 2013). "Kim Kardashian: How do Armenians feel about her fame?". BBC. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Jenner-Kardashian". The Day. New London, Connecticut. April 23, 1991. p. A2. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Mayish, Jeff (May 1, 2013). "Ex-nanny to the Kardashians reveals Kris Jenner's temper and an O. J. Simpson trial kidnap scare". Daily News. Mortimer Zuckerman. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Austin, Christina; Acuna, Kirsten (September 27, 2012). "Check Out The Elite Schools Where Celebrities Send Their Kids". Business Insider. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- Ryan, Harriet; Powers, Ashley (September 28, 2008). "His life now: With friends like these . ." Los Angeles Times. latimes. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
- "Robert Kardashian, a Lawyer For O. J. Simpson, Dies at 59". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. October 3, 2003. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Kim Kardashian Biography". The Biography Channel. A+E Networks. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Kim Kardashian Biography". Biography. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian on Sex Tape: 'A Tape Does Exist'". Extra. NBCUniversal. February 7, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Ray J Sends 'Love & Congratulations' To Kim Kardashian & Kanye West". Access Hollywood. NBCUniversal. July 8, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Kardashian to profit from sex tape". United Press International. News World Communications. May 1, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Johnson, Richard (May 1, 2007). "Happy Ending". New York Post. News Corp. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2008.
- Nordyke, Kimberly (November 13, 2007). "'Kardashians' earns its keep". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Karen (August 16, 2013). "Scott Disick is the Father of Mason Disick!". Las Vegas Guardian Express. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Kim Kardashian info". Biography.com. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian Playboy – Kim Kardashian Nude – Pics and Videos of the Sex Tape Celebrity". Playboy. January 27, 2009. Archived from the original on February 28, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Matt Webb Mitovich (August 29, 2008). "Disaster Movie Star Kim Kardashian Names Her Favorite Butt". TVGN. CBS Corporation. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Disaster Movie from Kim Kardashian: Pop Culture Queen". E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Lang, Derrik J. (October 1, 2008). "Kim Kardashian kicked off 'Dancing With the Stars'". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Saini, Mia (July 1, 2010). "Kim Kardashian Powering to the Top". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Sweatin' with Kim Kardashian". Allure Magazine. April 14, 2009. Archived from the original on April 19, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Parsley, Aaron (June 5, 2009). "Kim Kardashian Gets Slimed on Beyond the Break". People. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Gina DiNunno (August 4, 2009). "Lauren Conrad and Kim Kardashian to Guest Judge Top Model". TVGuide.com. Retrieved August 4, 2009.
- "Fusion Beauty". Seven Bar Foundation. Archived from the original on October 18, 2010. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- "Kim Kardashian Fragrances". fragrantica.com.
- Crawford, Trish (April 28, 2010). "Kardashian Fame and Fragrance". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian gościnnie w serialu". dziennik.pl. January 4, 2010. Archived from the original on January 23, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Kate Stanhope. "Kim Kardashian and Vanessa Minnillo to Appear on CSI:NY". TVGuide.com.
- "All the Rage: Kardashian Endorsements Seem to Have Va-Va-Vroom". Los Angeles Times. February 26, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Goudreau, Jenna (April 13, 2010). "Reality TV Stars Turned Entrepreneurs". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian Sparks Controversy Over Cat Photo". CBS News.
- "PETA Has Bone To Pick With Kim Kardashian". Popcrunch. November 17, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- "Kardashian Sisters Land 90210 Cameo". TVGuide.com. 2010-06-29.
- Klopsis, Nick (July 2, 2010). "Seeing double! Kim Kardashian Unveils Wax Statue Lookalike at Madam Tussauds in Times Square". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "MovieWeb: "The Apprentice (2004–present): In-Store Display Challenge: Kim Kardashian Visits Octane"". MovieWeb.com. November 12, 2010. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011.
