The Ukrainian Wikipedia (Ukrainian: Українська Вікіпедія, romanizedUkrainska Vikipediia) is the Ukrainian language edition of the free online encyclopedia, Wikipedia. The first article was written on January 30, 2004. As of April 2024, the Ukrainian Wikipedia has 1,320,548 articles and is the 14th largest Wikipedia edition.[1]

Favicon of Wikipedia Ukrainian Wikipedia
Logo of the Ukrainian Wikipedia
The logo of Ukrainian Wikipedia, a globe featuring glyphs from several writing systems. Due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the logo is covered with the colors of the flag of Ukraine.
Screenshot
Main Page of the Ukrainian Wikipedia in December 2020
Type of site
Internet encyclopedia project
Available inUkrainian
HeadquartersMiami, Florida
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
URLuk.wikipedia.org
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
Users745571
LaunchedJanuary 30, 2004; 20 years ago (2004-01-30)

As of November 2022, it is the second most visited language Wikipedia in Ukraine, with 90 million page views,[2] behind the Russian Wikipedia, at 100 million page views.[3] There is a long-term trend for the Ukrainian language edition to be increasingly favored in comparison to the historically dominant Russian language edition.[4][5]

Quality of articles and popularity edit

In the Ukrainian Wikipedia, one area of knowledge has been covered to an extent greater than all other Wikipedias—the subject of mining, due to the considerable contribution by one person, Volodymyr Biletsky, a professor at Donetsk National Technical University. Using the Mining Encyclopedia, Biletsky has contributed over 10,000 articles on the subject to Ukrainian Wikipedia.[6] In 2013, the Institute of History of Ukraine at the National Academy of Science gave permission to the Ukrainian Wikipedia to use the digital version of the Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine that was published online. The Higher School Academy of Science and Forest Engineering also allowed Wikipedia to freely use their information resources.[7]

Generally, before the 2014 Maidan Revolution, Ukrainian Wikipedia hold approximately the 10 to 20 percent of the pageviews from Ukraine, depending on the season and steadily growing, reaching for first time a share of above 20% in late 2013. The success of Euromaidan and the subsequent improvement in Ukrainian language's status have positively impacted the reach of Ukrainian Wikipedia.[8]

One of the areas where activity is notable is in Wiki Loves Monuments project, an annual international photo contest focused on cultural and historical monuments. Ukrainian Wikipedians were ranked 4th among 36 participating countries for the number of uploads of images as part of this project in 2012.[7][9] In 2014, Ukrainian Wikipedians were the winners of the contest that year.

As of May 2023, the Ukrainian Wikipedia is the second most popular Wikipedia in Ukraine, slightly below Russian, despite that both language versions have more than a million articles.[2] This is attributed to the historic bilingualism in Ukraine, the Russification of Ukraine and the Ukrainian language during the Tsarist and Soviet era, and the popularity of Russian-language content in present-day Ukraine. However, the popularity of Ukrainian Wikipedia in Ukraine is increasing every year, compared to the Russian version.

In January 2016, the ratio of Russian to Ukrainian Wikipedia use was 4.6 times, decreasing to 2.6 times in January 2019, 2.4 times in January 2020, and 2 times in January 2021. Extrapolation shows that in 2025, in Ukraine, the popularity of the Ukrainian Wikipedia will be higher than the popularity of the Russian Wikipedia.[10]

Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the difference between the two languages has further decreased, and in October 2022 it was just ten million pageviews (100 million pageviews for Russian in Ukraine and 90 million pageviews for Ukrainian), the lowest ever recorded.[11] Due to the fact that many students consult Ukrainian Wikipedia for information about the literature works, the writers and other parts of the school curriculum, the pageviews of Ukrainian Wikipedia are generally halving during the summer. This trend is observed in many other Wikipedias of the former Soviet space, including Kazakh and Uzbek ones. The impact of this trend tends however to decrease as of 2023.[12] In July 2023 Ukrainian had 61 million pageviews and Russian 87 million pageviews in Ukraine[13] which is lesser than half of the difference 72 million pageviews (112 to 40) in July 2021.

Articles edit

Some articles of the Ukrainian Wikipedia have been taken from various sources, such as the Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Studies[14] (about 6500), the Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia, the Handbook of the History of Ukraine (edited by Podkova and Shust), the Encyclopedia of Mining of Volodymyr Biletskyy and from official sources of information of state institutions.

History of the Ukrainian language edit

A significant number of articles in Ukrainian Wikipedia relate to the history of the development of the Ukrainian language. A study in August 2012 counted over 8,000 articles mentioning the term "Ukrainian language" and over 1,400 articles with the term "history of Ukrainian language" and concluded that collectively represented a good coverage of its history and concepts. Articles about the history of Ukrainian language included articles about early publications like bibles printed in Ukrainian, grammar books, changes in phonetics through time, Ukrainian calligraphy, history of Ukrainian language within the context of the Soviet Union, linguicide and the banning of Ukrainian language by the Russian Government.[15]

History and science edit

At the end of 2012, the Ukrainian Wikipedia contained over 1,500 articles relating to Ukrainian history.[16] As of June 2012, the Ukrainian Wikipedia contained 52 specific articles about Ukrainian astronomers and astronomo-geodesists, which have now been collated into a published book.[17]

Community edit

In average, approximately 20 thousand users[18] make at least one edit in Ukrainian Wikipedia, and the most months have at least 3 thousand active users each.

