Sigourney Weaver

Susan Alexandra "Sigourney" Weaver (/sɪˈɡɔːrni/;[1] born October 8, 1949) is an American actress. An influential figure in science fiction and popular culture,[2] Weaver has received several accolades, including a British Academy Film Award, two Golden Globe Awards and nominations for three Academy Awards, three Primetime Emmy Awards, and three Tony Awards. She was voted Number 20 in Channel 4's countdown of the 100 Greatest Movie Stars of All Time, being one of only two women in the Top 20.[3]

Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver by Gage Skidmore 4.jpg
Weaver at the 2017 San Diego Comic Con
Born
Susan Alexandra Weaver

(1949-10-08) October 8, 1949 (age 72)
New York City, U.S.
Education
Occupation
  • Actress
  • film producer
Years active1971–present
Works
Full list
Spouse(s)
Jim Simpson
(m. 1984)
Children1
Parent(s)Sylvester "Pat" Weaver Jr.
Elizabeth Inglis
RelativesWinstead "Doodles" Weaver (uncle)
AwardsFull list

Weaver rose to fame for playing Ellen Ripley in Ridley Scott's science fiction film Alien (1979), which earned her a nomination for the British Academy Film Award for Most Promising Newcomer. She reprised the role with a critically-acclaimed performance in Aliens (1986), directed by James Cameron, for which she received nominations for the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress. She returned to the role in two more sequels: Alien 3 (1992) and Alien Resurrection (1997). The character is regarded as a significant female protagonist in cinema history.[4] Her other franchise roles include Dana Barrett in Ghostbusters (1984), which she reprised Ghostbusters II (1989), Ghostbusters (2016), and Ghostbusters: Afterlife (2021), and Dr. Grace Augustin in Avatar (2009), which remained the highest-grossing film of all time for a decade,[5] and its multiple sequels scheduled to be released throughout the 2020s. Her work in the Broadway play Hurlyburly (1984) earned her a Tony Award nomination.

Further acclaim came with playing primatologist Dian Fossey in Gorillas in the Mist (1988), for which she won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama, and in the same year, winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture for her performance in Working Girl. Weaver was the first actor to have two acting wins at the Golden Globes in the same year; she also received an Academy Award nomination for both films. Weaver collaborated with Ridley Scott again, appearing as Queen Isabella in 1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992) and appeared in the Roman Polanski–directed Death and the Maiden, in a major role opposite Ben Kingsley. She went on to win the British Academy Film Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for her role in The Ice Storm (1997).

Although best known for her role in the Alien franchise, Weaver has fostered a prolific filmography, appearing in more than 60 films. She has done extensive voiceover work and has had multiple roles in animated films, including The Tale of Despereaux (2008) and Pixar films WALL-E (2008) and Finding Dory (2016). She has worked in several documentaries, such as the BBC series Planet Earth (2006) and The Beatles: Eight Days a Week (2016). She has also lent her voice to three audiobooks, four film soundtracks, and two video games – James Cameron's Avatar: The Game (2009) and Alien: Isolation (2014) – and voice acted on the television shows Futurama, Penn Zero: Part-Time Hero, and SpongeBob SquarePants, among others.

Early lifeEdit

Susan Alexandra Weaver was born in New York City on October 8, 1949.[6] Her mother, Elizabeth Inglis (born Desiree Mary Lucy Hawkins), was an English actress and a native of Colchester, England.[7] Weaver's father, Sylvester "Pat" Weaver Jr., was an American television executive born in Los Angeles, who served as president of NBC between 1953 and 1955 and created NBC's Today Show in 1952.[8][9] Pat's brother, Winstead "Doodles" Weaver, was a comedian and contributor to Mad.[10] Her father's American family was of Dutch, English, Scots-Irish, and Scottish ancestry.[11][12]

