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List of wars involving the United States

This is a list of wars involving the United States of America.[1]

18th-century warsEdit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
American Revolutionary War
(1775–1783)

Location: Eastern North America, Gibraltar, India, Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic
 
The Battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776
  United States
  France

  Spain

  Iroquois

Watauga Association
Catawba
  Lenape
  Choctaw


  Dutch Republic


  Mysore

  Great Britain
  Loyalists
  German Auxiliaries

  Iroquois

  Cherokee

US-allied victory
Cherokee–American wars
(1776–1795)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Old Southwest
 
Abduction of Daniel Boone's daughter by the Cherokee
  United States
  Choctaw
  Cherokee US-allied victory
Northwest Indian War
(1785–1793)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Northwest Territory
  United States
Chickasaw
  Choctaw
Western Confederacy   Great Britain US-allied victory
Shays' Rebellion
(1786–1787)

Location: Massachusetts
 
Shays' troops are repulsed from the armory at Springfield, Massachusetts in early 1787.
  United States Anti-government protesters US victory
Whiskey Rebellion
(1791–1794)

Location: Western Pennsylvania
 
George Washington reviews troops before their march to suppress the rebellion in western Pennsylvania.
  United States Frontier tax protesters US victory
Quasi-War
(1798–1800)

Location: Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean
  United States

Co-belligerent:
  Great Britain

  France US victory
  • Peaceful cessation of Franco-American alliance
  • End of French privateer attacks on American shipping
  • American neutrality and renunciation of claims by France
Fries Rebellion
(1799–1800)

Location: Pennsylvania
  United States tax protesters US victory

19th-century warsEdit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
First Barbary War
(1801–1805)

Part of the Barbary Wars

Location: Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Tripoli
 
Lieutenant Presley O'Bannon at Derna, April 1805
  United States[2]
  Sweden[2]
  Sicily[2]

  Malta[2]

  Portugal[2]

  Morocco[2]

  Eyalet of Tripolitania[3]
  Morocco[3]

  Regency of Algiers[3]

  Tunis[3]

US-allied victory
1811 German Coast Uprising
(1811)

Location: Territory of Orleans
 
Revolting slaves marching on Orleans
  United States Rebel slaves

Supported by:
  Haiti

US victory
Tecumseh's War
(1811)

Part of the American Indian Wars and the War of 1812

Location: Northwest River Ohio
  United States Tecumseh's Confederacy
US victory
War of 1812
(1812–1815)

Location: Eastern and Central North America
 
General Andrew Jackson stands on the parapet of his makeshift defenses as his troops repulse attacking Highlanders, by painter Edward Percy Moran in 1910.
  United States
  Choctaw Nation
  Cherokee Nation
Creek Allies
  United Kingdom

Tecumseh's Confederacy

  Spain (1814)
Inconclusive/Other Result
Creek War
(1813–1814)

Part of the American Indian Wars and the War of 1812

Location: Southern United States
  United States
Lower Creeks
  Cherokee Nation
  Choctaw Nation
Red Stick Creek US-allied victory
Second Barbary War
(1815)

Part of the Barbary Wars

Location: Mediterranean Sea and the Barbary States
 
Decatur's squadron off Algiers
  United States   Eyalet of Tripolitania

  Regency of Algiers

  Tunis

US victory
First Seminole War
(1817–1818)

Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Pensacola, Spanish Florida
 
Barracks and tents at Fort Brooke near Tampa Bay
  United States Seminole

  Spanish Florida

US victory
Texas–Indian Wars
(1820–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars and the Mexican Indian Wars

Location: Texas
 
A Kiowa ledger drawing depicting a battle between Southern Plains Indians and the U.S. Army during the Red River War
  Spain

  Mexico


  Republic of Texas
  United States
  Choctaw Nation

  Comanche US-allied victory
Arikara War
(1823)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Missouri River
 
An Arikara warrior
  United States Arikara Inconclusive/Other Result
  • White Peace treaty agreed by US Col Leavenworth[4]
Aegean Sea Anti-Piracy Operations of the United States
(1825–1828)

Part of Piracy in the Mediterranean

Location: Offshore Greece, Aegean Sea
 
Greek pirate boats attacking HMS Comet
  United States   Greek Pirates US victory
  • HMS Comet liberated by American forces
  • Message of thanks issued to Louis Goldsborough from the British government
Winnebago War
(1827)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory
  United States
  Choctaw Nation
Prairie La Crosse Ho-Chunks
with a few allies
US-allied victory
  • Ho-Chunks cede lead mining region to the United States
First Sumatran expedition
(1832)

Part of the Sumatran expeditions

Location: Aceh Sultanate
 
U.S. infantry assaulting the Acehnese forts at Kuala Batu in 1832
  United States
  Netherlands
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee US-allied victory
Black Hawk War
(1832)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory
 
Native women and children fleeing the Battle of Bad Axe
  United States
Ho-Chunk
Menominee
  Dakota
Potawatomi
Black Hawks British Band
Ho-Chunk and Potawatomi allies
US-allied victory
Texas Revolution
(1835–1836)

Location: Texas
 
Fall of the Alamo
  Republic of Texas

  United States

  • Out of the Texian soldiers serving from January through March 1836, 78% had arrived from the United States after October 2, 1835.[Note 1][5]

