Kimberly Noel Kardashian West (born October 21, 1980) is an American media personality, socialite, model, businesswoman, stylist, producer, and actress. Kardashian first gained media attention as a friend and stylist of Paris Hilton but received wider notice after a 2002 sex tape, Kim Kardashian, Superstar, with her then-boyfriend Ray J was released in 2007. Later that year, she and her family began to appear in the E! reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians (2007–2021). Its success soon led to the creation of the spin-off series Kourtney and Kim Take New York (2011–2012) and Kourtney and Kim Take Miami (2009–2013).
Kardashian in 2019
Kimberly Noel Kardashian
October 21, 1980
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Other names||Heghine Հեղինէ (Armenian Apostolic baptismal name)|
|Education||Marymount High School|
|Net worth||$900 million (June 2020) (estimate)|
|Political party||Democratic (2016–present)|
Republican (before 2016)
Kardashian has developed an online and social media presence, including hundreds of millions of followers on Twitter and Instagram. She has released a variety of products tied to her name, including the 2014 mobile game Kim Kardashian: Hollywood, a variety of clothing and products, the 2015 photo book Selfish and her eponymous personal app. Her relationship with rapper Kanye West has also received significant media coverage; the couple married in 2014 and have four children together. As an actress, Kardashian has appeared in the films Disaster Movie (2008), Deep in the Valley (2009), and Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor (2013).
In recent years, Kardashian has focused on her own businesses by founding KKW Beauty and KKW Fragrance in 2017. In 2019, she launched shapewear company Skims, which was previously called "Kimono" but changed its name due to immediate backlash. Kardashian has also become more politically active by lobbying president Donald Trump for prison reform and lobbying for Alice Marie Johnson to be granted clemency. She is also planning to become a lawyer by doing a four-year law apprenticeship that is supervised by the legal nonprofit #cut50 which was co-founded by Van Jones.
Time magazine included Kardashian on their list of 2015's 100 most influential people. Both critics and admirers have described her as exemplifying the notion of being famous for being famous. She was reported to be the highest-paid reality television personality of 2015, with her estimated total earnings exceeding US$53 million.
Kim Kardashian was born on October 21, 1980, in Los Angeles, California, the daughter of Robert and Kris (née Houghton). She has an older sister, Kourtney, a younger sister, Khloé, and a younger brother, Rob. Their mother is of Dutch, English, Irish, and Scottish ancestry, while their father was a third-generation Armenian-American. After their parents divorced in 1991, her mother married again that year, to Bruce Jenner,[a] the 1976 Summer Olympics decathlon winner. Through their marriage, Kim Kardashian gained step-brothers Burton "Burt", Brandon, and Brody; step-sister Casey; and half-sisters Kendall and Kylie Jenner.
She attended Marymount High School, a Roman Catholic all-girls school in Los Angeles. In 1994, her father represented football player O. J. Simpson during his murder trial. Simpson is Kardashian's godfather. Kardashian's father died in 2003 of cancer. In her 20s, Kardashian was the close friend and stylist of socialite Paris Hilton, through whom she first garnered media attention.
Kardashian got her first stint in show-business as friend and stylist of Paris Hilton, appearing as a guest on various episodes of the Hilton-starring reality television series The Simple Life, between 2003 and 2006.
Breakthrough with reality television (2006–2009)
In 2006, Kardashian entered the business world with her two sisters and opened the boutique shop D-A-S-H in Calabasas, California. In February 2007, a sex tape made by Kardashian and Ray J in 2002 was leaked. Kardashian filed a lawsuit against Vivid Entertainment, who distributed the film as Kim Kardashian, Superstar. She later dropped the suit and settled for a reported US$5 million, allowing Vivid to release the tape. Several media outlets later criticized her and the family for using the sex tape's release as a publicity stunt to promote their upcoming reality show.
In October 2007, Kardashian, in addition to her mother Kris Jenner, her step-parent Caitlyn Jenner, her siblings Kourtney, Khloé, and Rob Kardashian, and half-sisters Kendall and Kylie Jenner, began to appear in the reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. The series proved successful for E!, and has led to the creations of spin-offs including Kourtney and Kim Take New York and Kourtney and Kim Take Miami. In one of the episodes, Kim discussed an offer from Playboy to appear nude in the magazine. That December, Kardashian posed in a nude pictorial for Playboy.
In 2008, she made her feature film debut in the disaster film spoof Disaster Movie, in which she appeared as a character named Lisa. That same year, she was a participant on season seven of Dancing with the Stars, where she was partnered with Mark Ballas. Kardashian was the third contestant to be eliminated. In January 2009, Kardashian made a cameo appearance during an episode of the sitcom How I Met Your Mother, in the episode "Benefits". In April, she released a workout DVD series through her television production company Kimsaprincess Productions, LLC which has seen the release of three successful workout videos, Fit in Your Jeans by Friday, with trainers Jennifer Galardi and Patrick Goudeau. Kardashian played Elle in four episodes of the television series Beyond the Break.
Kardashian became a guest host of WrestleMania XXIV and guest judge on America's Next Top Model in August of that year. In September, Fusion Beauty and Seven Bar Foundation launched "Kiss Away Poverty", with Kardashian as the face of the campaign. For every LipFusion lipgloss sold, US$1 went to the Foundation to fund women entrepreneurs in the US. The following month, she released her first fragrance self-titled "Kim Kardashian". In December 2009, Kardashian made a guest star appearance on CBS's CSI: NY with Vanessa Minnillo.
Early endorsements (2010–2013)
In 2010, Kardashian ventured into several new endorsement deals, including endorsing various food products for Carl's Jr. In January 2010, she starred as Summa Eve in the film Deep in the Valley. In April, Kardashian sparked controversy over the way she held a kitten for a photograph, holding it by the scruff of its neck. With sisters Kourtney and Khloé, Kardashian is involved in the retail and fashion industries. They have launched several clothing collections and fragrances. Animal rights organization PETA criticized Kardashian for repeatedly wearing fur coats, and named her as one of the five worst people or organizations of 2010 when it came to animal welfare. June saw Kardashian guest star with Khloé and Kourtney as themselves on the season three premiere episode of the series 90210.
On July 1, 2010, the New York City branch of Madame Tussauds revealed a wax figure of Kardashian. In November, Kardashian served as producer for The Spin Crowd, a reality television show about Command PR, a New York City public relations firm, run by Jonathan Cheban and Simon Huck. The show followed them as they settle into their new offices in Los Angeles. That month, she also appeared on season ten of The Apprentice. Kim, Kourtney, and Khloé wrote an autobiography titled Kardashian Konfidential, which was released in stores on November 23, and appeared on New York Times's Best Seller List.
