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Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media

The Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media is a non-profit research organization that researches gender representation in media and advocates for equal representation of women. Madeline Di Nonno joined as CEO of the Institute in 2009. The Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media is currently headquartered at Mount St. Mary’s University, in Los Angeles, California.[1]

Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media
Formation2004; 15 years ago (2004)
FounderGeena Davis
TypeNon-profit
PurposeEqual representation of women in Hollywood films
Websiteseejane.org

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The founder, Hollywood actress Geena Davis, in a speech at the Millennium Development Goals Countdown event in the Ford Foundation Building in New York, addressing gender roles and issues in film (24 September 2013)

After watching children’s TV with her young daughter, Geena Davis noticed that the large majority of television shows lacked a large number of female characters. This inspired her to think critically about what American media showed to young children; and to eventually investigate the role of gender in media.[2] She realized the importance of the female representation in children’s shows, as these representations can impact how young girls see themselves. [3] Specifically, Davis wanted to focus on television shows, films, and other media outlets that are intended for children under 11, as these are formative years for one’s identity.[4] After conducting research on this type of entertainment, Davis found that three times more men than women appear in children’s television shows and films.The research also showed that characters in the workplace were 80.5% male and only 19.5% female.[5].[4] Davis studied "122 G, PG, and PG-13 films theatrically-released between 2006 and 2009.” [6] Generally, she found that “only 29.2% of all speaking characters are female,” and these women are more sexualized than the men.[6] As “children are engaging with media up to 7-10 hours/day,” the representation of women in children’s television shows and films has a major impact on how young girls believe they should act and how they view themselves.[4] Davis subsequently founded the eponymous Institute in 2004. At its core, the Geena Davis Institute believes that, too often, the media “sidelines, hypersexualizes, or simply omits” women, particularly in movies and television.[3]

Geena Davis was motivated to start her foundation because of her Academy Award Nominated role in Ridley Scott’s Thelma and Louise, the 1991 film that she had said changed her life. When the film was released to overwhelming acclaim it made her realize just how few opportunities there were to see empowered female characters on screen, and it inspired her to establish her institute.[7]

Davis said that throughout her career she consciously chose roles that would empower women and girls. She acknowledges that this was a luxury because she “hasn’t run out of money yet” and added that if she ever appeared as Sean Connery’s comatose wife, “about right, by Hollywood standards” - we should know she’s broke.

MissionEdit

Davis says the Institute targets the entertainment industry rather than the public.[8] It seeks to increase diversity in casting and advocates for equal representation of women in media. For example, Davis cited research by the Institute that 17% of people in crowd scenes are women. Using her connections in the industry, Davis takes these statistics to media executives to educate them about the poor representation of women in media.[9] Children's entertainment is a primary focus of the Institute.[10]

The Institute is the only research-based organization working within the media to exchange, educate, influence, and expound on the need for gender balance, and, it is a leading voice to create a wide variety of roles for females in the entertainment industry.  The Institute is against stereotyping of female characters, and it furthers calls for roles that empower women rather than denigrate them. [11]

Davis’ thoughts about the Gender GapEdit

Davis states, “The fact is women are seriously underrepresented in nearly all sectors of society across the globe, not just on screen, but, for the most part, we are simply not aware to this reality, and media images exert a powerful influence in perpetuating our unconscious bias” [11]

One of the reasons that impelled Davis to start her foundation was personal experience with Hollywood’s sexist treatment of older women. Davis says, “Film roles really did start to dry up when I got into my 40’s. If you look at IMDB, up until that age I made roughly one film a year. In my entire 40’s, I made one movie, Stuart Little.[12]

Research impactEdit

The Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media has garnered several notable accomplishments concerning their research. As an Institute, they have cultivated one of the largest repositories of research around the intersection of gender and media for the past 25 years.