At the age of 14, Weaver began using the name "Sigourney", taking it from a minor character in The Great Gatsby.[13][14] She briefly attended the Brearley School and Chapin School in New York before arriving at the Ethel Walker School (Walker's) in Simsbury, Connecticut, where she developed an early interest in performance art.[15] One of her early roles was in a school adaptation of the poem "The Highwayman", and on another occasion she played a Rudolph Valentino character in an adaptation of The Sheik. She was also involved in theatrical productions of A Streetcar Named Desire and You Can't Take It with You during one summer at Southbury, Connecticut.[15] Weaver reportedly reached the height of 5 ft 10+12 in (179 cm) by the age of 11, which had a negative impact on her self-esteem. She recalled feeling like "a giant spider" and never having "the confidence to ever think I could act."[16]

In 1967, shortly before turning 18, Weaver visited Israel and volunteered on a kibbutz for several months.[17] On her return to the United States, she attended Sarah Lawrence College. After her freshman year, she transferred to Stanford University as an English major.[18] At Stanford, Weaver was extensively involved in theater. She performed in a group named the "Palo Alto Company", doing Shakespeare plays and "commedia dell'arte in a covered wagon" around the Bay Area, the nature of which she considered "outrageous". She avoided Stanford's drama department, as she believed their productions were too "stuffy" and "safe".[17][18] Weaver had planned to enter Stanford's Ph.D. English program and eventually pursue a career as a writer or a journalist, but changed her mind after getting frustrated by the "deadly dry" honors courses. She eventually graduated in 1972 with a B.A. in English.[15][18] Weaver subsequently applied to Yale University's School of Drama, performing Bertolt Brecht's Saint Joan of the Stockyards at her audition, and was accepted.[17]

Weaver admitted that she had a difficult time at Yale. She was not fond of the shows at Yale Repertory Theatre,[15] and had little luck getting lead roles in school productions.[19] Some acting teachers referred to her as "talentless" and advised her to stick to comedy.[20] Weaver credited her friends such as Christopher Durang, who kept hiring her for his plays, as well as her time at the Yale Cabaret, as crucial in helping her pull through.[15] She graduated from Yale with a Master of Fine Arts in 1974.[17]

CareerEdit

 
Weaver with her father Pat Weaver at the 61st Academy Awards in 1989, where she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Gorillas in the Mist and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in Working Girl.

Weaver performed in the first production of the Stephen Sondheim musical The Frogs while at Yale, alongside Larry Blyden and fellow students Meryl Streep and Durang.[21] She was briefly an understudy in a John Gielgud production of Captain Brassbound's Conversion thereafter.[15] She also acted in original plays by Durang. She appeared in an off-Broadway production of Durang's comedy Beyond Therapy in 1981, which was directed by then-fledgling director Jerry Zaks.[15][22] Before her on-screen breakthrough, she had appeared only in commercials, a few television roles (including an appearance in the soap opera Somerset), and had a small part in the 1977 Woody Allen comedy Annie Hall.[23][24][25] Her originally more substantial Annie Hall role was scaled back due to her commitment to the Durang play Titanic.[26]

"One of the real pleasures of Alien is to watch the emergence of both Ellen Ripley as a character and Sigourney Weaver as a star."

— Ty Burr of The Boston Globe

Weaver appeared two years later as Warrant Officer / Lieutenant Ripley in Ridley Scott's blockbuster film Alien (1979), in a role initially designated to co-star British-born actress Veronica Cartwright until a late change in casting. Cartwright stated to World Entertainment News Network (WENN) that she was in England ready to start work on Alien when she discovered that she would be playing the navigator Lambert in the project, and Weaver had been given the lead role of Ellen Ripley.[27] Weaver reprised the role in the immediate sequel to Alien, similarly titled Aliens. Directed by James Cameron, critic Roger Ebert wrote, "Weaver, who is onscreen almost all the time, comes through with a very strong, sympathetic performance: She's the thread that holds everything together."[28] For Aliens, she won the Saturn Award for Best Actress and earned nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress.