In December 2010, Kardashian filmed a music video for a song titled "Jam (Turn It Up)." The video was directed by Hype Williams; Kanye West makes a cameo in the video. Kardashian premiered the song during a New Year's Eve party at TAO Las Vegas on December 31, 2010. The song was produced by The-Dream and Tricky Stewart. When asked if an album was in the works, Kardashian replied, "There's no album in the works or anything—just one song we did for Kourtney and Kim Take New York, and a video Hype Williams directed, half of the proceeds we're giving away to a cancer foundation, because The-Dream's and one of my parents passed away from cancer. It's just all having fun—with a good cause". Jim Farber, writing for the Daily News, called the song a "dead-brained piece of generic dance music, without a single distinguishing feature," and suggested that the single made Kardashian the "worst singer in the reality TV universe."
In April 2011, Kardashian released her third fragrance "Gold". In March 2012, Kardashian debuted her fourth fragrance, titled "True Reflection", which she worked with the company Dress for Success to promote. In April, E! renewed Keeping Up with the Kardashians for two additional seasons, in a deal reported to be worth $50 million. In November 2011, she released a novel Dollhouse along with sisters Kourtney and Khloe. In October 2012, Kardashian released her fifth fragrance, "Glam", which "draws on the glamour of her Hollywood lifestyle", and was made available through Debenhams. In summer of 2012, Kardashian and her family filmed a music video in the Dominican Republic to Notorious B.I.G's song "Hypnotize".
In the romantic drama Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor (2013), produced, written, and directed by Tyler Perry, Kardashian obtained the role of the co-worker of an ambitious therapist. While the film was a moderate box office success, with a worldwide gross of US$53.1 million, critical response was negative and Kardashian won the Razzie Award for Worst Supporting Actress.
Kardashian appeared on the cover, and in a pictorial in Paper's winter issue in 2014 photographed by Jean-Paul Goude. On the cover, her nude buttocks are featured above the caption: "Break the Internet", which generated considerable comment in both social and traditional media. The photos show Kardashian with her hair tied up in a bun, wearing only a pearl necklace, a pair of earrings and black satin gloves, and, on the cover, with her bare back facing the camera, holding a sequined gown below her bare, oiled-up buttocks, while smiling broadly at the camera. A Time magazine writer commented that, unlike previous celebrities' nudes that represented the women's rebellion against repressed society and "trying to tear down" barriers, Kardashian's exhibition was "just provocation and bluster, repeated images that seem to offer us some sort of truth or insight but are really just self serving. We want there to be something more, some reason or context, some great explanation that tells us what it is like to live in this very day and age, but there is not. Kim Kardashian's ass is nothing but an empty promise." However, the stunt "set a new benchmark" in social media response, and Paper's website received 15.9 million views in one day, compared with 25,000 views on an average day.
In June 2014, Kardashian released a mobile game for iPhone and Android called Kim Kardashian: Hollywood. The objective of the game is to become a Hollywood star or starlet. The game supports a free to play model, meaning the game is free to download, but charges for in-game items. The game was a hit, earning US$1.6 million in its first five days of release. In July, the game's developer Glu Mobile announced that the game was the fifth highest earning game in Apple's App Store. Kardashian voiced the role of an alien in an episode of the adult animated series American Dad!, in season 11 (2014–15) in the episode titled "Blagsnarst, A Love Story" on September 21, 2014. In May 2015, Kardashian released a portfolio book called Selfish, a 325-page collection of self-taken photos of herself. In December 2015, Kardashian released an emoji pack for iOS devices called Kimoji. The app was a best-seller, becoming one of the top 5 most bought apps that week. In August 2015, Kardashian was the cover model for Vogue Spain.
As of November 2016, as per CBC Marketplace and interviews with celebrity endorsement experts, Kim Kardashian was paid between $75,000 and $300,000 for each post that she made on Instagram, Facebook and Twitter endorsing beauty products like waist trainers, teeth whiteners as well as Coca-Cola and well-known charities. Experts think that celebrities offer fake glimpses into their lives to make viewers fall for their advertising pitches, curated to look as though the viewer is catching them in a spontaneous moment when they are mostly staged. In June 2017, she launched her own beauty line, KKW Beauty, and in November 2017 she launched her own fragrance line, KKW Fragrance.
By 2018, according to Business Insider, Kardashian was charging $720,000 per Instagram post. Even though engagement data indicates that her posts are worth slightly less, she is regularly making headlines and this allows her to demand a premium above any calculated Instagram sponsored post price. Kardashian made a cameo appearance in the heist film Ocean's 8, which was released on June 8, 2018. In 2019, Kardashian made waves at the Met Gala with her figure hugging corset-induced Thierry Mugler dress.
Reception to product range
In June 2019, Kardashian launched a new range of shapewear called Kimono. Kardashian was heavily criticised over the name of the brand, which critics argued disrespected Japanese culture and ignored the significance behind the traditional outfit. Following the launch of the range, the hashtag #KimOhNo began trending on Twitter and the mayor of Kyoto wrote to Kardashian to ask her to reconsider the trademark on Kimono. In response to public pressure, in July 2019, Kardashian announced that she would change the name. However, Japanese trade minister Hiroshige Seko stated that he would still be dispatching patent officials for a meeting at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, and that Japan would keep an eye on the situation. She later replaced the shapewear company to the name Skims.
In 2000, 19-year-old Kardashian eloped with music producer Damon Thomas. Thomas filed for divorce in 2003. Kardashian later blamed their separation on physical and emotional abuse on his part and said she was high on ecstasy during the ceremony. Prior to the completion of her divorce, Kardashian began dating singer Ray J.
In May 2011, Kardashian became engaged to NBA player Kris Humphries, then of the New Jersey Nets, whom she had been dating since October 2010. They were married in a wedding ceremony on August 20 in Montecito, California. Earlier that month, she had released her "wedding fragrance" called "Kim Kardashian Love" which coincided with her own wedding. A two-part TV special showing the preparations and the wedding itself aired on E! in early October 2011, amidst what The Washington Post called a "media blitz" related to the wedding. After 72 days of marriage, she filed for divorce from Humphries on October 31, citing irreconcilable differences. Several news outlets surmised that Kardashian's marriage to Humphries was merely a publicity stunt to promote the Kardashian family's brand and their subsequent television ventures. A man professing to be her former publicist, Jonathan Jaxson, also claimed that her short-lived marriage was indeed staged and a ploy to generate money. Kardashian filed suit against Jaxson, saying his claims were untrue, and subsequently settled the case that included an apology from Jaxson. A widely circulated petition asking to remove all Kardashian-related programming from the air followed the split. The divorce was subject to widespread media attention.