  Mexican Republic Texian victory
  • The Republic of Texas gains its independence.
  • Texas is annexed into the United States in 1845.
Second Seminole War
(1835–1842)

Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Florida, United States
 
U.S. Marines search for Seminoles in the Everglades
  United States Seminole US victory
Second Sumatran expedition
(1838)

Part of the Sumatran expeditions

Location: Aceh Sultanate
 
Bombardment of Muckie, January 1, 1839
  United States
  Netherlands
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee US-allied victory
  • Malays cease attacks on American vessels
Aroostook War
(1838)

Location: Maine and New Brunswick
  United States   United Kingdom Inconclusive/Other Result
Ivory Coast expedition
(1842)

Part of the African Slave Trade Patrol

Location: Ivory Coast
 
Veterans of the expedition on board Saratoga in 1842
  United States   Ivory Coast US victory
Mexican–American War
(1846–1848)

Location: Texas, New Mexico, California and Mexico
 
2nd Dragoons charge the enemy at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, 1846
  United States
  California Republic
  Mexico US-allied victory
Cayuse War
(1847–1855)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oregon
 
The Whitman Massacre.
  United States Cayuse US victory
  • Cayuse reduced in numbers and forced to cede most of their lands
Apache Wars
(1851–1900)

Part of the Texas–Indian wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Southwestern United States
 
U.S. Cavalry dash for cover while fighting Apaches, by F. Remington
  United States Apache
Ute
Yavapai
US victory
Bleeding Kansas
(1854–1861)

Location: Kansas and Missouri

Anti-slavery settlers
(Free-Staters)
Pro-slavery settlers (Border Ruffians) Free-Stater victory.
  • Kansas admitted as a free state on January 29, 1861.
Puget Sound War
(1855–1856)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Washington
  United States
Snoqualmie
Nisqually
Muckleshoot
Puyallup
Klickitat
Haida
Tlingit
US victory
First Fiji expedition
(1855)

Part of the Fiji expeditions

Location: Fiji
  United States Fiji US victory
Rogue River Wars
(1855–1856)

Location: Rogue Valley
  United States Rogue River people US victory
  • Indians relocated to Siletz, Grand Ronde and Coast Reservations
Third Seminole War
(1855–1858)

Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Pensacola, Florida
  United States Seminole US victory
  • By late 1850s, most Seminoles forced to leave their land; a few hundred remain deep in the Everglades on land unwanted by white settlers
Yakima War
(1855–1858)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Washington Territory
 
Seattleites evacuate to the town blockhouse as USS Decatur opens fire on advancing tribal forces.
  United States
Snoqualmie
Yakama
Walla Walla tribe
Umatilla tribe
Nez Perce tribe
Cayuse tribe
US victory
Second Opium War
(1856–1859)

Part of the Opium Wars

Location: China
 
Palikao's bridge, on the evening of the battle, by Émile Bayard
  British Empire
  French Empire
  United States
  Qing dynasty US victory
Utah War
(1857–1858)

Part of the Mormon wars

Location: Utah Territory and Wyoming
  United States Deseret/Utah Mormons (Nauvoo Legion) Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Resolution through negotiation
  • Brigham Young replaced as governor of the territory
  • Full amnesty for charges of sedition and treason issued to the citizens of Utah Territory by President James Buchanan on the condition that they accept American Federal authority
Navajo Wars
(1858–1866)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: New Mexico
  United States  Navajo Nation US victory
Second Fiji expedition
(1859)

Part of the Fiji expeditions]

Location: Fiji
  United States Fiji US victory
John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
(1859)

Part of pre-Civil War conflicts

Location: West Virginia
 
Harper's Weekly illustration of U.S. Marines attacking John Brown's "Fort" Teresa Baine
  United States Abolitionist Insurgents US victory
First and Second Cortina War
(1859–1861)

Location: Texas and Mexico
  United States

  Confederate States


  Mexico

  Cortinista bandits US-allied victory
Paiute War
(1860)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Pyramid Lake, Nevada
  United States Paiute
Shoshone
Bannock
US victory
American Civil War
(1861–1865)

Location: United States
 
The Battle of Antietam, by Kurz & Allison.
  United States   Confederate States
  Cherokee Nation
  Choctaw Nation
US victory
Yavapai Wars
(1861–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Arizona
  United States Yavapai
Apache
Yuma
Mohave
US victory
Dakota War of 1862
(1862)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Minnesota and Dakota
 
The Siege of New Ulm, Minnesota on August 19, 1862
  United States   Dakota Sioux US victory
Colorado War
(1863–1865)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Colorado, Wyoming, and Nebraska
  United States   Cheyenne
  Arapaho
  Sioux
Inconclusive/Other Result
Shimonoseki War
(1863–1864)

Location: Kanmon Straits
 
Capture of a Choshu battery at Shimonoseki by British sailors and marines.
  British Empire
  Dutch Empire
  French Empire
  United States
  Chōshū Domain US-allied victory
  • Chōshū pays an indemnity of $3,000,000
Snake War
(1864–1868)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Locations: Oregon, Nevada, California, and Idaho
  United States Paiute
Bannock
Shoshone
US victory
Powder River War
(1865)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Powder River State
  United States   Sioux
  Cheyenne
  Arapaho
Inconclusive/Other Result
Red Cloud's War
(1866–1868)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Powder River State
 
