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Brigade 2506 (Brigada Asalto 2506) was the name given to a CIA-sponsored group of Cuban exiles formed in 1960 to attempt the military overthrow of the Cuban government headed by Fidel Castro. It carried out the abortive Bay of Pigs Invasion landings in Cuba on 17 April 1961.

Brigade 2506
Shield of Brigade 2506.svg
ActiveMay 1960 – December 1962
Country Cuba
TypeState-sponsored Paramilitary organization
RoleGuerrilla warfare
Garrison/HQJMTrax, Guatemala
Patron USA (CIA)
EngagementsBay of Pigs Invasion
Brigade flagFlag of Brigade 2506.svg


In May 1960, the CIA began to recruit anti-Castro Cuban exiles in the Miami area. For most recruits, infantry training was carried out at a CIA-run base code-named JMTrax near Retalhuleu in the Sierra Madre on the Pacific coast of Guatemala.[citation needed]

In November 1960, with Gregorio Aguilar Matteo spearheading training with 430 men, the leaders were chosen and the group was named Brigade 2506. It was also known as the Blindado Battalion among members, using the membership number of Carlos (Carlyle) Rafael Santana Estevez, who had died in a training accident in September 1960.[1] The principal commanders were appointed as follows:[2][3]

John F. Kennedy and Jackie Kennedy greet members of the brigade at the Orange Bowl

About 1,334 men traveled on a seaborne force from Guatemala, of which about 1,297 actually landed in Cuba, plus an additional 177 airborne paratroops. An estimated 114 drowned or were killed in action, and 1,183 were captured, tried and imprisoned. Private sympathizers in the United States eventually negotiated to give $53 million worth of food and medicine in exchange for release and repatriation of Brigade prisoners to Miami starting on 23 December 1962. On 29 December 1962, President John F. Kennedy hosted a 'welcome back' ceremony for captured Brigade 2506 veterans at the Orange Bowl in Miami. Some of its members have gone on to found the Brigade 2506 Veteran's Association, which controls the Bay of Pigs Museum & Library in Miami.[4][5][6][7][8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Johnson, Haynes. 1964, 1974. The Bay of Pigs: The Leaders' Story of Brigade 2506. W.W. Norton & Co Inc. New York. ISBN 0-393-04263-4, p. 47
  2. ^ Thomas, Hugh. 1971, 1986. The Cuban Revolution. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. London. (Shortened version of Cuba: The Pursuit of Freedom, includes all history 1952–1970) ISBN 0-297-79037-4 ISBN 0-297-78954-6, p. 581
  3. ^ Fernandez, Jose Ramon. 2001. Playa Giron/Bay of Pigs: Washington's First Military Defeat in the Americas. Pathfinder ISBN 0-87348-925-X ISBN 9780873489256, p. 101
  4. ^ Susan Candiotti & Garrick Utley (2001-04-17). "Exiles' passion still high 40 years after Bay of Pigs". CNN.
  5. ^ Susan Candiotti & Garrick Utley (2001-04-17). "Remembering the Bay of Pigs invasion". CNN.
  6. ^ Oscar Corral (2006-04-20). "Bay of Pigs vets have put their loss in perspective". Seattle Times.
  7. ^ "The Return of Brigade 2506". Time Magazine. January 4, 1963.
  8. ^ Thomas (1971)[page needed]
  9. ^ "The Negotiator". News & Information. Feature Story Archive. Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency. June 16, 2017. Retrieved July 25, 2017.

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