Kardashian began dating rapper and longtime friend Kanye West in April 2012, while still legally married to Humphries. Her divorce was finalized on June 3, 2013, Kardashian and West became engaged on October 21, Kardashian's 33rd birthday, and married on May 24, 2014, at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy. Her wedding dress was designed by Riccardo Tisci of Givenchy with some guests' dresses designed by designer Michael Costello. The couple's high status and respective careers have resulted in their relationship becoming subject to heavy media coverage; The New York Times referred to their marriage as "a historic blizzard of celebrity." In January 2021, CNN reported that the couple were discussing divorce and on February 19, 2021, Kardashian officially filed for divorce.
Kim Kardashian is a Christian and has described herself as "really religious." She was educated in Christian schools of both the Presbyterian and Roman Catholic traditions. In October 2019, she was baptized in an Armenian Apostolic ceremony at the baptistery in the Etchmiadzin Cathedral complex and given the Armenian name Heghine (Հեղինէ).
In April 2015, Kardashian and West traveled to the Armenian Quarter of the Old City in Jerusalem to have their daughter North baptized in the Armenian Apostolic Church, one of the oldest denominations of Oriental Orthodox Christianity. The ceremony took place at the Cathedral of St. James. Khloé Kardashian was appointed the godmother of North. In October 2019, Kim baptized her three younger children at the baptistery in the Etchmiadzin Cathedral complex, Armenia's mother church. Psalm was given the Armenian name Vardan, Chicago received Ashkhen and Saint received Grigor.
Health and pregnancies
Kardashian and West have four children: daughter North (born June 15, 2013), son Saint (born December 5, 2015), daughter Chicago (born January 15, 2018), and son Psalm (born May 9, 2019).
Kardashian has publicly discussed difficulties during her two pregnancies. She experienced pre-eclampsia during her first, which forced her to deliver at 34 weeks. With both pregnancies, she suffered placenta accreta after delivery, eventually undergoing surgery to remove the placenta and scar tissue. After her second pregnancy, doctors advised her not to become pregnant again; her third and fourth children were born via surrogacy. Kardashian has also spoken about her psoriasis.
In May 2014, Kardashian was estimated to be worth US$45 million. In 2015, Forbes reported she had "made more this year than ever as her earnings nearly doubled to $53 million from 2014's $28 million", and reported that she "has monetized fame better than any other". Much of her income includes wholesale earnings of the Sears line, the Kardashian Kollection, which brought in $600 million in 2013 and the Kardashian Beauty cosmetics line, Kardashian-branded tanning products, the boutique-line DASH, as well as sponsored social media posts which are collectively worth $300,000-500,000 per post. As of July 2018, Kardashian is worth US$350 million. Combined with husband Kanye West's net worth of $1.3 billion, their total household net worth is an estimated $510 million, making them one of the richest couples in the entertainment industry. Kardashian does not receive alimony payments from either of her first two marriages.
Kardashian has expressed pride in her Armenian and Scottish ancestry. She is not a citizen of either country and does not speak Armenian. She has advocated for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide on numerous occasions and encouraged President Barack Obama and the United States government to consider its acknowledgement. In April 2015, Kardashian traveled to Armenia with her husband, her sister Khloé, and her daughter North and visited the Armenian Genocide memorial Tsitsernakaberd in Yerevan. In April 2016, Kardashian wrote an article on her website condemning The Wall Street Journal for running an advertisement denying the Armenian Genocide. During her visit to Armenia in 2019, she stated that she "talk[s] about it [the Armenian Genocide] with people internally at the White House." However, she added that she "haven't had a private conversation" with President Donald Trump about it. In 2020, Kardashian condemned the actions of Azerbaijan in the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and expressed her support to Armenia and the Republic of Artsakh.
Kardashian has also worked in the area of prison reform, advocating for the commutation of the sentence of Chris Young and also of Alice Marie Johnson, a woman who received a life sentence for a first-time drug offense as the leader of a major cocaine ring in Tennessee which was granted by President Donald Trump in June 2018. Along with Van Jones and Jared Kushner, she was instrumental in persuading President Trump to support the First Step Act, which enacted major reforms in the US prison system. Van Jones later stated that without Kardashian, the act would have never passed because it would not have received the president's support. It was later passed by a great majority in the US Senate.
In early 2019, Kardashian West largely funded the 90 Days to Freedom campaign, an initiative to release nonviolent drug offenders from life sentences by attorneys Brittany K. Barnett and MiAngel Cody. The effort resulted in 17 persons being released under provisions of the First Step Act. Kardashian West was widely credited for the success of the campaign in media headlines. Commentary on her involvement ranged from praise, to assertions that it was a public relations stunt, to accusations that she was taking the credit for work she did not do. In a Facebook post from May 7 of that year, Barnett commented on the divisive and underfunded nature of the "criminal justice reform space," adding "Kim linked arms with us to support us when foundations turned us down. We and our clients and their families have a lot of love for her and are deeply grateful for her."
In January 2017, she tweeted a table of statistics that went viral, highlighting statistics that show that gun violence in the United States kills 11,737 people annually while terrorism in the United States kills 14 people annually. In January 2018, the World Economic Forum awarded it the "International Statistic of the Year" for 2017.
On a trip to Uganda in October 2018, she met with President Yoweri Museveni with her husband. They had a press conference, and Kanye talked about tourism in Uganda. They were criticized for meeting the Museveni due to his being a dictator and his recent crackdown on the opposition and the Ugandan LGBT community.
On October 10, 2020, Kardashian announced she is donating $1 million to Armenia Fund, a humanitarian organization that supports Armenia's development. She also had previously posted messages on social media in support of Artsakh due to the recent war that broke out between Artsakh and Azerbaijan regarding the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. She also urged followers to donate too.
