Uttar Pradesh Police
The Uttar Pradesh Police (IAST: Uttara Pradeśa Pulisa), often abbreviated as UP police, is the law enforcement agency of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh headquartered in Allahabad. The Uttar Pradesh Police is headed by a director general of police (DGP) ranked IPS officer. The current DG of Uttar Pradesh Police is Om Prakash Singh.
|Uttar Pradesh Police|
उत्तर प्रदेश पुलिस
The official logo of Uttar Pradesh Police
The official flag of Uttar Pradesh Police
|Common name||UP Police|
|Motto||Suraksha Apki Sankalp Hamara (Security of yours is resolved)|
|Annual budget||₹17,136 crore (US$2.4 billion) (2018-19 est.)|
|Operations jurisdiction||Uttar Pradesh, IN|
|Jurisdiction of Uttar Pradesh Police|
|Legal jurisdiction||State of Uttar Pradesh|
|Governing body||Department of Home (Uttar Pradesh)|
|Headquarters||1, Sarojni Naidu Marg, [Prayagraj]|
|Sworn members||1,368 (406 IPS officers and 963 PPS officers)|
UP police is the largest police force in the world. It was formed in 1863 as the Office of the inspector general of police, United Provinces under the Police Act, 1861. Uttar police is the governed by Department of Home and Confidential of उत्तर प्रदेश शासन.
The present police system was created following the recommendation of the Police Commission headed by H.M. Court in 1860 and was enacted as Police Act of 1861. H.M. Court became the first inspector general of police of the then North West Province and Avadh which comprised the territory of the present state of Uttar Pradesh. Since then many amendments in Police Act of 1861 have happened which has shaped the current institution and structure of police in the state.
A director general of police heads the state police. He is assisted by many police officers. State police headquarters is situated in Allahabad.
For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of Uttar Pradesh is divided into 8 police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of additional director general of police who is an officer of the Indian police Service. Each police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 police ranges. The following is the list of the police zones.
There are a total of 18 police ranges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of either inspector general of police or deputy inspector general of police. Each police range is constituted by around 2 to 4 districts.
There are totally 75 police districts in the state. In each district the head of the police is the superintendent of police who is always an officer of the Indian police Service. In discharge of his duties he is assisted by Additional superintendents of police (Addl. S.P.), deputy superintendents of police (Dy. S.P.) who are officers of the Provincial Police Service. The number of Addl. SPs and Dy. SPs varies with the size, population, police work or nature of police work in different districts. The number of Addl.S.Ps and Dy.S.Ps in districts like Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabad is considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandauli the number of the PPS officers is relatively lesser.
Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the police force in the district is the senior superintendent of police who is always an officer of the Indian police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the district magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The police district is further subdivided into police sub-divisions or police circles. A police circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of deputy superintendent of police. The officer heading the police circle/sub-division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A police circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 police stations. Each police station is headed by a police inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh and other states, especially in North India, there is a main police station in the older/main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwali covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't grown in size so much, the Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a police station is designated as or called as the station officer (S.O.) or station house officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various sub-inspectors, assistant sub-inspectors, head-constables, constables. There are also a number of police chowkis that come under the police station. A police chowki is under the charge of a sub-inspector of police or an assistant sub-inspector of police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.