- "The Apprentice, Kim Kardashian's Perfume Brings Out Best and Worst". Gather.com. November 12, 2010. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Keeping Up With Kim, Kourtney and Khloé: The Kardashian Sisters Are Writing a Book!". Glamour Magazine. June 18, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Dope Or Nope? Kim Kardashian Debuts New Single 'Turn It Up'". Vibe. January 3, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Kim Kardashian Debuts The-Dream-Penned Single in Vegas". Rap-Up.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- "Latest Music News, Band, Artist, Musician & Music Video News". Billboard. February 7, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- Farber, Jim (March 2, 2011). "Kim Kardashian song 'Jam (Turn It Up)' makes her the worst singer in the reality TV universe". Daily News. New York. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Dorian, John. "Kim Kardashian top-earning reality star for year 2010 Archived May 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine https://web.archive.org/web/20151017022319/http://au.ibtimes.com/articles/89368/20101207/kim-kardashian-top-earning-reality-star-for-year-2010.htm%22. International Business Times AU, December 7, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian Is Highest Earning Reality Star of the Moment". Softpedia. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian Perfume: True Reflection". Stylenews.peoplestylewatch.com. August 29, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (2012-04-24). "'Keeping Up with the Kardashians' Renewed – E! Extends Series For Three More Seasons". Deadline.com. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Casserly, Meghan (April 24, 2012). "'Keeping Up with the Kardashians 2015: E! Pays $40 Million For Three More Years". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- "Kim Kardashian Releases Glam Fragrance". Style MTV. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2012.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Kim Kardashian's Family Films Video To Notorious B.I.G.'s 'Hypnotize'". Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- "Tyler Perry's Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor (2013) - Box Office Mojo".
- Muller, Marissa G. (November 12, 2014). "Meet The Man Behind Kim Kardashian's 'Break The Internet' Cover: Jean-Paul Goude". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- Rothman, Michael (November 12, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Leaves Little to Imagination in Raciest Magazine Cover Yet". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Fortini, Amanda (November 2014). "NO FILTER: An Afternoon With Kim Kardashian". Paper. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- Flower, Brandi (November 11, 2014). "Whoa! Kim Kardashian Bares Her Butt, Goes Nude for 'Paper' Magazine". Paper. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- Szubiak, Ali (November 11, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Bares Her Butt On the Cover of Paper Magazine [PHOTO]". Pop Crush. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
- Moylan, Brian (November 12, 2014). "Kim Kardashian's Butt Is an Empty Promise". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Van Grove, Jennifer. "Kim Kardashian Didn't Break the Internet, but She Did Set a New Benchmark", The Street, November 17, 2014
- Grossman, Samantha (December 2, 2014). "Top 10 Things That Broke the Internet". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Shields, Mike (November 13, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Doesn't Break Paper Magazine's Servers–At Least Not Yet". The Wall Street Journal. News Corp. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Rothman, Michael (June 18, 2014). "Take a Sneak Peek at Kim Kardashian's New Video Game". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- Wortham, Jenna (2014-07-30). "Kim Kardashian, an Unlikely Mobile Video Game Hit". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- "Kim Kardashian 'American Dad': Reality Star to Play Alien on Comedy". Variety. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Snierson, Dan (September 24, 2013). "Kim Kardashian to play alien on 'American Dad'". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Begley, Sarah (May 7, 2015). "Kim Kardashian's Selfish Is Anything But". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Link, Monica. "Kim Kardashian iOS Emoji App, 'Kimoji' Ranks Higher Than Grand Theft Auto". Idigital Times. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Kallor, Amber. "Kim Kardashian West's "Vogue España" Cover Shoot Inspires Us to Strip Down". Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- "How celebrities like Kim Kardashian are selling you ads and products". CBC News. 11 November 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- Petit, Stephanie (January 17, 2017). "Kim Kardashian and Kendall Jenner will make cameos in Ocean's Eight". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Petit, Stephanie (January 17, 2017). "Kim Kardashian and Kendall Jenner Are Making Cameos in Ocean's Eight". People. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- "Kim Kardashian Biography". People. Time Inc. Archived from the original on January 1, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Waldholz, Chantal (February 7, 2014). "Rob Kardashian Fears Marriage Because of Divorce — 5 Reasons That's Not Exactly Surprising!". Life & Style. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Kim Kardashian Says She Was High on Ecstasy During First Wedding — and When She Made a Sex Tape". Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- Vena, Jocelyn (October 31, 2011). "Kim Kardashian And Kris Humphries: A Timeline". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- Garcia, Jennifer (August 20, 2011). "Kim Kardashian and Kris Humphries Are Married!". People. Time Inc. Archived from the original on September 25, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Meagan Morris (August 3, 2011). "Kim Kardashian reveals new wedding day fragrance, Love". Sheknows.com. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- Hughes, Sarah Anne (October 7, 2011). "Kim Kardashian wedding special to air this Sunday: Will you watch?". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Garcia, Jennifer; Fleeman, Mike (October 31, 2011). "Kim Kardashian Files for Divorce from Kris Humphries". People. Time Inc. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Was Kardashian marriage a sham?". Chicago Tribune. November 1, 2011. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- Finn, Natalie (February 22, 2012). "Kim Kardashian "Very Happy" With Apology From Blogger Who Called Her Marriage "Staged"". E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Marikar, Sheila (November 16, 2011). "Thousands Sign 'No More Kardashian'". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- Tikkanen, Amy. "Kim Kardashian, American television personality and entrepreneur". Britannica. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- TODAY staff (May 26, 2014). "Kim Kardashian, Kanye West marry in Italy". Today. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
While still legally married to Humphries, Kardashian began dating West in April 2012
- Fleeman, Mike (June 4, 2013). "Kim Kardashian and Kris Humphries Finalize Divorce". People. Time Inc. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- Howard, Michael (October 22, 2013). "Kim Kardashian and Kanye West Engaged". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Corriston, Michelle (May 24, 2014). "It's Official: Kim Kardashian and Kanye West Are Married". People. Time Inc. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Kratofil, Colleen (May 19, 2016). "Kim Kardashian West Takes Fans Inside Her Wedding Dress Fittings (and the Photos Are too Good to Miss)". People.com. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian Wedding Fashion: Designer Michael Costello Dishes on His Custom Looks for Kimye's Guests!". 2014-05-16.
