The language Interlingue
, known as Occidental
until 1949, is a planned international auxiliary language
created by Edgar de Wahl
, a Balto-German naval officer and teacher from Tallinn
, and published in 1922. The vocabulary is based on already existing words from various languages and a system of derivation using recognized prefixes and suffixes. The language is thereby naturalistic, at the same time as it is constructed to be regular. Occidental was quite popular in the years up to, during, and shortly after the Second World War
, but declined thereafter.
Occidental is devised so that many of its derived word forms reflect the forms common to a number of Western European
languages, primarily those in the Romance
family, along with a certain amount of Germanic vocabulary. Many words were formed through application of de Wahl's rule
, a set of rules for regular conversion of verb infinitives into derived words including from double-stem verbs of Latin origin (e.g. vider
to see and its derivative vision
). The result is a language easy to understand at first sight for individuals acquainted with several Western European languages. This readability and simplified grammar along with the regular appearance of the magazine Cosmoglotta made Occidental popular in Europe during the 15 years before World War II
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