The Fetterman Massacre
  United States   Lakota
  Cheyenne
  Arapaho
Lakota-allied victory
Formosa expedition
(1867)

Location: Southern Formosa (Taiwan)
 
US Marines and Sailors attack Formosan pirates.
  United States Paiwan Paiwan victory
  • American withdrawal after Marine commander killed, subsequent Formosan retreat[6]
Comanche Campaign
(1867–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Western United States
 
Battle of Beecher Island. One soldier and three horses have fallen, while others continue to wage the battle.
  United States   Cheyenne
  Arapaho
  Comanche
Kiowa
US victory
Korea expedition
(1871)

Location: Ganghwado
 
American forces after capturing the Deokjin Fort during the Battle of Ganghwa in 1871.
  United States   Joseon Dynasty Inconclusive/Other Result
Modoc War
(1872–1873)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: California and Oregon
 
Engraving of soldiers recovering the bodies of the slain May 3, 1873.
  United States   Modoc US victory
Red River War
(1874–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Texas
  United States   Cheyenne
  Arapaho
  Comanche
Kiowa
US victory
  • End to the Texas-Indian Wars
Las Cuevas War
(1875)

Location: Texas and Mexico
 
Texan soldiers.
  United States Mexican bandits US victory
  • Cattle returned to Texas
Great Sioux War of 1876
(1876–1877)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Montana, Dakota and Wyoming
 
Custer's last stand at Little Bighorn.
  United States   Lakota
  Dakota Sioux
  Northern Cheyenne
  Arapaho
US victory
  • Legal control of Powder River Country ceded to the United States
Buffalo Hunters' War
(1876–1877)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Texas and Oklahoma
  United States   Comanche
Apache
US victory
Nez Perce War
(1877)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana
 
Chief Joseph's band in the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain
  United States Nez Perce
Palouse
US victory
Bannock War
(1878)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Idaho, Oregon, and Wyoming
  United States Bannock
Shoshone
Paiute
US victory
Cheyenne War
(1878–1879)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and Montana
 
Aftermath of the Battle of "The Pit."
  United States   Cheyenne US victory
Sheepeater Indian War
(1879)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Idaho
  United States Shoshone US victory
Victorio's War
(1879–1881)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Mexico
  United States
  Mexico
Apache US-allied victory
White River War
(1879–1880)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Colorado
  United States Ute US victory
Pine Ridge Campaign
(1890–1891)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: South Dakota
 
Mass grave for the dead Lakota after the conflict at Wounded Knee Creek.
  United States   Sioux US victory
Garza Revolution
(1891–1893)

Location: Texas and Mexico
 
3rd Cavalry Troopers searching a suspected Revolutionist, 1892
  Mexico
  United States
Garzistas US-allied victory
Yaqui Wars
(1896–1918)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Arizona and Mexico
 
10th Cavalry soldiers holding Yaqui prisoners at their camp in Bear Valley, January 9, 1918.
  United States
  Mexico
  Yaqui
Pima
Opata
US-allied victory
Second Samoan Civil War
(1898–1899)

Location: Samoa
 
Samoan warriors and American servicemen during the Siege of Apia in March 1899.
Samoa
  United States
Mataafans
  Germany
Inconclusive/Other Result
Spanish–American War
(1898)

Location: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines and Guam
 
Teddy Roosevelt and the "Rough Riders" charge Spanish positions during the Battle of San Juan Hill.
  United States
  Cuban Revolutionaries
  Filipino Revolutionaries
  Spain US-allied victory
Philippine–American War
(1899–1902)

Location: Philippines
 
Kurz & Allison print of the Battle of Quingua.
1899-1902
  United States

1902-1906
  United States

1899-1902
  Philippine Republic

Limited Foreign Support:
  Empire of Japan


1902-1906
  Tagalog Republic

US victory
Moro Rebellion
(1899–1913)

Location: Philippines
 
The 8th Infantry Regiment defeat the Moros in the four-day battle of Bagsak Mountain on Jolo Island in the Philippines.
  United States   Moro
  Remnants of the Sulu Sultanate
US victory
Boxer Rebellion
(1899–1901)

Location: China
 
Corporal Titus, of the 14th Infantry Regiment, scaling the walls of Peking.
  United Kingdom
  Russia
  Japan
  France
  United States
  Germany
  Italy
  Austria-Hungary
  Righteous Harmony Society (Boxers)
  China
US-allied victory
  • Signing of the Boxer Protocol
  • Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing

20th-century warsEdit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
Crazy Snake Rebellion
(1909)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oklahoma
 
Creek prisoners of war.
  United States Creek US victory
Border War
(1910–1919)

Part of the Mexican Revolution

Location: Mexico–United States border
 
American troops of the 16th Infantry Regiment rest for the night on May 27, 1916
  United States   Mexico
  Germany
US victory
Negro Rebellion
(1912)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Cuba
 
USS Mississippi in Cuba
  Cuba
  United States
  Cuban PIC US-allied victory
  • Dissolution of the PIC
Occupation of Nicaragua
(1912–1933)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Nicaragua
 
US Marines holding a captured Sandinista flag.
  United States
  Nicaragua
  Nicaraguan Liberals
  Sandinistas
US-allied victory
  • Nicaragua occupied until 1933
Bluff War
(1914–1915)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Utah and Colorado
 
