The Canadas is the collective name for Upper Canada and Lower Canada, two British historical colonies in present-day Canada. They were both created by the Constitutional Act of 1791 and abolished in 1841 with the union of Upper and Lower Canada.
|British North America
The Canadas, Upper Canada (orange) and Lower Canada prior to 1809 (green) with contemporary Canada in pink surrounding it
- Lower Canada covered the south-eastern portion of the modern-day Province of Quebec, Canada, and (until 1809) the Labrador region of the modern-day Province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
- Upper Canada covered what is now the southern portion of the Province of Ontario, and the lands bordering Georgian Bay and Lake Superior.
- The northern part of the current provinces of Ontario and Quebec was at that time part of Rupert's Land.
The creation of Upper Canada was in response to the desire expressed by recently arrived United Empire Loyalist settlers for British institutions and laws, especially British laws of land tenure.
Lower Canada, Upper Canada and their legislatures were abolished by the British Act of Union 1840 of July 23, 1840 (which came into force in early 1841) and united as one political entity, the Province of Canada.