On October 2, 2016, while attending Paris Fashion Week, Kardashian was robbed at gunpoint in the apartment where she was staying. Five individuals, dressed as police officers, bound and gagged her, then stole $10 million worth of jewelry. The thieves got in her residence by threatening the concierge. Once they accessed Kardashian's room, they held a gun to her head, tying her wrists and legs and wrapping duct tape around her mouth as a gag. Kardashian, who was placed in the bathtub, was physically unharmed and reportedly begged for her life. She managed to wriggle her hands free from the plastic ties around her wrists and scream for help. The thieves escaped. On October 6, 2016, it was revealed that filming for the next season of Keeping up with the Kardashians had been placed "on hold indefinitely" after the robbery. After the robbery was announced, several critics expressed skepticism about whether it was staged or not, with some even drawing comparison to Olympic swimmer Ryan Lochte's recent false robbery claim. On October 10, 2016, video was released showing Kardashian immediately after the robbery, as police began conducting their investigation. In the video, she is seen using the cell phone that she had reported stolen, and did not have any of the markings she claimed from being bound by her captors, prompting more questions as to whether or not the events were staged. In response, Kardashian filed lawsuits against several media outlets the following day, and secured a gag order to get the video removed from any articles due to it being part of an active police investigation. On October 25, 2016, Kardashian dropped the lawsuit, prompting more criticism that the robbery was a ploy to generate media attention. Production resumed on Keeping Up with the Kardashians on October 26.
|2003–2006||The Simple Life||4 episodes|
|2007||Kim Kardashian, Superstar||Pornographic video|||
|2007–2021||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Main role|
|2008||Dancing with the Stars||Contestant (6 episodes)|||
|Bad Girls Club||Host of "Reunion Special"|
|2009–2013||Kourtney and Kim Take Miami||Main role (19 episodes)|||
|2009–2011||America's Next Top Model||Guest star; 2 episodes|||
|2011–2012||Kourtney and Kim Take New York||Main role (18 episodes)|||
|2011||Khloé & Lamar||3 episodes|||
|2012||Punk'd||Episode: "Ashton Kutcher"|||
|2014||Kourtney and Khloé Take The Hamptons||3 episodes|
|Celebrities Undercover||Episode: "Wendy Williams & Kim Kardashian"|||
|2015||I Am Cait||5 episodes|
|Dash Dolls||Executive producer & recurring role|||
|Australia's Next Top Model||1 episode|
|2008||Disaster Movie||Lisa Taylor|||
|2009||Deep in the Valley||Summa Eve|||
|2013||Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor||Ava|||
|2018||Ocean's 8||Herself (cameo appearance)|||
|PAW Patrol: The Movie||TBA (voice)|||
|2009||Brothers||Herself||Episode: "Meet Mike Trainor/Assistant Coach"|||
|CSI: NY||Debbie Fallon||Episode: "Second Chances"|||
|Beyond the Break||Elle||4 episodes|||
|How I Met Your Mother||Herself||Episode: "Benefits"|
|2010||90210||Episode: "Senior Year, Baby"|
|2012||Drop Dead Diva||Nikki LePree||4 episodes|
|Last Man Standing||Herself||Episode: "Tree of Strife"|
|30 Rock||Herself||Episode: "Live from Studio 6H"|
|2014||American Dad!||Qurchhhh/Herself (voice)||Episode: "Blagsnarst, a Love Story"|||
|2 Broke Girls||Herself||Episode: "And the Reality Problem"|||
|2010||The Spin Crowd|
|2015–2016||Keeping Up with the Kardashians|
|2016||Rob & Chyna|||
|2018||You Kiddin' Me|||
In music videos
|2007||"Thnks fr th Mmrs"||Fall Out Boy|||
|2011||"Jam (Turn It Up)"||Herself|||
|2013||"Bound 2"||Kanye West|||
|2019||"B.F.A. (Best Friend's Ass)"||Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs. Paris Hilton|
|"Jam (Turn It Up)"||2011||—[b]||21||Non-album single|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that territory.|
Awards and nominations
|Year||Category||Nominated work / Nominee||Result||Ref.|
|2008||Choice TV Female Reality/Variety Star||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Nominated|||
|2009||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star||Nominated|||
|2010||Choice Female Reality/Variety Star[c]||Won|||
|Choice Female Hottie||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|||
|2011||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star[c]||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Won|
|Choice Female Hottie||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|||
|2012||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star[c]||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Won|||
|2013||Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star[d]||Won|||
|2016||Choice TV Show: Reality||Keeping Up with the Kardashians||Won|
|2016||Choice Selfie Taker||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|
|2016||Choice Instagramer||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|
|2016||Choice Social Media Queen||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|
|Year||Association||Category||Nominated work / Nominee||Result||Ref.|
|2008||Golden Raspberry Awards||Worst Supporting Actress||Disaster Movie||Nominated|||
|2014||Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor||Won|||
|2011||People's Choice Awards||Favorite TV Celeb Reality Star||Kim Kardashian||Won|||
|2017||Favorite Social Media Star||Kim Kardashian||Nominated|||
|2011||Glamour Award||Entrepreneur of the Year||Kim Kardashian||Won|||
|2018||World Economic Forum||International Statistic of the Year||Kim Kardashian||Won|||
|2018||CFDA||Influencer Award||Kim Kardashian||Won|||
- Kardashian, Kim; Kardashian, Kourtney; Kardashian, Khloé (2010). Kardashian Konfidential. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312628079.
- Kardashian, Kim; Kardashian, Kourtney; Kardashian, Khloé (2011). Dollhouse. William Morrow and Company. ISBN 9780062063847.
- Kardashian, Kim (2011). Selfish. Universe Publishing. ISBN 9780789329202.
- Berg, Madeline. "Kim Kardashian West Is Worth $900 Million After Agreeing To Sell A Stake In Her Cosmetics Firm To Coty". Forbes. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- Weaver, Caity (June 16, 2016). "Kim Kardashian West on Kanye and Taylor Swift, What's in O.J.'s Bag, and Understanding Caitlyn". GQ. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- Nessif, Bruna; Baker, Ken (October 28, 2013). "Kim Kardashian Reveals She's Taking Kanye West's Last Name". E! Online. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- "Growing Up Kardashian: Kim Kardashian". E! Online. June 9, 2020.
"Happy Birthday Kimberly Noel Kardashian West! I love you forever," Kourtney captioned this throwback post shared to Instagram in honor of her sister's 39th b-day.
- "The Kim Kardashian Sex Tape An Oral History". Page Six.
- Morgan, Eleanor (April 20, 2016). "Why is Kim Kardashian famous? You asked Google – here's the answer". The Guardian. Retrieved June 11, 2016.
- Seemayer, Zach. "Kim Kardashian on the Success of Her Mobile App and Her Social Media Empire". ET Online. Retrieved June 11, 2016.
- "Top 100 Instagram Business Accounts sorted by Followers - Socialblade Instagram Stats | Instagram Statistics". socialblade.com.
- Caramanica, Jon. "The Agony and the Ecstasy of Kanye West." New York Times. April 10, 2015.