Prisoners of the Bluff War in Thompson, Utah, waiting to board a train for their trial in Salt Lake City.
  United States Ute
Paiute
US victory
Occupation of Veracruz
(1914)

Part of the Mexican Revolution

Location: Mexico
 
American ships at Veracruz
  United States   Mexico US victory
Occupation of Haiti
(1915–1934)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Haiti
 
2nd Marine Regiment in Haiti
  United States
  Haiti
  Haitian Rebels US-allied victory
Occupation of the Dominican Republic
(1916–1924)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Dominican Republic
 
US Marines in the Occupation of the Dominican Republic.
  United States   Dominican Republic US victory
World War I
(1914–1918)

Location: Europe, Africa, Asia, Middle East, the Pacific Islands, and coast of North and South America
 
Two US troops pass by dead German soldiers on a battlefield.
  France

  British Empire

  Russia
  United States
  China
  Italy
  Japan
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Romania
  Belgium
  Greece
  Portugal
  Brazil

  Germany
  Austria-Hungary
  Ottoman Empire
  Bulgaria
US-allied victory
Russian Civil War
(1918–1920)

Location: Russia, Mongolia, and Iran
 
US troops march through Russia before the Battle of Romanovka.
  White Movement
  British Empire

  Japan
  Czechoslovakia
  Greece
  Poland
  United States
  France
  Romania
  Serbia
  Italy
  China

  Russian SFSR
  Far Eastern Republic
  Latvian SSR
  Ukrainian SSR
  Commune of Estonia
  Mongolian Communists
Bolshevik victory
  • Allied withdrawal from Russia
  • Bolshevik victory over White Army
Last Indian Uprising
(1923)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Utah
 
Ute and Paiute prisoners of war.
  United States Ute
Paiute
US victory
World War II
(1939–1945)

Location: Europe, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Middle East, Mediterranean, North Africa, Oceania, North and South America
 
U.S. Army Soldiers advancing at dawn in the cover of a M4 Sherman tank, during the Battle of Bougainville, 1944.
  Soviet Union
  United States
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Canada
  Australia
  New Zealand
  India
  South Africa
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  DF Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Denmark
  Norway
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Czechoslovakia
  Brazil
  Mexico
  Chile
  Peru
  Ethiopia
  Mongolia
  Philippines
  Viet Minh
  KLA
  Germany
  Japan
  Italy
  Hungary
  Romania
  Bulgaria
  Finland
  Thailand
  Manchukuo
  Mengjiang
  Croatia
  Slovakia
  Albania
US-allied victory
Korean War
(1950–1953)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Korea
 
American soldiers in the Korean War with the Browning M1919A6 LMG.
  South Korea
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Australia
  Belgium
  Canada
  France
  Philippines
  Colombia
  Ethiopia
  Greece
  Luxembourg
  Netherlands
  New Zealand
  South Africa
  Thailand
  Turkey
  North Korea
  China
  Soviet Union
Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Korean Armistice Agreement
  • North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
  • Subsequent United Nations invasion of North Korea repelled
  • Subsequent Chinese-North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
Laotian Civil War
(1953–1975)

Part of the Indochina Wars and Cold War

Location: Laos
 
A U.S. Air Force Bell UH-1P from the 20th Special Operations Squadron "Green Hornets" at a base in Laos, 1970.
  Kingdom of Laos
  United States
  South Vietnam
  Thailand
Supported by:
  Philippines
  Taiwan
  Pathet Lao
  North Vietnam
Supported by:
  Soviet Union
  China
Pathet Lao-allied victory
Lebanon Crisis
(1958)

Location: Lebanon
 
US Marine sits in a foxhole and points his machine gun toward Beirut.
  Lebanon
  United States
  Lebanese Opposition: US-allied victory
Bay of Pigs Invasion
(1961)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Cuba
  CDRF
  United States
  Cuba Cuban government victory
Simba rebellion, Operation Dragon Rouge
(1964)

Part of the Congo Crisis and the Cold War

Location: Congo
  Congo-Léopoldville
  Belgium
  United States
  Simba rebels
  Uganda[8]
US-allied victory
Vietnam War
(1955–1964[a], 1965–1973[b], 1974–1975[c])

Part of the Cold War and Indochina Wars

Location: Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos
 
1st Cavalry Division, Battle of Ia Drang, 1965.
  South Vietnam
  United States
  South Korea
  Australia
  New Zealand
  Thailand
  Philippines
  Khmer Republic
  Kingdom of Laos
  North Vietnam
  Viet Cong
  Khmer Rouge
  Pathet Lao
  China
  North Korea
  Soviet Union
North Vietnamese-allied victory
Communist insurgency in Thailand
(1965–1983)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Thailand
 
Ta Ko Bi Cave, a former hideout used by communist rebels.
  Thailand
  Taiwan (until July 1967)
  United States
  Malaysia
  Communist Party of Thailand

  Pathet Lao
  Khmer Rouge (until 1978)[9][10]
Supported by:
  North Vietnam (until 1976)
  Vietnam (from 1976)
  People Republic of China (1971–1978)
  Malayan Communist Party
  North Korea[10]

US-allied victory
  • Amnesty declared on April 23, 1980 by the Thai government
  • Order 66/2523 signed by Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda
  • Communist insurgency declines and ends in 1983
Korean DMZ Conflict
(1966–1969)