Despite that the population of Ukraine is decreasing, Ukrainian Wikipedia has recorded an ever-increasing amount of active contributors throughout the 2010s and the early 2020s.[19]

Wikimedia Ukraine is the chapter of Wikimedia foundation in Ukraine. It is charged with promoting Wikipedia in Ukraine. Apart from online editathons, Wikimedia Ukraine also hosts Wikimarathon,[20] an article creation contest that includes article creation workshops which take place in various cities of Ukraine with the coordination of various Ukrainian Wikipedians. Wikimarathon takes place in late January, honouring the creation of Ukrainian Wikipedia on January 30, 2004. Wikimarathon workshops, as well the contest itself, have received significant coverage from Ukrainian media.[21][22]

The most contributors of Ukrainian Wikipedia are from Ukraine. Many of them are from Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. Other Ukrainian oblasts which constitute the homeland of many Ukrainian Wikipedians are Lviv and Donetsk oblasts.[23]

Blackout edit

On January 21, 2014, the Ukrainian Wikipedia community decided to block access to the portal[clarification needed] every day between 4:00 and 4:30 PM in protest of "dictatorship laws" in Ukraine, that restrict the freedom of speech and pose a threat to the portal.[24][25]

Statistics edit

Ukrainian Wikipedia (update)
Articles 1320548
Files 114298
Edits 42284924
Users 745571
Active users[a] 3459
Admins 50
 
Page views statistics (mln) of the Ukrainian Wikipedia (2016-2023)
 
Monthly page views statistics (mln) of the Ukrainian Wikipedia (2016-2023)

On October 1, 2005, Ukrainian Wikipedia reached the 20,000-article mark. The milestone of 250,000 articles was officially reached on 21 December 2010, and 860,000 people had viewed 30 million articles in that month alone.[26]

By 2012, with over 400,000 articles and 100 million words, the Ukrainian Wikipedia by far had content larger than the largest printed encyclopedia at that time — the Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia.[6]

On March 23, 2020, the Ukrainian Wikipedia reached 1,000,000 articles, when user Oleh Kushch published an article about American folk singer Odetta.[27]

As of March 2022, the Ukrainian Wikipedia has nearly 3.6 million visitors every day.[28][29] The Ukrainian Wikipedia at that time was on the 16th place in the ranking of the world's Wikipedias.[27]

Milestones edit

 
Growth in the number of Ukrainian Wikipedia articles
  • January 30, 2004 — 1st article
  • April 4, 2004 — 1,000 articles
  • June 18, 2004 — 5,000 articles
  • December 16, 2004 — 10,000 articles
  • October 1, 2005 — 20,000 articles
  • October 15, 2006 — 30,000 articles
  • November 12, 2006 — 40,000 articles
  • January 16, 2007 — 50,000 articles
  • May 17, 2007 — 60,000 articles
  • September 9, 2007 — 70,000 articles
  • December 13, 2007 — 80,000 articles
  • January 24, 2008 — 90,000 articles
  • March 28, 2008 — 100,000 articles
  • July 13, 2008 — 120,000 articles
  • May 30, 2009 — 150,000 articles
  • April 7, 2010 — 200,000 articles
  • December 20, 2010 — 250,000 articles[26]
  • July 7, 2011 — 300,000 articles
  • December 28, 2011 - 350 000 articles
  • September 20, 2012 — 400,000 articles
  • May 12, 2014 — 500,000 articles
  • November 13, 2015 — 600,000 articles
  • June 4, 2017 — 700,000 articles[30]
  • July 10, 2018 — 800,000 articles
  • April 19, 2019 — 900,000 articles
  • March 23, 2020 — 1,000,000 articles
  • July 5, 2021 — 1,100,000 articles
  • October 10, 2022 — 1,200,000 articles
  • December 9, 2023 — 1,300,000 articles

Gallery edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Registered users who have performed an action in the last 30 days; the number of unregistered active users is not compiled