- Tinubu, Aramide (October 21, 2019). "Kim Kardashian's Business Glow-Up Has Been Hella Remarkable". StyleCaster. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Marinelli, Gina. "Everything We Know About Skims, Kim Kardashian's Solutionwear Line". www.glamour.com. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Helena Andrews-Dyer. "Kim Kardashian is still fighting for criminal justice reform". Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Bliss, Sara. "Kim Kardashian Is Becoming A Lawyer: What Her Move Can Teach You About Making A Career Leap". Forbes. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Meter, Jonathan Van. "The Awakening of Kim Kardashian West". Vogue. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Canon, Gabrielle (November 29, 2019). "Jessica Jackson, a single mom from California, took on the prison system — and changed her life". USA Today. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- "The Paris Hilton Rule: Famous For Being Famous". Scoreboard Media Group. Archived from the original on May 28, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- "Sure, She's Beautiful, but Why is Kim Kardashian Famous?". Wet Paint. November 9, 2013.
- "Does Kim Kardashian deserve to be famous?". Debate.
- Forbes "Kim Kardashian" Retrieved on December 6, 2015.
- "Kimberly Noel Kardashian, Born 10/21/1980 in California". California Birth Index. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Sagimbeni, Nick (January 9, 2013). "Kourtney, Kim, Khloe, Robert, Kylie and Kendall Kardashian". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Kim Kardashian (June 11, 2008). "Monuments And Momentous Times In Monte Carlo". KimKardashian.com. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 13, 2015.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Barford, Vanessa (January 8, 2013). "Kim Kardashian: How do Armenians feel about her fame?". BBC. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Buzz Bissinger (June 1, 2015). "Introducing Caitlyn Jenner". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Jenner-Kardashian". The Day. New London, Connecticut. April 23, 1991. p. A2. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Mayish, Jeff (May 1, 2013). "Ex-nanny to the Kardashians reveals Kris Jenner's temper and an O. J. Simpson trial kidnap scare". Daily News. Mortimer Zuckerman. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Austin, Christina; Acuna, Kirsten (September 27, 2012). "Check Out The Elite Schools Where Celebrities Send Their Kids". Business Insider. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- Ryan, Harriet; Powers, Ashley (September 28, 2008). "His life now: With friends like these . . ". Los Angeles Times. latimes. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
- "Robert Kardashian, a Lawyer For O. J. Simpson, Dies at 59". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. October 3, 2003. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Kim Kardashian Biography". The Biography Channel. A+E Networks. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Glamour. "EXCLUSIVE: Paris Hilton tells us where she's been hiding". Glamour UK. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "Kim Kardashian Biography". Biography. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian on Sex Tape: 'A Tape Does Exist'". Extra. NBCUniversal. February 7, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Ray J Sends 'Love & Congratulations' To Kim Kardashian & Kanye West". Access Hollywood. NBCUniversal. July 8, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Kardashian to profit from sex tape". United Press International. News World Communications. May 1, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Johnson, Richard (May 1, 2007). "Happy Ending". New York Post. News Corp. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2008.
- "The Kardashian Decade: How a Sex Tape Led to a Billion-Dollar Brand". Hollywood Reporter.
- "10 Years Ago, Kim Kardashian Turned a Sex Tape Into a Business Empire". Complex.
- Nordyke, Kimberly (November 13, 2007). "'Kardashians' earns its keep". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Karen (August 16, 2013). "Scott Disick is the Father of Mason Disick!". Las Vegas Guardian Express. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Kim Kardashian info". Biography.com. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian Playboy – Kim Kardashian Nude – Pics and Videos of the Sex Tape Celebrity". Playboy. January 27, 2009. Archived from the original on February 28, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Matt Webb Mitovich (August 29, 2008). "Disaster Movie Star Kim Kardashian Names Her Favorite Butt". TVGN. CBS Corporation. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Disaster Movie from Kim Kardashian: Pop Culture Queen". E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Lang, Derrik J. (October 1, 2008). "Kim Kardashian kicked off 'Dancing With the Stars'". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Saini, Mia (July 1, 2010). "Kim Kardashian Powering to the Top". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Sweatin' with Kim Kardashian". Allure Magazine. April 14, 2009. Archived from the original on April 19, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Parsley, Aaron (June 5, 2009). "Kim Kardashian Gets Slimed on Beyond the Break". People. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Gina DiNunno (August 4, 2009). "Lauren Conrad and Kim Kardashian to Guest Judge Top Model". TVGuide.com. Retrieved August 4, 2009.
- "Fusion Beauty". Seven Bar Foundation. Archived from the original on October 18, 2010. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- "Kim Kardashian Fragrances". fragrantica.com.
- Crawford, Trish (April 28, 2010). "Kardashian Fame and Fragrance". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian gościnnie w serialu". dziennik.pl. January 4, 2010. Archived from the original on January 23, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Kate Stanhope. "Kim Kardashian and Vanessa Minnillo to Appear on CSI:NY". TVGuide.com.
- "All the Rage: Kardashian Endorsements Seem to Have Va-Va-Vroom". Los Angeles Times. February 26, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Goudreau, Jenna (April 13, 2010). "Reality TV Stars Turned Entrepreneurs". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian Sparks Controversy Over Cat Photo". CBS News.
- "PETA Has Bone To Pick With Kim Kardashian". Popcrunch. November 17, 2010. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- "Kardashian Sisters Land 90210 Cameo". TVGuide.com. June 29, 2010.
- Klopsis, Nick (July 2, 2010). "Seeing double! Kim Kardashian Unveils Wax Statue Lookalike at Madam Tussauds in Times Square". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "MovieWeb: "The Apprentice (2004–present): In-Store Display Challenge: Kim Kardashian Visits Octane"". MovieWeb.com. November 12, 2010. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011.
- "The Apprentice, Kim Kardashian's Perfume Brings Out Best and Worst". Gather.com. November 12, 2010. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Keeping Up With Kim, Kourtney and Khloé: The Kardashian Sisters Are Writing a Book!". Glamour Magazine. June 18, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Dope Or Nope? Kim Kardashian Debuts New Single 'Turn It Up'". Vibe. January 3, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Kim Kardashian Debuts The-Dream-Penned Single in Vegas". Rap-Up.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- "Latest Music News, Band, Artist, Musician & Music Video News". Billboard. February 7, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- Farber, Jim (March 2, 2011). "Kim Kardashian song 'Jam (Turn It Up)' makes her the worst singer in the reality TV universe". Daily News. New York. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Dorian, John. "Kim Kardashian top-earning reality star for year 2010 Archived May 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine International Business Times AU, December 7, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian Is Highest Earning Reality Star of the Moment". Softpedia. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian Perfume: True Reflection". Stylenews.peoplestylewatch.com. August 29, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (April 24, 2012). "'Keeping Up with the Kardashians' Renewed – E! Extends Series For Three More Seasons". Deadline.com. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Casserly, Meghan (April 24, 2012). "'Keeping Up with the Kardashians 2015: E! Pays $40 Million For Three More Years". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- Brissey, Breia (November 15, 2011). "Kardashian's publish new novel 'Dollhouse'". ew.com. Entertainment Weekly.