- Whittaker, Alexandra (17 May 2018). "The Religious Ritual Kim Kardashian Practices Every Morning". InStyle. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
- "Kim Kardashian in Jerusalem for Daughter's Baptism". wfmynews2.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- "North West Gets Baptized in Jerusalem – Moms & Babies – Celebrity Babies and Kids - Moms & Babies - People.com". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- Johnson, Zach (June 26, 2013). "Kris Jenner Defends Granddaughter North West's Name on The View". Us Weekly. Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Ross, Ashley (December 7, 2015). "The Long History Behind Kim and Kanye's New Baby's Name". Time. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- "KKW". www.kimkardashianwest.com.
- "Kim Kardashian West Reveals She Can't Carry Any More Kids and Looks to Surrogacy: 'I Give Up'". people.com.
- "Kim Kardashian & Kanye West Welcome Baby No. 3 via Surrogate". E! Online. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
- Swartz, Tracy. "Kanye West, Kim Kardashian name baby Chicago West". Chicago Tribune.
- "Kim Kardashian West Confirms Fourth Child on the Way, Says the Baby Boy is Due 'Sometime Soon'". People.
- Kim Diagnosed With Psoriasis | Keeping Up With The Kardashians, retrieved 2018-09-12
- E! Entertainment (2018-09-09), "Keeping Up With The Kardashians" Katch-Up S15, EP.5 | E!, retrieved 2018-09-12
- "Wealth-X UHNW Valuation Update: Kim Kardashian and Kanye West's Combined Net Worth Estimated At US$155 Million After "Kimye" Florentine Wedding". Yahoo! Finance. PR Newswire. May 28, 2014. Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "#33 Kim Kardashian". Forbes. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- Hayley Krischer (August 9, 2014). "Kim Kardashian: Estimated $40 million". Daily Worth. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Robehmed, Natalie. "Why Kim Kardashian West Is Worth $350 Million". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- "A Look Back at the Kardashian Family's Humble Armenian Roots". People. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kardashian sisters talk fashion and their Scottish links". Daily Record. November 9, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- "Kim Kardashian – The Armenian Interview". April 3, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- "'Time to Recognize the Armenian Genocide,' Says Kim Kardashian". Asbarez. April 21, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Kim Kardashian West: Armenian Genocide Victims 'Should Never Be Forgotten'". Time. April 24, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian calls for recognition of Armenian Genocide". Public Radio of Armenia. April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kim and Khloé Kardashian's Emotional Visit to the Armenia Genocide Memorial". People. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian Is Taking Down the 'Wall Street Journal' Ad Denying Armenian Genocide". Mic. April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- Weaver, Caity (July 2016). "Kim Kardashian West on Kanye and Taylor Swift, What's in O.J.'s Bag, and Understanding Caitlyn". GQ. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- Oliphant, James; Wolfe, Jan (June 6, 2018). "Trump commutes sentence after appeal by Kim Kardashian". Reuters.
