Karluk languages

The Karluk or Qarluq languages are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family that developed from the varieties once spoken by Karluks.[1]

Karluk
Qarluq, Southeastern Turkic
Geographic
distribution
Central Asia
Linguistic classificationTurkic
Early forms
Subdivisions
  • Western Turkic
  • Eastern Turkic
GlottologNone
uygh1240  (Eastern Karluk (Uyghur))
uzbe1247  (Western Karluk (Uzbek))
Karluk Turkic Languages distribution map.png
  Uzbek     Uyghur     Äynu     Ili

Many Middle Turkic works were written in these languages. The language of the Kara-Khanid Khanate was known as Turki, Ferghani, Kashgari or Khaqani. The language of the Chagatai Khanate was the Chagatai language.

Karluk Turkic was spoken in the Kara-Khanid Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Yarkent Khanate and the Uzbek-speaking Khanate of Bukhara, Emirate of Bukhara, Khanate of Khiva and Khanate of Kokand.

ClassificationEdit

LanguagesEdit

Proto-Turkic Common Turkic Karluk Western
Eastern

Number of native speakersEdit

The number of speakers derived from statistics or estimates (2019) and were rounded:[3][full citation needed][4][full citation needed]

Number Name Status Native speakers Country
1 Uzbek Normal 30,000,000

3,400,000

3,000,000

  Uzbekistan

  Afghanistan

Central Asia

2 Uyghur Normal 25,000,000   China
3 Äynu Critically endangered 6,000   China
4 Ili Turki Severely endangered 100   China
Total Karluk languages Normal 62,400,000

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Austin, Peter (2008). One Thousand Languages: Living, Endangered, and Lost. University of California Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-520-25560-9.
  2. ^ Uzbek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required) Northern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required) Southern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  3. ^ https://www.ethnologue.com/[bare URL]
  4. ^ https://glottolog.org/