- "Kim Kardashian Releases Glam Fragrance". Style MTV. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2012.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Kim Kardashian's Family Films Video To Notorious B.I.G.'s 'Hypnotize'". Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- "Tyler Perry's Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor (2013) - Box Office Mojo".
- Muller, Marissa G. (November 12, 2014). "Meet The Man Behind Kim Kardashian's 'Break The Internet' Cover: Jean-Paul Goude". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- Rothman, Michael (November 12, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Leaves Little to Imagination in Raciest Magazine Cover Yet". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Fortini, Amanda (November 2014). "NO FILTER: An Afternoon With Kim Kardashian". Paper. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- Flower, Brandi (November 11, 2014). "Whoa! Kim Kardashian Bares Her Butt, Goes Nude for 'Paper' Magazine". Paper. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- Szubiak, Ali (November 11, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Bares Her Butt On the Cover of Paper Magazine [PHOTO]". Pop Crush. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
- Moylan, Brian (November 12, 2014). "Kim Kardashian's Butt Is an Empty Promise". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Van Grove, Jennifer. "Kim Kardashian Didn't Break the Internet, but She Did Set a New Benchmark", The Street, November 17, 2014.
- Grossman, Samantha (December 2, 2014). "Top 10 Things That Broke the Internet". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Shields, Mike (November 13, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Doesn't Break Paper Magazine's Servers–At Least Not Yet". The Wall Street Journal. News Corp. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Rothman, Michael (June 18, 2014). "Take a Sneak Peek at Kim Kardashian's New Video Game". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- Wortham, Jenna (July 30, 2014). "Kim Kardashian, an Unlikely Mobile Video Game Hit". The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- "Kim Kardashian 'American Dad': Reality Star to Play Alien on Comedy". Variety. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Snierson, Dan (September 24, 2013). "Kim Kardashian to play alien on 'American Dad'". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Begley, Sarah (May 7, 2015). "Kim Kardashian's Selfish Is Anything But". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Link, Monica. "Kim Kardashian iOS Emoji App, 'Kimoji' Ranks Higher Than Grand Theft Auto". Idigital Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Kallor, Amber. "Kim Kardashian West's "Vogue España" Cover Shoot Inspires Us to Strip Down". Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- "How celebrities like Kim Kardashian are selling you ads and products". CBC News. November 11, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- Abelman, Devon (June 17, 2017). "Kim Kardashian Is Launching a Beauty Line Called KKW Beauty". Allure. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
- Rennert, Jenna (November 13, 2017). "Kim Kardashian West Reveals Her New Fragrance—And It's Not What You'd Expect!". Vogue. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
- "Instagram Influencer Price Kim Kardashian". YouTube. Ibriiz. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Petit, Stephanie (January 17, 2017). "Kim Kardashian and Kendall Jenner will make cameos in Ocean's Eight". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Petit, Stephanie (January 17, 2017). "Kim Kardashian and Kendall Jenner Are Making Cameos in Ocean's Eight". People. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- "See Kim Kardashian West Get Fitted for Her Waist-Snatching Met Gala Look". Vogue.
- "Kim Kardashian West's Glam Squad on How They Created Her Met Gala Look". Hollywood Reporter.
- Ho, Vivian (July 1, 2019). "#KimOhNo: Kim Kardashian West renames Kimono brand amid outcry". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Woodyatt, Amy (July 1, 2019). "Japan to send trademark officials to US over Kim Kardashian West 'kimono' row". CNN Style. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- "In wake of Kimono uproar, Kim Kardashian names shapewear company Skims". CNBC.
- "Kim Kardashian Biography". People. Time Inc. Archived from the original on January 1, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Waldholz, Chantal (February 7, 2014). "Rob Kardashian Fears Marriage Because of Divorce — 5 Reasons That's Not Exactly Surprising!". Life & Style. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Kim Kardashian Says She Was High on Ecstasy During First Wedding — and When She Made a Sex Tape". Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- Vena, Jocelyn (October 31, 2011). "Kim Kardashian And Kris Humphries: A Timeline". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- Garcia, Jennifer (August 20, 2011). "Kim Kardashian and Kris Humphries Are Married!". People. Time Inc. Archived from the original on September 25, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Meagan Morris (August 3, 2011). "Kim Kardashian reveals new wedding day fragrance, Love". Sheknows.com. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- Hughes, Sarah Anne (October 7, 2011). "Kim Kardashian wedding special to air this Sunday: Will you watch?". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Garcia, Jennifer; Fleeman, Mike (October 31, 2011). "Kim Kardashian Files for Divorce from Kris Humphries". People. Time Inc. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Was Kardashian marriage a sham?". Chicago Tribune. November 1, 2011. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- Finn, Natalie (February 22, 2012). "Kim Kardashian "Very Happy" With Apology From Blogger Who Called Her Marriage "Staged"". E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Marikar, Sheila (November 16, 2011). "Thousands Sign 'No More Kardashian'". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- Tikkanen, Amy. "Kim Kardashian, American television personality and entrepreneur". Britannica. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- TODAY staff (May 26, 2014). "Kim Kardashian, Kanye West marry in Italy". Today. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
While still legally married to Humphries, Kardashian began dating West in April 2012
- Fleeman, Mike (June 4, 2013). "Kim Kardashian and Kris Humphries Finalize Divorce". People. Time Inc. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- Howard, Michael (October 22, 2013). "Kim Kardashian and Kanye West Engaged". ABC News. Disney Media Networks. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Corriston, Michelle (May 24, 2014). "It's Official: Kim Kardashian and Kanye West Are Married". People. Time Inc. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Kratofil, Colleen (May 19, 2016). "Kim Kardashian West Takes Fans Inside Her Wedding Dress Fittings (and the Photos Are too Good to Miss)". People.com. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian Wedding Fashion: Designer Michael Costello Dishes on His Custom Looks for Kimye's Guests!". May 16, 2014.
