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Common Turkic or Shaz Turkic is a taxon in some classifications of the Turkic languages that includes all of them except the Oghur languages. Lars Johanson's proposal contains the following subgroups:[1]

Common Turkic
Central Asia, Siberia, Turkey and Azerbaijan
Linguistic classificationTurkic
  • Common Turkic

In that classification scheme, Common Turkic is opposed to Oghur Turkic (Lir-Turkic). The Common Turkic languages are characterized by sound correspondences such as Common Turkic š versus Oghuric l and Common Turkic z versus Oghuric r.

In other classification schemes (such as those of Alexander Samoylovich and Nikolay Baskakov), the breakdown is different.


  1. ^ Lars Johanson (1998) The History of Turkic. In Lars Johanson & Éva Ágnes Csató (eds) The Turkic Languages. London, New York: Routledge, 81–125. [1]