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Fantse (Mfantse, Fante, Fanti) is one of the three formal Akan languages

Fantse
Fantse
Native toGhana
EthnicityFante people
Native speakers
1.9 million (2004)[1]
Official status
Regulated byAkan Orthography Committee
Language codes
ISO 639-2fat
ISO 639-3fat
Glottologfant1241[2]

It is the most popular language in the Central and Western Regions of Ghana as well as in settlements in other regions from mid to southern Ghana. One such community is Fante New Town in Kumasi, in the Ashanti Region of Ghana.

Fantse is the common language of communication among the several kingdoms of the Fantse people, though each has its own (sub)dialect: Agona, Anomabo, Abura, Gomua, Oguaa. Many Fantses are bilingual and most can speak Twi. Notable speakers include Dr. Kwame Nkrumah (Who was the first president in Ghana)John Atta Mills, Maya Angelou (who learnt the language during her stay in Ghana), Peter Cardinal Appiah Turkson, Jane Naana Opoku Agyemang and former United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan.

There are different dialects used by Fante speakers in the Western and Central Regions, but they can be understood among the various speakers. The people of Agona Swedru, Cape Coast, Saltpond, Enyan, Gomoa, Elmina, Shama, Abuesi, and Sekondi-Takoradi, all have their unique Fante dialects. However, a Standardised Fante is taught in all basic schools in the above-mentioned communities.

One striking characteristic of Fantse is the level of influence from the English language. This is exemplified by the constant mixing of the two languages even among uneducated people. Example, in the phrase "Ofi mber tu mber", literally meaning "from time to time", the word "tu" is used in the same way an English speaker would use the word "to." Spoken Fantse has several anglicised nouns due to British colonial influence. So essentially, local words are given European accents. For example Kofi can be pronounced Kwofie; Essuon is sometimes pronounced Eshun; Atta is Arthur. These errors which many blame European Christian missionaries and schools for intentionally creating to cut the indigenes from their roots, are still been upheld today.

Kobina Sekyi's drama The Blinkards (produced in 1915) satirised the acceptance by a colonised society of the attitudes of the colonisers..[citation needed]

Similar to the Twi alphabet with vowels such as ɛ and ɔ, Mfantse has double consonant "dz" that produces the sound "z" which is absent in Twi.

NumbersEdit

Number Nkanee
1 Kor
2 Ebien
3 Ebaasa
4 Anan
5 Enum
6 Esia
7 Esuon
8 Awɔtwe
9 Akrɔn
10 Du
11 Dubiako
12 Duebien
13 Duebaasa
14 Duanan
15 Duenum
16 Duesia
17 Duesuon
18 Duawɔtwe
19 Duakrɔn
20 Eduonu
30 Eduasa
40 Eduanan
50 Eduonum
60 Eduosia
70 Eduosuon
80 Eduowɔtwe
90 Eduokrɔn
100 Ɔha
200 Ahaebien
300 Ahaebaasa
400 Ahaanan
500 Ahaenum
600 Ahaesia
700 Ahaesuon
800 Ahaawɔtwe
900 Ahaakrɔn
1000 Apem
2000 Mpemebien
10000 Mpemdu
1000000 Ɔpepem

Naming systemEdit

Fantis use a system of giving the first name to a child, based on the day of the week that the child was born.

The Fantse birthday-naming system is as follows:

Day Male Name Female Name
Dwowda (Monday) Kodwo, Kojo, Joojo(Jojo) Adwoa(Adwowa), Ewuradwoa
Benada (Tuesday) Kobina, Kobby Abena, Araba, Ewurabena
Wukuda (Wednesday) Kweku, Kuuku Ekua, Kuukua, Ewurakua
Yawda (Thursday) Yaw, Ekow, Kow Aba, Baaba
Fida (Friday) Kofi, Fiifi Efua, Effie, Ewurafua
Memenda (Saturday) Kwame, Kwamena, Ato Ama, Ewurama
Kwesida (Sunday) Kwesi, Siisi Esi, Ewuresi(Ewuraesi)

Children may also be named according to the sequence in which they are born. The names given are as follows:

Position Consecutive Males Consecutive Females
First Piesi Piesi
Second Manu Abena, Araba, Ewurabena
Third Mensa, Ansa Mansa, Naana
Fourth Maanan Maanan
Fifth Enum -
Sixth Esia -
Seventh Esuon -
Eighth Awotwe -
Tenth Badu Baduwa

Twins may also be named according to the sequence in which they are born. The names given are as follows:

First Twin Second Twin Example First Twin Example Second Twin
<Given Day Name> Payin <Given Day Name> Kaakra Ekua Payin Kweku Kaakra

The next child born immediately after the birth of the twins may be given a name, such as:

Example Male Example Female
Kojo Tewia or Kojo Tewiah Ekua Tewia or Ekua Tewiah

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Akan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Fante". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

External linksEdit