- Melas, Chloe. "Kim Kardashian and Kanye West discussing divorce". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Dasarth, Diana (February 19, 2021). "Kim Kardashian files for divorce from Kanye West". NBC News. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Whittaker, Alexandra (May 17, 2018). "The Religious Ritual Kim Kardashian Practices Every Morning". InStyle. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
- "Kim Kardashian also baptized in Etchmiadzin, named Heghine (PHOTO)". news.am. October 9, 2019.
- "Kim Kardashian in Jerusalem for Daughter's Baptism". wfmynews2.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- "North West Gets Baptized in Jerusalem – Moms & Babies – Celebrity Babies and Kids - Moms & Babies - People.com". PEOPLE.com. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- "Kardashian Baptizes Children In Private Ceremony At 'Vatican' Of Armenian Church". RFE/RL. October 7, 2019.
- "Kim and Kourtney Kardashian baptize their children in Armenia's Etchmiadzin". Armenpress. October 7, 2019.
- "Kim and Kourtney Kardashian Baptize Children at Etchmiadzin". Asbarez. October 7, 2019.
- Johnson, Zach (June 26, 2013). "Kris Jenner Defends Granddaughter North West's Name on The View". Us Weekly. Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Ross, Ashley (December 7, 2015). "The Long History Behind Kim and Kanye's New Baby's Name". Time. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- Swartz, Tracy. "Kanye West, Kim Kardashian name baby Chicago West". Chicago Tribune.
- Juneau, Jen (May 10, 2019). "'He's Here!' Kim Kardashian and Kanye West Welcome Son: 'He's Perfect'". People. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
- "Kim Kardashian shares first photo of newborn son and reveals his name". Entertainment Weekly. May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- Ritschel, Chelsea (December 13, 2019). "Kim Kardashian says she had to undergo five operations after pregnancy". The Independent. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
- Fisher, Luchina (March 13, 2018). "Kim Kardashian West explains why she chose a surrogate for her third child". ABC News. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
- King, Brittany (April 2, 2017). "Kim Kardashian West Reveals She Can't Carry Any More Kids and Looks to Surrogacy: 'I Give Up'". People.
- Andriakos, Jacqueline (March 27, 2017). "What You Need to Know About Kim Kardashian West's High-Risk Pregnancy". People. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
- Barr, Sabrina (September 20, 2019). "Kim Kardashian discusses 'painful and scary' psoriatic arthritis diagnosis in new essay". The Independent. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
- "Wealth-X UHNW Valuation Update: Kim Kardashian and Kanye West's Combined Net Worth Estimated At US$155 Million After "Kimye" Florentine Wedding". Yahoo! Finance. PR Newswire. May 28, 2014. Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "#33 Kim Kardashian". Forbes. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- "Legal Documents Reveal Kim Kardashian Makes $300K to $500K Per Instagram Post". Complex. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Hayley Krischer (August 9, 2014). "Kim Kardashian: Estimated $40 million". Daily Worth. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Robehmed, Natalie (July 11, 2018). "Why Kim Kardashian West Is Worth $350 Million". Forbes. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- Zack O'Malley Greenburg. "Kanye West Is Now Officially A Billionaire-And He Wants The World To Know". Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- "Bet You Can't Guess How Rich Kim Kardashian Is". Cosmopolitan.
- "Kim Kardashian, Kris Humphries' Divorce: By the Numbers". Hollywood Reporter.
- Weaver, Caity (July 2016). "Kim Kardashian West on Kanye and Taylor Swift, What's in O.J.'s Bag, and Understanding Caitlyn". GQ. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- "A Look Back at the Kardashian Family's Humble Armenian Roots". People. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kardashian sisters talk fashion and their Scottish links". Daily Record. November 9, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- "Kim Kardashian – The Armenian Interview". April 3, 2010. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- "'Time to Recognize the Armenian Genocide,' Says Kim Kardashian". Asbarez. April 21, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Kim Kardashian West: Armenian Genocide Victims 'Should Never Be Forgotten'". Time. April 24, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian calls for recognition of Armenian Genocide". Public Radio of Armenia. April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kim and Khloé Kardashian's Emotional Visit to the Armenia Genocide Memorial". People. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian Is Taking Down the 'Wall Street Journal' Ad Denying Armenian Genocide". Mic. April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian says she spoke about Armenian Genocide at White House too". news.am. October 8, 2019.
- Ghazanchyan, Siranush (September 27, 2020). "Kim Kardashian calls to condemn Azerbaijani aggression against Artsakh, cut off US military aid". Public Radio of Armenia. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- Blair, Caroline (October 2, 2020). "Kardashians voice their opinions on an international crisis". Heavy. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- Amy Mackelden (June 6, 2018). "Who is Alice Marie Johnson?". Harper's Bazaar.
- Adriana Diaz (June 7, 2018). "Alice Johnson embracing newfound freedom after two decades behind bars". CBS News.
- Memphis drug dealer gets life in prison, Associated Press (February 23, 1997).
- Oliphant, James; Wolfe, Jan (June 6, 2018). "Trump commutes sentence after appeal by Kim Kardashian". Reuters.