List of Uttar Pradesh Police chiefsEdit
|Directors General of police|
|56||Om Prakash Singh||1 Jan 2018||Incumbent|
|55||Sulkhan Singh||22 Apr 2017||31 Dec 2017|
|54||S. Javeed Ahmad||1 Jan 2016||22 Apr 2017|
|53||Jagmohan Yadav||1 Jul 2015||31 Dec 2015|
|52||Arvind Kumar Jain||31 Jan 2015||30 Jun 2015|
|51||Arun Kumar Gupta||1 Jan 2015||31 Jan 2015|
|50||Anand Kumar Baneerjee||28 Feb 2014||31 Dec 2014|
|49||Rizwan Ahmed||1 Jan 2014||28 Feb 2014|
|48||Deo Raj Nagar||12 Apr 2013||31 Dec 2013|
|47||AC Sharma||19 Mar 2012||12 Apr 2013|
|46||Atul||8 Jan 2012||19 Mar 2012|
|45||Brij Lal||30 Sep 2011||8 Jan 2012|
|44||RK Tiwari||31 Aug 2011||30 Sep 2011|
|43||Karamvir Singh||23 Sep 2009||31 Aug 2011|
|42||Vikram Singh||23 Jun 2007||23 Sep 2009|
|41||GL Sharma||15 Mar 2007||23 Jun 2007|
|40||Bua Singh||3 Apr 2006||14 Mar 2007|
|39||Yashpal Singh||11 Jan 2005||03 Apr 2006|
|38||V. K. B. Nair||28 Jun 2003||11 Jan 2005|
|37||Hakam Singh||20 Mar 2003||28 Jun 2003|
|36||RM Shukla||20 Jul 2002||20 Mar 2003|
|35||RK Pandit||31 Jul 2001||20 Jul 2002|
|34||MC Dwivedi||31 Jul 2000||31 Jul 2001|
|Shri Ram Arun||23 Dec 1999||31 Jul 2000|
|33||KL Gupta||2 Apr 1998||23 Dec 1999|
|32||Shri Ram Arun||3 May 1997||2 Apr 1998|
|31||Haridas||24 Nov 1996||3 May 1997|
|30||SNP Sinha||4 Jul 1996||24 Nov 1996|
|VS Mathur||31 Mar 1996||4 Jul 1996|
|29||Girish Bihari||12 Aug 1995||31 Mar 1996|
|28||VS Mathur||30 Sep 1994||12 Aug 1995|
|27||SB Rai||8 Jun 1993||30 Sep 1994|
|Prakash Singh||23 Dec 1992||8 Jun 1993|
|26||Sabhajeet Rai||30 Sep 1992||23 Dec 1992|
|25||Prakash Singh||22 Jul 1991||30 Sep 1992|
|24||VK Jain||31 Dec 1990||22 Jul 1991|
|23||RP Mathur||30 Dec 1989||31 Dec 1990|
|22||RP Joshi||31 Jul 1989||30 Dec 1989|
|21||Harimohan||31 Dec 1988||31 Jul 1989|
|20||RN Gupta||8 Jun 1987||31 Dec 1988|
|19||DS Bhatnagar||31 Mar 1987||8 Jun 1987|
|18||PC Kakkar||1 Jan 1987||31 Mar 1987|
|17||DK Agarwal||17 Sep 1985||31 Dec 1986|
|16||JN Chaturvedi||1 Apr 1984||17 Sep 1985|
|15||S. C. Dixit||25 Jul 1982||31 Mar 1984|
|Naresh Kumar||5 Mar 1982||24 Jul 1982|
|Inspector Generals of Police|
|14||Naresh Kumar||24 Feb 1981||4 Mar 1982|
|13||Mahendra Singh||12 Mar 1980||23 Feb 1981|
|12||Lal Singh Verma||5 Jul 1977||11 Mar 1980|
|11||Sarvan Tandon||27 Mar 1976||4 Jul 1977|
|10||Govind Chandra||16 May 1975||26 Mar 1976|
|09||HK Kherr||1 Dec 1973||15 May 1975|
|08||AK Dass||5 Nov 1971||30 Nov 1973|
|07||Islam Ahmad||18 May 1971||4 Nov 1971|
|06||NS Saxena||20 Feb 1970||17 May 1971|
|05||Jiyaram||10 Apr 1967||19 Feb 1970|
|04||Shanti Prasad||17 Feb 1961||9 Apr 1967|
|03||MS Mathur||1 Apr 1954||16 Feb 1961|
|02||TP Bhalla||13 Jan 1953||31 Mar 1954|
|01||BN Lahari||27 Oct 1947||12 Jan 1953|
|11||SG Pearce||1 December 1946||26 October 1947|
|10||P Meabsure||28 June 1945||30 November 1946|
|10||MA Inglis||6 July 1940||26 June 1945|
|9||RA Horton||7 November 1937||5 July 1940|
|8||AH Phillips||15 March 1937||6 November 1937|
|7||RA Horton||16 June 1935||18 February 1937|
|5||ST Holling||7 April 1934||15 June 1935|
|6||HR Roe||5 November 1933||6 April 1934|
|5||ST Holling||27 April 1931||4 November 1933|
|RJS Dodd||5 November 1928||25 March 1931|
|4||AH Williamson||3 May 1928||4 November 1928|
|3||RJS Dodd||7 November 1925||2 May 1928|
|2||AD Ashdown||1 October 1923||6 November 1925|
|1||LM Kaye||23 February 1919||30 September 1923|
The various units/wings of the UP police are:
- Training Directorate
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
- Special Enquiry Cell
- Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)
- Human Rights Cell (HRC)
- Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)
- Intelligence Department (ID)
- Economic Offences Wing (EOW)
- Crime Cell
- Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT)
- Technical Services
- Government Railway police (GRP)
- Dial 100 Service)
- Special Task Force (STF)
- Uttar Pradesh Fire Service
- Traffic Directorate
- Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)
- Special investigation team (SIT)
- Radio Headquarter of police
Zones, ranges and districtsEdit
|#||Zone||Headed by||#||Ranges||Headed by||#||Districts||Headed by|
|1||Lucknow zone||ADGP Zone||1||Lucknow||IG Range||1||Lucknow||SSP|
