Karluk languages

The Karluk languages (also known as the Qarluq or Southeastern Common Turkic languages) are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family that developed from the varieties once spoken by Karluks.[1]

Qarluq, Southeastern Turkic
Central Asia
Linguistic classificationTurkic
Early forms
  • Western Turkic
  • Eastern Turkic
uygh1240  (Eastern Karluk (Uyghur))
uzbe1247  (Western Karluk (Uzbek))
Karluk Turkic Languages distribution map.png
  Uzbek     Uyghur     Äynu     Ili

Many Middle Turkic works were written in these languages. The language of the Kara-Khanid Khanate was known as Turki, Ferghani, Kashgari or Khaqani. The language of the Chagatai Khanate was the Chagatai language.

Karluk Turkic was spoken in the Kara-Khanid Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Yarkent Khanate and the Uzbek-speaking Khanate of Bukhara, Emirate of Bukhara, Khanate of Khiva and Khanate of Kokand.



Proto-Turkic Common Turkic Karluk Western

Number of native speakersEdit

The Turkic languages are a language family of at least 35 [2] documented languages, spoken by the Turkic peoples. The number of speakers derived from statistics or estimates (2019) and were rounded:[3][4]

Number Name Status Native speakers Country
1 Uzbek Normal 27,000,000   Uzbekistan
2 Uyghur Normal 11,000,000   China
3 Äynu Critically endangered 6,000   China
4 Ili Turki Severely endangered 100   China
Total Karluk languages Normal 38,000,000


  1. ^ Austin, Peter (2008). One Thousand Languages: Living, Endangered, and Lost. University of California Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-520-25560-9.
  2. ^ Dybo A.V., Chronology of Türkic languages and linguistic contacts of early Türks, Moscow, 2007, p. 766, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-03-11. Retrieved 2005-03-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (In Russian)
  3. ^ https://www.ethnologue.com/
  4. ^ https://glottolog.org/