She next appeared opposite Mel Gibson in The Year of Living Dangerously released to critical acclaim and as Dana Barrett in Ghostbusters and Ghostbusters II.[23] In 1988, Weaver starred as primatologist Dian Fossey in Gorillas in the Mist. The same year, she appeared opposite Harrison Ford in a supporting role as Katharine Parker in the film Working Girl. Weaver won Golden Globe Awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress for her two roles that year. Weaver received two Academy Award nominations in 1988, for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Working Girl and Best Actress for Gorillas in the Mist.[29]

Weaver returned to the big screen with Alien 3 (1992) and Ridley Scott's 1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992) in which she played the role of Queen Isabella. In the early 1990s, Weaver appeared in several films including Dave opposite Kevin Kline and Frank Langella. In 1994, she starred in Roman Polanski's drama Death and the Maiden as Paulina Escobar.[30] She played the role of agoraphobic criminal psychologist Helen Hudson in the movie Copycat (1995).[31] Weaver also concentrated on smaller and supporting roles such as Jeffrey (1994) with Nathan Lane and Patrick Stewart.[32] In 1997, she appeared in Ang Lee's The Ice Storm.[33] Her role in The Ice Storm as Janey Carver, earned her another Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actress (1997), and won her a BAFTA Award for Actress in a Supporting Role.[34][35] In 1999, she co-starred in the science fiction comedy Galaxy Quest[36] and the drama A Map of the World, earning her another Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress, for the latter film.[34]

In 2001, Weaver appeared in the comedy Heartbreakers playing the lead role of a con-artist alongside Jennifer Love Hewitt, Ray Liotta, Gene Hackman and Anne Bancroft. She appeared in several films throughout the decade including Holes (2003), the M. Night Shyamalan horror film The Village (2004), Vantage Point (2008), and Baby Mama (2008). In 2007, Weaver returned to Rwanda for the BBC special Gorillas Revisited, in which Weaver reunites with the Rwandan apes from the film Gorillas in the Mist, some 20 years later.[37] She has done voice work in various television series and in animated feature films. In February 2002, she featured as a guest role in the Futurama episode "Love and Rocket", playing the female Planet Express Ship.[38]

In 2006, she was the narrator for the American version of the BBC Emmy Award-winning nature documentary series Planet Earth; the original British series version was narrated by David Attenborough.[39] In 2008, Weaver was featured as the voice of the ship's computer in the Pixar and Disney release, WALL•E.[40][41] In 2008, she voiced a narrating role in the computer-animated film, The Tale of Despereaux (2008), based on the novel by Kate DiCamillo. The film opens with Weaver as narrator recounting the story of the pastel-hued Kingdom of Dor.[42] She also made a rare guest appearance on television playing herself in season 2 episode of the television series Eli Stone in the fall of 2008.[43]

 
Weaver at the 2017 San Diego Comic-Con

In 2009, Weaver starred as Mary Griffith in her first made-for-TV movie, Prayers for Bobby, for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award,[44] Golden Globe Award, and Screen Actors Guild Award. Weaver reunited with Aliens director James Cameron for his film Avatar (2009), with Weaver playing a major role as Dr. Grace Augustine, leader of the AVTR (avatar) program on the film's fictional moon Pandora.[45][46] In September 2011, it was confirmed that Weaver would be returning to Avatar: The Way of Water, with James Cameron stating that "no one ever dies in science fiction."[47]

Weaver has hosted two episodes of the long-running NBC sketch show Saturday Night Live: once on the 12th-season premiere in 1986, and again, on a season 35 episode in January 2010. In March 2010, she was cast for the lead role as Queen of the Vampires in Amy Heckerling's Vamps.[48] She was honored at the 2010 Scream Awards earning The Heroine Award which honored her work in science fiction, horror and fantasy films.[49] In 2014, Weaver reprised the role of Ripley for the first time in 17 years by voicing the character in the video game Alien: Isolation. Her character has a voice cameo in the main story, and has a central role in the two DLCs set during the events of Alien, with most of the original cast voicing their respective characters.[50][51]

