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Wikipedia is a free multilingual open-source wiki-based online encyclopedia edited and maintained by a community of volunteer editors, started on 15 January 2001 as an English-language encyclopedia. Other editions were soon created: the German and Catalan editions were created around 16 March, the French edition was created on 23 March, and the Swedish edition was created on 23 May. As of October 2022, Wikipedia articles have been created in 329 editions, with 318 currently active and 11 closed.
The Meta-Wiki language committee manages policies on creating new Wikimedia projects. To be eligible, a language must have a valid ISO 639 code, be "sufficiently unique", and have a "sufficient number of fluent users".
Wikipedia edition codesEdit
Each Wikipedia has a code, which is used as a subdomain below wikipedia.org. Interlanguage links are sorted by that code as a prefix. The codes represent the language codes defined by ISO 639-1 and ISO 639-3, and the decision of which language code to use is usually determined by the IETF language tag policy. Wikipedias also vary by how thinly they slice dialects and variants; for example, the English Wikipedia includes most modern varieties of English (American, British, Indian, South African, etc.), but does not include other related languages such as Scots or Old English/Anglo-Saxon, both of which have separate Wikipedias. The Spanish Wikipedia includes both Peninsular Castilian and Latin American Spanish; Malay Wikipedia includes a large number of Malay languages; and so on.
Additionally, some Wikipedias vary in orthography. Chinese Wikipedia automatically translates from modern Mandarin Chinese into five standard forms: Mainland China and Singapore in simplified Chinese characters, and Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau in traditional Chinese characters. Belarusian, however, has a separate Wikipedia for the Taraškievica variant in spelling.
Nonstandard language codesEdit
Differences between the ISO mappings and Wikipedia codes include:
|WP code||WP edition||ISO 639||Notes|
Alemannic Wikipedia covers several dialects:
|nds-nl||Dutch Low Saxon||multiple||In ISO, |
The various subdivisions of Dutch Low Saxon have separate ISO codes.
||ISO code |
Bihari Wikipedia excludes Maithili (
||ISO collective code |
|zh-min-nan||Southern Min / Min Nan||
||Same as the |
||ISO uses |
|cbk-zam||Zamboanga Chavacano||none||ISO |
The table below lists the language editions of Wikipedia roughly sorted by magnitude of the number of active users (registered users who have made at least one edit in the last thirty days). Script names are listed as their names ISO codes.
Notes for details tableEdit
- The "Total" column refers to the number of pages in all namespaces, including both articles (the official article count of each wiki) and non-articles (user pages, images, talk pages, "project" pages, categories, re-directs, and templates).
- "Users" refers to the number of user accounts, irrespective of dormant or active – not the amount of people or devices using (accessing) Wikipedia.
- "Active users" are registered users who have made at least one edit in the last thirty days.
- "Images" is the number of locally uploaded files. Note that some large Wikipedias don't use local images and rely on Commons completely, so the value 0 is not an error.
- The "Depth" column (Edits/Articles × Non-Articles/Articles × [1−Stub-ratio]) is a rough indicator of a Wikipedia's quality, showing how frequently its articles are updated. It does not refer to academic quality.
- When the Northern Luri Wikipedia was closed due to not actually being written in the Northern Luri language, all articles except the main page were deleted. This produces an abnormal depth since the deleted edits and remaining non-articles are still counted.
- Lsjbot, a bot run by Sverker Johansson, is responsible for much of the growth of the second and fourth-largest Wikipedias, the Cebuano and Swedish Wikipedia, respectively, as well as the rapid growth of the Waray Wikipedia.
- The statistics are derived from API:Siteinfo and updated at Commons:Data:Wikipedia statistics/data.tab every six hours and displayed with
- Notes cannot be added directly into table header - please see "Notes" section just above
|Articles||Total pages||Edits||Images||Admins||Users||Active users|
Number of Wikipedias by language families and groupsEdit
- Indo-European languages — 131
- Turkic languages — 18
- Mongolic languages — 3
- Puyŏ languages — 2
- Uralic languages — 15
- Dravidian languages — 5
- Ibero-Caucasian languages — 10
- Sino-Tibetan languages — 12
- Afroasiatic languages — 13
- Austronesian languages — 35
- Austroasiatic languages — 4
- Kra–Dai languages — 4
- Indigenous languages of the Americas — 12
- Niger–Congo languages — 29
- Nilo-Saharan languages — 1
- Language isolate — 1
- Pidgins and creole languages — 10
- Constructed languages — 9
- Wales, Jimmy (16 March 2001). "Alternative language wikipedias". Wikipedia-L (Mailing list). Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- Noisette, Thierry (24 September 2010). "Wikipédia en français dépasse le million d'articles" [French Wikipedia exceeds one million articles]. ZDNet France (in French). Red Ventures. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie collaborative libre, fêtera ses dix ans en janvier 2011, et a débuté le 23 mars 2001 en version française, mais dès ce jeudi 23 septembre, à neuf ans et demi exactement, la Wikipédia francophone a enregistré officiellement le cap du million d'articles.
- "History of HomePage". Swedish Wikipedia. Archived from the original on 8 October 2001. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- "Data:Wikipedia statistics/meta.tab - Wikimedia Commons". Wikimedia Commons. Archived from the original on 14 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
- "Language proposal policy, revision 21811318". meta.wikimedia.org. Archived from the original on 22 December 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
- List of Wikipedias. Meta-Wiki. Archived from the original on 20 December 2020. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
- "Wikipedia Statistics - Bot article creations only". Wikimedia Stats. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
- "ISO 639-3 Macrolanguage Mappings". SIL International. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
- "ISO 639 code tables". SIL International. Archived from the original on 8 July 2006. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "Browse by Language Family". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "Proposals for closing projects/Closure of Northern Luri Wikipedia". Wikimedia Meta-Wiki. Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.