Resolute Support Mission

Resolute Support Mission or Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led train, advise and assist mission consisting of over 9,500 coalition forces[1] in Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015.[2][3] It is a follow-on mission to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which was completed on December 28, 2014.[3][4] Its current commander is U.S. Army General Austin S. Miller.[5]

Resolute Support Mission
Resolute Support.svg
Official logo of RSM
FoundedDecember 28, 2014; 6 years ago (2014-12-28)
CountryContributing States: See Below
Allegiance NATO
Size9,592 troops as of February 2021[1]
Part ofAllied Joint Force Command Brunssum American contingent responsible to:
United States Central Command
MacDill AFB, Florida, U.S.
HeadquartersKabul, Afghanistan
Motto(s)تعلیمات، کمک، مشورت
EngagementsWar in Afghanistan
CommanderGEN Austin S. Miller, USA
Deputy CommanderLt Gen Nicola Zanelli, Italian Army
Senior Enlisted LeaderCSM Timothy L. Metheny, USA
FlagFlag of the Resolute Support Mission.svg
Change of Mission Ceremony from ISAF to Resolute Support, Dec. 28, 2014, in Kabul

On April 14, 2021, NATO announced that RSM will implement a drawdown of troops operating under the mission by May 1.[6]

Legal basisEdit

The operation plan for the Resolute Support Mission (RSM) was approved by foreign ministers of the NATO members in late June 2014 and the corresponding status of forces agreement was signed by President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani and NATO Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan Maurits Jochems in Kabul on 30 September 2014.[3] The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted United Nations Security Council Resolution 2189 in support of the new international mission in Afghanistan.[4]

Objectives and deploymentEdit

The objective of the mission is to provide training, advice and assistance for Afghan security forces and institutions in their conflict with extremist groups such as the Taliban, the Haqqani network, and ISIS-K.[7][8][9]

The Resolute Support Mission consists of approximately 17,000 personnel from NATO and partner nations in Afghanistan with the central hub at Kabul and Bagram Airfield supporting four spokes.[3] The spokes are formed by Train Advise Assist Commands (TAACs), which directly support four of the six Afghan National Army Corps. Train Advise Assist Command - Capital replaces the former Regional Command Capital. TAAC East assists the 201st Corps from FOB Gamberi in Laghman, TAAC South assists the 205th Corps from Kandahar International Airport, TAAC West assists the 207th Corps in Herat and TAAC North covers the 209th Corps from Mazar-i-Sharif.[10]

The 203rd Corps located in the south-eastern part of the country sees advisers from time to time from TAAC East (one source describes this as "fly to advise").[11] The 215th Corps in the south-west is supported by TAAC South.

U.S. President Barack Obama, in an update given from the White House on Wednesday, July 6, 2016, stated that, following General John W. Nicholson's, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Joseph Dunford's, and U.S. Defense Department Secretary Ashton Carter's mutual recommendations, the U.S. would have about 8,400 troops remaining in Afghanistan through the end of his administration in December 2016.[7]

The residual force of 9,800 troops were withdrawn on December 31, 2016, leaving behind 8,400 troops stationed at four garrisons (Kabul, Kandahar, Bagram, and Jalalabad).

The Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) is Congressionally appointed to oversee the $117.26 billion that Congress has provided to implement reconstruction programs in Afghanistan. The SIGAR's "April 30, 2018 Quarterly Report to Congress" says, "[As of January 31, 2018,] 14.5% of the country’s total districts [were] under insurgent control or influence [& an additional 29.2% were] contested[.]"[12]

Contributing nationsEdit

As of 2019, among the forces contributing to the mission are 8,475 Americans training and helping Afghan forces, approximately 5,500 Americans engaged in counter-terrorism missions, 8,673 allied soldiers and 27,000 military contractors.[13]

A new type of U.S. unit, the Security Force Assistance Brigades, began deploying to Afghanistan in February 2018 to support the mission.[14]

The United Kingdom announced in July 2018 that it was to send 440 more British personnel to Afghanistan. Around half of the additional personnel deployed in August 2018 and the other half followed by February 2019. This increased the total number of British personnel in the country from 650 to 1,090 by early 2019.[15]

The following nations had mission personnel stationed in Afghanistan as of February 2021:[1]

  non-NATO ally
Country Number of personnel
  United States 2,500
  Germany 1,300
  Italy 895*[16]
  Georgia 860
  United Kingdom 750
  Romania 619
  Turkey 600
  Poland 290
  Mongolia 233
  Portugal 174
  Netherlands 160
  Denmark 135
  Armenia 121
  Azerbaijan 120
  Bulgaria 117
  Norway 101
  Albania 99
  Australia 80
  Belgium 72
  Bosnia-Herzegovina 66
  Czech Republic 52
  Estonia 45*[17]
  Lithuania 40
  Slovakia 25*
  Spain 24*[18]
  Finland 20*[19]
  North Macedonia 17
  Austria 16
  Sweden 16*[20]
  Greece 11
  Ukraine 10*[21]
  Hungary 8*
  New Zealand 6**[22]
  Slovenia 6*[23]
  Latvia 2
  Luxembourg 2*[24]
Total 9,592
*Troops withdrawn in May and June. 
**Troops withdrawn in March.

List of commandersEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Resolute Support Mission: Key Facts and Figures" (PDF). NATO. February 2021.
  2. ^ "NATO chief, Afghan president welcome "new phase" as combat role ends". DPA. DPA. 2 December 2014. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan". NATO. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Afghanistan: Security Council backs agreement on new non-combat NATO mission". United Nations News Centre. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Change of Command at NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan" (Press release). NATO. 2 September 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b "An Update On Our Mission in Afghanistan". 6 July 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016 – via National Archives.
  8. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew (October 15, 2015). "In Reversal, Obama Says U.S. Soldiers Will Stay in Afghanistan to 2017". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  9. ^ Velloso, Sophie (2020-06-07). "US launches airstrikes against Taliban in Afghanistan". International Insider. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  10. ^ Operation Resolute Support, TAAC North Archived 2015-01-01 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Resolute Support". Afghan War News. Afghan War News. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  12. ^ "April 30, 2018 Quarterly Report to Congress" (PDF).
  13. ^ "Operation Freedom's Sentinel: Lead Inspector General Report to the United States Congress, April 1, 2019–June 30, 2019" (PDF). Department of Defense Office of the Inspector General. 20 August 2019. p. 47–48. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  14. ^ "First troops among new front-line adviser brigade arrive in Afghanistan". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  15. ^ "Afghanistan: UK to send 440 more non-combat troops".
  16. ^ "L'Italia si è ritirata dall'Afghanistan Ammainato il tricolore a Herat, finisce dopo 20 anni la missione più difficile". Corriere della Sera. 8 June 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  17. ^ "Ceremony marks end of Estonia's 18 year Afghanistan presence". 2 June 2021. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Spain's Last Remaining Troops Leave Afghanistan". Twitter. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  19. ^ "Viimeiset suomalaissotilaat palasivat Afganistanista kotimaahan". Maavoimat. 9 June 2021. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  20. ^ "Sweden completes full troop withdrawal from Afghanistan". Army Technology. 28 March 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Ukraine withdraws its troops from Afghanistan". Kyiv Post. 9 June 2021. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  22. ^ "New Zealand Defence Force withdraws remaining personnel from Afghanistan". Army Technology. 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  23. ^ "Slovenian soldiers already pulled out of Afghanistan". STAnews. 26 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  24. ^ "Two Luxembourgish soldiers return from Afghanistan". RTL Today. 20 May 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021.