- McDonell-Parry, Amelia (September 6, 2018). "Kim Kardashian, Activist, Visits White House to Call for Prisoner Freedom". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- Jeremy Diamond and Alex Rogers. "How Jared Kushner, Kim Kardashian West and Congress drove the criminal justice overhaul". CNN. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "The Inside Story of How Prison Reform Got Done". Time. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Andrews-Dyer, Helena (January 31, 2019). "Kim Kardashian is still fighting for criminal justice reform". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Johnson, George (May 12, 2019). "Opinion | Kim Kardashian's 'prison reform' work reveals downsides of celebrity activism". NBC News. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- Example headlines:
- Melas, Chloe (May 7, 2019). "Kim Kardashian West has helped free 17 inmates in 90 days". CNN. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- MTV News Staff (May 8, 2019). "Kim Kardashian West Helped Free 17 More People From Prison". MTV News. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- Lewis, Sophie (May 8, 2019). "Kim Kardashian West has helped free 17 people from prison in the last 90 days". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- Barnett, Brittany. "Brittany K. Barnett is asking for donations". Facebook. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- WILLIAM COWEN, TRACE (May 10, 2019). "Lawyer Brittany K. Barnett Gives Backstory of Kim Kardashian's Work With 90 Days of Freedom". Complex. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "The Awakening of Kim Kardashian West". Vogue. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
- "And the winner of the international statistic of the year is..." World Economic Forum. January 2, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
- "Why Kanye's Uganda trip was controversial". October 16, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Why Kanye West and Kim Kardashian Are Being Criticized for Meeting With Uganda's President". Time. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- correspondent, Jason Burke Africa (October 16, 2018). "Bobi Wine attacks Kanye West over Museveni meeting". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Shafer, Ellise (October 11, 2020). "Kim Kardashian West Donates $1 Million to Armenia Fund Amid Ongoing Conflict With Azerbaijan". Variety. Variety. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
- Mccarty, Tyler (October 11, 2020). "Kim Kardashian-West donates $1M to Armenia Fund amid ongoing conflict, urges followers to donate too". Fox News. Fox News. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
- "Kim Kardashian Bound and Gagged at gunpoint". Teen Vogue. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- "Kim Kardashian was bound, gagged and begging for life during Paris jewelry robbery". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Puente, Maria (October 3, 2016). "Kim Kardashian's Paris trauma: What we know". USA Today. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Charlton, Angela; Petrequin, Samuel (October 3, 2016). "Armed jewelry thieves target Kardashian West in Paris". The Big Story. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Grinberg, Emanuella; Melas, Chloe; Sutton, Joe (October 3, 2016). "Kim Kardashian West in New York after robbery". CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- "How Kim Kardashian Escaped After Being Bound and Gagged by Her Attackers". Cosmopolitan. October 4, 2016. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- "'Keeping Up With the Kardashians' placed 'on hold indefinitely'". Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "French police suspected Kardashian West of letting the robbers in". CNN.
- "Did Kim Kardashian Pull A Ryan Lochte?". Dlisted.
- "Kim Kardashian Exposed: Major Holes In Robbery Story, Police Video". Radar.
- "[UPDATED] Kim Kardashian Is Suing Multiple Sites for Claiming She Made Up Her Paris Robbery". Cosmopolitan.
- "Kim Kardashian West Sues Over 'Staged' Robbery Claims". ABC News.
- "Kim Kardashian did not fake her robbery and she'll sue to prove it". Rueters.
- "Kim Kardashian Drops MediaTakeOut Lawsuit". Fortune.
- "Kim Kardashian Halts MediaTakeOut Lawsuit". Vanity Fair.
- Wagmeister, Elizabeth (October 26, 2016). "'Keeping Up With the Kardashians' Resumes Production With Kim Following Paris Robbery". Variety. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- Rice, Lynette (September 14, 2012). "E! begins production on 'Kourtney and Kim take Miami'". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "America's Next Top Model Episode: "La Toya Jackson"". TV Guide. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- "America's Next Top Models Work the Runway in Kardashian Kollection". US Magazine. October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- "Kourtney and Kim Take New York – TV Show". TV Guide. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Lamar Odom Surprises Khloe (and Kim Kardashian) with Dinner and a Dozen Roses". Sandra Rose. March 12, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Punk'd: Ashton Kutcher (S.9 E.11)". MTV. Archived from the original on June 5, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Maresca, Rachel (March 19, 2014). "Kim Kardashian dons fake teeth, curly wig to go unrecognizable on 'Celebrities Undercover'". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
- Nimoh, Ivana (September 4, 2015). "Meet the Cast of E!'s "DASH Dolls" Premiering Sunday, September 20th at 9pm ET/PT Following a Brand New Episode of "Keeping Up with the Kardashians"" (Press release). NBCUniversal Media Village. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- "Rotten Tomatoes page on Disaster Movie". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- "Kim Kardashian has only just begun to appear in films and television shows". Ugo. Archived from the original on May 22, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2009.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Fleming, Mike (October 21, 2011). "Kim Kardashian to Co-Star in Tyler Perry's 'The Marriage Counselor'". Deadline Hollywood. PMC. Archived from the original on October 22, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- Mackelden, Amy (October 30, 2019). "Kim Kardashian West Teases First Big Acting Role with Jennifer Lopez". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
- Donato, Al (October 16, 2020). "Kim Kardashian is starring in a 'PAW Patrol' movie". Huffington Post. Sunnyvale, California, U.S. Verizon Media. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- Kim Kardashian (October 26, 2009). "My Cameo on 'Brothers'". KimKardashian.com. Archived from the original on April 29, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- Ingrassia, Lisa; Garcia, Jennifer (November 4, 2009). "Kim Kardashian & Vanessa Minnillo Team Up For CSI: NY". People. Time Inc. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- McIntosh, Whitney (October 27, 2014). "'2 Broke Girls' welcomes Kim Kardashian and her 22 million Twitter followers". Zap2it. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Rob & Chyna (TV Series 2016) - IMDb, retrieved March 19, 2019
- Barna, Dan. "Watch the Trailer for Kim Kardashian's New Prank Show". W Magazine. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- Marine, Brooke. "Everything We Know About Kim Kardashian's New Beauty Competition Series". W Magazine. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- "Thnks fr th Mmrs". Fueled By Ramen. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "Kim Kardashian's Forgotten 'Jam': Revisiting The Bid (Or Was It?)". Billboard. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- "Bound 2". KanyeWestVEVO. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "M.I.L.F. $". FergieVEVO. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- KanyeWestVEVO (July 29, 2016), Kanye West - Wolves (Balmain Campaign), retrieved August 5, 2016
- "Bubbling Under Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- "Heatseekers Songs". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- "Teen Choice Awards Nominations 2008". LA Times. Archived from the original on September 12, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- "Announcing the Winners of the 2009 Teen Choice Awards!". Buzz Sugar. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- "2010 Teen Choice Awards Winners List 'Twilight Saga,' Justin Bieber and Miley Cyrus are the night's big winners". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. August 9, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Nordyke, Kimberly. "Teen Choice Awards 2011 Winners Revealed". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "Teen Choice Awards 2012: Complete Winners List Justin Bieber, Taylor Swift and 'Hunger Games' clean up Sunday night". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- "Teen Choice Awards 2013: Full list of winners". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Box Office Hits, Remakes and Sequels Dominate This Year's RAZZIE® Nominations". Razzie.
- Sitzer, Carly (January 3, 2014). "Kim Kardashian Nominated For 'Worst Actress' Razzie Award… Check Out 5 Other Questionable Honors She's Received". In Touch Weekly. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- "People's Choice Awards 2012 Winners List Katy Perry, 'Harry Potter' and Emma Stone nab multiple awards". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- "People's Choice Awards 2017: See the Full List of Winners". Billboard. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- Glamour. "Kim Kardashian accepts her GLAMOUR Award". Glamour UK. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- "CFDA". cfda.com. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kim Kardashian.|