Dagaare language

Dagaare is the maternal language of the Dagaaba people in Ghana and Burkina Faso. It has been described as a dialect continuum that also includes Waale and Birifor.

Dagaare
Native toGhana, Burkina Faso
EthnicityDagaaba people
Native speakers
1.1 million (2001–2003)[1]
Niger–Congo
Latin (Dagaare alphabet)
Dagaare Braille
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
dga – Southern Dagaare
dgd – Dagaari Dioula
dgi – Northern Dagara
Glottologsout2789  Central Dagaare[2]
daga1272  Dagaari Dioula[3]
nort2780  Northern Dagara[4]
Languages of Burkina Faso.png
Majority areas of Northern Dagara speakers, in red, on a map of Burkina Faso.

Ethnologue divides Dagaare into three languages:

  • Southern/Central Dagaare language, which is spoken mainly in Ghana
  • Northern Dagara language, which is spoken mainly in Burkina Faso
  • Dagaari Dioula, which is spoken mainly in Burkina Faso, and has significant influence from the genetically unrelated Dioula language

PhonologyEdit

The consonant and vowel sounds in the Dagaare languages:

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i u
ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-
dental
Alveolar Post-
Alveolar
Palatal Labio-
velar
Velar Glottal
Stop voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Affricate voiceless t͡ɕ k͡p
voiced d͡ʑ ɡ͡b
Fricative voiceless f s h
voiced v z
implosive ʼh
Nasal plain m n ɲ ŋ͡m ŋ
implosive ʼm
Lateral plain l
implosive ʼl
Approximant j w

Allophones of /d, ɡ/ include [r, ɣ].[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Southern Dagaare at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Dagaari Dioula at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Northern Dagara at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Dagaare". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Dagaari Dioula". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Northern Dagara". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Bodomo, Adams (1997). The Structure of Dagaare. Stanford University.

External linksEdit