Part of the Korean conflict and the Cold War

Location: Korean Demilitarized Zone
 
ROK and US troop stationed at the DMZ, 1967.
  South Korea
  United States
  North Korea US-allied victory
  • North Korean failure to launch an insurgency in South Korea
Dominican Civil War
(1965–1966)

Location: Dominican Republic
 
US soldiers push a child underneath a Jeep to protect him during a firefight in Santo Domingo on May 5, 1965.
  Dominican Loyalists
  United States
  IAPF
  Dominican Constitutionalists US-allied victory
Insurgency in Bolivia
(1966–1967)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Bolivia
  Bolivia
  United States
  Ejército de Liberación Nacional
  Cuba
US-allied victory
Cambodian Civil War
(1967–1975)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Cambodia
 
US troops and tanks entering town in Cambodia.
  Kingdom of Cambodia (1967–1970)
  Khmer Republic (1970–1975)
  United States
  South Vietnam

Other Supports

  National United Front of Kampuchea

  Khmer Rouge
  Khmer Rumdo
  Khmer Việt Minh
  North Vietnam
  Việt Cộng

Other Supports

Khmer Rouge-allied victory
War in South Zaire
(1978)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Zaire
  Zaire
  France
  Belgium
  United States
  Morocco
  Front for the National Liberation of the Congo
Supported by:

  Angola
  Cuba
  Soviet Union

US-allied victory
  • Thousands of civilians evacuated from Kolwezi
Gulf of Sidra encounter
(1981)

Location: Gulf of Sidra
  United States   Libya US victory
Multinational Intervention in Lebanon
(1982–1984)

Location: Lebanon
 
US Marines on patrol in Beirut, April 1983
  Lebanese Armed Forces
  UNIFIL
Multinational Force in Lebanon:
  Israel

  Lebanese Front
  Army of Free Lebanon
SLA

  Lebanese National Movement
  Jammoul
  PLO
  Amal Movement

  Iran

  Hezbollah
Islamic Jihad Organization


  Islamic Unification Movement


  Syria

  Arab Deterrent Force
Syrian-allied victory
Invasion of Grenada
(1983)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Grenada
 
American soldiers in mortar positions in Grenada.
  United States
  Barbados
  Jamaica
  Antigua and Barbuda
  Dominica
  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  Saint Lucia
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  PRG of Grenada
  Cuba
Military advisors:
US-allied victory
  • Military dictatorship of Hudson Austin deposed
  • Defeat of Cuban military presence
  • Restoration of constitutional government
Action in the Gulf of Sidra
(1986)

Location: Gulf of Sidra
 
Libyan corvette obliterated after attempting to fire on US forces
  United States   Libya US victory
Bombing of Libya
(1986)

Location: Libya
 
USAF F-111 taking off for Libya
  United States   Libya US victory
  • Failed Libyan Scud missile response
  • Muammar Gaddafi survives
Tanker War
(1987–1988)

Location: Persian Gulf
 
Iranian frigate Sahand after being attacked by U.S. aircraft.
  United States   Iran US victory
  • U.S. Navy sinks several ships and damages Iranian military installations used to attack U.S. and U.S. allied civilian shipping
  • U.S. Navy vessel USS Vincennes shoots down civilian Iran Air Flight 655 killing all 290 passengers, among them 66 children
  • Iran-Iraq war ends in August 1988 following UN enforcement of the ceasefire
Tobruk encounter
(1989)

Location: Mediterranean Sea
 
Gun camera depicting the last remaining MiG-23 fighters exploding after being shot down.
  United States   Libya US victory
  • Two Libyan MiG-23 fighters shot down
Invasion of Panama
(1989–1990)

Location: Panama
 
U.S. troops prepare to take a neighborhood in Panama City, December 1989.
  United States
  Panamanian Opposition
  Panama US-allied victory
Gulf War
(1990–1991)

Location: Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Israel
 
M1 Abrams tanks of the 3rd Armored Division advance on Medina Ridge.
  Kuwait
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Saudi Arabia
  France
  Canada
  Egypt
  Syria
  Qatar
  Bahrain
  United Arab Emirates
  Oman
  Bangladesh
  Iraq US-allied victory
Iraqi No-Fly Zone Enforcement Operations
(1991–2003)

Location: Iraq
 
A Tomahawk cruise missile is fired from an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer during Operation Desert Fox in December 1998.
  United States
  United Kingdom
  France
  Australia
  Belgium
  Netherlands
  Saudi Arabia
  Turkey
  Italy
  Iraq US-allied victory
  • Periodic depletion of Iraqi air defenses
First U.S. Intervention in the Somali Civil War
(1992–1995)

Part of the Somali civil war (1991–present)

Location: Somalia
 
US Marines on patrol in Somalia.
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Spain
  Saudi Arabia
  Malaysia
  Pakistan
  Italy
  India
  Greece
  Germany
  France
  Canada
  Botswana
  Belgium
  Australia
  New Zealand
  Somali National Alliance Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Failure to capture SNA leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid; specific Aidid lieutenants captured
  • Withdrawal of U.S. forces 5 months after losses in the Battle of Mogadishu
  • The UN mandate saved close to 100,000 lives, before and after U.S. withdrawal
  • Civil war is ongoing
Bosnian War
(1992–1995)

