Somali National Alliance

The Somali National Alliance (abbreviated SNA) was a political alliance formed in June 1992 by four different rebel groups that had been in opposition to the regime of Somali dictator Siad Barre. The alliance would include one of the two factions of the United Somali Congress (USC), the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), the Somali Southern National Movement (SSNM) and Somali Democratic Movement (SDM).

Somali National Alliance
AbbreviationSNA
Commander/leaderMohamed Farrah Aidid,[1]
Hussein Farrah Aidid
Founded1992 (1992)
Dissolved2002 (2002)
Split fromUnited Somali Congress
Merged intoSomalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council
HeadquartersMogadishu
IdeologyHawiyes' interests
Anti-communism
Anti-Siad Barre
Islamism
Somali nationalism
Greater Somalia
ReligionSunni Islam

They would represent one of the major factions involved in Somali Civil War and would most famously face off against UNOSOM II during the summer and fall of 1993.

After the death of General Mohammed Farah Aidid in 1996, his son, Hussein Mohamed Farah Aidid, took over the SNA. It eventually became the core of the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC), formed in 2001, which would eventually be incorporated into the internationally recognized Somali Transitional National Government in 2004.

OriginsEdit

During the spring and summer of 1992, Siad Barres army attempted to retake the capital of Somalia, Mogadishu, after being ejected by the United Somali Congress the previous year. A successful joint defence and counterattack by the USC, SPM, SSNM and SDM (under the banner of the Somali Liberation Army) to push the last remnants of Barres troops out of southern Somalia into Kenya on June 16th, 1993 would lead to the formation of the political union known as the Somali National Alliance.[2]

General Mohammed Farah Aidid, head of one the two factions of United Somali Congress, would be elected head of the organization and would unsuccessfully attempt to persuade the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) and the northern rebels of the Somali National Movement (SNM) to join the SNA, which would leave his rival Ali Mahdi (who also claimed to head the USC) entirely isolated.[2]

Leaders and member Interim Government of SomaliaEdit

Position Name Inaugurated Left Office Notes
Mohamed Farrah Aidid 1991 1996
Hussein Mohamed Farah Aidid 1996 1997
Ali Mahdi Mohamed 1991 1997
Osman Hassan Ali (1940–2013) 1991 1998
Abdulkadir Mohamed Aden (1919–2002) 1999 1999
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (1934–2012) 1999 2000
Aden Abdullahi Nur (1930–2002) 2000 2000
Mohamed Abshir Muse (acting) (b. 1926 – d. 2017) August 2000
August 2000
Abdallah Derow Isaq (acting) (b. 1950 – d. 2006) August 2000 22 August 2000
Abdiqasim Salad Hassan (b. 1941) 22 August 2000 2000
Abdinur Ahmed Darman 2000 2000
Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SSRC) (counter-government, at Baidoa)
Chairmen (rotating monthly) Hussein Farrah Aidid 2000 2000
Hilowle Iman Omar (b. 1938? – d. 2010) USC 2000 2000
Hilowle Iimaan Cumar 2000 2000
Aden Abdullahi Nur 2000 2000
Hassan Mohammed Nur (b. 1946 – d. 2013) RRA 2000 2000
Xasan Maxamed Nuur 2001 2001
Abdullahi Sheikh Ismail 2001 2001
CabdillaahiSheekh Ismaaciil 2001 2001
Secretaries-general
Mowlid Ma'ane Mohamud (b. 19?? – d. 2012)  SAMO 26 Mar 2001 Dec 2001
Mowliid Maane Maxamuud 2001 2001
Mohamed Omar Dalha 2001 2001
Maxamed Cumar Dalxa 2001 2001

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "United Nations Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for Somalia" (PDF). OCHA. 1998.
  2. ^ a b Drysdale, John (1994). Whatever happened to Somalia?. London: HAAN. ISBN 1-874209-51-0. OCLC 30736422.