|2||Bareilly zone||ADGP zone||1||Bareilly||IG Range||1||Bareilly||SSP|
|2||Jyotiba Phule Nagar||SP|
|3||Meerut zone||ADGP zone||1||Meerut||IG Range||1||Meerut||SSP|
|5||Gautam Budh Nagar||SSP|
|4||Agra zone||ADGP zone||1||Agra||IG Range||1||Agra||SSP|
|4||Kanshi Ram Nagar (Kasganj)||SP|
|5||Kanpur zone||ADGP zone||1||Kanpur||IG Range||1||Kanpur Nagar||SSP|
|6||Prayagraj zone||ADGP zone||1||Prayagraj||IG Range||1||Prayagraj||SSP|
|2||Chitrakoot (Banda)||DIG Range||1||Chitrakoot||SP|
|7||Varanasi zone||ADGP zone||1||Varanasi||IG Range||1||Varanasi||SSP|
|8||Gorakhpur zone||ADGP zone||1||Gorakhpur||IG Range||1||Gorakhpur||SSP|
|3||Sant Kabir Nagar (Khalilabad)||SP|
|3||Devipatan (Gonda)||DIG Range||1||Gonda||SP|
|Total zones 8||Total ranges 18||Total districts 75|
The Uttar Pradesh Police has been accused of its record of human rights violations due to political pressure.
Most of the weapons in service with the Uttar Pradesh Police are locally produced by the Indian ordnance factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, the police also inducts various weapons imported by the Ministry of Home Affairs as part of modernisation plans.
Weapons of the UP Police also include:
- Baton Wooden standard issue weapons
- IOF .32 Service revolver currently being phased out as standard issue sidearm
- Pistol Auto 9mm 1A 9×19mm Parabellum Standard Issue sidearm as service weapons to inspectors and higher ranks as well as to selected constables
- Glock 17 9×19mm Parabellum
- Sten Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum mostly replaced by 9mm SAF Carbine 1A1
- SAF Carbine 1A1 9×19mm Parabellum
- Heckler & Koch MP5 9×19mm Parabellum
- Short Magazine Lee–Enfield Mk III rifle .303 British
- Ishapore 2A1 Rifle 7.62×51mm NATO
- 1A Self Loading Rifle 7.62×51mm NATO
- AK 47 7.62×39mm M43
- INSAS Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO
- OFB LMG 7.62×51mm NATO L4A1 variant
- Amogh carbine 5.56×30mm MINSAS
Social Media Command and Research CenterEdit
A social media command and research center has been established in Meerut. The center monitors trends in social media that can have impact on law & order situation and advises concerned district and range police chiefs.
- Khullar, Vatsal (20 February 2018). "Uttar Pradesh Budget Analysis 2018-19" (PDF). PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- गृह विभाग (पुलिस) [Department of Home (Police)] (PDF). Department of Finance (Budget), Government of Uttar Pradesh (in Hindi). Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- "LIST OF INDIAN POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
- "LIST OF PROVINCIAL POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
- "Nominal Roll System - Uttar Pradesh Police". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017.[dead link]
- "UP Police Official website". www.uppolice.gov.in. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- "General Information". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
- "The Police Act, 1861" (PDF). Uttar Pradesh Police. March 22, 1861. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
- "Former UP Police Chiefs". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "DGP-UP-Archive". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 2". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 3". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 4". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 5". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India for the year ended 31 March 2016 on Performance Audit of Modernisation and Strengthening of Police Forces" (PDF). Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Government of Uttar Pradesh. pp. 15–16. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- "CAG paints grim picture of UP police functioning". The Economic Times. Allahabad. Press Trust of India. July 27, 2014. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- "CAG raps Uttar Pradesh govt over rise in crimes against women". Hindustan Times. HT Correspondent. August 23, 2016. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- "Meerut gets 2nd social media lab in country after Mumbai - TOI Mobile | The Times of India Mobile Site". m.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 2016-06-19.