- McDonell-Parry, Amelia (2018-09-06). "Kim Kardashian, Activist, Visits White House to Call for Prisoner Freedom". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
- "Kim Kardashian Bound and Gagged at gunpoint". Teen Vogue. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian was bound, gagged and begging for life during Paris jewelry robbery". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Puente, Maria (October 3, 2016). "Kim Kardashian's Paris trauma: What we know". USA Today. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Charlton, Angela; Petrequin, Samuel (October 3, 2016). "Armed jewelry thieves target Kardashian West in Paris". The Big Story. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Grinberg, Emanuella; Melas, Chloe; Sutton, Joe (October 3, 2016). "Kim Kardashian West in New York after robbery". CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- "How Kim Kardashian Escaped After Being Bound and Gagged by Her Attackers". Cosmopolitan. 2016-10-04. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- "'Keeping Up With the Kardashians' placed 'on hold indefinitely'". Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- Wagmeister, Elizabeth (October 26, 2016). "'Keeping Up With the Kardashians' Resumes Production With Kim Following Paris Robbery". Variety. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- McGeorge, Alistair (October 5, 2016). "Kim Kardashian postpones makeup demonstration in Dubai after Paris armed robbery". Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Rice, Lynette (September 14, 2012). "E! begins production on 'Kourtney and Kim take Miami'". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "America's Next Top Model Episode: "La Toya Jackson"". TV Guide. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- "America's Next Top Models Work the Runway in Kardashian Kollection". US Magazine. 2011-10-11. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- "Kourtney and Kim Take New York – TV Show". TV Guide. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Lamar Odom Surprises Khloe (and Kim Kardashian) with Dinner and a Dozen Roses". Sandra Rose. 2013-03-12. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Punk'd: Ashton Kutcher (S.9 E.11)". MTV. Archived from the original on June 5, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Maresca, Rachel (March 19, 2014). "Kim Kardashian dons fake teeth, curly wig to go unrecognizable on 'Celebrities Undercover'". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
- Nimoh, Ivana (September 4, 2015). "Meet the Cast of E!'s "DASH Dolls" Premiering Sunday, September 20th at 9pm ET/PT Following a Brand New Episode of "Keeping Up with the Kardashians"" (Press release). NBCUniversal Media Village. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- "Rotten Tomatoes page on Disaster Movie". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian has only just begun to appear in films and television shows". Ugo. Archived from the original on May 22, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2009.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Fleming, Mike (October 21, 2011). "Kim Kardashian to Co-Star in Tyler Perry's 'The Marriage Counselor'". Deadline Hollywood. PMC. Archived from the original on October 22, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- Kim Kardashian (October 26, 2009). "My Cameo on 'Brothers'". KimKardashian.com. Archived from the original on April 29, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.https://web.archive.org/web/20151230005133/https://www.kimkardashianwest.com/tag/michael-strahan/
- Ingrassia, Lisa; Garcia, Jennifer (November 4, 2009). "Kim Kardashian & Vanessa Minnillo Team Up For CSI: NY". People. Time Inc. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- McIntosh, Whitney (October 27, 2014). "'2 Broke Girls' welcomes Kim Kardashian and her 22 million Twitter followers". Zap2it. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Thnks fr th Mmrs". Fueled By Ramen. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "Kim Kardashian's Forgotten 'Jam': Revisiting The Bid (Or Was It?)". Billboard. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- "Bound 2". KanyeWestVEVO. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "M.I.L.F. $". FergieVEVO. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- KanyeWestVEVO (July 29, 2016), Kanye West - Wolves (Balmain Campaign), retrieved August 5, 2016
- "Bubbling Under Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- "Heatseekers Songs". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- "Teen Choice Awards Nominations 2008". LA Times. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- "Announcing the Winners of the 2009 Teen Choice Awards!". Buzz Sugar. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- "2010 Teen Choice Awards Winners List 'Twilight Saga,' Justin Bieber and Miley Cyrus are the night's big winners". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. August 9, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Nordyke, Kimberly. "Teen Choice Awards 2011 Winners Revealed". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "Teen Choice Awards 2012: Complete Winners List Justin Bieber, Taylor Swift and 'Hunger Games' clean up Sunday night". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- "Teen Choice Awards 2013: Full list of winners". New York: Daily News. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Box Office Hits, Remakes and Sequels Dominate This Year's RAZZIE® Nominations". Razzie.
- Sitzer, Carly (January 3, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Nominated For 'Worst Actress' Razzie Award… Check Out 5 Other Questionable Honors She's Received". In Touch Weekly. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- "People's Choice Awards 2012 Winners List Katy Perry, 'Harry Potter' and Emma Stone nab multiple awards". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- Buzz Bissinger (June 1, 2015). "Introducing Caitlyn Jenner". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 1, 2015.