The Institute has engaged in several large scale research projects concerning the current conditions for women in mass media. In addition, the Institute collaborates with several other non-profits and for-profit corporations in order to highlight their feelings on the need to reform the way that women are represented in popular culture. Contributors to the Institute include scientists, non-profit coordinators, business leaders, as well as those involved in producing and acting in media.[13]

In 2010, the Institute, along with the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Foundation, established a $5000 award for diversity in children's animation created by college students.[14]

Current partnershipsEdit

The Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media has teamed-up with several multi-national corporations to achieve their goal of informing media consumers about the current state of women in popular culture. Recently, the Institute has partnered with Ford and several YouTube stars to create a video series entitled #ShesGotDrive. The partnership between Ford and the Institute seeks to highlight several stories of women content creators overcoming significant challenges. Thus far, the campaign has featured Taryn Southern, Yulin Kang, and Clara C.[15] The purpose of this campaign is to highlight the power of women in media and inspire other women to follow their dreams. In addition, the campaign seeks “to fight unconscious gender bias in media.” [15] The Institute has also teamed up with the Girl Scouts of the United States of America (GSUSA) to create a program entitled Girls’ Fast Track Races. With this program, girls construct their own race cars. The program was created in order to foster learning of automobile engineering in young women.[16] Previously, in 2016, the Institute received a 1.2 million dollar grant from Google. Using this grant, the Institute developed the Geena Davis Inclusion Quotient (or GD-IQ). The GD-IQ is an algorithm that can quickly scan a feature-length film to detect gender differences in representation. The Institute believes that the GD-IQ will significantly improve the Institute’s research of on-screen gender disparities.[17]

In addition to its partnerships with several for-profit corporations, the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media has also partnered with a number of non-profit organizations in order to further the institute’s goal of generating equal representation for women in media. The institute has partnered with the United Nations; and founder Geena Davis is a chair on the California Commission on the Status of Women.[18]

Significant studiesEdit

The Institute has completed several large studies around the representation of gender in media. One larger study was conducted over gender roles in popular culture, including topics such as the disparity between speaking roles for men and women; and what type of roles men and women were shown as portraying on screen. The Institute conducted this research by analyzing several blockbuster films from 2008 and concluded that gender roles are stereotyped in popular culture. A second larger study was conducted over the impact that gender plays in both on screen media as well as behind the scenes of media production. The Geena Davis Institute investigated and discovered that in the film industry, only 8% of directors are women, coupled with 19% of producers and 13.6% of writers. Several other studies conducted by the institute concern additional issues regarding gender and media including gender disparity in media across several countries as well as the portrayal of gender in films specifically marketed to young girls and families.[19] Each year, the institute studies female representation in entertainment and publishes their findings [3] Through this study, the institute hopes that bringing the facts about media representation to the public’s attention will bring positive change for female representation in the media. In 2015, the institute studied the top 100 grossing films of 2014 and 2015 and found that, overall, women spoke less than men and received less screen time in films. [20] However, the study also found that “women had a particularly strong presence in the comedy and action genres,” and cites women like Tina Fey and Melissa McCarthy as a couple of the year’s leading ladies.[20] Yet even with female leads like Fey and McCarthy, out of the 100 films, only “11% featured a female lead.”[20] Even though films featuring a female lead made up less than a quarter of the top 100 grossing films, “films led by women grossed 15.8% more on average than films led by men.” [20]

In 2016, the organization found that there were increasingly more female leads in movies than ever before. [21]A separate study exemplifies the influence of female leads: after the release of films like The Hunger Games and Brave, both of which feature female archers as leads, the number of young girls participating in archery greatly increased.[22] According to Davis, “68% of the film companies they’ve worked with have changed two or more of their projects” to include more female representation. [23]

In partnership with the Lyda Hill Foundation, the institute released a 2018 study of the media representation of female characters in the science, technology, engineering and math career fields. The study showed that men depicted 62.3% of all STEM characters, while women accounted for 37.1%.[24] In a survey of girls and young women, the majority of participants acknowledged the impact of female STEM characters in the media.[25] Particularly influential characters were April Sexton (Chicago Med), Addison Montgomery (Private Practice) and Temperance Brennan (Bones). [26] In addition, the study revealed that female STEM mentors as well as personal connections to female STEM professionals and supportiveness contribute to more girls choosing a career in the field.[27]