Part of the Yugoslav Wars

Location: Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
Russian and American troops on a joint patrol around the Bosnian town of Zvornik on the afternoon of February 29, 1996.
  Bosnia and Herzegovina

  Herzeg-Bosnia
  Croatia


  United States
  Belgium
  Canada
  Denmark
  France
  Germany
  Italy
  Luxembourg
  Netherlands
  Norway
  Portugal
  Spain
  Turkey
  United Kingdom

  Republika Srpska
  Serbian Krajina
  Western Bosnia
US-allied victory
Intervention in Haiti
(1994–1995)

Location: Haiti
 
US troops arrive in Haiti.
  United States
  Poland
  Argentina
  Haiti US-allied victory
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)

Part of the Yugoslav Wars

Location: Serbia
 
Bombing of Novi Sad.
  KLA
  AFRK
  Albania
  Croatia
  United States
  Belgium
  Canada
  Czech Republic
  Denmark
  France
  Germany
  Hungary
  Italy
  Luxembourg
  Netherlands
  Norway
  Portugal
  Poland
  Spain
  Turkey
  United Kingdom
  FR Yugoslavia US-allied victory[13][14][15][16]
  • Ceasefire reached through Kumanovo Agreement of June 1999. after Russian and Finnish envoys visit Belgrade
  • Yugoslav forces pull out of Kosovo
  • UN Resolution 1244 confirming Kosovo as de jure part of FRY
  • De facto separation of Kosovo from FR Yugoslavia under UN administration
  • Return of Albanian refugees after attempted ethnic cleansing of Albanians
  • KLA veterans join the UÇPMB, starting the Preševo insurgency
  • Three Chinese journalists were killed in United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade
Operation Infinite Reach
(1998)

Location: Sudan and Afghanistan
 
al-Qaeda training camp in Afghanistan.
  United States   al-Qaeda
  Sudan
 
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
  Lashkar-e-Taiba
Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Strikes hit targets but failed objectives[17]
  • al-Qaeda suffers damage and casulties; however, its senior leaders survive the strikes
  • Al-Shifa pharmaceutical plant destroyed
  1. ^ Advisory role from the forming of the MAAG in Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  2. ^ Direct U.S. involvement ended in 1973 with the Paris Peace Accords. Air Force and Special Ops continued some operations until April 1975; President Ford in a televised speech on April 23, 1975 declared the end of Vietnam War.
  3. ^ The war reignited on December 13, 1974 with offensive operations by North Vietnam, leading to victory over South Vietnam in under two months.

21st-century warsEdit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
War in Afghanistan
(2001–present)

Part of the War on Terror and the War in Afghanistan (1978–present)

Location: Afghanistan
 
American and British soldiers take a tactical pause during a combat patrol in the Sangin District area of Helmand Province.
  Resolute Support Mission
  Afghanistan
  United States
  Canada
  United Kingdom
  Australia
  Croatia
  Czech Republic
  Georgia
  Germany
  Italy
  Romania
  Spain
  Turkey

Formerly:
  ISAF
  Taliban

Allied groups
  HIG
  al-Qaeda
  Islamic Jihad Union[18]


Taliban splinter groups


  IS-Affiliates:

2001 Invasion:
  Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Ongoing
Iraq War
(2003–2011)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Iraq
 
Soldiers from 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment conduct security before a cordon and search operation in Biaj, Iraq with their M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank.
  United States
  Iraq
  United Kingdom
  Australia
  South Korea
  Italy
  Georgia
  Poland
  Spain
  Netherlands
  Ukraine
  Romania

  MNF–I

  Ba'ath Loyalists

  Islamic State of Iraq
  al-Qaeda in Iraq
  Mahdi Army
  Special Groups
  IAI
  Ansar al-Sunnah


2003 Invasion:

  Iraq

US-Allied Victory
War in North-West Pakistan
(2004–present)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Pakistan
 
MQ-1 Predator drones are typically used in covert bombing operations in the Federally administered tribal regions of Pakistan
  United States

  Pakistan

  Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
  al-Qaeda
  Lashkar-e-Jhangvi
  Turkistan Islamic Party
  Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi

  Daesh

Ongoing
Second U.S. Intervention in the Somali Civil War
(2007–present)

Part of the Somali Civil War (1991–present) and the War on Terror

Location: Somalia and Northeastern Kenya
 
MQ-9 Reaper commonly used in covert drone strikes in Somalia.
  Somalia
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Kenya
  Ethiopia
  AMISOM
  United Nations

  European Union[30]

  Al-Shabaab
Hizbul Islam

  Daesh
Alleged support:
  Eritrea

Ongoing
Operation Ocean Shield
(2009–2016)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Indian Ocean
 
A tall plume of black smoke rises from a destroyed pirate vessel that was struck by USS Farragut in March 2010.
  NATO
  United States
  Malaysia
  Norway
  United Kingdom
  New Zealand
  Denmark
  Netherlands
  Italy
  South Korea
  India

  Russia
  China

Somali pirates US-allied victory
  • Number of pirate attacks dramatically decreased
  • The US Office of Naval Intelligence have officially reported that in 2013, only 9 incidents of piracy were reported and that none of them were successfully hijacked[citation needed]
  • Piracy drops 90%[31]
International intervention in Libya
(2011)

