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Resolute Support Mission or Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led train, advise and assist mission consisting of over 13,000 troops in Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015.[2][3] It is a follow-on mission to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which was completed on December 28, 2014.[3][4] Its current commander is U.S. Army General Austin S. Miller who replaced U.S. Army General John W. Nicholson Jr. on 2 September 2018.[5]

Resolute Support Mission
Resolute Support.svg
Official logo of RSM
FoundedDecember 28, 2014; 4 years ago (2014-12-28)
CountryContributing States: See Below
Allegiance NATO
Size17,034 troops as of February 2019[1]
Part ofAllied Joint Force Command Brunssum American contingent responsible to:
United States Central Command
MacDill AFB, Florida, U.S.
HeadquartersKabul, Afghanistan
Motto(s)تعلیمات، کمک، مشورت
EngagementsWar in Afghanistan
Commanders
CommanderGEN Austin S. Miller, USA
Deputy CommanderLieutenant General Salvatore Camporeale, Italian Army
Senior Enlisted LeaderCSM Timothy L. Metheny, USA
Insignia
FlagFlag of the Resolute Support Mission.svg
Change of Mission Ceremony from ISAF to Resolute Support, Dec. 28, 2014, in Kabul

Contents

Legal basisEdit

The operation plan for the Resolute Support Mission (RSM) was approved by foreign ministers of the NATO members in late June 2014 and the corresponding status of forces agreement was signed by President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani and NATO Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan Maurits Jochems in Kabul on 30 September 2014.[3] The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted United Nations Security Council Resolution 2189 in support of the new international mission in Afghanistan.[4]

Objectives and deploymentEdit

The objective of the mission is to provide training, advice and assistance for Afghan security forces and institutions in their conflict with extremist groups such as the Taliban, the Haqqani network, and ISIS-K.[6][7]

The Resolute Support Mission envisages the deployment of approximately 12,000 personnel from NATO and partner nations in Afghanistan with the central hub at Kabul and Bagram Airfield supporting four spokes.[3] The spokes will be formed by Train Advise Assist Commands (TAACs), which will directly support four of the six Afghan National Army Corps. Train Advise Assist Command - Capital replaces the former Regional Command Capital; the redesignation took place in August 2014. TAAC East will assist the 201st Corps from FOB Gamberi and FOB Fenty located near Jalalabad, TAAC South will assist the 205th Corps from Kandahar International Airport, TAAC West will assist the 207th Corps in Herat and TAAC North will cover the 209th Corps from Mazar-i-Sharif. TAAC North is under the command of Brig. Gen. Harald Gante, German Army.[8] Regional Command North was redesignated as TAAC North on July 1, 2014.[9]

The 203rd Corps located in the south-eastern part of the country will see advisers from time to time from TAAC East (one source describes this as "fly to advise").[10] The 215th Corps in the south-west will get a little attention from TAAC South. Several of the TAACs were established prior to the disestablishment of ISAF; they can be seen on the December 2014 ISAF status update sheet.[11]

U.S. President Barack Obama, in an update given from the White House on Wednesday, July 6, 2016, stated that, following General John W. Nicholson's, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Joseph Dunford's, and U.S. Defense Department Secretary Ashton Carter's mutual recommendations, the U.S. would have about 8,400 troops remaining in Afghanistan through the end of his Administration in December 2016.[6]

The residual force of 9,800 troops were withdrawn on December 31, 2016, leaving behind 8,400 troops stationed at four garrisons (Kabul, Kandahar, Bagram, and Jalalabad).

The Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) is Congressionally appointed to oversee the $117.26 billion that Congress has provided to implement reconstruction programs in Afghanistan. The SIGAR's "April 30, 2018 Quarterly Report to Congress" says, "[As of January 31, 2018,] 14.5% of the country’s total districts [were] under insurgent control or influence [& an additional 29.2% were] contested[.]"[12]

Contributing nationsEdit

As of June 2016, among the forces contributing to the mission are 6,954 Americans training and helping Afghan forces, 2,850 Americans engaged in counter-terrorism missions, 5,859 NATO soldiers and 26,000 military contractors.[13]

A new U.S. unit, the 1st Security Force Assistance Brigade, deployed to Afghanistan in February 2018.[14]

The United Kingdom announced in July 2018 that it was to send 440 more British personnel to Afghanistan. Around half of the additional personnel will deploy to the country in August 2018 and the other half to follow by February 2019. This will increase the total number of British personnel in the country from 650 to 1,090 by early 2019. [15]

The following nations have personnel stationed in Afghanistan as part of the mission in February 2019:[1]

Country Number
of Troops
  United States 8,475
  Germany 1,300
  United Kingdom 1,100
  Italy 895
  Georgia 870
  Romania 733
  Turkey 593
  Czech Republic 357
  Poland 303
  Australia 300
  Mongolia 233
  Portugal 193
  Netherlands 160
  Bulgaria 159
  Denmark 155
  Albania 135
  Armenia 121
  Azerbaijan 120
  Croatia 106
  Hungary 93
  Belgium 82
  Spain 67
  Bosnia-Herzegovina 63
  Norway 54
  Lithuania 50
  North Macedonia 47
  Latvia 42
  Estonia 39
  Slovakia 36
  Montenegro 29
  Sweden 29
  Finland 24
  Austria 17
  Ukraine 16
  New Zealand 13
  Greece 12
  Slovenia 8
  Iceland 3
  Luxembourg 2
Total 17,034

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Resolute Support Mission: Key Facts and Figures" (PDF). NATO. February 2019.
  2. ^ "NATO chief, Afghan president welcome "new phase" as combat role ends". DPA. DPA. 2 December 2014. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan". NATO. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Afghanistan: Security Council backs agreement on new non-combat NATO mission". United Nations News Centre. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Change of Command at NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan" (Press release). NATO. 2 September 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b "An Update On Our Mission in Afghanistan". whitehouse.gov. 6 July 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  7. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew (October 15, 2015). "In Reversal, Obama Says U.S. Soldiers Will Stay in Afghanistan to 2017". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  8. ^ Operation Resolute Support, TAAC North Archived 2015-01-01 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Bundeswehr, Train Advise Assist Command North – Baustein für die Zukunft Afghanistans Mazar-e Sharif, 17.07.2014., accessed 1 January 2015.
  10. ^ "Resolute Support". Afghan War News. Afghan War News. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  11. ^ "International Security Assistance Force (ISAF): Key Facts and Figures" (PDF). NATO. NATO. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  12. ^ "April 30, 2018 Quarterly Report to Congress" (PDF).
  13. ^ "War in Afghanistan". The Economist. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  14. ^ "First troops among new front-line adviser brigade arrive in Afghanistan". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  15. ^ "Afghanistan: UK to send 440 more non-combat troops".