References edit

  1. ^ List of Wikipedias
  2. ^ a b "Wikistats - Statistics For Wikimedia Projects". stats.wikimedia.org. p. Monthly overview for Wikipedia - Ukrainian. Retrieved November 24, 2022.
  3. ^ "Wikistats - Statistics For Wikimedia Projects". stats.wikimedia.org. p. Monthly overview for Wikipedia - Russian. Retrieved November 24, 2022.
  4. ^ Вовк, Іван [Ivan Vovk] (November 8, 2022). "Российская "Википедия" стремительно теряет популярность в Украине" [Russian Wikipedia rapidly loses popularity in Ukraine]. Запоізьки Вісті (in Ukrainian). Retrieved November 24, 2022.
  5. ^ Пероганич, Юрій [Yuriy Perohanych] (February 3, 2021). "Українська Вікіпедія пережене за популярністю російську в 2025" [Ukrainian Wikipedia will surpass Russian in popularity in 2025]. Вікі: медіа і технології [Wiki: media and technology] (in Ukrainian).
  6. ^ a b Бондаренко, А. І. [Bondarernko, A. I.] (November 15–16, 2012). "Вікіпедія як освітній ресурс: досягнення і перспективи" [Wikipedia as an educational resource: achievements and prospects]. In Божкова, В. В. (ed.). Електронні засоби та дистанційні технології для навчання протягом життя : тези доповідей [Electronic tools and distance technologies for lifelong learning: abstracts]. VIII Міжнародної науково-методичної конференції (in Ukrainian). Sumy, Ukraine: Сумський державний університет [Sumy National University]. pp. 25–28. Retrieved September 22, 2013.{{cite conference}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ a b Lykhohliad, Kateryna (February 5, 2013). "Ukrainian Wikipedia turns nine". The Day newspaper. Kyiv. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  8. ^ NikosLikomitros (2023-02-24). "Ukrainian Wikipedia: A review of the pageviews of a thriving project". Diff. Retrieved 2023-02-25.
  9. ^ "Wiki Loves Monuments". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  10. ^ Пероганич, Юрій [Yuriy Perohanych] (February 3, 2021). "Українська Вікіпедія пережене за популярністю російську в 2025" [Ukrainian Wikipedia will surpass Russian in popularity in 2025]. Вікі: медіа і технології [Wiki: media and technology] (in Ukrainian).
  11. ^ Пероганич, Юрій (2022-11-05). "В Україні зростає популярність української Вікіпедії і падає популярність російської". Вікі: медіа і технології (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-11-06.
  12. ^ Nikos Likomitros (2023-02-24). "Ukrainian Wikipedia: A review of the pageviews of a thriving project". Diff. Retrieved 2023-02-25.
  13. ^ "Wikistats - Statistics For Wikimedia Projects". stats.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2023-08-05.
  14. ^ Страницы, ссылающиеся на шаблон «Енциклопедія українознавства» в украинской Википедии
  15. ^ Чирков, Олег [Oleh Chyrkov] (2012). "Історія української мови у вільній енциклопедії — Вікіпедії українською, російською, білоруською мовами" [History of Ukrainian language in the free encyclopedia Wikipedia in Ukrainian, Russian and Belarusian languages] (PDF). Українознавство [Ukrainian Studies] (in Ukrainian). 3: 91–95. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2013.
  16. ^ Чирков, Олег [Oleh Chyrkov] (2012). "Історія України XV–XVII століть в вільній енциклопедії — Вікіпедії українською мовою" [History of Ukraine 15th-17th Centuries in the Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia in Ukrainian] (PDF). Українознавство [Ukrainian Studies] (in Ukrainian). 4: 48–54. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2013.
  17. ^ Litnarovych, Ruslan Mykolaiovych (2012). Українські астрономи. За матеріалами Вікіпедії станом на 10.06.2012 р. [Ukrainian astronomers. Using material from Wikipedia as of 10.06.2012] (in Ukrainian). Rivne, Ukraine: За матеріалами української Вікіпедії [According to the Ukrainian Wikipedia].
  18. ^ "User statistics - Wikiscan". uk.wikiscan.org. Retrieved 2022-11-06.
  19. ^ "Wikistats - Statistics For Wikimedia Projects". stats.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2022-11-06.
  20. ^ "Вікіпедія:Вікімарафон", Вікіпедія (in Ukrainian), 2022-04-27, retrieved 2022-11-06
  21. ^ "Вікімарафон до 18 дня народження української Вікіпедії розпочнеться 27 січня". Новини Полтавщини (in Ukrainian). 2022-01-26. Retrieved 2022-11-06.
  22. ^ Кореспондент (2020-01-30). "У Харкові відбудеться Вікімарафон до дня народження української Вікіпедії". Сайт "Обрії Ізюмщини" - новости в городе Изюм, Изюмская газета (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-11-06.
  23. ^ "Вікіпедія:Атлас вікіпедистів", Вікіпедія (in Ukrainian), 2022-10-06, retrieved 2022-11-06
  24. ^ Yeroshko, Iryna (January 21, 2014). "Ukrainian Wikipedia protests law curbing free speech". Kyiv Post. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  25. ^ "Вести.Ru: Wikipedia присоединилась к украинской оппозиции" [Vesti.Ru: Wikipedia has joined the Ukrainian opposition] (in Russian). January 21, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  26. ^ a b Pantages, Moka (December 23, 2010). "Ukrainian Wikipedia Reaches 250,000 Article Milestone". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  27. ^ a b "Вечірній Київ :: Перший мільйон: українська Вікіпедія побила рекорд". kyiv.areas.news (in Ukrainian). 23 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  28. ^ List of Wikipedias
  29. ^ "Page Views for Wikipedia, Both sites, Normalized". stats.wikimedia.org.
  30. ^ H_Anna (June 6, 2017). "Українська Вікіпедія сягнула 700 000 статей" [Ukrainian Wikipedia has reached 700,000 articles] (in Ukrainian).

External links edit