Part of the Libyan Crisis and the First Libyan Civil War

Location: Libya
 
US vessels launch missiles in support of the Libyan Civil War.
  NATO
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Belgium
  Bulgaria
  Canada
  Denmark
  France
  Greece
  Italy
  Netherlands
  Norway
  Romania
  Spain
  Turkey
  Sweden
  Jordan
  Qatar
  United Arab Emirates

  Anti-Gaddafi rebels

  Libya US-allied victory
Operation Observant Compass
(2011–2017)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Uganda
 
U.S. Marine Sgt. Joseph Bergeron, a task force combat engineer, explains combat marksmanship tactics to a group of Ugandan soldiers.
  United States
  Uganda
  DR Congo
  Central African Republic
  South Sudan
  Lord's Resistance Army US-allied victory
  • LRA eliminated as a threat to Uganda, reduced to around 100 members,[35]
  • LRA leader Joseph Kony remains a fugitive
  • Conflict remains ongoing
American-led intervention in Iraq
(2014–present)

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the Iraqi Civil War, the Spillover of the Syrian Civil War, the War on Terror and the International ISIS campaign

Location: Iraq
 
General Stephen J. Townsend observes a HIMARS strike that destroyed a building near Haditha, September 2016
  United States
  Iraq
  Kurdistan
  Australia
  Belgium
  Canada
  Denmark
  France
  Germany
  Jordan
  Morocco
  Netherlands
  United Kingdom
  Turkey

  Iran
  Hezbollah

  Islamic State of Iraq and Syria US-allied victory
  • Tens of thousands of ISIL fighters killed
  • American-led forces launch over 13,300 airstrikes on ISIL positions in Iraq
  • Heavy damage dealt to ISIL forces, ISIL loses 40% of its territory in Iraq by January 2016, and all of its territory in Iraq in December 2017
  • Multinational humanitarian and arming of ground forces efforts
  • 200 IS created mass graves found containing up to 12,000 people[36]
  • Ongoing US-led Coalition advising and training of Iraqi and Kurdish ground forces
  • US maintains limited military presence in Iraq
American-led intervention in Syria
(2014–present)

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the Syrian Civil War, the War on Terror and the International ISIS campaign

Location: Syria
  United States

  Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria


  CJTF-OIR Members:
  United Kingdom
  France
  Australia
  Canada
  Jordan
  Denmark
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Lebanon
  Morocco
  Saudi Arabia
  UAE
  Qatar
  Bahrain


  Turkey

  National Front for Liberation


  Israel (limited involvement; against Hezbollah and government forces only)


Formerly:
  Free Syrian Army (2011–2017)

  ISIS

  al-Qaeda linked groups:

Partial Support:
  Qatar
  UAE
  Saudi Arabia


  Syria (limited encounters with US and Israel)

Supported by:
  Russia
  Iran
  Hezbollah
  China

Ongoing
Yemeni Civil War
(2015–present)

Part of the War on Terror and the International ISIS Campaign

Location: Yemen
 
U.S. Naval vessel patrolling along the coastline of Yemen enforcing the American-Saudi blockade against Iran.
  Hadi government

Saudi-led Coalition:
  Saudi Arabia
  United Arab Emirates
  Senegal
  Sudan
  Qatar (2015–2017)

  al-Qaeda


  United States (limited involvement supporting the coalition and combating al Qaeda and IS)[38]
  France
  United Kingdom

  Supreme Political Council
  Houthis
  Ahrar al-Najran
Supported by:
  Iran
  Hezbollah
  North Korea

  AQAP


  IS-affiliated groups:

Ongoing
  • Yemen's capital city of Sana'a and large swaths of western Yemen falls under Houthi control
  • Saudi-led coalition bombs Houthi rebel positions
  • Aden becomes the new capital for the Hadi government
  • Cholera outbreak in 2016
  • Former Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh killed in fire fight by a sniper during the ongoing battle in Sana'a
  • Targeted killing program against radical groups in the region continues since 2002 and intensify after the beginning of civil war
  • Iranian supplied, Houthi operated, ballistic missile,[39] aerial drone, and drone boat[40] attacks against Saudi Arabia,[41][42] the Hadi government,[43] and the UAE[44][45]
  • U.S. Naval blockade put in place in attempt to assist Saudi Arabia in preventing Iranian weapons from being moved into Houthi territory
  • Raids against al-Qaeda conducted U.S. Special Forces
  • Famine endangers over 17 million people, and kills approximately 85,000 children
American intervention in Libya
(2015–present)

Part of the Second Libyan Civil War, the War on Terror, and the International ISIS Campaign

Location: Libya
 
USS Wasp conducts flight operations in Operation Odyssey Lightning.
  United States
  Libya
  Islamic State in Libya Ongoing
  • Liberation of Sirte
  • Hundreds of airstrikes carried out in Libya against Islamic State affiliated militant groups

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ history, Martin Kelly Martin H. Kelly is a former; Teacher, Social Studies; Books, The Author of Two History; life, one on Colonial; Tampa, the other on American Presidents He is an online course developer for the UK-based Pamoja Education company He lives in; Florida. "American Involvement in Wars from Colonial Times to the Present". ThoughtCo. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Tripolitan War | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d r2WPadmin. "First Barbary War". American History Central. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  4. ^ Serial 89, 18th Congress, 1st Session, Senate Document No. 1, p. 95
  5. ^ Lack (1992), pp. 122–3.
  6. ^ The Nation. J.H. Richards. 1889. pp. 256–.
  7. ^ "History: World War I".
  8. ^ Mujaju 1987, p. 484.
  9. ^ "Communist Insurgency In Thailand" (PDF). CIA Report. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Anatomy of a Counterinsurgency victory" (PDF). January 2007. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  11. ^ "Statement by Deputy Press Secretary Larry Speakes". September 23, 1982.
  12. ^ "The Collapse of Lebanon's Army: U.S. Said to Ignore Factionalism". March 11, 1984.
  13. ^ http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a432768.pdf
  14. ^ Cambridge Scholars Publisher (2015). Coercive Diplomacy of NATO in Kosovo. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 289–. ISBN 978-1-4438-7668-1.
  15. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1999/11/07/world/nato-was-closer-to-ground-war-in-kosovo-than-is-widely-realized.html
  16. ^ Lake, Daniel R. (2009). "The Limits of Coercive Airpower: NATO's "Victory" in Kosovo Revisited". International Security. 34: 83–112. doi:10.1162/isec.2009.34.1.83.
  17. ^ "The operation was essentially a failure" (Bergen 2002, p. 124)"... The highly unsuccessful Operation Infinite Reach ... backfired and acted as a recruitment drive for bin Laden's Al Qaeda" (Williams 2017, pp. 52-53)."... The failed strikes were dubbed Operation Infinite Reach ... the missile attacks exposed the inadequacy of American intelligence and the futility of military power" (Wright 2006, p. 285). Zenko (2010, p. 139) judges Operation Infinite Reach to be both a political and military failure.
  18. ^ "Central Asian groups split over leadership of global jihad". The Long War Journal. August 24, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Sectarian divisions change Baghdad's image". MSNBC. July 3, 2006. Retrieved February 18, 2007.
  20. ^ Petrou, Michael (September 9, 2011). "The decline of al-Qaeda". Maclean's. George W. Bush gambled on surging thousands more troops to the embattled country. It paid off. Al-Qaeda in Iraq is now a diminished force without territory.
  21. ^ Spencer C. Tucker (December 14, 2015). U.S. Conflicts in the 21st Century: Afghanistan War, Iraq War, and the War on Terror. ISBN 978-1-4408-3879-8. Al Qaeda in Iraq was decimated by the end of the Iraq War in 2011
  22. ^ South, Todd (January 20, 2019). "Army’s long-awaited Iraq war study finds Iran was the only winner in a conflict that holds many lessons for future wars". Army Times. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  23. ^ Galbraith, Peter W. (2007). The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War Without End. Simon & Schuster. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-7432-9424-9.
  24. ^ "Iran expands regional 'empire' ahead of nuclear deal". Reuters.
  25. ^ "How to Stop Iran's Growing Hegemony". National Review Online.
  26. ^ "The JRTN Movement and Iraq's Next Insurgency | Combating Terrorism Center at West Point". Ctc.usma.edu. Archived from the original on August 26, 2011. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
  27. ^ "Al-Qaeda's Resurgence in Iraq: A Threat to U.S. Interests". U.S. Department of State. February 5, 2014. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
  28. ^ "Petition asking for halt on US drone strikes in Pakistan dismissed by SC | Pakistan Today". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  29. ^ a b c "Service and Sacrifice: Ugandan 'Blue Helmets' support UN efforts to bring peace to Somalia". UN News. April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  30. ^ Somalia, EUTM. "Home". EUTM-Somalia. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  31. ^ "Somali piracy is down 90 per cent from last year". The Journal. December 15, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  32. ^ Holmes, Oliver (January 24, 2012). "UPDATE 1-Anger, chaos but no revolt after Libya violence". Bani Walid. Reuters Africa. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  33. ^ African migrants sold in Libya 'slave markets', IOM says. BBC.
  34. ^ "Migrants from west Africa being 'sold in Libyan slave markets'". The Guardian.
  35. ^ Baddorf, Zack (April 20, 2017). "Uganda Ends Its Hunt for Joseph Kony Empty-Handed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  36. ^ "IS left 200 mass graves in Iraq - UN". November 6, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  37. ^ Reuters (June 15, 2019). "Belgium takes back six children of Isis fighters from Syrian camps". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  38. ^ Press, Deb Riechmann, The Associated (April 16, 2019). "Trump vetoes measure to end US involvement in Yemen war". Military Times. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  39. ^ "Houthis – Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance". Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  40. ^ "How Yemen's Iran-backed Rebels Weaponized Drones Against Saudi Arabia". Haaretz. May 21, 2019. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  41. ^ "Saudi air defence intercepts five Houthi drones: SPA". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  42. ^ "Arab Coalition says Iran-supplied drone shot down in southern Saudi Arabia". The National. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  43. ^ "Houthi drones kill several at Yemeni military parade". Reuters. January 10, 2019. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  44. ^ "Wreckage of UAE aid ship attacked by Houthi rebels - in pictures". The National. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  45. ^ "Yemen's Houthis say they attacked Abu Dhabi airport using drone". Reuters. July 26, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2019.

External linksEdit

  1. ^ These numbers are gathered from a combination of surviving muster rolls and veteran applications for land grants. It is likely that the statistics on the Texian army size in both 1835 and 1836 underestimate the number of Tejanos who served in the army. American volunteers who returned to the U.S. without claiming land are also undercounted. Lack (1992), p. 113.