Bentonville Film FestivalEdit

In addition to many of their research contributions, the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media also created the Bentonville Film Festival. Davis founded the Bentonville Film Festival with Trevor Drinkwater. Films that are in the Bentonville film festival are guaranteed distribution, a move that Davis says will fix the disproportionate number of women creators in Hollywood.[28] The yearly festival is held in Bentonville, Arkansas.Nearly 100 films are showcased at the growing festival.The festival also has concerts with various artists each year. In 2018 country singers Carly Pearce and Lauren Alaina performed as well as Jillian Jacqueline, Vintage Troube and Fifth Harmony's Ally Brooke[29]. [30]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About Us - See Jane". See Jane. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  2. ^ Saval, Malina (2015-10-06). "Geena Davis Makes Women the Center of Attention With Her Institute". Variety. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  3. ^ a b c "Geena Davis Is On a Mission for Gender Equality in the Media". Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "About Us - See Jane". Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  5. ^ Marechal, AJ. “Davis Institute Tracks Gender Gaps in Media.” Salem State University , 23 Sept. 2011
  6. ^ a b https://seejane.org/wp-content/uploads/full-study-gender-disparity-in-family-films-v2.pdf
  7. ^ Spring, Alexandra (2017-03-06). "How Geena Davis became a champion for women on screen". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  8. ^ "The aftermath of the Weinstein scandal". The Economist. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  9. ^ Hunt, Stacey Wilson (2016-05-04). "Geena Davis on Fighting for Female Representation in Hollywood and the Golden Age of Roles for Women". Vulture.com. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  10. ^ O'Conor, Lottie (2015-03-19). "Geena Davis: 'I just assumed sexism wasn't present in what we show kids'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  11. ^ a b "Geena Davis study press release". UN Women. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  12. ^ Atkinson, S. "Geena Davis Is Fighting For Women In Hollywood". Bustle. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  13. ^ "About Us - See Jane". See Jane. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  14. ^ Levine, Stuart (2010-10-14). "Geena Davis Institute, TV Acad unveil kid's award". Variety. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  15. ^ a b Lipsitz, Jordana. "Geena Davis Partners With Ford For #ShesGotDrive". Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Geena Davis Institute and Ford Teamed Up for This Inspiring Video Series Promoting Gender Equality". Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  17. ^ Ryzik, Melena (2016-09-14). "How Long Is an Actress Onscreen? A New Tool Finds the Answer Faster". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  18. ^ "Academy Award-winning actor and activist Geena Davis to speak at Fund for Women and Girls luncheon April 9 - Fairfield County's Community Foundation". Fairfield County's Community Foundation. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  19. ^ "Research Informs & Empowers - See Jane". See Jane. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  20. ^ a b c d "Geena Davis Inclusion Quotient - See Jane". Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Major Hollywood Execs Launch Campaign to End Gender Inequality". ScreenCrush. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  22. ^ https://seejane.org/wp-content/uploads/hitting-the-bullseye-reel-girl-archers-inspire-real-girl-archers-short.pdf
  23. ^ King, Michelle. "Geena Davis Is Creating Opportunities For Women In Hollywood By Tackling Gender Bias". Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  24. ^ ("Portray Her:". See Jane. Retrieved 2019-02-28.)
  25. ^ (Marotti, Ally. "Men outnumber women nearly 2-to-1 in STEM roles on TV and in movies. That may discourage girls from tech careers". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2019-02-28.)
  26. ^ (Hill, Catey. "12 badass characters that inspire girls to get into STEM". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2019-02-28.)
  27. ^ (Mullen, Caitlin. “https://www.bizjournals.com/bizwomen/news/latest-news/2018/10/too-few-women-in-on-screen-stem-roles.html?page=all”. bizjournals.com Retrieved 2019-02-28.)
  28. ^ Saval, Malina (2015-08-27). "Bentonville Film Festival to Offer More Diversity in 2016, Says Geena Davis". Variety. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  29. ^ https://5newsonline.com/2018/05/01/bentonville-film-festival-kicks-off-drawing-celebrities-to-northwest-arkansas/
  30. ^ "Bentonville Film Festival attracts stars, promotes diversity". Travel Arkansas Blog. 2017-03-22. Retrieved 2017-04-08.

External linksEdit