Southern Altai language

Southern Altai (also known as Oirot, Oyrot, Altai and Altai proper) is a Turkic language spoken in the Altai Republic, a federal subject of Russia located in Southern Siberia on the border with Mongolia and China. The language has some mutual intelligibility with the Northern Altai language. And the two were traditionally considered to be a single language, but according to modern classifications—at least since the middle of the 20th century—they are considered to be two separate languages.[3] The written Altai is based on Southern Altai. According to some reports, however, it is rejected by Northern Altai children. Dialects include Altai Proper and Talangit.[4]

Southern Altai
Oirot, Oyrot (before 1948)
тÿштÿк алтай тил
Native toRussia
RegionAltai Republic
Native speakers
55,720 (2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-2alt
ISO 639-3alt

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Информационные материалы об окончательных итогах Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года". Russian Federal State Statistics Service. 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southern Altai". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Nikolay Baskakov (1958). The Altai language. Moscow: Nauka.
  4. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.