Weaver appeared in the film Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014) playing Tuya, directed by Ridley Scott, alongside Christian Bale, Joel Edgerton and Ben Kingsley.[52] In 2015, she co-starred in Neill Blomkamp's science-fiction film Chappie, and stated that she would agree to appear in an Alien sequel, provided that Blomkamp directs.[53] On February 18, 2015, it was officially announced that an Alien sequel would be made, with Blomkamp slated to direct.[54] On February 25, 2015, Weaver confirmed that she would reprise her role as Ellen Ripley in the new Alien film.[55] In 2016, Weaver voiced herself in a cameo in the Pixar film Finding Dory.[56] On January 21, 2017, in response to a fan question on Twitter asking what the chances were of his Alien project actually happening, Blomkamp responded "slim".[57][58]

On June 7, 2019, Weaver confirmed that she would reprise her role as Dana Barrett in Ghostbusters: Afterlife, which was released on November 19, 2021.[59][60] On September 23, 2019, Variety reported that Weaver and Kevin Kline are set to reunite again (after Dave and The Ice Storm) for The Good House, a drama from Steven Spielberg's Amblin Partners and Universal Pictures.[61] In 2014, he revealed that she would be featured in all three sequels.[62] Principal photography for Avatar: The Way of Water and Avatar 3 started simultaneously on September 25, 2017; for Avatar 3, Weaver stated that she would portray a different, currently unknown character.[63][64]

Personal lifeEdit

Weaver has been married to stage director Jim Simpson since October 1, 1984.[65] They live in Manhattan[16] and have one daughter, Charlotte.[66]

Weaver is a friend of Jamie Lee Curtis, with whom she starred in the romantic comedy You Again (2010). In a 2015 interview together, Curtis admitted to Weaver that she never saw Alien in its entirety because she was too scared.[23] In 2017, Weaver made a cameo on the UK television series Doc Martin. She revealed that the reason behind her appearance was her 40-year friendship with Doc Martin star Selina Cadell.[67]

After making Gorillas in the Mist, Weaver became a supporter of the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund and is now its honorary chairwoman.[68] She was honored by the Explorers Club for this work, and is considered to be an environmentalist.[69] In October 2006, she drew international attention through a news conference at the start of a United Nations General Assembly policy deliberation. She outlined the widespread threat to ocean habitats posed by deep-sea trawling, an industrial method for catching fish.[70] On April 8, 2008, she hosted the annual gala of the Trickle Up Program, a non-profit organization focusing on those in extreme poverty, mainly women and disabled people, in the Rainbow Room.[71]

In 2009, Weaver signed a petition in support of Roman Polanski, calling for his release after he was arrested in Switzerland in relation to his 1977 charge for drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl; she had previously starred in his 1994 film Death and the Maiden.[72]

Works and accoladesEdit

Weaver has appeared in numerous works across her career; among these, her highest-acclaimed film roles include[73][74][75] Alien (1979), The Year of Living Dangerously (1982), Ghostbusters (1984), Aliens (1986), Gorillas in the Mist (1988), Working Girl (1988), The Ice Storm (1997), Dave (1993), Death and the Maiden (1994), Copycat (1995), Galaxy Quest (1999), Holes (2003), WALL-E (2008), Avatar (2009), The Cabin in the Woods (2011) and A Monster Calls (2016).

 
Weaver in December 2009

Weaver was nominated for the British Academy Film Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles and the Saturn Award for Best Actress for her performance in the first installment of the Alien franchise. For the second installment of Alien, similarly titled Aliens, Weaver won the Saturn Award for Best Actress, and earned nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress.

Weaver earned two Academy Award nominations for Gorillas in the Mist and Working Girl simultaneously, for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, respectively; these roles also won her two Golden Globe Awards. She was nominated for a Tony Award for her performance in the play Hurlyburly, which was her 1985 stage debut.

Weaver won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for appearing in The Ice Storm. She has been nominated for four Primetime Emmy Awards, three for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited or Anthology Series or Movie and one for Outstanding Narrator. Her role in Political Animals earned her a nomination for a Critics' Choice Award.

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit