The Somali National Alliance (abbreviated SNA) was a political alliance formed in June 1992 by four different rebel groups that had been in opposition to the regime of Somali dictator Siad Barre. The alliance would include one of the two factions of the United Somali Congress (USC), the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), the Somali Southern National Movement (SSNM) and Somali Democratic Movement (SDM).
|Commander/leader||Mohamed Farrah Aidid,|
Hussein Farrah Aidid
|Split from||United Somali Congress|
|Merged into||Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council|
After the death of General Mohammed Farah Aidid in 1996, his son, Hussein Mohamed Farah Aidid, took over the SNA. It eventually became the core of the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC), formed in 2001, which would eventually be incorporated into the internationally recognized Somali Transitional National Government in 2004.
During the spring and summer of 1992, Siad Barres army attempted to retake the capital of Somalia, Mogadishu, after being ejected by the United Somali Congress the previous year. A successful joint defence and counterattack by the USC, SPM, SSNM and SDM (under the banner of the Somali Liberation Army) to push the last remnants of Barres troops out of southern Somalia into Kenya on June 16th, 1993 would lead to the formation of the political union known as the Somali National Alliance.
General Mohammed Farah Aidid, head of one the two factions of United Somali Congress, would be elected head of the organization and would unsuccessfully attempt to persuade the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) and the northern rebels of the Somali National Movement (SNM) to join the SNA, which would leave his rival Ali Mahdi (who also claimed to head the USC) entirely isolated.
Leaders and member Interim Government of SomaliaEdit
|Mohamed Farrah Aidid||1991||1996|
|Hussein Mohamed Farah Aidid||1996||1997|
|Ali Mahdi Mohamed||1991||1997|
|Osman Hassan Ali (1940–2013)||1991||1998|
|Abdulkadir Mohamed Aden (1919–2002)||1999||1999|
|Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (1934–2012)||1999||2000|
|Aden Abdullahi Nur (1930–2002)||2000||2000|
|Mohamed Abshir Muse (acting) (b. 1926 – d. 2017)||August 2000
|Abdallah Derow Isaq (acting) (b. 1950 – d. 2006)||August 2000||22 August 2000|
|Abdiqasim Salad Hassan (b. 1941)||22 August 2000||2000|
|Abdinur Ahmed Darman||2000||2000|
|Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SSRC) (counter-government, at Baidoa)|
|Chairmen (rotating monthly)||Hussein Farrah Aidid||2000||2000|
|Hilowle Iman Omar (b. 1938? – d. 2010) USC||2000||2000|
|Hilowle Iimaan Cumar||2000||2000|
|Aden Abdullahi Nur||2000||2000|
|Hassan Mohammed Nur (b. 1946 – d. 2013) RRA||2000||2000|
|Xasan Maxamed Nuur||2001||2001|
|Abdullahi Sheikh Ismail||2001||2001|
|Mowlid Ma'ane Mohamud (b. 19?? – d. 2012) SAMO||26 Mar 2001||Dec 2001|
|Mowliid Maane Maxamuud||2001||2001|
|Mohamed Omar Dalha||2001||2001|
|Maxamed Cumar Dalxa||2001||2001|